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MBBS Course

Updated By Sukriti Vajpayee on 22 Jun, 2022
Average Duration
5 years
Average Fee
2 L-50 L INR annual
Exams Accepted
NEET UG, AIIMS MBBS, JCECE ...
Study Mode
Regular

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Overview

MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is a 5 years 6 months undergraduate program in the medical field. This is a professional course for students who want to become doctors, detect diseases, prescribe medication and conduct surgery. The word MBBS has its origin in the Latin word Medicinae Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. 

NEET is the entrance exam for MBBS admission and students must be at least 17 years of age. One must study Physics, Chemistry and Biology as their compulsory subjects for the 10+2 exam in order to qualify for the NEET exam and study MBBS. In India, there are approximately more than 1800 MBBS colleges which constitute a mix of government and private medical colleges teaching MBBS. MBBS fees are completely dependent on the kind of institution- typically a private MBBS college is more expensive in comparison to the government colleges. 

MBBS fees range can be anywhere from INR 5,00,000 to INR 50, 00,000 and once students successfully complete their course, they can opt for a postgraduate degree like an MD or M.P.H. for various different kinds of career prospects after MBBS.

MBBS Course Highlights

Here are the course highlights for MBBS so that students can understand the course program better:

MBBS Course

 

MBBS full form

Bachelor or Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Course type

Undergraduate 

Course duration

5 years 6 months

Entrance exam

NEET (National eligibility cum Entrance Test) 

Top Medical Colleges in India

AIIMS New Delhi, CMC Vellore, PGIMER, NIMHANS, etc/

Average course fee

INR 50, 000  to INR 56,00, 000

Eligibility 

Students must have Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in their class 12 exam and should be at least 17 years of age to appear for the NEET entrance exam

Career options

Doctor, healthcare professionals,specialisation, international education, defence service, private and government hospitals, MBA in medical field, clinical research, etc. 

Average salary

INR 0.5 lakh- INR 12 lakh

Who Should Do MBBS?

If you are unsure whether an MBBS course is the right option for you, then you can find out in the following section where we talk about who should do an MBBS course.

Study of the human body

If you find yourself to be fascinated by the human body, and want to gain a closer understanding of how the human body functions, then MBBS is the course for you. You will have to learn about all the bones of the body and familiarise yourself with every nook and corner of the body.

Job security 

No matter what happens in any part of the world, whether it is a pandemic or job crisis, there is always job security for doctors. MBBS doctors will require excellent leadership and communication skills along with excellent bedside manners. There is no scope for making any mistake as it would cost lives. Patients need to be treated with empathy and doctors also need to be on good terms with nurses. 

Scope of studying medicine anywhere in the world

When you begin your journey in the world of medicine and studying MBBS, you will not be limited to your own home country. There are many options to study MBBS all over the world since good doctors are required everywhere. 

Use of latest technology at your fingertips

Doctors get to work with the latest technology when studying MBBS and devices that are meant to conduct complex medical procedures with utmost perfection.

Why choose MBBS?

Students choose MBBS for a variety of reasons from personal calling to reaching financial stability. While everyone has their own reason and motivation for choosing to study medicine, here are some practical reasons why MBBS is a viable and desirable career choice:

  • You will get to serve society and get a lot of respect in return. Doctors in general are considered to be one of the noblest professions. Hence, studying medicine will help you to serve society better and earn respect in the process. There is also a sense of satisfaction that is derived from being able to serve society in a meaningful way.
  • Financial stability is another important reason for many people to choose medicine as it is one of those professions which are hard hit in cases of any worldwide financial crisis. Although the gains might not always compare to other professions, the inherent stability makes up for it. 
  • The field of medicine is extremely diverse and vast and hence one can never cease to learn new things. MBBS is just the gateway or the initial stage of gaining knowledge for a bright future in medicine.
  • There are immense options to choose from and specialise in after the completion of the MBBS degree. One can move forward with medicine or choose other specialisations like surgery, dermatology, neurology, nephrology, psychiatry, etc. 
  • Once you complete your MBBS degree, you will also have the option of looking for a career in medical research or you can choose to be a medical scientist. 
  • There are options to set up a consultancy for health targeted programs. Postgraduate programs like a Master of Public Health are also another option to choose from for students who complete their MBBS degree. 
  • The field of medicine and MBBS is also for those people who like to be challenged on a daily basis and possess strong decision-making skills. One needs to think very clearly and employ knowledge to save people’s lives. Compassion and having a strong belief system to help bring positive changes in society are also a part of the world of medicine.
  • With perseverance and dedication to the job, one can also reach the global stage since good doctors are required everywhere. Donning a white coat comes with the major responsibility of improving the lives of people. Only doctors with an MBBS degree can understand the importance of bringing people back from the clutches of death from life-threatening diseases. If you discover an antidote, you will be able to save millions of lives around the world. The joy derived from such work is truly incomparable. 

