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    Cardiology

    Cardiology Overview

    Cardiology is a branch of internal medicine and specialised study related to heart diseases and blood vessels. A patient with heart ailments and cardiovascular diseases is referred to a cardiologist who is a practising physician in this field. Cardiologists carry out tests and perform procedures such as heart catheterisation, inserting pacemaker, echocardiography or angioplasty. They are different from cardiac surgeons who conduct surgeries for heart disorders.

    Various types of cardiology courses are offered at the undergraduate and graduate levels. Students can choose to study diploma or certification courses in cardiology. To be eligible for full-time cardiology courses, students need to appear for entrance tests like NEET-UG for undergraduate programmes and AIIMS PG or NEET-PG for MBBS and MD in Cardiology, respectively. Cardiology courses are generally offered in offline mode but there are certain online certification courses available. The top colleges in India for cardiology courses are AIIMS, PGIMER and Christian Medical College. The course fee range is between INR 50,000 to INR 10,00,000 annually. Apart from practising as a cardiologist, there are various other job roles that one can get involved in when individuals complete cardiology courses, such as cardiovascular technologists and technicians.

    Cardiology Course Highlights

    Check out the highlights of the cardiology course below:

    Name of the Course

    Cardiology

    Stream

    Medical

    Level of the Course Available

    Bachelors, Certificate, Diploma, PG Diploma, Masters, Doctorate

    Course Mode

    Regular, Online

    Course Duration

    4 months to 5 years

    Exam Type

    Semester Based

    Admission Process

    Merit Basis or Entrance Test

    Fees Range

    INR 50,000-10,00,000

    Career Options

    Cardiologist, Cardiothoracic surgeon, Medical Sonographer

    Why Should You Do Cardiology Course?

    Selecting a specialisation is very crucial as it will decide your career path as a doctor. Check out these reasons why students should choose a cardiology course: 

    • If students want a solid grounding in cardiac and vascular biology then they must opt for a cardiology course. They will get to know about cardiovascular science including myocardial biology, integrated physiology and vascular biology.

    • Students can be part of a respected profession where they can utilise their specialised training. They will be acknowledged and held in high esteem by patients for helping them with their ailments.

    • There is less job stress as surgeries are not involved in most of the degrees related to cardiology. Cardiology only involves evaluating the problem and finding out solutions through tests. However, those who have an MS in Cardiology can perform surgeries and this can be a little stressful.

    • Cardiologists can create a serious impact on patients’ lives by helping them lead better lives. Often they have to resort to life-saving techniques in emergency situations such as heart attacks.

    • There are good chances of career advancement. Apart from practising in their cardiology specialisation, students can go on to teach in medical colleges or help resident doctors learn how to treat patients with heart and cardiovascular diseases.

    Cardiology Course Types

    The Cardiology certification course can range from four to twelve months. It includes common approaches to cardiological complaints. The course content also contains ECG testing and interpretation, echocardiography, cardiac imaging and invasive cardiology.

    The diploma courses are suitable for those who have completed 10+2 with a science background or candidates who are ECG technicians. MBBS doctors can also take up a short certificate program in Cardiology to extend their knowledge.

    Diploma and PG Diploma Programmes in Cardiology

    The course duration of a diploma and postgraduate diploma in Cardiology range from one to two years. It prepares students to practice in clinical or hospital settings. A variety of diagnostic procedures such as ECG, Stress Tests, and Holter Monitoring are taught under these programmes. Students also learn to monitor patients with heart problems. With a diploma, graduates can assist doctors and surgeons but cannot prescribe medicine.  

    Some of the popular diploma programmes are Diploma in Cardiovascular Technology, PG Diploma in Clinical Cardiological Course, PG Diploma in Community Cardiology and PG Diploma in Cardiac Pulmonary Perfusion Technology.

    Bachelors in Cardiology Courses

    Students who have completed class 12 examination with science as a subject can opt for courses such as BSc. in Cardiac Care Technology, BSc. in Cardiology or MBBS. The BSc. programme is for three years whereas the duration of MBBS is five years. BSc in Cardiology is focused on the extensive study of cardiovascular and thoracic science and the operation of cardiovascular technologies and equipment. On the other hand, with an MBBS degree, students learn how to treat patients suffering from cardiac diseases and perform life-saving surgeries.

