Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) - Course Overview

Duration: 5.0 yrs | Mode: Regular| Avg. Fees: 6,00,000 / Year

404 courses | 488 colleges

About Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, popularly known as MBBS, is the most popular undergraduate medical programme in India. Medical aspirants across the country who aspire to become practicing doctors in the field of allopathic medicine have to pursue the MBBS programme. The programme covers various fields of medicine and human anatomy to teach the students how to verify different diseases and cure them. The course also covers various specializations in the field of medicine to enable detailed learning in the area of student’s interest. Students can also choose to pursue a masters in this specialization.


  • General Medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • General Surgery
  • Orthopaedics
  • Peadiatrics
  • ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology
  • Anaesthesiology

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Eligiblity Criteria

  • Minimum Qualification Required: 10+2 (Biology, Physics and Chemistry)
  • Minimum Marks Required (Aggregate): 50%


MBBS Admission Process:

Admission to MBBS programmes are done on the basis of the NEET entrance exam. NEET is the single all India entrance basis which admissions are conducted across all medical colleges and universities in the country.

There are only two exceptions to NEET that take students in MBBS programmes on the basis of their own entrance exams. These include the following:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Syllabus



Subjects Covered


1st and 2nd Semester

Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology


3rd, 4th and 5th Semester

Community Medicine, Microbiology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Pharmacology, Clinical postings in wards, OPDs


6th, 7th, 8th and 9th Semester

Community Medicine, Obst. Gynae, Medicine and Allied Subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Pediatrics Surgery and Allied Subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics), Clinical Postings

Career Options and Job Prospects

MBBS in itself is a medical degree that enables you to practice medicine, however, most students prefer to pursue a masters in this field in order to become recognized doctors. With commercialization of the medical profession, there are a lot of jobs available for MBBS graduates as well. Students pursuing this course can look forward to jobs in different hospitals or can start their private clinics after graduation. Following are popular job profiles available after MBBS:

  • Junior Doctors
  • Physician
  • Doctors
  • Junior Surgeons
  • Medical Professor or Lecturer
  • Scientist
  • Researcher

Doctors starting their careers after MBBS can expect to earn Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 35,000 per month in different profiles. Practice and knowledge can improve the career prospects of doctors and can earn up to Rs. 10 lakh per annum. Salaries in private sector depend on the college and performance in graduation.