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MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY (MLT)

Updated By Shruti Chatterjee on 21 Jun, 2022
Average Duration
2 years-4 years
Average Fee
20 K-2 L INR one time

MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY (MLT)

Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT) is the branch of medical science responsible for performing laboratory investigations relating to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. It is also known as Clinical Laboratory Science or Clinical Laboratory Technology or Medical Laboratory Science. In this field of science, all kinds of human fluids, like Blood, Urine, Stool, Sputum, Synovial- fluid, Cerebro-spinal fluid, etc. are put under microscopic examinations, which aid doctors in diagnosing the disease correctly. While studying this course, candidates are taught about diseases and the use of medical laboratory equipment in performing clinical tests.

Medical Laboratory Technologists perform analyses by preparing slides of human tissues and other specimens using lab equipment. Their job entails performing complex procedures and tests to help other healthcare professionals detect, diagnose and treat diseases in patients. An MLT is a crucial part of the healthcare system, and without them, modern medicine would be incapable of providing the right treatment.  

Candidates who wish to make a career in this field can choose to do either a degree course or a diploma course after Class 12 in MLT. While pursuing Medical Laboratory Technology, students learn about human physiology, human anatomy, biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, clinical haematology, immunology, serology, and bio-medical waste management. 

The career opportunities available after MLT are wide depending on the specialization taken up by the candidate. Some of the job roles in this field are Anaesthesia Technician, MRI Technician, CT Scan Technician, X-Ray Technician, etc. The average annual salary of MLTs can be expected to be around Rs. 6 LPA. However, this may highly depend on the candidate's qualifications and experience in this field.

 

WHY CHOOSE MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY?

MLT is one of the most upcoming fields in allied health services. Some of the reasons to choose MLT are:

  • Growing need in the healthcare industry – The healthcare industry is growing almost at a rate of 18% annually. Therefore, trained technicians are needed all over the world. Also, the onset of multiple and complicated diseases growing in the world due to changing lifestyles has created a huge demand for skilled MLT professionals.
  • Multiple work opportunities – Once a student gets a degree in MLT, he/ she gets exposed to an ocean of opportunities in global job markets. They can work in hospitals, clinics, laboratories, pathology labs, blood and organ banks, diagnostic centres, etc.
  • Opportunities to work abroad – The international medical industry has a huge demand for allied health science professionals, especially MLT professionals. Therefore, the career opportunities available abroad for MLT graduates are enormous. The salary package offered abroad is high and the work environment is even much better.
  • High salary packages – With the increase in demand for MLT professionals in the healthcare industry, the salary packages offered to them are pretty decent. They are valued for their skills and recruiting organizations are ready to pay excellent salary packages for the right candidates.
  • Flexibility at the workplace – MLTs work in a wide range of facilities including hospitals, clinics, laboratories, pathology labs, diagnostic centres and more. Candidates can choose to work in a setting that they enjoy the most. Depending on the organization, they can also choose the schedule for working according to their needs such as weekdays, nights or even weekends.

MLT COURSE LIST

MLT courses can be divided into three levels:

  1. Certificate courses – Certificate in Medical Laboratory Technology is a short term course, the duration of which varies from 3 to 6 months depending on the institute. CMLT concerns the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases through a clinical laboratory test.
  2. Diploma courses – Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology, also known as DMLT, is a two-year programme that can usually be completed after passing class 12th. It is a paramedical course that focuses on diagnosing, treating, and preventing disease using clinical laboratory and other physical tests.
  3. Degree courses – Degree courses include bachelor’s and master's degrees in MLT. Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is one of the most preferred courses by the students. The duration of the course is 3 years. While pursuing this course, students can get specialization in many areas such as microbiology, haematology, pathology, clinical chemistry, immune pathology, biomedical techniques, virology, radiology, bacteriology, genetics, cytopathology, serology, histology, coagulation, toxicology, etc. Master in Medical Lab Technology is a 2 year PG programme that includes fascinating subjects like molecular biology, human anatomy and physiology, etc.

MLT COURSES ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

The eligibility criteria of different levels of MLT courses are different. Some of the courses can be done just after the 10th, some require the candidate to have completed at least 12th standard while others ask for an undergraduate degree. However, the general eligibility requirements of MLT courses for each course level can be understood from the following table:

COURSE LEVEL

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

MLT Certificate Courses

Completed 12th from a recognized board or in some cases completed 10th with the required % by the institute

MLT Diploma Courses

Completed 12th with science from a recognized board and with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate

MLT Undergraduate Courses

Completed 10+2 with science from a recognized and with a minimum of 50% marks 

MLT Postgraduate Courses

Bachelor’s degree in MLT with at least 50%-55% marks from a recognized university