    Masters in Cardiology Courses

    An MSc. in Cardiology or an MD with Cardiology as a specialisation can be done after completing undergraduate studies in a relevant subject. The MSc course is generally for two years, while the MD programme duration is three years. An MSc. degree concentrates on research and helps students to get a specialised understanding of various aspects of the field and tackle circulatory and cardiovascular disorders, narrowing of arteries or complications related to blood vessels and veins. An MD in Cardiology helps in the diagnosis of defects in the heart and its treatments, coronary artery diseases, failure of the heart, valvular heart diseases and narrowing of arteries.

    Cardiology Course Entrance Exams

    Entrance examinations for cardiology courses differ as per the programme level or course. Some universities have separate medical entrance tests as a part of the admissions process. Some of the common entrance exams students need to take to be eligible for cardiology courses are:

    Entrance Exam for MBBS in Cardiology

    In order to pursue an MBBS degree in Cardiology course, one has to appear for:

    • NEET UG: National Eligibility cum Entrance Exam (undergraduate only)

    • JIPMER: Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research

    • AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences (undergraduate only)

    Entrance Exam for MD in Cardiology

    Those aspiring to do a specialisation in Cardiology after MBBS, have to take the following exams:

    • NEET-PG: National Eligibility cum Entrance Exam (postgraduate only)

    • AIIMS-PG: All India Institute of Medical Sciences (postgraduate only)

    • PGIMER: Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

    Cardiology Course Eligibility Criteria

    Cardiology courses can be pursued by students upon completion of high school. It is generally pursued by students who have the interest to build a career in the medical field and technology and healthcare sector. The minimum requirements of the cardiology courses as per programme type are given below:

    Course

    Eligibility Criteria

    Certificate 

    Completed class 12 from a recognised institution with Science as a subject

    Diploma

    Completed class 12 from a recognised school board with Science as a subject

    PG Diploma

    Complete a bachelor’s degree from a recognised university with Cardiology as a subject

    Bachelors

    Complete 10+2 from a recognised board with at least 50% marks and Science as a subject.

    For the reserved category, at least 40% is required.

    Must have subjects in class 12: Physics, Chemistry and Biology

    MBBS

    Completed 10+2 studies with Science 

    Must have subjects: Physics, Chemistry and Biology

    Qualify NEET-UG entrance exam

    Masters

    Complete a bachelor’s degree in relevant discipline with at least 50% aggregate. 

    Must have overall 50% in higher secondary

    May require to sit for university entrance exam

    MD

    Complete MBBS degree with relevant practical experience 

    Qualify NEET-PG entrance exam

    How to Get Admission in Cardiology Courses?

    The admission process for cardiology programmes differs depending on the type of course or study level. Some admission processes are purely merit-based, whereas other courses may require students to appear for an entrance test. Mostly, admission to certificate, diploma, bachelor's and master's courses are based on merit. On the other hand, an entrance test is required for MBBS and MD courses.

    Admission to Certificate Courses in Cardiology

    Certificate courses in cardiology are built to enhance the potential of students in a short time. Thus, there are no specific scores or entrance exam requirements. Candidates can directly apply for this course by filling out an application form and submitting the necessary documents. After this, the concerned school or college may analyse candidate profiles. Candidates may be contacted for an interview.

    Admission to Diploma in Cardiology Course

    For a diploma in cardiology, colleges admit students mostly based on merit. Students can be selected based on their marks after the application forms have been filled. For undergraduate diplomas, scores of class 12 will be necessary. In the PG diploma course, you will require scores of both 10+2 and a bachelor’s degree.

    Admission to Bachelors in Cardiology Course

    The admission to bachelor's in cardiology can be based both on entrance exam as well as merit. Candidates may need to sit for the university entrance exam as a part of the admission process. Apart from this, colleges may conduct an aptitude test or a personal interview to understand the candidate’s profile. Some universities may also post a cut-off score for both merit and entrance-based admissions.

    Admission to MBBS in Cardiology Course

    The admission process to MBBS includes appearing for an entrance test, i.e., candidates have to qualify for NEET-UG conducted by NTA and attain a good rank. Students also need to be at least 17 years old at the time of admission. Based on NEET-UG scores and ranks, students can get admission to various government and private medical colleges.

