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BHMS Course

Updated By Shruti Chatterjee on 15 Jun, 2022
Average Duration
5 years
Average Fee
1 K-60 K INR annual
Exams Accepted
Study Mode

Bachelor of Homoeopathy Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) Overview

Bachelor of Homoeopathy Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) is an undergraduate degree program for candidates who are willing to build a career in the healthcare sector. BHMS is one of the most promising career options and a popular choice in the field of medicine. It offers immense opportunities to work in a wide range of fields which are evolving with each passing year. With the innovations and developments that are taking place in different parts of the world, we have gathered all the necessary information that you need to know about the BHMS course and the promising career choices that can be built by studying this course.

Bachelor of Homoeopathy Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) Highlights

Here are the course highlights for the Bachelor of Homoeopathy Medicine and Surgery (BHMS):

Name of the course

Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

Course Level

Undergraduate course

Field of study

Ayurvedic Medical Science (Healthcare industry)

Type of programme

Degree course

Course duration

5.5 years

Minimum qualifications

50% in 10+2 exam with Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology

Average course fees

INR 80,000 to INR 10,00,000

Average salary

INR 2,00,000 to INR 10,00,000

Career opportunities

Homoeopathic Doctor, Public Health Specialist, Pharmacist, Teacher, Lecturer

Who Should Do BHMS?

Any candidate who has completed class 10 and class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as their core BHMS subjects can opt for a BHMS course for their undergraduate studies. The candidate must be at least 17 years of age in order to pursue the BHMS course.

Why Choose BHMS?

While studying BHMS is a personal choice of students, if you are unsure about your decision, here are some solid reasons as to why you should choose to study a BHMS course.

Homoeopathy follows a system of medicine which treats the disease by administering very diluted remedies which will be able to fight not just the diseases but also treat their symptoms. This method of treatment was developed almost two centuries ago by a German physician named Samuel Hahnemann. Homoeopathy is in fact one of the most underrated courses in the field of medicine and student fraternity. Here is why one should choose to study BHMS:

Homoeopathy as a part of the medical practice

To study homoeopathy, one needs to have great in-depth knowledge and understanding of the individual human genetics and their behaviour. While the practice of homoeopathy is not regulated on its own, the use of the same compliments naturopathy and various other holistic healing arts. Homoeopathy is a true involvement of a holistic practice and every practitioner will enjoy learning the ways in which patients respond to their surroundings, their genetics and lifestyle. All these come together and have an impact on the health of patients. 

Homoeopathy treatment is at times different from regular treatment in the medical field

There are some homoeopathic practitioners who are considered to be counsellors and not medical practitioners. They can recommend over-the-counter remedies to illnesses and also provide guidance to individuals. But they cannot claim to be providing any medical advice or healing. Such homoeopathic practitioners believe that the body is capable of healing itself from any disease that can be done by triggering it with a specific medication. 

Huge demand for homoeopathic doctors

Homoeopathic doctors have a huge demand worldwide and many people at present are choosing homoeopathic medications over allopathic medicines. Hence, there has been a huge upsurge in the requirement for skilled homoeopathic doctors and professionals. 


The salary range varies widely when it comes to the practice of homoeopathic medicine. Due to the diversity of the setting of practice, homoeopathic doctors are earning a lot better in comparison to a lot of professionals in the medical field. People pursuing BHMS courses also have the chance of earning better if he or she sets up a clinic in neighbourhoods and communities. 

Career Outlook

The career outlook has been better for homoeopathy has never been better and brighter. As per data collected through various surveys and experiments, many people are now choosing natural and holistic medicine as their treatment. This rate of conversion to holistic medicine is nothing like one ever witnessed. The demand has increased in many foreign countries like the USA, the UK, and many other European countries.  


How Many Courses are there in BHMS?

BHMS course is an undergraduate degree program and there are no other courses under it. Hence, students who choose to study Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery, are able to earn an undergraduate degree at the end of their course.

BHMS Eligibility Criteria

In order to study BHMS, a candidate must qualify for their class 10th and class 12th exams from a recognised board. He or she must also have Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as their core subjects in class 12 and achieve at least a minimum of 50% aggregate score. The minimum age to study this course is 17 years. 

