Bachelor of Optometry - Course Overview

Duration: 4.0 yrs | Mode: Regular| Avg. Fees: 2,50,000 / Year

8 courses | 36 colleges

About Bachelor of Optometry

Bachelor of Optometry course or B.Opto is designed to impart knowledge related to eyes, vision and optics. The course comprises three years of education and one year of internship in order to provide students with practical knowledge in this field. Through this course, students learn about the different processes that comprise the vision and optical systems. It also comprises information that is essential to understand the manufacturing and production of optical aid such as contact lenses, spectacles, etc. Those who successfully complete this course are eligible to diagnose diseases related to eyes and vision.

Bachelor of Optometry Eligiblity Criteria

  • Minimum Qualification Required: 10+2 (Chemistry, Biology & Physics)
  • Minimum Marks Required (Aggregate): 45%
  • Minimum Age Requirement: 17 years or more


B.Opto Admission Process:

Some colleges conduct direct admissions to this course on the basis of marks secured in class 12 board exams.

Admission to Bachelor of Optometry Programme is done on the basis of national level entrance exams. Colleges offering this course shortlist students on the basis of their score in these exams. Following are some popular exams for admission in B.OPTO course:

  • AIIMS Exam
  • JNU Entrance Exam
  • DU Entrance Test
  • CMC

Bachelor of Optometry Syllabus

First Year:

Geometrical Optics (Optics I)

Biochemistry (General & Ocular)

Anatomy (General)

Physical Optics (Optics II)

Physiology (General)

Professional Communication in English

Environment & Ecology

Physiology (Ocular)

Anatomy (Ocular)

Computer Fundamentals & Programming




Second Year:

Visual Optics (Optics III)

Visual Optics (Optics IV)

Ophthalmic & Optical Instrumentation & Procedure I

Clinical Refraction I

Lighting & the Eye

Ophthalmic & Optical Instrumentation & Procedure II


Ocular Disease I (Anterior Segment Disease)

Medical pathology & Microbiology (General & Ocular)

Ophthalmic Lens & Dispensing Optics




Third Year:

Binocular Vision & Ocular Motality

Systemic Condition & The Eye

Low Vision Aids & Visual Rehabilitation


Contact Lens I

Public Health & Community Optometry

Ocular Disease II (Posterior & Neuro-eye Disease)

Contact Lens II

Clinical Refraction II

Professional Practice Management

Applied Optometry & Orthoptics



Fourth Year: Internship

Career Options and Job Prospects

Candidates with a degree in Bachelor of Optometry Programme have a great scope on successful completion of their degree as Optometrist are constantly in demand. A large number of people need eye care including children, adults and the old. This course enables aspirants to cater to the needs of those who need vision and eye care. This is one field where private ventures flourish at an excellent rate. Following are some profiles that graduates can take up:

  • Optometrist
  • Optician
  • Vision Care Associate
  • Trainee Optometrist
  • Optometry Researcher
  • Vision Consultant
  • Private Practitioner

An optometrist can earn a monthly wage of Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 40,000 in the beginning of their career. Experience and reputation are the two major factors that play an essential role in the career of an optometrist.A good reputation can get you more clients to look after. Graduates can also earn up to Rs. 5 lakh per annum, depending on their knowledge and the city they plan to work in. An experienced optometrist can also earn up to Rs. 10 lakh per year.