MBBS syllabus teaches students theoretical as well as practical knowledge on different branches of medical science namely Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pharmacology and also subjects such as Community Medicine, Dermatology and Venereology, Surgery, Orthopaedics, etc. The syllabus of MBBS is divided into three chapters- Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical. MBBS course duration is of 5 years and 6 months. The MBBS syllabus for first year consists of three main subjects, while second year MBBS syllabus contains seven subjects. In the third year MBBS syllabus, there are three subjects followed by six subjects in fourth year MBBS. Along with syllabus, students are also required to complete an internship of six months as a part of MBBS syllabus.
NMC or the National Medical Commission that previously used to be known as the Medical Council of India is the body, which is in charge of the development of the curriculum of the MBBS course. The MBBS course in total consists of 19 subjects.
Students who aspire to study MBBS courses need to clear NEET and the NEET syllabus is a combination of subjects studied in class 11 and 12. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are the most important subjects to prepare for the medical entrance exam NEET.
The first year MBBS syllabus consists of Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Physiology.
|MBBS Subjects||Description of subjects|
|Anatomy||Microanatomy, Embryology and Genetics, Gross anatomy and Neuroanatomy.|
|Biochemistry||Molecular Biology, Biological cell, Hormones, Metabolic pathways, Enzymes, Cancer and cancer makers, Biomolecules, Food assimilation and nutrition.|
|Physiology||Respiratory system, Gastrointestinal system, Nutrition, General physiology, Kidney, Nerve-Muscle, Neurophysiology, Blood, Environmental Physiology, Cardiovascular system, Nutrition, yoga|
Second year MBBS subjects consist of community medicine, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, forensic medicine, toxicology, clinical postings and OPD.
|MBBS Subjects||Description of subjects|
|Community Medicine||Infestations, Infective dermatoses, Ineffective dermatoses, Allergic disorders, Melanin synthesis, Urticaria, Epidermopoiesis, Pathogenesis, Psoriasis, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, HIV infection, Drug eruptions, Dermatological emergencies, Vesiculobullous diseases, Erythema multiforme.|
|Pharmacology||General pharmacology, Autacoids, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Cardiovascular system, Hormones Miscellaneous, Central nervous system, Autonomic Nervous system, the Peripheral nervous system, Chemotherapy.|
|Pathology||Systemic pathology, General pathology, practical|
|Microbiology||Bacteriology, Microbiology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of viral infection, Common tests for bacterial identification, common laboratory methods for diagnosis of fungal infection, bacterial and viral genetics, collection of transport of samples, microorganism associated with various gastrointestinal infections, sterilisation and disinfection, Gastrointestinal infection caused by different parasites, Mycology, Parasitology, Vaccines, Host-parasite relationship, Immunodiagnosis, Bacterial staining and Cultivation.|
|Forensic Medicine and Toxicology||Toxicology, Forensic Medicine|
|Clinical posting in wards||Clinical postings in different wards is something that every MBBS student has to go through. At this stage students will be exposed to 12 weeks of clinical posting in the field of community medicine.|
|OPD||Outpatient Department or OPD is a particular place in the hospital where there are medical and physical facilities as well as other staff. At the OPD, everything takes place on an everyday basis at scheduled hours such as care of patients who are not registered primarily as inpatients in a hospital.|
The third year of MBBS syllabus consists of Community Medicine, ENT and Ophthalmology.