Here is a comprehensive list of eligibility criteria for the BHMS course:

  • Students who are willing to pursue the BHMS course and belong to General/SC/ST/OBC categories have to pass their 10+2 or equivalent exam with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as their core subjects.
  • A minimum of 50% aggregate marks must be obtained and the NEET exam must be cleared by the aspiring candidate. 
  • Students belonging to reserved categories must secure at least 40% in their 10+2 or equivalent exam with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as their main subjects. 
  • Candidates cannot be less than 17 years of age on or before December 31 of the particular year they are applying for admission. 
  • There is an upper age limit for gaining admission to the BHMS course which is 25 years with 5 years of relaxation for reserved categories i.e. SC/ST/OBC. 
  • The qualifying NEET percentile for general candidates is 50th percentile while SC/ST/OBC candidates must score at least 40th percentile. 

BHMS Course Admission Process

Students can gain admission to BHMS courses through entrance exams. There are various entrance exams that are conducted at the state and national levels. Some of the entrance exams that are conducted for gaining admission to the BHMS course are as follows:

  • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test (BVP CET)
  • Engineering, Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test (Telangana and Andhra Pradesh) (EAMCET)
  • Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET)
  • Kerala Engineering, Agricultural and Medical (KEAM) and 
  • Punjab University Common Entrance Test (PUCET)

Candidates are selected on the basis of their marks obtained in the 10+2 final examination and any of these above-mentioned respective entrance exams. Along with these criteria, candidates are also required to show their abilities and skills and they are judged on the basis of the same and then shortlisted. Shortlisted candidates can then appear for further rounds of counselling. 


BHMS Entrance Exams

There are many common entrance exams that students can appear for in order to get admitted to colleges teaching BHMS courses:

  • NEET or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test
  • BVP CET or Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test 
  • EAMCET or Engineering, Agricultural, and Medical Common Entrance Test
  • IPU CET or Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test
  • KEAM or Kerala Engineering, Agriculture and Medical 
  • PUCET or Punjab University Common Entrance Test

What is BHMS course fees?

The BHMS course fees vary from one college to another. But on average BHMS course fee ranges from INR 5 to 20 Lakhs. Students are always advised to check their respective college fees before trying to gain admission to any BHMS college.


BHMS Different Specialisations

BHMS is an undergraduate course and students can choose from some of these top specialisations in the course:

  • Homoeopathic Pharmacy
  • Homoeopathic Paediatrics
  • Homoeopathic Psychiatry
  • Homoeopathic Skin Specialist
  • Homoeopathic Infertility Specialist

Required Skill Set for BHMS


Here is the list of required skill sets for BHMS course:

  • Being interested in the promotion of natural health and being proficient in administering homoeopathic remedies and solutions.
  • Having the ability to express complicated ideas easily and then using reason and login to look and identify strengths and weaknesses of different alternative solutions.
  • Having the ability to make work one’s priority and be able to manage workload.
  • Being invested in building a relationship with patients.
  • Possessing emotional resilience and taking initiative and a willingness to work in a pressurised environment and being exposed to challenging and stressful situations.
  • Strong verbal skills and active listening. Having an open mind and a will to learn new things
  • Being able to work efficiently and be part of a multidisciplinary healthcare team. 

Course Curriculum for BHMS

Each university has its own curriculum but here are some of the most popular BHMS subjects that are included as a part of the BHMS syllabus:

Human anatomy

The scientific study of the human body and its structure and observation of injuries in the human body by using different scientific methods and technologies is known as human anatomy. In order to understand and identify various diseases and illnesses, homoeopathy needs the knowledge of the human anatomy for reading body postures and angles. Human anatomy is a wide subject in itself and it helps students with detailed knowledge of each organ in the body along with its functions. By studying human anatomy in the BHMS course, students gain a basic understanding of the human body and observe various dysfunctions as well as disorders and provide treatment accordingly for the same. 


The study of the immune system of human beings and various other organisms is known as Immunology. The study of immunology includes the study of physical, chemical and biological reactions of various organisms against any kind of foreign substances. There are two types of immunities which are taught in the BHMS course- Innate and Adaptive Immunity. Students get to learn in great detail about immunity, the immune system and immunology in this course.