How many courses are there in MBBS?

The MBBS course is a single course in itself which is divided into semesters. There are a number of MBBS subjects taught throughout the course. The MBBS course semesters can be divided into three stages preclinical, para-clinical and clinical stages.

List of Popular MBBS Specialisations

As discussed previously, MBBS is the foundation course or the initial step in the study of medicine. It is a professional course for doctors and after the completion of this course, students can choose a specialisation. Here is a list of specialities that one can choose from after completing his or her MBBS degree:

  • Orthopaedics
  • Internal Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Dermatology
  • Paediatrics
  • Radiology
  • General surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Family Medicine
  • Chest Medicine
  • Anaesthesia
  • Pathology
  • ENT

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

In order to study the MBBS course, students must appear for the NEET or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test conducted by the NTA (National Testing Agency). Based on the rankings received in the entrance examination, candidates will be able to gain admission to various government and private MBBS colleges in India. 

Here are the eligibility criteria for obtaining MBBS admission:

  • The applicant should also be at least 17 years of age in order to be eligible for admission to an MBBS course.
  • While the minimum marks criteria for admission may vary, at least 50% of marks from candidates will be considered to be eligible for MBBS admission.
  • Passing the entrance examination i.e. NEET with the best possible scores increases the chances of getting placed in the top MBBS colleges in the country. 
  • NEET applicants should also have Physics, Chemistry and Biology as their 10+2 exam subjects.
  • For candidates belonging to the reserved category, 40% is the minimum percentage for eligibility. 

Difference Between MBBS and MD

There are various points of difference between an MBBS degree and an MD degree but the point of difference is the former is an undergraduate course and the latter, is a postgraduate program. One can pursue an MD degree only after completing the MBBS course. Let’s take a look at the difference between an MBBS and BDS degree

 

MBBS

MD

Full form

Bachelor or Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Doctor of Medicine

Course duration

5.5 years

3 years

Entrance exam

NEET UG

NEET PG, INI CET

Eligibility 

Candidates need to complete their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology or with PCMB. They also need to qualify the NEET exam.

Candidates must complete their MBBS course, one year of training and qualify the NEET PG exam. 

Course focus

General study of medicine

Specialisation in medicine and/or surgery

How To Get Admission for MBBS?

For MBBS admission, students need to appear for an entrance exam- NEET UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) which is conducted by the NTA (National Testing Agency). 

NEET UG exam is conducted once a year and students must be of at least 17 years of age to gain admission into an MBBS course. They must also have Physics, Chemistry and Biology in their 10+2 examination.

Depending on the scores of the NEET exam, candidates will be able to gain admission to various government and private MBBS colleges in India for studying MBBS.

MBBS Entrance Exam

There is only one entrance exam for MBBS which is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET conducted by NTA. Here are the important details for the MBBS entrance exam: 

  • This entrance exam is held every year to allow students admission to 542 medical colleges, 313 dental, 47 BVSc and AH colleges, and 914 AYUSH colleges.
  • NEET is conducted in various languages- Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.
  • The exam is conducted in offline mode and there are a total of 158002 seats available. 1257 colleges are participating in the NEET exam 2022. 
  • A candidate should also be at least 17 years of age when registering for the NEET exam. Recently the upper age limit for appearing in the exam has been removed. 
  • Students must also have PCB or PCMB in their class 12 exam in order to appear for NEET.

