Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) - Course Overview

Duration: 5.0 yrs |Mode: Regular|Avg. Fees: 6,00,000 / Year

694 (Courses) 496 (Institute)

About Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, popularly known as MBBS, is the most popular undergraduate medical programme in India. Medical aspirants across the country who aspire to become practising doctors in the field of allopathic medicine have to pursue the MBBS programme. The programme covers various fields of medicine and human anatomy to teach the students how to verify different diseases and cure them. The course also covers various specializations in the field of medicine to enable detailed learning in the area of student’s interest. Students can also choose to pursue a masters in this specialization.

MBBS Course Highlights

Course Name

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Short Name


Course Level


Course Type

Degree Programme

Course Duration

51/2 Years (41/2 Years of the Programme + 1 Year for Internship)

Course Mode

Full Time

Minimum Qualification Required


Selection Process

Entrance Exam

Course Fee

INR 25,000 per annum - INR 21 lakhs per annum

Relevant Field 


Average Annual Salary

INR 2.8 LPA - INR 65 LPA

Employment Sectors

Laboratories, Nursing Homes, Hospitals, Biomedical Companies, Health Centres, Biotechnology Companies, Pharmaceutical Companies

Popular MBBS Specialisations

  • General Medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • General Surgery
  • Orthopaedics
  • Paediatrics
  • ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology
  • Anaesthesiology

Key Skills Required for MBBS Course

  • Capacity for learning

  • Hardworking

  • Considerate

  • Professionalism

  • Resilience

  • Leadership skills

  • Quick thinking

  • Quick to find solutions

  • Teamworking skills

  • Quick decision-making skills

  • Attention to details

  • Emotional intelligence

  • Problem-solving skills

  • Good communication skills

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Eligibility Criteria

The Eligibility Criteria for MBBS course are as follows:

  • Candidates must have completed at least 10+2 level of education with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects. 

  • The minimum score requirement may vary but General candidates must have scored at least 50% marks in the Intermediate examination. 

  • For candidates belonging to the reserved category, the minimum percentage required is 40%. 

  • The lower age limit to apply for MBBS programme is 17 years. 

  • The upper age limit to apply for MBBS programme is 25 years 

  • Candidates must also have cracked the required entrance exam for the admissions. 

MBBS Admission Process

  • Admissions to MBBS programme are done on the basis of the NEET-UG (National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam for Undergraduate Courses).

  • NEET-UG is the single all India entrance basis which admissions are conducted across all medical colleges and universities in the country.

  • Earlier, there used to an exception for AIIMS and JIPMER MBBS admissions as these institutes used to conduct their own entrance exams. But, these exams have now been scrapped.

  • Every candidate aspiring to get admission in MBBS now has to apply for NEET-UG. 

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Syllabus



Subjects Covered


1st and 2nd Semester

Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology


3rd, 4th and 5th Semester

Community Medicine, Microbiology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Pharmacology, Clinical postings in wards, OPDs


6th, 7th, 8th and 9th Semester

Community Medicine, Obst. Gynae, Medicine and Allied Subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Pediatrics Surgery and Allied Subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics), Clinical Postings

Want to know more about MBBS ?

Career Options and Job Prospects

MBBS in itself is a medical degree that enables you to practice medicine, however, most students prefer to pursue a masters in this field in order to become recognized doctors. With the commercialisation of the medical profession, there are a lot of jobs available for MBBS graduates as well. Students pursuing this course can look forward to jobs in different hospitals or can start their private clinics after graduation. Following are popular job profiles and employment areas available after an MBBS:

Employment Areas
  • Hospitals

  • Nursing Homes

  • Laboratories

  • Medical Colleges

  • Biomedical Companies

  • Health Centres

  • Personal Clinic

  • Research Laboratories

  • Biotechnology Companies

  • Pharmaceutical Companies

Job Profiles
  • Junior Doctor

  • Physician

  • Junior Surgeon

  • Doctor

  • Scientist

  • Researcher

  • Medical Professor

  • Lecturer

  • Cardiologist

  • Neurologist

  • General Surgeon

  • Paediatrician

Top Recruiters
  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd

  • Medanta Hospitals

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd

  • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital

  • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd

  • Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre

  • Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd

  • Wockhardt Ltd

  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

  • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd

  • Cipla Ltd

  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals

Salary After MBBS

  • The pay scale or salary after MBBS course depends on one’s experience in the field, their job role, the organisation they are working with and skills.

  • The starting salary of an MBBS graduate can range from INR 2.4 LPA to INR 5.7 LPA.

  • For someone at a senior position, the salary can range from INR 12.8 LPA to INR 65.4 LPA.


I want admission in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS). Do I have to clear any exams for that ?

Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination , Delhi University Science , National Eligibility and Entrance Test-UG , Delhi University Arts , JIPMER MBBS Entrance Exam are some of the exams that you can appear for to get admission in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) courses.

What are the top colleges offering Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) courses ?

Following are some of the top colleges offering Medical courses : Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute (Chennai) , Stanley Medical College (Chennai) , Maulana Azad Medical College (Delhi) , CMC Vellore (Vellore) , Osmania Medical College (Hyderabad). You can explore these colleges on our website to check if they offer Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) or not.

What is the average fee for the course Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) ?

The average fee for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is INR 6,00,000 per year.

What are the popular specializations related to Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) ?

Some of the popular specializations for M.B.B.S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) are : Pharmacology , Audiology & Speech Language Pathology , Pathology , Microbiology , Medical Sciences.

What is the duration of the course Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) ?

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is a 5 year course.

Get details of best colleges for MBBS.