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    Pathology

    Pathology Courses Overview

    Pathology is the medical science that supplies patients and physicians with diagnostic information. It has an influence on practically every element of patient care, from cancer diagnosis to chronic illness management via precise laboratory testing.

    There are various pathology courses that aspirants can pursue right after the completion of their class 12th and at various levels of study (certificate, diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate). The standard time of completion of a UG or PG course in pathology is 4 and 2 years respectively. Candidates must have studied Physics, Chemistry and Biology in class 12th and must have got at least 50%-60% to get admission to a reputable college. Some colleges also ask for entrance exam scores like NEET, AIIMS, JIPMER, NPAT and more.

    Some of the best colleges to study pathology in India are All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Christian Medical College, Banaras Hindu University, Armed Forces Medical College and more. The average fee for studying pathology courses is somewhere around INR 30,000 - INR 2 lakhs. The fees can be higher if it is a private college. The return on investment in this field in terms of starting salary is also great as freshers can expect to earn INR 2.5-6 lakhs annually.  

    Read further to know and understand the field of pathology, the various pathology courses, syllabus, scope, career opportunities, and much more.

    Pathology Courses Highlights

    Mentioned below are some of the important highlights of Pathology courses for aspirants to look at:

    Course 

    Pathology 

    Degree Level

    Certificate, Diploma, Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD

    Duration 

    6 months-4 years (depending upon the level of the pathology programme)

    Exam Type 

    Semester based 

    Minimum Qualification Requirement

    10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as mandatory subjects 

    Average Starting Salary 

    INR 9 lakhs per year 

    Average Fees Incurred 

    INR 30,000-INR 5,00,000 or more

    Selection Process 

    Entrance + Merit-based 

    Popular Entrance Exams 

    NEET PG, AIIMS PG, JIPMER PG, COMEDK PGET

    Top Diploma in Nursing Courses Specialisation 

    General Pathology, Clinical Pathology, Anatomical Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Cytopathology, Haematology, Immunopathology, Histopathology

    Minimum Aggregate Percentage Required for Admission 

    50%-60% in 10+2

    Top Recruiters 

    SRL Diagnostics, AIIMS, Oncquest Laboratories Ltd, Medall Healthcare Pvt Ltd, Lucid Diagnostics, Dr Lal Pathlabs, other medical universities, hospitals and health centres 

    Career Prospects 

    Clinical Pathologist, Anatomic Pathologist, Forensic Pathologist, Medical Lab Technician, Laboratory Technician

    Why Choose Pathology?

    Pathology is the bedrock of clinical medicine, including all aspects of patient care, diagnostic tests, and treatment strategies. Here are some of the best perks to learn before pursuing a career in pathology:

    • A Diverse Industry with the Most Recent Advancements: Pathology is a fast-paced medical area that equips healthcare practitioners with the most up-to-date clinical procedures and diagnostic tools. They will have the chance to become acquainted with cutting-edge laboratory techniques and clinical procedures for analysing bodily fluids. 

    • A Wide Range of Career Opportunities: Pathology as a medical speciality will equip aspirants for a variety of intriguing job opportunities. Pathologists are in great demand and will continue to be so in the field of healthcare. There are several employment opportunities in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, laboratories, emergency clinics, research labs, medical schools, and universities.

    • Pathologists Play an Important Role in the Medical Field: Pathologists may make a significant impact on the lives of patients by discovering the origin of their sickness and keeping their lives free of infection. Pathologists understand the biology of each form of illness and ensure that each patient receives appropriate therapy.

    • Dynamic Responsibilities: Pathologists are in charge of researching the type of sickness or infection, its causes, and its consequences. They provide services in practically every facet of clinical medicine. Furthermore, they assist doctors in developing an appropriate treatment plan for patients by monitoring and maintaining their continuing health.

    How Many Courses are There in Pathology?

    As stated above, pathology is a broad medical field of study, hence aspirants can find a plethora of different pathology courses to study in India at different levels of study. Some of these courses are mentioned below: 

    Programme/Study Level 

    Popular Pathology Courses 

    Certificate 

    • Certification in Pathology 

    • Post MD Certificate course in Immunopathology

    • PDCC in Blood Component Therapy and Apheresis

    • PDCC in Hematopathology

    • PDCC in Renal Pathology

    • Post MD Certificate course in Cytopathology

    • PDCC in Blood Banking and Immunohaematology

    • Certificate in Pathology Collection

    • Pathology CMLT 

    Diploma

    • Diploma in Pathology

    • Post Graduate Diploma in Pathology

    • Diploma in Clinical Pathology

    • Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology

    • Post Graduate Diploma in Human Genetics and Pathological Techniques

    • Diploma in Medical Lab Technology 

    Undergraduate 

    • BSc in Pathology 

    • Bachelor of Audiology Speech and Language Pathology

    PG Diploma 

    • MSc in Pathology

    • Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Pathology

    Postgraduate 

    • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Pathology

    • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Speech Pathology and Audiology