Popular MBBS Colleges in India

There are several MBBS colleges in India- both government and private that provide an excellent and top-notch education for their students. Check the list of top MBBS colleges in India here:

Name of College/ Institute

City

State

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)

New Delhi

Delhi

Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)

Chandigarh

Chandigarh

Christian Medical College (CMC)

Vellore

Tamil Nadu

National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS)

Bangalore

Karnataka

Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Lucknow

Uttar Pradesh

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

Coimbatore

Tamil Nadu

Banaras Hindu University

Varanasi

Uttar Pradesh

Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)

Puducherry

Pondicherry

King George’s Medical University 

Lucknow

Uttar Pradesh

Kasturba Medical College

Manipal

Karnataka

Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology

Thiruvananthapuram

Kerala

Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences

New Delhi

Delhi

St. John’s Medical College

Bengaluru

Karnataka

Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research

Chennai

Tamil Nadu

Aligarh Muslim University

Aligarh

Uttar Pradesh

Madras Medical College & Government General Hospital, Chennai

Chennai

Tamil Nadu

Maulana Azad Medical College 

Delhi

Delhi

Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung Hospital

New Delhi

Delhi

Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth

Pune

Maharashtra

S.R.M. Institute of Science and Technology

Chennai

Tamil Nadu

Study MBBS Abroad

While deciding to study MBBS abroad, there are a few things that need to be kept in mind

Eligibility and requirements

Although each country has its own criteria and list of rules for international students who are willing to pursue MBBS abroad, here are some general guidelines for top countries across the world:

Age

The student has to be at least 17 years of age on December 31 of the particular year of application for admission to study MBBS abroad.

Academic requirements

All candidates willing to pursue an MBBS degree abroad have to meet up to these requirements:

  • Candidate must complete his or her 10+2 from a recognised board. An aggregate percentage of 50% must be achieved in Physics, Chemistry and Biology along with English as a compulsory subject in their 10+2 exam.
  • Candidates are also required to qualify for the NEET exam even if they are planning to study MBBS abroad. The NEET score for each candidate will be valid for a period of three years.
  • Students must also produce an Eligibility Certificate from the Medical Council of India during the time of admission to any foreign medical university.
  • Based on the English requirements of the university or college, students could also be required to appear for English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE or OET. 
  • Students cannot suffer from any contagious diseases at the time of admission and need to submit a medical certificate for the same.

MBBS Abroad Top Colleges

Willing candidates would be interested in knowing more about MBBS abroad at top colleges and universities. Here is the list of top medical universities to pursue MBBS for Indian students:

Name of College/ University 

Location 

Harvard University 

United States of America

University of Oxford 

United Kingdom

University of Cambridge

United Kingdom

Stanford University

United States of America

John Hopkins University

United States of America

Karolinska Institute

Sweden

University of California (UCLA)

United States of America

University College London (UCL)

United Kingdom

Yale University 

United States of America

Imperial College London

United Kingdom

University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)

United States of America

Top MBBS Colleges by State

Check out the list of top MBBS Colleges by state

Maharashtra

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

DPU Pune- Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth

19

Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha

34

Dr DY Patil University, Navi Mumbai

41

KIMS- Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences 

42

GSMC Mumbai- Seth GS Medical College

-

AFMC Pune- Armed Forces Medical College

-

DYPMC Pune- Dr DY Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre

-

Grant Medical College, Mumbai

-

JNMC Wardha- Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College

-

LTMMC Mumbai- Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College

-

MGIMS Sevagram- Kasturba Health Society Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences

-

BVMC Pune- Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College

-

TMNC Mumbai- Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital

-

BJMC Pune

-

MGMUHS Navi Mumbai- MGM Institute of Health Sciences

-

HBT Medical College and Dr RN Cooper Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Mumbai

-

GMC Aurangabad- Government Medical College

-

 

 

 

Tamil Nadu

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

CMC Vellore

3

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore

6

Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai

14

MMC Chennai- Madras Medical College

16

SRM University Chennai

20

SIMATS Chennai- Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences

27

PSGIMSR Coimbatore- PSG Institute of Medical Science and Research 

33

Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar

40

Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli

48

Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute Kelambakkam

49

SRMCRI Chennai

-

SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chennai

-

Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kanchipuram

-

Stanley Medical College, Chennai

-

Government Sivagangai Medical College and Hospital, Sivaganga

-

Coimbatore Medical College,Coimbatore

-

 