    Admission to Masters in Cardiology Course

    Admission to master's courses also takes place based on merit and entrance test. The entrance exam for master's courses is conducted by respective universities. Certain universities grant admission based on the GPA obtained in a bachelor's course. Interview sessions may be conducted by certain medical institutes as part of the admissions process.

    Admission to MD in Cardiology Course

    Those aspiring to pursue MD in Cardiology have to qualify for entrance exams to get into the course. It is compulsory to complete a bachelor's in medicine degree and qualify for NEET-PG or AIIMS-PG. Practical experience is also taken into consideration for admission purposes. Universities conduct interviews or counselling sessions before placing candidates in respective colleges.

    Popular Cardiology Colleges in India

    Every Indian state features medical colleges and universities that offer various cardiology courses at all study levels. According to NIRF Ranking, some of the top colleges in India offering cardiology courses are:

    Medical Institutes

    State

    NIRF Score

    All India Institute of Medical Sciences

    New Delhi

    92.07

    Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

    Chandigarh

    82.62

    Christian Medical College

    Tamil Nadu

    75.33

    National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences

    Karnataka

    73.62

    Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

    Uttar Pradesh

    72.45

    Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

    Tamil Nadu

    69.25

    Banaras Hindu University

    Uttar Pradesh

    67.62

    Jawaharlal Institute of PostGraduate Medical Education & Research

    Pondicherry

    67.42

    King George's Medical University

    Uttar Pradesh

    64.67

    Kasturba Medical College, Manipal

    Karnataka

    63.60

    Study Cardiology Abroad

    Studying cardiology abroad helps students get top-notch classroom training and hands-on experience that help them stand out from the rest of medical students. Those who wish to study cardiology courses abroad can check out these top medical schools abroad:

    University/College

    Country

    University of Leeds

    United Kingdom

    Trinity College Dublin

    Ireland

    Middlesex University

    United Kingdom 

    University of South Australia

    Australia

    University of Georgia

    United States

    Memorial University of Newfoundland

    Canada

    Imperial College London

    United Kingdom

    University of Gottingen

    Germany

    Columbia University

    United States

    University of Toronto

    Canada

    Cardiology Course Fee

    The cardiology course fees vary as per the level of study, course type and type of institution. While the cost of education is relatively low in government colleges, on the other hand, private institutions usually charge more tuition fees. The average course fees for cardiology are given below:

    Cardiology Course Type

    Average Annual Fees (in INR)

    Certificate

    5,000-50,000

    Diploma/PG Diploma

    10,000-1,00,000

    Bachelors

    1,00,000-10,00,000

    Masters

    1,00,000-25,00,000

    Cardiology Course Syllabus

    Cardiology courses may differ as per the university or institution, but the fundamentals taught remain the same. Some of the common subjects covered in the cardiology syllabus are:

    Cardiology Syllabus

    Cardiovascular diseases fundamentals

    Cardiac biochemistry

    Cardiac pharmacology

    Cardiac anatomy

    Cardiac physiology

    Nuclear cardiology

    Preventive cardiology

    Cardiac artery diseases

    Cardiac microbiology

    Paediatric cardiology

    Coronary artery diseases

    Heart failure

    Congenital heart diseases

    Systemic hypertension

    Pericardial diseases

    Geriatric heart diseases

    Genetics

    General anaesthesia

    Invasive cardiology

    Non-invasive cardiac technology

    Course Curriculum for Cardiology

    The course curriculum for cardiology is designed in a way that gives maximum knowledge about cardiovascular diseases. The course is divided into semesters and can last from two to ten semesters. Here is a detailed curriculum for the cardiology course based on a few topics of the syllabus:

    Cardiology Syllabus

    Contents

    Fundamentals of Cardiovascular Diseases

    • Principles of drug therapy
    • Heart diseases in various populations
    • Measurement of cardiovascular care

    Preventive Cardiology

    • Systemic hypertension
    • Risk factors for atherothrombotic diseases
    • Primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease

    Cardiac Anatomy

    • Coronary circulation
    • Artery and veins histology
    • Functional anatomy of heart

    Cardiac Pathology

    • Coronary artery disease
    • Restrictive congenital diseases
    • Pathological changes in cardiac ailments

    Cardiac Failure

    • Cardiac transplantation
    • Diagnosis of heart failure and its management

    Cardiology Scope in India - Career and Job Prospects

    The cardiology courses are beneficial to students as it opens up numerous job opportunities. Cardiology experts and surgeons are always in demand and there is a lot of scope in this field. Some of the top job profiles for individuals pursuing cardiology courses are:

    • Cardiologists: One can practice as a cardiologist in government and private sector hospitals or start their own practice. They are associated with the diagnosis, prevention and care of patients with cardiac disorders.