Principles of Homoeopathy

The BHMS course comprises principles of Homoeopathy which imparts a basic knowledge to students of various principles of homoeopathy. These principles, for example, the Law of Similars, are helpful in the prediction of a particular disease which can be cured with the help of medicine.


One of the most important aspects of the BHMS course is a pathology which deals with the medical knowledge for studying the cause of a disease. Pathology consists of making a diagnosis and its management in order to study the disease which affects the structure as well as the functioning of the human body. This subject involves the study of different laboratory-based analyses of fluids in the body such as urine, tissue enhancement, organ functioning and the blood flow in the body. Students are also taught Clinical Microbiology for having a clear understanding of microorganisms. Under the BHMS course, students also gain knowledge of different aspects of Microscopic pathology that will help them in having a clear understanding of the subject and help them practice body structures better.


BHMS Syllabus and Subjects

Here is the BHMS syllabus pdf and subjects taught in the entire BHMS course:

BHMS 1st year


Organon of Medicine, Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy and Psychology

Physiology including Biochemistry

Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology

Homoeopathic Pharmacy

Homoeopathic Materia Medica


BHMS 2nd year


Pathology and Microbiology including Virology, Parasitology and Bacteriology

Organon of Medicine and Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy

Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Homoeopathic Materia Medica

Surgery including ENT, Eye, Dental and Homoeo Therapeutics

Practice of Medicine and Homoeo Therapeutics

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Infant Care and Homoeo Therapeutics


BHMS 3rd year


Practice of Medicine and Homoeo Therapeutics

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Infant Care and Homoeo Therapeutics

Surgery including ENT, Eye, Dental and Homoeo Therapeutics

Organon of Medicine

Homoeopathic Materia Medica


BHMS 4th year


Practice of Medicine and Homoeo Therapeutics

Organon of Medicine

Homoeopathic Materia Medica


Community Medicine


Popular BHMS Colleges in India

Homoeopathy is deeply rooted in Indian soil and there are several colleges in India offering BHMS courses. Here is a list of the top 10 BHMS colleges in India:

  • Lokmanya Homoeopathic Medical College, Pune
  • Sanskriti University, Mathura
  • Government Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Pune
  • Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur
  • Smt. Chandaben Mohanbhai Patel Homoeopathic Medical College, Pune
  • Naiminath Homoeopathic Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Agra
  • Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Memorial Health Science and Ayush, University of Chhattisgarh Raipur
  • The Calcutta Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital
  • GD Memorial Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital 
  • National Institute of Homoeopathy

Study BHMS Abroad

If one can afford to study homoeopathic medicine abroad, then a homoeopathic practitioner can build a career as a medical representative or as a doctor in various private and government hospitals. One can also get into research or teaching homoeopathy as a college professor. There is a lot of scope for homoeopathy abroad but it is quite competitive as well. There are lots of opportunities in the manufacturing and research sector.


BHMS Abroad Top Colleges

Every year thousands of students pursue BHMS courses in countries abroad and here are the top universities offering BHMS courses abroad:

Name of college or university


The North-American College of Homoeopathy


Los Angeles School of Homoeopathy


Ontario College of Homoeopathic Medicine


Allen College of Homoeopathy


London College of Homoeopathy 


Canadian College of Homoeopathic Medicine


Global Information Hub on International Medicine


Top BHMS Colleges by City

Here are the top BHMS colleges in India offering undergraduate courses by city:


  • Smt. Chandaben Mohanbhai Patel Homoeopathic Medical College
  • Dr M.L. Dhawale Memorial Homoeopathic Medical College
  • JR Kissan Homoeopathic Medical College



  • Dr. DY Patil Homoeopathic Medical College
  • SMFRI’S Vamanrao Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital


  • National Institute of Homoeopathy
  • Calcutta Homoeopathic Medical College
  • D.N. De Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital
  • Pratap Chandra Memorial Homoeopathic Hospital and College


Post-graduation Courses for BHMS Students

Students who have completed their BHMS course can choose one of the following options of higher education in Homoeopathy and the allied areas as follows:

  • MD (Hom) Materia Medica
  • MSc Clinical Research
  • MD (Hom) Organon of Medicine and Philosophy
  • MSc Human Genome
  • MD (Hom) Practice of Medicine
  • MSc Medical Biochemistry
  • MD (Hom) Psychiatry
  • MSc Health Sciences and Yoga Therapy
  • PGDM Holistic Health Care
  • PGDM Preventive and Promotive Health Care
  • PGDM Diabetes Mellitus
  • MSc Medical Anatomy
  • PGDM Clinical Diabetology
  • MSc Neuroscience
  • MHA (Master of Hospital Administration
  • MSc Geriatrics
  • MBA in Healthcare Management
  • MSc Food and Nutrition
  • MPH (Master of Public Health)

What is BHMS salary?