Uttar Pradesh 

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

SGPGIMS Lucknow- Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

5

BHU Varanasi

7

King George’s Medical University

9

Aligarh Muslim University 

15

JNMC Aligarh

-

GSVM Medical College, Kanpur

-

UPUMS Saifai- Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences

-

Moti Lal Nehru Medical College Allahabad

-

SNMC Agra- Sarojini Naidu Medical College

-

BRD Medical College Gorakhpur

-

 

Karnataka

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

NIMHANS Bangalore

4

Kasturba Medical College

10

St. John’s Medical College

13

KMC Mangalore

23

JSS Medical College, Mysore

24

MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore

37

KSHEMA Mangalore

45

JNMC Belgaum

47

Shri B M Patil Medical College, Vijayapur

50

BMCRI Bangalore

-

Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore

-

 

Delhi

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

AIIMS Delhi

1

Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences

12

Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

17

VMMC Safdarjung Hospital 

18

Lady Hardinge Medical College for Women

22

Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi

25

University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi 

30

Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research 

-

ACMS Delhi

-

Municipal Corporation Medical College

-

Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, New Delhi

-

 

Kerala

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

SCTIMST Trivandrum- Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology

11

Amrita School of Medicine, Kochi

-

Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram

-

Government Medical College, Kottayam

-

Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute, Thrissur

-

Government Medical College, Kozhikode

-

Government Medical College, Thrissur

-

 

Odisha

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

Siksha O Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar

21

AIIMS Bhubaneswar

31

KIIT University

36

SCB Medical College, Cuttack

39

IMS and SUM Hospital Bhubaneswar

-

KIMS Bhubaneswar

-

 

Madhya Pradesh 

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal

-

MGMMC Indore

-

AIIMS Bhopal

-

NSCBMC Jabalpur

-

Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior

-

 

West Bengal

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

Medical College, Kolkata

32

IPGMER Kolkata

-

RG Kar Medical College and Hospital Kolkata

-

Nilratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata

-

Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan

-

 

Punjab

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

DMCH Ludhiana 

26

CMC Ludhiana

-

GMC Patiala

-

GMC Amritsar

-

 

Rajasthan

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

AIIMS Jodhpur

28

SMS Medical College Jaipur

38

SPMC Bikaner

-

RNT Medical College Udaipur

-

 

Telangana 

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad 

-

Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Secunderabad

-

KAMSRC Hyderabad

-

AIMSR Hyderabad

-

 

Jammu and Kashmir

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

GMC Srinagar

-

SKIMS Srinagar

-

GMC Jammu

-

 

Andhra Pradesh

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Chinthareddypalem

-

NRI Medical College

-

Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam

-

 

Pondicherry

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

JIPMER Puducherry

8

MGMCRI Puducherry

46

PIMS Pondicherry

-

 

Gujarat 

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

BJMC Ahmedabad

-

Medical College, Baroda

-

Government Medical College Surat

-

 

Uttarakhand

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

Government Medical College, Haldwani 

-

AIIMS Rishikesh

-

 

Chandigarh

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

PGIMER Chandigarh

2

GMCH Chandigarh

29

 

Haryana 

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

MMU Ambala

-

PGIMS Rohtak

-

 

Manipur

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

RIMS Imphal

43

 

Meghalaya

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences

-

 

Bihar

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

IGIMS Patna

-

 

Himachal Pradesh

Name of College/University/Institute

NIRF Ranking ‘21

IGMC Shimla

-

What is MBBS Course Fees?

Before enrolling on an MBBS college, it is crucial for students to have a clear understanding of the MBBS fee structure. Here is a comprehensive view of the MBBS course fee structure for some of the top MBBS institutions in India:

Name of Institute 

Total Course Fee in INR

AIIMS Delhi

7028

CMC Tamil Nadu

2, 20,000

BHU Uttar Pradesh 

1,49,000

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Tamil Nadu

50, 00,000

JIPMER Puducherry 

24, 850

KMC Karnataka

55, 80,000

King George’s Medical University Uttar Pradesh

2, 75,000

MMC Government and General Hospital

68,200

Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Tamil Nadu

24,00,000

St. John’s Medical College

60,15,000

Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

39,990

Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU

14, 874

Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi

1355

University College of Medical Science, Delhi

5295

 

MBBS Fees in private institutions and deemed colleges are comparatively higher and they can lie anywhere in the range of INR 2,00, 000 to 40,00,000 per annum. 