|MBBS Subjects||Description of subjects|
|Community Medicine||The subject of community medicine deals with the health system of the entire population in a community. This service is provided at various Primary Healthcare centres and is taught in this subject.|
|ENT||ENT or Ear, Nose, and Throat is the field of medicine which is also known as otolaryngology. ENT subjects deal with the treatment and diagnosis of the ear, nose, throat, head and neck area of the human body.|
|Ophthalmology||The subject of ophthalmology deals with any treatment and diagnosis of the eye. The word ophthalmology has been derived from the Greek word ophthalmos which means “eye” and logia which means “study of the course”.|
The fourth year MBBS syllabus consists of a number of subjects including Psychiatry, Dermatology, Venereology, Paediatrics, Anaesthesiology, Orthopaedics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
|MBBS subjects||Description of subjects|
|Psychiatry||Psychiatric disorders, Emotion and its affection and application on health, Behavioural sciences, Cognitive process and memory, Schizophrenia, Anxiety neurosis, Bipolar disorders, Personality disorders, Depression, Phobia and OCD.|
|Dermatology and Venereology||Health education, Environment, Behavioural Sciences, Nutrition, Biostatistics, Rehabilitation, Epidemiology, Important National Healthcare Programs, Health Administration, Epidemiology of communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases, Counselling maternal and child health, Geriatrics, Health Economics.|
|Paediatrics||Growth and development, Respiratory system, Vital statistics, Nutrition, Infectious diseases, Immunisation, Hematology, Gastro-intestinal tract, Cardiovascular system, Central Nervous system, Behavioural systems, Neonatology, Fluid-electrolyte, Paediatrics emergencies, Genetics, Therapeutics, Genito-urinary system, Paediatrics Surgical problems.|
|Anaesthesiology||Cannulation, Preoperative evaluation and optimisation, Nasopharyngeal or Oropharyngeal Airway insertion, Skills I/V, Attaching pulse oximeter, Bag-Mask ventilation. BP cuff, and ECG electrodes, setting up a monitor.|
|Orthopaedics||Orthopaedic Oncology, Orthopaedic Neurology, Paediatrics orthopaedics, Sports Medicine, Management of Trauma, Physical medicine and rehabilitation, Radiology, Disorders of Spine, Fracture|
|Obstetrics and Gynaecology||Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Basic Sciences, Neonatology and its recent advances, contraception|
Anatomy, Biochemistry and Physiology are the MBBS subjects taught in Semester 1 and Semester 2. There are 2 semesters in the pre-clinical phase of MBBS syllabus whereas there are 3 semesters in the para-clinical phase of MBBS syllabus. The MBBS syllabus in the paraclinical phase consists of Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Community Medicine, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Clinical Posting in different wards. The OPD studies also begin at this phase. There are 4 semesters in the clinical phase of MBBS syllabus and the subjects taught in this phase are Community Medicine, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Gynaecology, Paediatrics, etc. Here is a tabular list of the phases and the MBBS subjects taught in different phases.
|Pre-Clinical (Semester 1-2)||Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology|
|Para-clinical (Semester 3-5)||Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings in wards|
|Clinical (Semester 6-9)||Community Medicine, Medicine and allied subjects, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Paediatrics, Surgery and allied subjects, Clinical postings.|
The syllabus of MBBS is divided into three parts and each part is followed by a compulsory internship period of a year.
There are exams in the MBBS course which is scheduled in three different phases:
Here is a tabular list of MBBS subjects included in the MBBS course syllabus:
|Microbiology||Forensic Medicine and Toxicology|
|Clinical Posting in wards||OPD|
|Psychiatry||Dermatology and Venereology|
|Orthopaedics||Obstetrics and Gynaecology|
Here are the MBBS core subjects that students are required to study during their MBBS course:
Check the list of MBBS elective subjects:
There are many specialisation offered by MBBS such as:
The MBBS course consists of a 12 months of compulsory rotating internship in any hospital or healthcare centre. Completing this internship is crucial for students to get hands-on experience and skill enhancement.
During this period, candidates also get to focus on their interpersonal skills and communication skills by talking to patients and coming up with a diagnosis with their professional knowledge.
The concerned medical department provides students with a logbook of their own and their posting keep changing during intervals. It is also notified by the respective departments. The period of posting is stated as specified below:
|Obstetrics and Gynaecology||1 month|
|Elective `||2 months|
|Total duration||12 months|
The entire MBBS syllabus and MBBS course is divided into 23 specialisations, nine compulsory subjects and 8 elective subjects. MBBS course’s theoretical aspect focuses on different things such as human anatomy, medicine, and surgery.
An MBBS course begins with the process of familiarising students with the advanced medical terminology while training them on various fundamental concepts of surgery. Internships are extremely important and are promoted as a part of the MBBS course so that students get to understand surgeries, different medical procedures and patient care management.
Workshops and internships are a part of each semester so that students are prepared for a career in the healthcare field.
Topics that are covered in the MBBS course are:
MBBS course is heavily project based and candidates get hands-on experience from the course and are prepared to work in challenging environments in the healthcare industry. Some of the common MBBS Project topics include:
The MBBS books in the 1st year are recommended by the MCI and are extremely helpful for the students. They get a better grasp on the concepts. Here are the MCI recommended 1st year MBBS books:
Here is a brief checklist of MBBS books in AIIMS:
Here is a brief checklist of MBBS books in CMC:
Here is a brief checklist of MBBS books in PGIMER:
|MBBS Colleges in Tamil Nadu|
|MBBS Colleges in Karnataka|
|MBBS Colleges in Maharashtra|
|MBBS Colleges in Andhra Pradesh|
|MBBS Colleges in Kerala|
|MBBS Colleges in Uttar Pradesh|
|MBBS Colleges in Hyderabad|
|MBBS Colleges in Bangalore|
|MBBS Colleges in Mumbai|
|MBBS Colleges in Chennai|
|MBBS Colleges in Kolkata|
|Geetanjali Group of Colleges|
|Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad|
|St. Stephen's College|
|Shri Ram College of Commerce|
|National Institute of Design|
|National Law School of India University|
|Lady Shri Ram College for Women|