MLT COURSE SUBJECTS

Subjects in Medical Laboratory Technology courses include knowledge of the human physiology and anatomy, managing biomedical wastes and other related subject matter. Some of the most important subjects covered during the Medical Laboratory Technology course, for instance, are: 

  • Biochemistry
  • Health Education and Health Communication
  • Human Anatomy
  • Human Physiology
  • PC Software Lab
  • Bio-Medical Waste Management
  • Communication Lab
  • Pathology
  • Immunology and Serology
  • Microbiology
  • Histopathology and Histotechniques
  • Clinical Haematology
  • Immunohematology and Blood Banking
  • Parasitology and Virology
  • Clinical Enzymology
  • Diagnostic Cytology
  • Clinical Enzymology and Automation
  • Principles of Lab Management and Medical Ethics
  • Diagnostic Molecular Biology
  • Advanced Diagnostic Techniques
  • Clinical Endocrinology and Toxicology 

Certain semesters also include practical subjects such as Human Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Human Physiology. The final semester includes a mandatory Internship Project.

 

BACHELOR OF MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY (BMLT) SYLLABUS

BMLT course syllabus is divided into 6 semesters which is tabulated below-

SEMESTER l

SEMESTER ll

Human Anatomy I

Human Anatomy II

Human Physiology-I

Human Physiology II

Biochemistry-I

Biochemistry II

Health Education & Health Communication

Bio-Medical Waste Management

PC Software Lab

Human Anatomy-II

Human Anatomy-I Lab

Practical: Human Physiology-II

Human Physiology-I Lab

Practical: Biochemistry-I

Biochemistry-I Lab

Communication Lab

  SEMESTER lll

  SEMESTER lV

Pathology-I

Pathology – II

Clinical Haematology-I

Clinical Haematology-II

Microbiology-I

Microbiology-II

Immunology & Serology-I

Immunology & Serology-II

Histopathology & Histotechniques –I

Histopathology & Histotechniques –II

Clinical Haematology-I Lab

Clinical Haematology-II Lab

Microbiology, Immunology & Serology - I Lab

Microbiology, Immunology & Serology – II Lab

Histopathology & Histotechniques -I Lab

Histopathology & Histotechniques -II Lab

  SEMESTER V

  SEMESTER Vl

Immunohematology & Blood Banking

Clinical Endocrinology &Toxicology

Clinical Enzymology & Automation

Advanced Diagnostic Techniques

Parasitology & Virology

Diagnostic Molecular Biology

Diagnostic Cytology

Clinical Endocrinology & Toxicology Lab

Principles of Lab Management & Medical Ethics

Advanced Diagnostic Techniques Lab

Clinical Enzymology Lab

Diagnostic Molecular Biology Lab

Parasitology & Virology Lab

Internship Project

Diagnostic Cytology Lab

 

REQUIRED SKILL SET FOR MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY

MLT is a course for those who pay attention to detail and are comfortable working with bodily fluids like blood. Some of the important skills required are –

  • Communication skills
  • Reasoning and problem-solving skills
  • Time management skills
  • Working under pressure
  • Hardworking
  • Technical abilities
  • Sound abilities with mathematics and science

MLT SCOPE IN INDIA

The demand for medical laboratory technicians or technologists in India is considerably high, enough to support a wide range of applications and specialisations. Moreover, the MLT scope in India is likely to continue to rise in the coming years.

  • The scope of the MLT course is very broad and graduates with a Medical Laboratory Technology degree can find employment in a variety of industries all around the world.
  • A career in the field of medical laboratory technology is one of the most challenging and rewarding in today’s times. A technician or technologist learns something new every day, which is beneficial to their work.
  • Medical Laboratory Technicians can work in pathology labs, research labs, urologist offices, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals, and a variety of other settings.
  • Apart from the aforementioned options, an aspirant can also work as a lecturer or teacher in the education field.
  • With the passage of time, the MLT course has grown in terms of what a student learns during the course, thereby expanding the scope.
  • Blood banking, clinical chemistry, haematology, immunology, microbiology, cytotechnology, urine analysis, and blood sampling are all part of the Medical Laboratory Technology sector. There are a plethora of sectors in which graduates can find acceptable employment.
  • MLT professionals have a variety of work prospects in the healthcare industry. Clinical lab technologists are needed in every hospital and healthcare facility to detect issues and diseases that cause patients to become ill.
  • Another particularly high-income option that is available to professionals who have gathered a few years of experience is to work self-employed. 

The healthcare industry is growing almost at a rate of 18% annually. Therefore, trained technicians are needed all over the country.