 

MBBS Syllabus for Different Specialisations

Since MBBS in itself is the first step towards specialisation, students are taught various subjects throughout the course and after the completion of the program, they are free to choose their specialisations. 

Here is a comprehensive look into the MBBS subject list: 

  • Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Community medicine
  • Forensic medicine
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology
  • Clinical postings
  • OPDs
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Paediatrics
  • Surgery and allied subjects
  • Anaesthesiologist
  • Radiology
  • Ophthalmology 

Required skill set for MBBS

The path to becoming a doctor is one of the most daunting and challenging ones. And without a certain number of skills, students cannot successfully complete their MBBS course and become good doctors. Hence, here is the list of required skillsets for MBBS students:

  • Academic competence

This skill perhaps goes without saying. Any student without academic competence will not be able to survive in the field of medicine and medical science. Any practising doctor requires to have a strong and sound knowledge base which will be helpful for providing the best care to patients. For this same reason, medical students have to spend a huge chunk of their time studying where they learn about aetiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment for various diseases in medical colleges. 

  • Communication skills

Possessing good communication skills is considered to be a huge asset for medical students and doctors as it helps them to identify the problems of patients and provide them with proper remedies. Moreover, medical professionals rarely work in isolation. Hence when working in teams, it is absolutely essential to possess good communication skills. 

  • Leadership skills

In the field of medicine and medical science, doctors will be required to make important decisions within a short span of time and the outcome will affect someone’s health. Again, effective leadership skills are not limited to patient-related decisions, doctors are also often involved in administrative tasks where they make decisions for positive outcomes. Thus possessing effective leadership skills where one can take the role of a leader and guide a team of doctors and other professionals is crucial. 

  • Teamwork

Doctors need to work in teams, and when working in a group, it is important to understand that each and every team member has their own unique personality as well as perspectives. But with differences, frictions can arise. Hence, they need to be managed effectively. 

  • Empathy

Doctors need to be empathetic towards their patients. In their years of clinical practice, instances may occur when they might only see the disease and not the person. Therefore, empathising with patients and their family members is a crucial part of the healthcare industry. 

 

Course curriculum for MBBS

Check out the course curriculum for the MBBS course below:

Preclinical 

Semesters 1 and 2

  • Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology

Para-clinical

Semester 3- 5

  • Community medicine
  • Forensic medicine
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology
  • Clinical postings in wards

Clinical 

Semester 6-9

  • Community medicine
  • Medicine and allied subjects
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Paediatrics
  • Surgery and allied subjects
  • Clinical postings

MBBS Syllabus and Subjects

Here is the MBBS subject list taught throughout the course in a comprehensive manner:

Anatomy 

Psychiatry

Biochemistry

Dermatology

Physiology

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Community Medicine

Paediatrics

Forensic Medicine

Surgery and allied subjects

Pathology

Clinical postings

Pharmacology

Anaesthesiologist

Microbiology

Radiology

Clinical postings

Ophthalmology 

OPDs

 

 

 

MBBS Syllabus

The MBBS syllabus is extremely vast and covers all the core concepts of medicine and surgery. The course has been designed by keeping in mind that students must be equipped with all medical-related topics and develop skills which are relevant to the industry. 

