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    MBBS Syllabus & Subjects 2023

    MBBS Syllabus & Subjects Overview

    MBBS syllabus teaches students theoretical as well as practical knowledge on different branches of medical science namely Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pharmacology and also subjects such as Community Medicine, Dermatology and Venereology, Surgery, Orthopaedics, etc. The syllabus of MBBS is divided into three chapters- Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical. MBBS course duration is of 5 years and 6 months. The MBBS syllabus for first year consists of three main subjects, while second year MBBS syllabus contains seven subjects. In the third year MBBS syllabus, there are three subjects followed by six subjects in fourth year MBBS. Along with syllabus, students are also required to complete an internship of six months as a part of MBBS syllabus. 

    NMC or the National Medical Commission that previously used to be known as the Medical Council of India is the body, which is in charge of the development of the curriculum of the MBBS course. The MBBS course in total consists of 19 subjects.

    Students who aspire to study MBBS courses need to clear NEET and the NEET syllabus is a combination of subjects studied in class 11 and 12. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are the most important subjects to prepare for the medical entrance exam NEET.

    MBBS 1st Year Subjects

    The first year MBBS syllabus consists of Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Physiology.

    MBBS Subjects Description of subjects
    AnatomyMicroanatomy, Embryology and Genetics, Gross anatomy and Neuroanatomy.
    BiochemistryMolecular Biology, Biological cell, Hormones, Metabolic pathways, Enzymes, Cancer and cancer makers, Biomolecules, Food assimilation and nutrition. 
    PhysiologyRespiratory system, Gastrointestinal system, Nutrition, General physiology, Kidney, Nerve-Muscle, Neurophysiology, Blood, Environmental Physiology, Cardiovascular system, Nutrition, yoga

    MBBS 2nd Year Subjects

    Second year MBBS subjects consist of community medicine, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, forensic medicine, toxicology, clinical postings and OPD. 

    MBBS SubjectsDescription of subjects
    Community MedicineInfestations, Infective dermatoses, Ineffective dermatoses, Allergic disorders, Melanin synthesis, Urticaria, Epidermopoiesis, Pathogenesis, Psoriasis, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, HIV infection, Drug eruptions, Dermatological emergencies, Vesiculobullous diseases, Erythema multiforme.
    PharmacologyGeneral pharmacology, Autacoids, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Cardiovascular system, Hormones Miscellaneous, Central nervous system, Autonomic Nervous system, the Peripheral nervous system, Chemotherapy.
    PathologySystemic pathology, General pathology, practical
    MicrobiologyBacteriology, Microbiology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of viral infection, Common tests for bacterial identification, common laboratory methods for diagnosis of fungal infection, bacterial and viral genetics, collection of transport of samples, microorganism associated with various gastrointestinal infections, sterilisation and disinfection, Gastrointestinal infection caused by different parasites, Mycology, Parasitology, Vaccines, Host-parasite relationship, Immunodiagnosis, Bacterial staining and Cultivation.
    Forensic Medicine and ToxicologyToxicology, Forensic Medicine
    Clinical posting in wardsClinical postings in different wards is something that every MBBS student has to go through. At this stage students will be exposed to 12 weeks of clinical posting in the field of community medicine.
    OPDOutpatient Department or OPD is a particular place in the hospital where there are medical and physical facilities as well as other staff. At the OPD, everything takes place on an everyday basis at scheduled hours such as care of patients who are not registered primarily as inpatients in a hospital. 

    MBBS 3rd Year Subjects

    The third year of MBBS syllabus consists of Community Medicine, ENT and Ophthalmology.

    MBBS SubjectsDescription of subjects
    Community MedicineThe subject of community medicine deals with the health system of the entire population in a community. This service is provided at various Primary Healthcare centres and is taught in this subject.
    ENTENT or Ear, Nose, and Throat is the field of medicine which is also known as otolaryngology. ENT subjects deal with the treatment and diagnosis of the ear, nose, throat, head and neck area of the human body. 
    OphthalmologyThe subject of ophthalmology deals with any treatment and diagnosis of the eye. The word ophthalmology has been derived from the Greek word ophthalmos which means “eye” and logia which means “study of the course”.