    • Cardiac Surgeons: Cardiac surgeons perform heart-related surgeries and other complex operations on patients. They are the ones who interpret injuries related to the heart and circulatory system.

    • Invasive Cardiologists: They are the specialists who use invasive procedures to treat heart procedures.

    • Cardiovascular Technologists: They are technicians who use a variety of tools and techniques for the diagnosis and management of heart diseases.

    • Scientists: The researchers and scientists perform in-depth research on cardiac health and diseases.

    • Echocardiographer: Cardiosonographers or echocardiographers are professionals who use imaging technologies to help physicians diagnose diseases in patients.

    Top Recruiters of Cardiology Professionals

    Cardiology professionals are always in need due to rising heart-related health concerns. The top recruiters of cardiology professionals in India are:

    Top Recruiters in India

    AIIMS

    Indian Council of Medical Research

    Indian Railways

    Government Hospitals

    Military Healthcare Hospitals

    Private Nursing Homes

    Government Medical Colleges

    State Public Service Commission

    What is Cardiology Specialist Salary?

    The salary of cardiology specialists is dependent on the course they have done, experience and skill set. With experience, the salary keeps increasing. Here is a list of salaries of professionals as per degree:

    Cardiology Degree

    Average Annual Salary (in INR)

    Certificate

    2,00,000-3,00,000

    Diploma

    2,00,000-5,00,000

    Bachelors

    3,00,000-15,00,000

    Masters

    5,00,000-20,00,000

    Skills Required to Become a Successful Cardiologist

    As a cardiology practitioner, individuals are expected to have in-depth knowledge on cardiology as well as must have other soft skills that ensure that patients are provided with best treatment and care. They must be open to all new medical and scientific advancements related to cardiology. The other qualities that they must possess are:

    • Detailed knowledge of modern cardiological technologies and equipment.

    • Attention to detail to treat patients, strong listening skills and diagnostic abilities.

    • Compassion and care.

    • Confidence to deal with this complicated stream of medicine.

    • Proper time management skills.

    FAQs about Cardiology

    Can I study cardiology after 12th?

    Yes, you can study cardiology after 12th. You can choose to pursue a bachelor's in Cardiology or an MBBS course. You can also obtain a certificate or undergraduate diploma in cardiology after 12th. The minimum course duration is six months whereas higher studies in cardiology may take up to 3 to 5.5 years.

    Is BSc Cardiology a doctor?

    No, BSc Cardiology is not a doctor. BSc in Cardiology provides you with entry-level knowledge of the course and the associated cardiac technologies. You will have to complete MBBS to be a doctor and later, you will have to do a specialised doctor of medicine (MD) course in cardiology to perform the roles of a cardiologist.

    What is the difference between MS in Cardiology and MD in Cardiology?

    Aspirants who have done MS in Cardiology can perform surgical operations to treat cardiac and cardiothoracic disorders whereas MD in Cardiology allows non-surgical procedures of treatment. An MD in Cardiology will allow the doctor to prescribe medicines, and provide treatment and care to heart patients.

    What is the minimum qualification to study Cardiology?

    The minimum qualification to study Cardiology is at least 50% in class 12 for general candidates and 40% for reserved candidates. Also, students must have studied physics, chemistry and biology in their class 12 to pursue a cardiology course at the undergraduate level. Moreover, those who aspire to become doctors must qualify for the cut-off in the NEET-UG and other entrance examinations for the MBBS course.

    Can I study Cardiology online?

    Yes, there are certain certificate cardiology courses that you can pursue online. The popular websites that provide online courses are Udemy, EDX, and Coursera. One can sign up for short-term courses on these websites. However, diplomas, bachelor's, and master's courses have to be pursued offline through classroom study mode and laboratory experiences. 

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