    Pathology Entrance Exams

    Passing entrance exams with minimum qualifying marks is one of the major admission or eligibility criteria that aspirants have to meet to study pathology courses in India. Here are a few prominent entrance exams that are used by top universities and institutes to select eligible applicants for their pathology courses:

    Programme/Study Level 

    Entrance Exams 

    Undergraduate 

    • NEET

    • AIIMS 

    • JIPMER 

    • JET

    • NPAT

    • BHU UET

    • SUAT

    • CUET

    Postgraduate 

    • NEET-PG

    • AIIMS-PG

    • JIPMER-PG

    • INI CET

    • COMEDK PGET

    Pathology Courses Eligibility Criteria

    The table below highlights the general admission eligibility for aspirants to study pathology courses in India: 

    Programme/Study Level 

    Basic Eligibility Criteria 

    Certificate 

    Different levels of certification courses have different eligibility criteria. For a Post Doctoral Certificate Course (PDCC), students must have a master’s degree in pathology or any other relevant field of study. 

    Diploma

    Students must have cleared class 12th at least 55% marks with mandatory subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Biology

    Undergraduate 

    Students must have cleared class 12th with at least 55% marks with mandatory subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Biology and must have passed competitive exams with minimum qualifying marks. 

    PG Diploma 

    Students must hold a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field (MBBS, BSc in Biology, Biotechnology, etc.) with minimum qualifying marks. 

    Postgraduate 

    Students must have a bachelor’s degree in pathology or any other relevant field of study from a recognised university with at least 50%-60% aggregate marks and competitive exam qualifying scores. 

    Doctorate 

    Students must have a master’s degree in pathology or any other relevant field of study from a recognised university with at least 60% aggregate marks and competitive exam qualifying scores. 

    How to Get Admission to a Pathology Course?

    Admission to pathology courses is strictly based on excellence in the 12th grade and marks obtained in the entrance exam. Admission to most pathology courses begins in May and ends in late June or early July. Candidates can submit their applications both online and in person.

    • To fill out the application form online, students must go to the university's or college's website and accurately fill out all of the required data in the application form. After successfully registering, you must wait for any necessary correspondence from the college/university.

    • Following online registration, you must attend the institution in person with all essential documents, including the Class 12 mark sheet, Class 10 mark sheet and certificate, ID verification, and photographs.

    • Candidates who prefer to apply offline must purchase an application form along with a brochure from the college campus and submit it after filling out the form correctly.

    • Students will be admitted to the colleges/universities listed above based on their Class 12 grades. Entrance will be granted only to those students who fulfil the other admission conditions and clear the cut-off marks set by the various colleges. Admission will be given only based on the student's achievement in the class 12th exam.

    Popular Pathology Colleges in India

    Some of the most popular and well-known colleges in India that offer pathology courses are as follows: 

    Name of the College/Institute 

    Location 

    Bharti Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College

    Pune 

    Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University 

    Uttar Pradesh 

    Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences

    Karnataka 

    Dr B.R. Ambedkar Medical College

    Delhi 

    All India Institute of Medical Sciences

    Delhi 

    Christian Medical College

    Tamil Nadu 

    Banaras Hindu University

    Uttar Pradesh 

    Kasturba Medical College

    Karnataka 

    King George's Medical University

    Uttar Pradesh 

    Maulana Azad Medical College

    Delhi 

    Hamdard Institute of Medical Science and Research

    Delhi 

    Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research

    Pondicherry

    Armed Forces Medical College

    Pune 

    Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research

    Kerela 

    MS Ramaiah Medical College 

    Karnataka 

    Study Pathology Abroad

    Here is a list of some of the most renowned colleges abroad to study pathology courses:

    Name of the College/Institute 

    Location 

    University of Southern Mississippi

    United States

    California State University

    United States

    University of South Alabama

    United States

    Ulster University

    United Kingdom

    Queen Mary University of London

    United Kingdom

    McGill University

    Canada 

    Queen's University

    Canada 

    University of Canberra 

    Australia 

    University of New South Wales 

    Australia 

    The University of Queensland 

    Australia 

    What is Pathology Course Fees?