Most people have a common notion that a career in the field of medicine is limited to a single job profile. But in the past few years, there has been immense involvement of medical graduates in different kinds of fields and they have managed to break this myth. While several students choose to practice medicine in their personal clinics one can also serve at different hospitals where they completed their internship. BHMS graduates on average have the scope of earning anywhere between INR 35,000 to INR 40,000 per month. With more experience in the field, this salary goes up from INR 50,000 to INR 60,000 per month. 


Career options and Job opportunities after BHMS

With time, the efficacy of the field of homoeopathic medicine has grown tremendously. Mostly because of the ongoing research in the field. As a result, there has also been a surge in the number of career opportunities that are available to students. There are many job prospects that one can opt for, in India as well as abroad as holistic healing is gaining popularity due to its lack of side effects.

Job prospects

Average salary in INR

Homoeopathic doctor

6 - 20 LPA

Public Health Specialist

3 - 5 LPA


6 - 8 LPA


2 - 4 LPA

Private Practitioner

6 - 12 LPA


2 - 6 LPA


2 - 4 LPA 

Teacher or Lecturer

2 - 8 LPA

Different employment areas that can be targeted after completing the BHMS course are:

  • Medical Colleges
  • Hospitals
  • Research Institutes
  • Pharmacies
  • Charitable Institutions
  • Nursing Homes
  • Personal Clinics

Skills that make you the best BHMS doctor

Homoeopathy doctors need some set of skills that make them serve their patients their best and some of these skills are inherent and some other skills can be learned. Here are a few key skills that make you a good homoeopath:


Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of another person which is very much in opposition to sympathy which is a feeling of pity and sorrow if you see someone else’s misfortune. There has been a lot of debate in this area along with research which is meant to help determine whether empathy can be taught. And as per research, it has been found that empathy is someone that can be something that one can be encouraged to learn and some of it is an innate ability. According to some researchers, empathy is something that is felt less than something that is done. But behaviours such as non-judgement, self-awareness, listening skills and self-confidence can be developed with the help experience in the experience of empathy. 

Good active listening skills

Every good homoeopath must inculcate good active listening skills. They must be good listeners in order to ask the right questions and listen to the answers carefully. Every patient is required to provide a description of their symptoms in detail and then homoeopaths prescribe the right remedy. Moreover, patients will feel immensely valued if they are being listened to. 

Grounded in homoeopathy and methodology

All good homoeopathy doctors need to develop a keen interest in learning the intricacies of the system of homoeopathy. This is a way to keep oneself updated with the latest developments in the field. 

Sound knowledge of the anatomy and physiology along with research methodologies

One of the key parts of homoeopathic training is about students learning about the various systems of the human body and the pathologies that might occur. This process is an important part of building and creating an understanding of the complexity of different cases. 


Difference between BHMS and BAMS

There are many differences between BHMS and BAMS which we will discuss in terms of various points of differences as follows:

Full form of BHMS and BAMS 

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery abbreviated as BAMS is a degree in the medical field. This is a professional degree in the field of medicine and it is focused on the Ayurveda education which is offered across various colleges in the country. Ayurveda education is specifically designed for those students who are particularly aware of the Indian tradition and its system of treatments. 

BHMS or Bachelor of Homoeopathy Medicine and Surgery is an undergraduate degree course in the field of homoeopathy medicine. The course is specifically designed to impart knowledge of human anatomy along with various other subjects to students. 

Brief about the courses

BAMS is known as the Ayurvedic traditional healing art of India. This course teaches and propagates knowledge about the ‘Ashtanga Ayurveda’ and various scientific advances in the modern field of medicine along with its practical application. Undergraduates can gain admission only with the permission of the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM). 

