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Bachelor of Optometry (BOPTM)

Updated By Diksha Nautiyal on 25 Nov, 2020

Average Duration
4 years
Average Fee
60 K-1.3 L INR annual
Study Mode

About Bachelor of Optometry

There are several Healthcare courses that a person can pursue at the undergraduate level, among which includes, Bachelor of Optometry or B.Optom. This is offered as a 4-year undergraduate course in medical and healthcare colleges across India. Optometrists are primary health care practitioners of the eye and visual system who provide comprehensive eye and vision care, which includes refraction and dispensing, detection/diagnosis and co-management of disease in the eye and the rehabilitation of conditions of the visual system. 

The curriculum of B.Optom in India has been designed to train and qualify the students in the aspects of refractive conditions of the human eye, visual aids, cure diseases and abnormalities of the human eye and other services. 

The course comprises three years of education and one year of internship in order to provide students with practical knowledge in this field. Through this course, students learn about the different processes that comprise the vision and optical systems. It also comprises information that is essential to understand the manufacturing and production of optical aid such as contact lenses, spectacles, etc. Those who successfully complete this course are eligible to diagnose diseases related to eyes and vision.

B.Optom Course Highlights

Here are the major B.Optom Course Highlights.

Name of Course

Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom)




4 Years (Including 1 Year of Clinical Training/ Internship)

Course Mode

Full Time

Exam Type


Academic Requirement

10+2 Science

Aggregate Score Requirement

50% or More

Subject Preference

Physics, Chemistry and Biology or Mathematics

Admission / Selection Process

Entrance / Merit-Based

Average Course Fee

INR 55,000

Average Initial Salary

INR 3,60,000 LPA

Areas of Employment

Govt/Pvt Optometry Clinics, Hospitals, Orthoptic Optic Manufacturing Stations, etc.

Bachelor of Optometry Eligibility Criteria

  • Minimum Qualification Required: 10+2 (Chemistry, Biology & Physics)
  • Minimum Marks Required (Aggregate): 45%
  • Minimum Age Requirement: 17 years or more

B.Optom Admission Process

There are several methods of admission processes that are opted by colleges and universities across India. Among the popular methods include entrance-based and merit-based admissions processes. These are commonly accepted and practised admission processes for B.Optom in India. Here are the steps for B.Optom admission processes in India.

Entrance-Based Admissions

  • Candidates will be called to participate in a University-level entrance exam for admissions to B.Optom courses.

    • Most universities and colleges will conduct their own entrance exams, however, there are few state departments that conduct entrance exams for Allied Health Science and Healthcare courses. Therefore, aspirants are advised to check the admission and eligibility criteria prior to applying for admissions.

  • After attempting the entrance exam, the universities/colleges will release merit lists containing the names of all candidates, in the order of their ranks or scores.

  • Based on the scores or ranks secured by the candidates, the candidates will be called for further selection processes, which may include, Personal Interview and/or group discussions.

  • Depending on the overall performance of the candidates in the entrance test and the personal interview and/or group discussion, the universities will offer admissions to the prospective candidates.

Admission to Bachelor of Optometry Programme is done on the basis of national level entrance exams. Colleges offering this course shortlist students on the basis of their score in these exams. Following are some popular exams for admission in B.OPTO course:

  • AIIMS Exam
  • JNU Entrance Exam
  • DU Entrance Test
  • CMC

Merit-Based Admissions

  • After applying, based on the admission guidelines of the respective colleges, candidates will be asked to participate in the selection processes.

  • The selection of various colleges may include Personal Interviews and/or Group Discussion.

  • Based on the overall performance of the candidate in the different selection parameters such as the past academic record and the performance in the personal interview and/or group discussion, the colleges/universities will offer admissions to the prospective candidates.

Counselling-Based Admissions

  • A common selection process opted by colleges and universities across India is the counselling-based admissions. This mode of selection is usually opted by Universities with many affiliated or constituent institutions offering the same course.

    • This mode of selection can be found under both entrance-based admissions and merit-based admissions for B.Optom courses.

  • The universities who have opted for the counselling based, they will release merit lists containing the name of the candidates in order to their merit, which will either be calculated using their scores in the qualifying exam or entrance test.

  • Under counselling-based admissions, candidates will be asked to select and choose their preferred choice of course and college.

  • Based on the performance of the candidates in the entrance exam/qualifying exam, their rank/score in the merit list, the preferred choice of college and course and availability of seats in the selected choices, the universities will offer admissions to the prospective candidate.

Note: Each college will specify its own admission processes and eligibility criteria for offering admissions to the Bachelor of Optometry course. Therefore, candidates must check out each individual college's admission guidelines prior to applying for admissions.