As we have stated above, the MBBS course curriculum is divided into three stages pre-clinical, para-clinical and clinical stages, here we will discuss in detail the various MBBS subjects that are taught in the various stages of the MBBS syllabus:

  • Pre-clinical- The first two semesters of an MBBS course are dedicated to pre-clinical studies and include subjects such as anatomy, biochemistry, biophysics, physiology, etc. It is an introductory phase where students get a headstart with intensive learning. They cover all majority concepts in their basic and fundamental form. It is compulsory to qualify in the first phase of the pre-clinical phase of the MBBS degree in order to move on to the next stage.
  • Para- Clinical- the second phase of the MBBS degree program which runs for three semesters. Some of the subjects that are taught at this level are forensic medicine, pathology, community medicine, pharmacology, microbiology, OPDs, clinical postings, etc.
  • Clinical- this is the final academic stage in the whole MBBS course and it comprises the clinical phase. It stretches from semester 5 to 9 where the course focus remains on the study of specialisations in medicine and surgery. Subjects taught in the clinical phase are psychiatry, dermatology, obstetrics, gynaecology, and paediatrics. It also includes subjects such as orthopaedics, ophthalmology, ENT, anaesthesiology, surgery and its allied subjects. 

MBBS Subjects and Topics Covered

It is important for students to have an idea of the MBBS syllabus and we have prepared a tabular form for the MBBS syllabus pdf format: 

Phase

Subjects

Topics

Pre-clinical

Anatomy

Gross anatomy, microanatomy, embryology, genetics, and neuroanatomy.

Biochemistry

Biological cells, biomolecules, enzymes, metabolic pathways and their regulation, metabolic interrelationships, food assimilation, nutrition, hormones, molecular biology, immunology, environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers. 

 

Physiology

General physiology, nerve-muscle, respiratory system, blood, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, nutrition, environmental physiology, reproduction, kidney, nephrology, yoga

 

Para-clincal 

Forensic medicine and toxicology

Forensic medicine and toxicology

Microbiology

Microbiology, bacteriology, bacterial staining and cultivation, virology, common test for bacterial identification, laboratory diagnosis for viral infection, mycology, collection of transport samples, common laboratory methods for diagnosis if fungal infections, host-parasite relationship, bacterial and viral genetics, immunity to infection, immunodiagnosis, vaccines, sterilisation and disinfection, bacteriology of air and water, microorganisms that are associated with gastrointestinal infections, gastrointestinal infections that are caused by parasites,  

 

Pathology

General pathology, systemic pathology, practicals

 

Pharmacology

General pharmacology, autonomic nervous system and peripheral nervous system, central nervous system, autacoids, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal and respiratory system, hormones, chemotherapy, miscellaneous

 

Clinical 

Anaesthesiology

Preoperative evaluation and opti skills I/V, cannulation, oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal airway insertion, bag mask ventilator, attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor.   

Community medicine

Behavioural science, health education, environment biostatistics, environment biostatistics, epidemiology, nutrition, maternal and child health, rehabilitation, epidemiology of communicable diseases as well as non-communicable diseases, important national health programs, occupational health, health administration, health economics, geriatrics, counselling

 

Dermatology

Ineffective dermatoses, infective dermatoses, infestations, melanin synthesis, allergic disorders, drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema mutli-forme, vesiculo-bullous diseases, epidermopoiesis, psoriasis, pathogenesis, syphilis, gonococcal and nongonococcal infections, HIV infections, dermatological emergencies

 

Medicine

Clinical pharmacology, nutritional as well as metabolic disorders, water, electrolyte, acid-base imbalance, critical care medicine, pain management and palliative care, medical psychiatry, poisoning, specific environmental and occupational hazards, immune response and infections, cardiovascular system

 

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Basic science, obstetrics, gynaecology, contraception, neonatology and its recent advancements. 

 

Ophthalmology

Microbiology and its relation to the eye, pathology and its relation to the eye, pharmacology and its relation to the eye, disorders of the lid, disorders of the lacrimal apparatus, conjunctivitis, ophthalmia neonatorum, trachoma and various other chronic conjunctivitis, keratitis and corneal ulcers, corneal ulcers, scleritis and episcleritis 

 

Orthopaedics 

Paediatric orthopaedics, orthopaedic oncology, management of trauma, sports medicine, physical medicine and rehabilitation, orthopaedic neurology, disorders of the spine, radiology, fracture

 

Otorhinolaryngology

Oral cavity and oropharynx, ear, instruments, operative procedures, x-ray

 

Paediatrics

Vital statistics, growth, development, nutrition, immunisation, infectious disease, haematology, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system, genito-urinary system, neonatology, paediatric emergencies, fluid electrolyte, genetics, behavioural problems, therapeutics  

 

psychiatry

Behavioural sciences, emotions and its application to health, cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, depression, anxiety, neurosis, phobia and OCD. 

