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Bachelor of Commerce, which is popularly known by its abbreviation B.Com, is an undergraduate course that is completed over a duration of three years. B.Com is among the most popular bachelor’s level programmes and is therefore offered in a vast number of colleges and universities. B.Com is the most preferred choice of a majority of the students who complete their higher secondary education in the commerce stream. The programme of Bachelor of Commerce is provided in the regular mode and through the mode of distance learning as well.
In addition to the compulsory subjects, students pursuing B.Com can choose their combination of subjects from those offered by the institute. Some colleges allow students to choose their electives in the second or third year of B.Com if they have performed well in their semester exams. Bachelor of Commerce is a programme that equips students with an in-depth knowledge of the field of commerce pertaining to the areas in which they choose to specialise. Candidates are trained in the particular fields of their choice so that they gain proper knowledge and are capable of putting it to practical use. Through the course of B.Com, students are equipped with the knowledge about aspects that impact business and trade such as accounting principles, economic policies, export and import laws, etc.
Bachelor of Commerce has several specialisations like economics, management studies, computer applications, foreign trade management, taxation, accountancy, e-commerce, banking, etc.
The basic details of B.Com are given in the table below.
Rs. 10,000 - Rs. 1,00,000
Average Starting Salary
Rs. 2 - 6 lakhs per annum
10 + 2
50% - 60%
Merit or Entrance Exam
BHU UET, PUCET, etc.
Banking, Auditing, Consulting, Telecommunications, Manufacturing, etc.
When talking about admissions for a particular course at colleges across the country, listing down criteria that fit every college is not possible. So, candidates can check out the common eligibility criteria for B.Com admissions in India below.
Candidates must have completed an intermediate level of education or equivalent from a recognised board.
The minimum percentage requirement varies from college to college. For instance, the cut-off percentage for B.Com at top universities like Delhi University or Mumbai University can reach as high as 99% whereas, for some colleges, it can be a minimum of 45%.
There is no specific stream requirement for this programme, as such. But, candidates who have completed 10+2 with Commerce might get preference over other students.
Some colleges may require candidates to have studied Mathematics in Class 12 as a compulsory subject.
For some colleges, candidates will have to qualify in entrance examinations.
The admission process in B.Com is conducted either through entrance exams or on the basis of merit.
Direct Admissions for B.Com
The Direct Admission process is followed by a majority of colleges in India.
Through this pathway, candidates are selected on the basis of their marks scored in the Intermediate examination.
For this, candidates simply have to apply to the college or university.
After the board results are out, the colleges will release their cut-off scores.
If candidates have scored more than or equal to the cut-off scores the intended college, they will be eligible for enrollment at that institute.
If candidates fail to score as per the cut-off list, they will either have to wait for the second cut-off list or can apply to some other college with lower cut-off scores.
B.Com Admissions Through Entrance Exams
The second way for B.Com selection is admission through entrance exams.
In this pathway, candidates are selected on the basis of their marks scored in the entrance examinations of an institute.
For this, candidates first have to apply to the university/ college.
The institute will provide candidates with an exam schedule.
When the results of the exam are out, the college will release the cut-off or merit list.
If candidates make it to the lists, they will be eligible to get enrolled in the course.
In order to shortlist students for their B.Com programme, certain institutions and universities conduct their own entrance examinations. This helps the admission authorities to assess the knowledge of the candidate. Some of the most popular B.Com entrance exams have been mentioned below.
Banaras Hindu University - Undergraduate Entrance Test (BHU UET)
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET)
Telangana Gurukulam Undergraduate Common Entrance Test (TGUGCET)
The fee structure of Bachelor of Commerce ranges from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 1,00,000 for the entire course. Pursuing the course from a central or state university will cost less than pursuing it from a private university. The fee structure of B.Com differs from institution to institution.
Business Mathematics and Statistics
Principles of Micro Economics (Elective)
New Venture Planning (Elective)
Economics of Regulation of Domestic and Foreign Exchange Markets (Elective)
Principles of Macro Economics (Elective)
Business Organization and Management
Language (English/ Hindi/ Modern Indian Language)
Indirect Tax Laws
Financial Markets and Institutions
Banking and Insurance
Investing in Stock Markets
Financial Analysis and Reporting
Indian Economy (Elective)
Income Tax Laws (Elective)
Industrial Laws (Elective)
Human Resource Management (Elective)
Auditing and Corporate Governance
Fundamentals to Financial Management
Consumer Affairs and Customer Care
Cyber Crimes and Laws
Personal Selling and Salesmanship
Computer Applications in Business
Principles of Marketing (Elective)
Training and Development (Elective)
Want to know more about
The demand for commerce graduates is quite high in the entire job sector. Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com) is a course that trains students for several job profiles. Graduating with a degree of B.Com makes the candidate eligible for working in innumerable fields such as marketing, banking, public accounting, policy planning, consultancy, investment, etc. Students can also choose to pursue other courses of higher education after completing B.Com. Some of the most popular job roles offered to students with a degree of Bachelor of Commerce are given below.
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If you are talking about B.Com regular, then yes. It is quite easy, but the demand for B.Com courses is quiet high so most colleges have extremely high cutoffs for B.Com course, which makes admission processes highly competitive.
Yes, you can opt for B.Com course after passing class 12th in science stream. It is possible to change streams for science students.
After the completion of B.Com Course, candidates can work as Chartered Accountancy, Cost Accountancy, Company Secretary, Chartered Financial Analyst, Auditors, Accountants, etc.
Both BBA and B.Com course offer similar career oppportunities. If students are willing to do an MBA, then BBA might be the better option. But if the students interested in becoming a CA, CS or CFA, then B.Com will be a better option.
B.Com course is structured to provide the students with managerial skills in disciplines related to commerce. Also, by the end of the program, students gain an in-depth knowledge of core subjects like accounting, law, statistics, finance and marketing.
Mathematics is compulsory in B.Com. The course is based on accounting and finance, for which Maths is necessary.
The popular specilisation that comes under B.Com course are Banking, e-Commerce, International Trade and Finance, Marketing Management and Human Resource Management
Candidate should have secured higher secondary certificate or passed in 10+2 in any stream from a recognised board of education
The duration of a B.Com course is 3 years.
The B.Com course is designed to provide a student with a wide range of managerial skills while at the same time building competence in a particular area. The curriculum thus focuses both on Academic Subjects, such as Statistics or Economics, as well as practical business subjects, such as Accountancy, Law, Management, Marketing, Finance, etc.