 

MLT COLLEGES IN INDIA

MLT course is offered by many reputed colleges and universities across the country. Some of these colleges with the courses offered are listed below:

College/ University

MLT Course Offered

All India Institute of Public and Physical Health Sciences

Certificate Course in Medical Laboratory Technology

Bidar Institute of Medical Science 

GMR Varalakshmi Community College

IASE University

Jaya College of Art and Science

Sardar Patel University

Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology

Government Polytechnic, Lisana

DIPS College, Nainital

Rajeev Gandhi College, Bhopal

Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata

Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal

Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology

Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi

King’s George Medical University , Lucknow

SRM Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu

Chandigarh University, Chandigarh

Government Medical College, Kerala

Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore

Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai

Masters in Medical Laboratory Technology

Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi

Saveetha Medical College, Chennai

Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal

Chandigarh University, Chandigarh

MLT COLLEGES ABROAD

Studying MLT abroad means you could gain access to the best programs and facilities the world has to offer. MLT courses aren’t offered in many countries, so if this is the degree for you then studying abroad could be your best option.

Some of the popular universities and colleges abroad which offer MLT courses abroad are listed below:

  • Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Canada
  • Maryville University, USA
  • University of South Australia, Australia
  • University of Cincinnati, USA
  • Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
  • Queensland University of Technology, Australia
  • University of n\New Brunswick, Canada

JOB OPTIONS AFTER MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY

A candidate can work at various profiles after completing MLT courses. Some of the popular job profiles along with their job description are tabulated below-

Job Profiles

Job Description

Lab Technician

A lab technician works in a laboratory performing analytical or experimental procedures, maintaining lab equipment.

Medical Record Technician

A Medical Record Technician maintains medical records operations by following policies and procedures, reporting needed changes. They also initiate medical record by searching master patient index, ensure medical record availability by routing records to emergency departments, etc. 

Lab Assistant

A Lab Assistant take notes, records data and results, and organizes documentation and data transfer to computer formats. They organize and maintain lab storage, samples, etc. Lab Assistants follow all health and safety regulations when handling laboratory specimens. They identify and label samples and prepare equipment and workspace.

Laboratory Manager

The Lab Manager's responsibilities involve conduct testing in a timely manner, personally reviewing any abnormal results to find the root of the irregularity, etc. The laboratory quality manager also hires and manages staffs, ensuring all employees are receiving proper training.

Anaesthesia Technician

Anaesthesia Technicians help anaesthesiologists or other medical staff in cleaning, preparing and maintaining anaesthesia equipment for use in a surgical procedure.

MRI Technician

MRI Technicians run MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scanners at hospitals and diagnostic facilities, working directly with patients and explaining to them what to expect and understand from the results, giving drugs to patients for better contrast on scanned images.

Pathology Technician

Pathology Technicians perform lab tests on human cells, fluids and tissues to diagnose illnesses. They also assist pathologists and work with chemicals and lab machinery.

CT Scan Technician

They use Computerised Tomography (CT) scanners to produce cross-sectional images of the internal organs of a patient to detect medical issues.

X-ray Technician

X-ray Technicians work on imaging methods by using cutting-edge technology to view the inside of the human body, create pictures to help physicians diagnose and treat injuries or health complications.

Operation Theatre technician

They maintain and prepares the operation theatre and the necessary equipment for operations. They also assist surgical and anaesthetic teams during operations and provide support to patients in recovery.

SALARY AFTER MLT

The annual salary of the various job profiles available to candidates who have completed an MLT course depends on various factors like recruiting organizations, work experience, qualifications, etc. However, the average annual salary of popular job profiles can be understood from the following table-

Job Profiles

Average Annual Salary (INR)

Lab Technician

2 LPA

Medical Record Technician

4LPA

Lab Assistant

2LPA

Laboratory Manager

2.5LPA

Anaesthesia Technician

4LPA

MRI Technician

5LPA

Pathology Technician

4LPA

CT Scan Technician

3LPA

X-ray Technician

2LPA

Operation Theatre Technician

3LPA

TOP RECRUITERS

Some of the top recruiters of MLT graduates are listed below:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
  • Forensic Science Laboratory
  • Apollo
  • Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Delhi
  • Columbia Asia Referral Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Fortis
  • Lilavati Hospital, Mumbai
  • Paramount Health Services
  • Cactus Global 

FAQs about Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT)

What is CMLT?

CMLT is the course of Certificate in Medical Laboratory Technology which can be pursued after class 10th.

 

What is the average salary of an MLT graduate?

The starting salary of an MLT graduate can be INR 30,000 per month which can rise up to 50,000 with an increase in experience.

Can I do DMLT after class 10th?

No, only the candidates who have passed class 12th can apply for the DMLT course.

 

What is the duration of Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology?

The duration of DMLT in India is 2 years.

What is the eligibility of MLT course at the UG level?

To be eligible for MLT bachelor level courses, a candidate must have completed 12th with science subjects and with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized board.

What is the full form of MLT?

The full form of MLT is Medical Laboratory Technology.

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