Bachelor of Optometry Syllabus

First Year:

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Ocular Anatomy and Physiology

Basic Biochemistry

Ophthalmic Optics

Physical Optics

Geometric Optics

Ocular Pharmacology

Ocular Microbiology

Second Year:

Optic Dispensation

Optometry Investigation

Diseases and Illnesses of the Eye

Visual Optics

Optometric Instruments

Clinical Examination for Visual Systems

Clinical and Advanced Refraction

Fundamentals of Computer

Third Year:

Contact Lenses

Eye and Nutrition

Public and Community Optometry

Geriatric Optometry

Diseases and Illness of the Eye

Binocular Vision Ocular Motility

Paediatric Ophthalmology

Mechanical Optics

Fourth Year:

Dedicated Solely for One-Year Internships

Want to know more about

Bachelor of Optometry?

Bachelor of Optometry Career Options and Job Prospects

Candidates with a degree in Bachelor of Optometry Programme have a great scope on successful completion of their degree as Optometrist are constantly in demand. A large number of people need eye care including children, adults and the old. This course enables aspirants to cater to the needs of those who need vision and eye care. This is one field where private ventures flourish at an excellent rate.

There are several employment opportunities for B.Optom graduates in India, in both the private and government sector. Each sector and employment opportunity will offer different opportunities. Here are some of the B.Optom employment opportunities in India.

  • Corporate sector

  • Basic research and integrated professional areas

  • Private practice

  • Public health

  • Industries/ companies

  • Work for an optical chain or under an optical store

  • Eye care hospitals & institutions

  • Scientific research

  • Education sector

Job Profiles After Completing a Bachelor of Optometry

Under any one of the areas of employment, candidates will be able to pursue a range of job profiles, unique to each company. Initially, the job profiles may be numbered, however, with experience and skills gained over the years, graduates will be able to pursue different job profiles. Following are some B. Optom job profiles that graduates can take up:

  • Optometrist
  • Optician
  • Vision Care Associate
  • Trainee Optometrist
  • Optometry Researcher
  • Vision Consultant
  • Private Practitioner

Salary After Completing a Bachelor of Optometry

An optometrist can earn a monthly wage of Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 40,000 at the beginning of their career. Experience and reputation are the two major factors that play an essential role in the career of an optometrist. A good reputation can get you more clients to look after. Graduates can also earn up to Rs. 5 lakh per annum, depending on their knowledge and the city they plan to work in. An experienced optometrist can also earn up to Rs. 10 lakh per year or more.

Higher Education After Completing a Bachelor of Optometry

Apart from pursuing a career right after graduating from the course, many graduates also opt for pursuing higher education after B.Optom. Pursuing higher education or Masters degree after Bachelor of Optometry will help in improving the career scope of the graduates. Some of the higher education prospects for B.Optom graduates include:

  • Master of Optometry

  • M.Sc in Optometry

  • PD Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology

  • MBA

  • PGDM

As mentioned in the list above, graduates also have the option of pursuing courses in different disciplines such as MBA and PGDM. This is will help in improving the job prospects of the candidate and maybe open up opportunities for managerial positions later on life.

Other Popular Courses

Questions Related to BOPTM Course

Career option after completing B.Optom?

-Isha SharmaUpdated on November 17, 2020 09:33 AM
  • 1 Answer
Rahul Raj, Student / Alumni

Dear Student,

To know the available career option after completing B.Optom we advised you to visit our Bachelor of ...


Which colleges gives direct admission for b.optom

-Xyz sinhUpdated on August 27, 2020 05:47 PM
  • 1 Answer
Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert


There are many colleges in India which offer direct admission to Bachelor of Optometry course.

B.Optom Colleges in ...


sir i want to do optometry degree cources pl. give the best college names

-sonaliUpdated on August 27, 2020 05:30 PM
  • 1 Answer
Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert


There are many top colleges in India offering admission to the BOT course. Have a look at the same ...


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FAQs about Bachelor of Optometry

I want admission in Bachelor of Optometry. Do I have to clear any exams for that ?

Delhi University Arts , Delhi University Science are some of the exams that you can appear for to get admission in Bachelor of Optometry courses.

What are the top colleges offering Bachelor of Optometry courses ?

Following are some of the top colleges offering Paramedical courses : Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (Puducherry) , St. Xaviers College (Mumbai) , Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (New Delhi) , Armed Forces Medical College (Pune) , Grant Medical College (Mumbai). You can explore these colleges on our website to check if they offer Bachelor of Optometry or not.

What is the average fee for the course Bachelor of Optometry ?

The average fee for Bachelor of Optometry is INR 2,50,000 per year.

What are the popular specializations related to Bachelor of Optometry ?

Some of the popular specializations for B.Optom. (Bachelor of Optometry) are : Opthalmic Technology , Optometry , Optometry and Ophthalmic Technology.

What is the duration of the course Bachelor of Optometry ?

Bachelor of Optometry is a 4 year course.

Get details of best colleges for Bachelor of Optometry.