 

Surgery

Skin, head and neck area, arteries, veins, breast, oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, colon, rectum, appendix, acute abdomen, urology

 

MBBS Scope in India

After the completion of the MBBS degree, students have a lot of scope in India. Many choose to go for postgraduate studies such as MD and MS degrees. Some candidates like to begin practising medicine by opening private clinics. The scope of taking up various paramedical courses and jobs in administration are also common options. 

 

What is MBBS Salary?

MBBS salary depends on a number of factors such as the college or institute from which one has completed their MBBS degree. For example, MBBS graduates from AIIMS who opt for PG studies are offered the position of junior residents for a period of three years and receive a stipend of INR 64,000.  Again the average internship money falls within a range of INR 15,000 to INR 21,000. Students who choose government bodies for job posting such as the army and railways get paid anywhere between INR 9.4 LPA to INR 11 LPA. 

 

Skills that make you the best doctor

Besides having academic credibility, there are some essential skills that doctors need to possess. Take a look at skills that make you the best doctor:

Good doctors are exceptional communicators

Good communication skills are not limited to speaking in an effective manner but also being good listeners. Patients should also be given answers to questions in a clear manner without too much medical terminology. Doctors must be honest but hopeful at the same time. 

Good doctors are always organised

Doctors need to have a very clear and organised way of looking at things and recommending tests, answering questions and offering a clear plan of action for the treatment of patients. 

Good doctors practice empathy 

When it comes to patient care, they need to be assured that they are in good hands. So a good doctor will do everything they can to ensure that his or her patients are being cared for and that they are being heard. Remember that patients aren't just a list of medical issues and medications. 

Good doctors are always curious 

Symptoms of various diseases do not always show very clearly. Hence, in such situations, a good doctor will let his or her inherent curiosity take over and find an accurate diagnosis. It might even require them to tap into additional resources. 

Good doctors possess good bedside manners

Good bedside manners are not just skills, but a combination of approach and skills. So a good doctor can be recognised by their bedside manners. Doctors should never be arrogant, condescending or rude to their patients. 

 

Career options and job prospects after MBBS

There are various options available after MBBS along with clinical practice and teaching. Some of the best options include MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), Masters in Hospital Administration, MS in Clinical Pathology, Masters in Public Health, MTech in Biomedical Engineering, Biological Sciences, Diploma courses in Sports Medicine, Paediatrics, Psychology, Occupational Health, etc. Some more alternative career options would be Clinical Forensics, Medical Researcher, and Academic Medicine. 

Here is a comprehensive list of career options for students after the MBBS course:

Career options available

About the job or course

Average salary in INR 

MD (Doctor of Medicine) or MS (Master of Surgery)

MS or MD courses are the most favourable options once students complete their MBBS. Both these courses are postgraduate degrees and help doctors focus on their specialisations. 

25,000 -3, 00, 000 per month based on where a doctor is employed

Diploma of National Board (DNB)

This course is offered by NBE (National Board of Examinations) and is approved by the MCI. It is another good option for students after completing their MBBS

20, 000 to 45, 000 per month

Combined Medical Services (CMS)

CMS exam is conducted by the UPSC every year for selecting doctors who can work in various government departments. 

15,000 to 80, 000 per month

MBA in Hospital Management

Doctors who are willing to work in the corporate sector can pursue MBA in Hospital Management from top schools like IIMs, FMS Delhi, IBS Hyderabad, etc. 

60, 000 to 2, 50, 000 per month

Masters in Health Administration (MHA)

This postgraduate program is of 3 years and it educates candidates on various aspects of health administration. 

20, 000 to 40, 000 per month

Master of Public Health (MPH)

MPH is a postgraduate course that can be pursued after studying MBBS. It enables students to work in the public health sector.

40, 00, 00 to 3,00, 000 per month

Starting private practice

Doctors who wish to being practising medicine can do so by starting their own clinic

30, 000 to 80, 000 per month

FAQs about Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Is MBBS from China recognised in India?