    MBBS Final Year Subjects

    The fourth year MBBS syllabus consists of a number of subjects including Psychiatry, Dermatology, Venereology, Paediatrics, Anaesthesiology, Orthopaedics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

    MBBS subjects Description of subjects
    PsychiatryPsychiatric disorders, Emotion and its affection and application on health, Behavioural sciences, Cognitive process and memory, Schizophrenia, Anxiety neurosis, Bipolar disorders, Personality disorders, Depression, Phobia and OCD. 
    Dermatology and VenereologyHealth education, Environment, Behavioural Sciences, Nutrition, Biostatistics, Rehabilitation, Epidemiology, Important National Healthcare Programs, Health Administration, Epidemiology of communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases, Counselling maternal and child health, Geriatrics, Health Economics.
    PaediatricsGrowth and development, Respiratory system, Vital statistics, Nutrition, Infectious diseases, Immunisation, Hematology, Gastro-intestinal tract, Cardiovascular system, Central Nervous system, Behavioural systems, Neonatology, Fluid-electrolyte, Paediatrics emergencies, Genetics, Therapeutics, Genito-urinary system, Paediatrics Surgical problems.
    Anaesthesiology Cannulation, Preoperative evaluation and optimisation, Nasopharyngeal or Oropharyngeal Airway insertion, Skills I/V, Attaching pulse oximeter, Bag-Mask ventilation. BP cuff, and ECG electrodes, setting up a monitor.
    OrthopaedicsOrthopaedic Oncology, Orthopaedic Neurology, Paediatrics orthopaedics, Sports Medicine, Management of Trauma, Physical medicine and rehabilitation, Radiology, Disorders of Spine, Fracture
    Obstetrics and GynaecologyObstetrics, Gynaecology, Basic Sciences, Neonatology and its recent advances, contraception

    MBBS Semester-Wise Subjects

    Anatomy, Biochemistry and Physiology are the MBBS subjects taught in Semester 1 and Semester 2. There are 2 semesters in the pre-clinical phase of MBBS syllabus whereas there are 3 semesters in the para-clinical phase of MBBS syllabus. The MBBS syllabus in the paraclinical phase consists of Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Community Medicine, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Clinical Posting in different wards. The OPD studies also begin at this phase. There are 4 semesters in the clinical phase of MBBS syllabus and the subjects taught in this phase are Community Medicine, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Gynaecology, Paediatrics, etc. Here is a tabular list of the phases and the MBBS subjects taught in different phases.

    Phase MBBS Subjects
    Pre-Clinical (Semester 1-2)Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology
    Para-clinical (Semester 3-5)Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings in wards
    Clinical (Semester 6-9)Community Medicine, Medicine and allied subjects, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Paediatrics, Surgery and allied subjects, Clinical postings.

    The syllabus of MBBS is divided into three parts and each part is followed by a compulsory internship period of a year. 

    MBBS Syllabus for Pre-clinical Phase

    • The preclinical phase of syllabus is spread across the first two semesters of the MBBS course and different subjects that are taught in this phase are Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Physiology. 
    • Students at this stage also have to conduct practicals on various subjects such as Gross anatomy, Microanatomy, Embryology, Genetics, Neuroanatomy, etc. as a part of the MBBS syllabus. 

    MBBS Syllabus for Para-clinical Phase

    • The paraclinical phase begins from the second year of the MBBS course and it consists of different MBBS subjects such as Pathology, Pharmacology, Forensic Medicine, Toxicology, Microbiology, etc.
    • At this phase, candidates are also introduced to community medicine as a part of the MBBS course. 
    • At the paraclinical stage the MBBS subjects are spread over three semesters- third to fifth.  
    • During the para-clinical phase of the MBBS course, students are also posted in different wards of the hospital and need to take up OPD responsibilities. 