BHMS or Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery imparts students with the knowledge of medicine and surgery. The degree is awarded to students who gain the name of Homoeopathic Doctor when they complete the BHMS degree. They study homoeopathic medicine that has no side effects. Studying BHMS is the first step on the ladder in the field of homoeopathy. 

Course duration

BHMS is an undergraduate degree program with a focus on Homoeopathic medicine in India and the course duration is 5 and a half years which also includes one year of internship.

BAMS is also an undergraduate degree program which focuses on Ayurvedic medicine education in India. This course’s duration is five and a half years. On completing this course, students are awarded the title of “Ayurvedacharya”. The BAMS degrees theory portion is completed in four and a half years and it is compulsory for candidates to complete one year of rotary internship for practical training. 

Admission process

To gain admission in Ayurvedic courses or Homoeopathy courses in India, students need to complete their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as their core subjects. Students who belong to reserved categories need a minimum of 40% score while general category students must score at least 50% aggregate marks to gain entry in these courses.

In India, students need to appear for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET for getting admission in 52,720 Ayush and various other undergraduate medical seats undergraduate courses offered by Ayush and different colleges in India. Admission to AYUSH courses is only possible through NEET. 

However, there is a lot of difference in the counselling process for both BHMS and BAMS courses where students need to register themselves for these courses within the due date. Admission to these colleges is awarded only through the application forms filled, the merit list and the process of counselling. 


FAQs about Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery

Which are some of the best institutes to study a BHMS course?

There are several institutes in the country offering a BHMS course.  Some of the renowned institutes are:

  • Lokmanya Homoeopathic Medical College, Pune
  • Sanskriti University, Mathura
  • Government Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Pune
  • Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur
  • Smt. Chandaben Mohanbhai Patel Homoeopathic Medical College, Pune
  • Naiminath Homoeopathic Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Agra
  • Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Memorial Health Science and Ayush, University of Chhattisgarh Raipur
  • The Calcutta Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital
  • GD Memorial Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital 

How long does it take to complete a BHMS course?

The total course duration for the BHMS degree is 5.5 years which also includes 1 year of internship at hospitals. During this course, students are taught several subjects in the field of homoeopathy medicine. 


What are some of the common job profiles for a BHMS graduate?

There are many interesting and challenging job profiles that a BHMS medical graduate can choose from in order to build a successful career. Some of the popular job profiles include- Private practitioner, Public Health Specialist. Pharmacist, Lecturer, etc. 


Are BHMS doctors qualified to prescribe allopathy medicines?

BHMS graduates, if they are willing to practice allopathy, must study Pharmacology after completing their BHMS degree course. Without a degree in Pharmacology, BHMS graduates cannot practice and prescribe allopathy medicine.


What are the qualities one needs to possess in order to become a good homoeopath?

There are several qualities that one should possess for becoming a good and successful homoeopath. Some of these qualities are empathy, active listening skills, and sound knowledge of human anatomy and physiology. 


Can BHMS doctors study MD?

Yes, BHMS medical graduates are qualified to study MD in Homoeopathy under various disciplines. Here are some options to choose from:

  • Philosophy
  • Pharmacy
  • Materia Medica
  • Paediatrics
  • Practice of Medicine
  • Psychiatry Repertory

How much do BHMS doctors earn?

The salary of a BHMS medical graduate depends greatly on the experience one has gained in the field. BHMS doctors practising in private with good years of experience can earn 7 to 8 LPA. 


Is MBBS the same as BHMS?

MBBS and BHMS are equivalent degrees and in both their respective fields of medicine, they can work as RMPs or Registered Medical Practitioners. Medical graduates with an MBBS or BHMS degree are qualified enough to apply for jobs where the minimum requirement is a bachelor’s degree.

Do I need to qualify NEET in order to study BHMS?

Yes, for studying the BHMS course, one needs to qualify the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). As of 2019, students had to score between 100 and 130 in order to successfully qualify for the BHMS course.


Are BHMS qualified doctors licensed to perform surgery?

Although BHMS qualified doctors are taught extensively about human anatomy, they are not licensed to perform any surgical procedures on their patients. In order to perform surgery, one needs to complete his or her MBBS degree and then opt for MS.

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