Yes, the MCI recognises some of the MBBS courses from certain Medical colleges in China.

What are some of the common MS specialisations after completing an MBBS course?

Some of the most common specialisations after completing an MBBS course are: 

ENT, General surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, ophthalmology, orthopaedics, otorhinolaryngology, traumatology and surgery.

 

Is MBBS worth studying?

MBBS is a course for anyone who is willing to dedicate the majority of their lives to learning new things on a daily basis and changing the course of life for other people. There are lots of responsibilities when one chooses to become a doctor, and the decision to study medicine should be well thought out. 

 

What can I do after completing the MBBS course?

Students can choose to go for postgraduate studies like MD or MS courses, begin private practice or opt for other courses like DNB, MPH, CMS, MHA, courses.

 

Do I have to qualify NEET for studying MBBS abroad?

Yes, Indian students have to qualify for NEET even if they choose to study MBBS abroad.

Where can I study MBBS outside India?

Some of the top choices for Indian students to study MBBS outside India are China, Russia, Ukraine, Nepal, the Philippines, the Caribbean, Poland, etc.

How long does it take to complete the MBBS course?

The course duration for MBBS is 5.5 years.

 

Which is the best medical college in India to study MBBS?

AIIMS New Delhi is the top institute in India to study for an MBBS degree and it has gained the 1st position in NIRF ranking ‘21.

Is there any entrance exam for MBBS other than NEET?

There is only one entrance exam in India for MBBS which is NEET.

 

Can I complete MBBS in 4 years?

 No, in India, the course duration for MBBS is 5.5 years which includes an internship.

Name some of the popular colleges which offer MBBS course?

Maharishi Markandeshwar (Ambala), Swami Rama Himalayan University (Dehradun), Parul University (Gujarat), Jaipur National University (Jaipur), Sankalchand Patel University (Visnagar) etc are some of the popular colleges that offer MBBS course.

What is the average salary of MBBS graduates?

The initial salary of an MBBS graduate will be in between Rs 25,000 to Rs 35,000/- per month, initially. Depending upon the experience and knowledge of the person, the salary can be range between Rs 8 LPA to Rs 65 LPA.

What are higher education prospects after MBBS?

Students can choose to pursue either an MD or MS in different specialisation such as Optometry, Ophthalmology, Paediatrics, Anaesthesiology and many more.

What is the minimum age to apply for MBBS?

Candidates need to be a minimum of 17 years of age as on 31st December of the year of admissions, to be eligible for MBBS admission.

What is the difference between an MBBS and MD?

MBBS is an undergraduate program designed to practice surgery and medicine around the world. While MD, on the other hand, is a medical postgraduate course offered to applicants who have completed their MBBS degree in India.

What is the minimum eligibility required for an MBBS course?

The student should have passed 10+2 examinations with minimum 50% marks with physics, biology/zoology, chemistry and English as their compulsory subjects and should have cleared NEET exam of the respective year.

Is NEET required for an MBBS course?

NEET is the most only entrance exam accepted in India to get a confirmed MBBS admission. More than 15 lakhs students appear for NEET exam each year.

What is the average course fee for MBBS?

The average course fee for MBBS ranges between Rs 1,00,000/- to Rs 10,00,000 per year.

What's the duration of the MBBS course?

The duration for an MBBS course is 5 years.

What is the full form of MBBS?

The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is an undergraduate program in Medicine and Surgery.

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Questions Related to MBBS Course

I want to join grant medical college in mumbai for mbbs.... can i get admission there after cracking neet even being from other state

-Asma sayedUpdated on October 19, 2020 11:50 AM
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Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert

Dear Student,

You can get admission to the MBBS course in India on the basis of NEET 2020 exam. …

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Can i do correspondence mbbs course

-Murugan ThevarUpdated on July 08, 2020 12:07 PM
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Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert

Dear Student,

No, you cannot pursue the MBBS course in Distance/ Correspondence mode.

Also Check: Alternative Courses for Medical Students …

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What is the MBBS course fee?

-AnkithaUpdated on June 23, 2020 02:54 PM
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Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert

Hi

Fees will differ from college to college. Private colleges will charge a higher fee as compared to government-run colleges. …

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