    The following are the average pathology course fees in India for various levels of study:

    Programme/Study Level 

    Average Annual Estimated Fee Range in INR 

    Certificate 

    2,000-30,000

    Diploma

    10,000-80,000

    Undergraduate 

    20,000-1,50,000

    PG Diploma 

    30,000-2,00,000

    Postgraduate 

    40,000-12,30,000

    Pathology Course Syllabus

    Enlisted below are core subjects that aspirants will study while pursuing pathology courses in India:

    Diploma 

    Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology

    Haematology and Blood banking

    Clinical and Chemical Pathology

    Microbiology and Serology

    Theory and Practical Training

    -

    Undergraduate 

    Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

    Frontiers in Human Disease

    An Advanced Investigation of Human Disease

    Experimental Pathology

    Mechanism of Human Disease

    Techniques for Investigation of Disease

    Postgraduate

    Haematology

    Immunopathology

    Histopathology

    Plant Pathology

    Molecular Pathology

    Surgical Pathology 

    Clinical Pathology

    Anatomical Pathology

    Forensic Pathology

    Veterinary Pathology

    General Pathology

    Systemic Pathology

    Cytopathology

    Pathology Courses Scope in India – Career and Job Prospects

    Pathologists can find work in a variety of government and commercial facilities, including AIIMS, the National Institute of Health, the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, and others. Pathologists can also work in agriculture, public health, law enforcement, and a variety of other disciplines. 

    Some of the more well-known employment opportunities available to pathology graduates include:

    • Clinical Pathologist

    • Anatomic Pathologist

    • Forensic Pathologist

    • Medical Lab Technician

    • Laboratory Technician

    • Data Analyst 

    • Research Analyst 

    • Research Scientist

    • Biochemist 

    • Forensic Pathologist 

    • Professor 

    What is Pathology Salary?

    Check out the average beginning yearly income of several pathology job profiles listed below.

    Job Profile 

    Annual Average Pay (INR) 

    Lab Technician

    2-4 lakhs 

    Data Analyst

    3-5 lakhs 

    Biochemist

    3-6 lakhs 

    Research Scientist

    4-7 lakhs 

    Research Analyst

    3-6 lakhs 

    Pathologist

    4-8 lakhs 

    Skills That Make You The Best Pathologist

    The aspirant's abilities and expertise in the sector will aid in their job search. Many firms require such talents for their employees. Check out the pathological skill set criteria listed below:

    • To be meticulous and detail-oriented

    • To be skilled in the operation of a computer and the major software programmes

    • Thinking and reasoning abilities

    • Understanding of medicine and dentistry

    • Excellent oral and written communication skills

    • Complex problem-solving skills 

    • Analytical thinking skills

    • Acceptance of criticism and ability to perform well under pressure

    FAQs about Pathology

    Is pathology a good career?

    Yes, pathology is a good career. Pathologists use their substantial medical expertise every day to discover and diagnose disease processes that assist determine patient management and treatment. Pathology also offers a broad spectrum of practice and a healthy work-life balance.

    Where can graduates work after studying pathology?

    Pathologists or pathology course graduates are in great demand and will continue to be so in the field of healthcare. There are several job opportunities in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, laboratories, emergency clinics, research labs, medical schools, investigation departments, universities and more.

    What are the upcoming trends in the field of pathology?

    Technological improvements in this discipline are assisting pathologists in finding essential information, processing it, and analysing it in a timely manner in today's society. Some of the breakthroughs and impending developments that would benefit pathologists include:

    • The proliferation of biomedical data

    • Immunoquery and Expertpath

    • Precision medicine is on the increase.

    • AI applications in healthcare

    Name some of the top recruiters of Pathology course graduates in India.

    Pathologists are often hired at government or private hospitals, health centres, institutes, or testing laboratories. Some of them are as follows: 

    • Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

    • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

    • Apollo Hospital

    • National Institute of Health

    • Institute of Brain and Spine 

    • Food and Drug Administration

    • Dr Lal Path Labs

    • Intelligence Bureau

    • Central Bureau of Investigation

    • Asian Institute of Medical Sciences

    What are the prominent job roles and responsibilities of a Pathology course graduate?

    The prominent roles and responsibilities of a pathologist are: to perform autopsies and function as an ME to identify the cause of death by examining genetic modifications; perform a variety of tests to determine the effectiveness of new treatments or medicines on the market; make reports or deductions that will be used as proof of disease or deformity that the doctor will treat and interpret laboratory data to answer certain unresolved medical mysteries.

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