    MBBS Syllabus for Clinical Phase

    • Students begin studying community medicine from phase 2 of their MBBS syllabus and course.
    • Students also learn about medicine and different allied MBBS subjects like dermatology, psychiatry, obstetrics, gynaecology, etc.
    • Candidates at this stage also gain knowledge about surgery and its allied fields like Anesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, etc.
    • The clinical postings of candidates continue throughout the clinical stage.

    There are exams in the MBBS course which is scheduled in three different phases:

    • First, the Professional Exam, which takes place at the end of the second semester.
    • Second, the Professional Exam at the end of the fifth semester.
    • Final, Professional Exam, which takes place at the end of the ninth semester. 

    MBBS Subjects at a Glance

    Here is a tabular list of MBBS subjects included in the MBBS course syllabus:

    PhysiologyCommunity Medicine
    MicrobiologyForensic Medicine and Toxicology
    Clinical Posting in wardsOPD
    Psychiatry Dermatology and Venereology
    OrthopaedicsObstetrics and Gynaecology 

    MBBS Core Subjects

    Here are the MBBS core subjects that students are required to study during their MBBS course:

    • Community Medicine
    • Medicine
    • Surgery
    • Orthopaedics
    • Gynaecology
    • Paediatrics
    • Ophthalmology
    • Otorhinolaryngology
    • Casualty

    MBBS Elective Subjects

    Check the list of MBBS elective subjects:

    • Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    • Psychiatry
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • Anaesthesia
    • Radio-diagnosis
    • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    • Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
    • Blood Bank and transfusion

    MBBS Specialisations

    There are many specialisation offered by MBBS such as:

    • General Medicine
    • General Surgery
    • Paediatrics
    • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
    • Dermatology
    • Orthopaedics
    • ENT
    • Psychiatry
    • Anaesthesiology
    • Plastic Surgery
    • Neuro Surgery
    • Cardio-Thoracic surgery
    • Paediatric Surgery
    • Gastroenterology
    • Endocrinology
    • Clinical Haematology
    • Nephrology
    • Cardiology
    • Immunology
    • Craniologist
    • Pathologist

    MBBS Syllabus - 12-Months Internship

    The MBBS course consists of a 12 months of compulsory rotating internship in any hospital or healthcare centre. Completing this internship is crucial for students to get hands-on experience and skill enhancement. 

    During this period, candidates also get to focus on their interpersonal skills and communication skills by talking to patients and coming up with a diagnosis with their professional knowledge.

    The concerned medical department provides students with a logbook of their own and their posting keep changing during intervals. It is also notified by the respective departments. The period of posting is stated as specified below:

    Speciality Duration
    Medicine1.5 months
    Surgery1.5 months
    Rural 3 months
    Paediatrics1 month
    Obstetrics and Gynaecology1 month
    Casualty 1 month
    Anaesthesiology15 days
    Ophthalmology 15 days
    Elective `2 months
    Total duration12 months

    MBBS Course Structure

    The entire MBBS syllabus and MBBS course is divided into 23 specialisations, nine compulsory subjects and 8 elective subjects. MBBS course’s theoretical aspect focuses on different things such as human anatomy, medicine, and surgery.

    An MBBS course begins with the process of familiarising students with the advanced medical terminology while training them on various fundamental concepts of surgery. Internships are extremely important and are promoted as a part of the MBBS course so that students get to understand surgeries, different medical procedures and patient care management.

    Workshops and internships are a part of each semester so that students are prepared for a career in the healthcare field. 

    Topics that are covered in the MBBS course are:

    • 23 specialisation
    • 9 compulsory subjects
    • 8 elective subjects
    • Projects and dissertation
    • Practical sessions
    • Internships and workshops
    • Conferences

    MBBS Projects

    MBBS course is heavily project based and candidates get hands-on experience from the course and are prepared to work in challenging environments in the healthcare industry. Some of the common MBBS Project topics include:

    • Epidemic versus Pandemic
    • Child Health Care
    • Medical humanitarian mission in the developing countries
    • Homoeopathic medicine- the placebo effect
    • Virus infections, its causes and treatments

    MBBS Books for 1st year

    The MBBS books in the 1st year are recommended by the MCI and are extremely helpful for the students. They get a better grasp on the concepts. Here are the MCI recommended 1st year MBBS books:

    • Grey’s Anatomy for Students, South Asia Edition
    • BD Chaurasia’s Textbook of Anatomy
    • Vishram Singh’s Textbook of Anatomy
    • Netter’s Atlas
    • diFlore’s Atlas of Human Histology with Functional Correlations
    • Inderbir Singh’s Textbook of Human Histology
    • Langman’s textbook of Medical Embryology
    • Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry
    • Textbook of BioChemistry for Medical Students, DM Vasudevan
    • Guyton and Hall, Text of Medical Physiology (South Asian Edition)
    • Textbook of Medical Physiology, G.K Pal
    • Textbook of Medical Physiology, D. Venkatesh, H H Sudhakar

    MBBS Books in AIIMS

    Here is a brief checklist of MBBS books in AIIMS:

    • Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy Vols. I, II & III Oxford University Press, 15th edition (1996) by G.L. Romanes
    • Understanding Medical Physiology by R.L. Bijlani
    • The Essential of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology 21st Edition 2002, by Dr. K.S.N. Reddy
    • Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology by Dr. Krishan Vij
    • Medical Microbiology by Greenwood Slack, Peutherer

    MBBS Books in CMC

    Here is a brief checklist of MBBS books in CMC:

    • Medical Physiology by Guyton and Hall
    • Carbs, Protein and Fat Metabolism by Satyanarayan
    • Molecular Biology by Vasudevan
    • Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Parasitology Textbook by C.K. Jayaram Paniker
    • Essentials of Medical Pharmacology Book by KD Tripathi

    MBBS Books in PGIMER

    Here is a brief checklist of MBBS books in PGIMER:

    • Textbook of BioChemistry for Medical Students, DM Vasudevan and S. Sreekumari
    • Guyton and Hall, Text of Medical Physiology (South Asian Edition) by Arthur Guyton
    • Textbook of Anatomy: Upper Limb and Thorax, Vol 1 by Vishram Singh
    • Textbook of Medical Physiology by D Venkatesh and H.H. Sudhakar
    • Human Physiology by Chandi Charan Chatterjee

    Related Questions

    Can i do correspondence mbbs course
    -Murugan -Updated on Jul-08-20201 Answers

    Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert

    Dear Student,

    No, you cannot pursue the MBBS course in Distance/ Correspondence mode.

    Also Check: Alternative Courses for Medical Students apart from MBBS/BDS​

    If you wish to know more about alternative courses for medical students and colleges offering the same, fill out our Common Application Form (CAF) and our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process. If you have any questions, you can avail FREE counselling by calling on our tollfree number 1800-572-9877.

    What is the MBBS course fee?
    -Ankitha -Updated on Jun-23-20201 Answers

    Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert


    Fees will differ from college to college. Private colleges will charge a higher fee as compared to government-run colleges.

    Do you have a specific college in mind? For instance, MBBS at AIIMS will cost you around Rs. 6000 a year, at Maulana Azad Medical College it will be around Rs.10,000 while for private colleges it may even go up to Rs. 30-40 lakh in total.

    With changing times, the demand for Paramedics is increasing in India, check out the List of Top Paramedical Courses 2020:Admission Process, Eligibility, Scope & Jobs for a successful career

    Also, if you wish to know more fill out our Common Application Form (CAF) and our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process. If you have any questions, you can avail FREE counselling by calling on our tollfree number 1800-572-9877.

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