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    BA Geography

    BA Geography Course

    BA Geography course is a three year under-graduate program which is spread across six semesters. BA Geography course deals with the study of earth and its features, phenomena, and different inhabitants that constitute this beautiful place. BA Geography course also includes study of other related things such as study of climate, study of soil, different kinds of vegetation and plantations on earth. 

    There are several top colleges and universities that offer BA Geography course. Some of the prominent institutes offering BA Geography course are Delhi University, Presidency College, Chennai, Loyola College, Chennai, St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai, NIMS University, Amity University, Lucknow University, etc. 

    The subjects that are taught as part of BA Geography course revolve around important topics that are concerned with the understanding of earth and its phenomena. Some of the common BA Geography subjects that are taught in every university include Physical Geography, Human Geography, Maps Projection, Economic Geography, etc. 

    The students must meet the eligibility criteria in order to be a part of BA Geography course. The students need to obtain a minimum of 50 percent marks in their class XII or equivalent examination in any stream. There are certain BA Geography colleges that take admission on the basis of entrance examination. The students who wish to take BA Geography admission through entrance examination as required by certain colleges and universities need to qualify in the entrance test to secure their seats. 

    The average BA Geography course fee ranges from 3000 to 1.5 lakhs per annum. BA Geography fee structure varies from institute to institute. Private colleges charge higher fee structure as compared to government colleges. The BA geography course is offered by both private and government colleges. The students after doing BA Geography course often choose to opt for higher education. The students can do MA Geography, MA Disaster Management, MA Geology, and similar other course. 

    The popularity of BA Geography course has increased over the years because of enhanced job opportunities in this field. The students can opt for different jobs in both private and government sectors across different sectors such as Land Analyst, Demographer, Cartographer, etc. The average salary structure for the students of BA Geography course working on different profiles ranges from 1.2 lakh to 10 lakh per annum. The salary structure depends on the performance and experience of the students. 

    BA Geography Course Overview

    BA Geography Course is a basic level undergraduate course that deals with the understanding about the various geographic aspects of the planet. BA Geography course also includes study of other important aspects related to earth such as study of soil, vegetation, climate, etc.  The students read about geography of the entire world in this course. The students visit different places across the globe to explore the field data during the BA Geography course. The students who want to pursue BA Geography course must have completed their class XIIth or equivalent examination from a recognized board with a minimum of 50% marks. BA Geography admission is granted to only those students who meet the eligibility criteria and they apply for the same. There are many private and government colleges that offer BA Geography courses all across the nation.  BA Geography course provides vast career options as students are placed in various sectors immediately after completing their BA Geography degree. BA Geography course is a popular and flourishing course and is often taken by many students after completing their class XII examination. Many students opt for higher education after completing their BA Geography course as they want to elevate their career options. The students can do masters in relevant field such as MA Geography, MA Geology, MA disaster management, etc. 

    BA Geography Course Important Highlights

    The students can check the quick facts about the BA Geography degree course. Some of the major highlights of the BA Geography course are given below. 

    Name of the Course

    BA Geography 

    Duration

    3 years

    Course Level

    Bachelors

    Minimum Eligibility

    The students must have passed class 12th in Science with 50% minimum aggregate.

    Entrance Exams

    • CUET
    • NIMSET
    • JNUEE
    • IPU CET

    Admission Process

    Merit-based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of merit obtained in the qualifying exam.

    Entrance based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of a national level, Institute level or a state level entrance exam.

    BA Geography Course Fee

    3000 to 120,000 per annum (depends on institute)

    Scholarship

    • Students belonging to reserved categories and economically weaker sections are eligible for state government scholarship schemes. 
    • Deemed or private universities offer merit scholarships  (based on marks in entrance exam or Class 12th)

    Internship

    There are a lot of internship opportunities for BA Geography course passed students in India.

    Average starting salary

    1.2 to 10 lakhs per annum

    Career Options

    • Cartographer
    • Demographer
    • Landscape Manager
    • Coastal Zone Manager
    • Land-Use Analyst
    • Climate Grapher
    • Urban planner
    • News Reporter
    • Geography teacher

    Top Recruitment area

    • News agencies
    • Government jobs
    • NGO’s
    • Educational institutes
    • Private sectors

    Why to Study BA Geography?

    BA Geography is an interesting course as it provides career opportunities to the students in numerous sectors. The nature of the course makes it more popular as the student gets an opportunity to explore the world through their own perspective. The students can go through some of the important reasons why they should do a course of BA Geography. 

    • BA Geography course allows the students to get an in-depth knowledge and understanding of different geographical features and phenomena of the planet earth. The students will also be able to learn and develop analytical skills and use the same to generate critical reports about climate, soil, atmosphere, etc. 
    • The students of BA Geography get placement and jobs in numerous private and government sectors. They get to work in both agricultural and economic organizations. The students of BA Geography can also take up job opportunities in other organizations such as archaeology, demographers, and similar other profiles. 
    • The students of BA Geography can also appear in Civil Service examinations as it is one of the preferred choices after doing BA Geography course. The students can also opt for other specializations such as social services, tourism, transportation planning, etc. 
    • Teaching is also an alternative career option for the students of BA Geography. They can also opt to pursue higher studies or go for the research field. The nature of the BA Geography course is as such that there are enormous scopes for conducting research. 
    • The students of BA Geography after completing the course get a good salary package. The average salary structure after BA Geography course ranges from 2 lakhs to 10 lakhs per annum. The salary structure also depends upon the knowledge and experience of students. The practical skills of the students of BA Geography also decide their salary package. 

    BA Geography Course Eligibility criteria

    There are different eligibility criteria for all the colleges but there are some basic criteria that the students need to fulfill. In order to pursue the BA Geography  course, the students will have to fulfill the given below eligibility criteria:

    • The students must have passed class 12th or equivalent from a recognized board.
    • The students must have studied Humanities as the main subjects in class 12th along with one of the optional subjects 
    • The students must have acquired a minimum aggregate of 50% in the qualifying examination.
    • The students must have qualified the entrance exam inorder to be eligible for the BA Geography course.

    BA Geography Admission Process

    The process of BA Geography Admission varies from college to college. There are no fixed admission processes for BA Geography course. While many colleges takes admission on the basis of marks obtained in class XII examination, there are some colleges and universities that consider admission on the basis of entrance examination followed by a process of interview. So, the admission process is either direct admission or through the process of entrance examination. 

    BA Geography Direct Admission

    The students who want to pursue BA Geography are offered direct admission on the basis of marks obtained in their class XII examination. The students can note down the following steps in order to grab direct admission in colleges that offer BA Geography course. 

    Step 1- Filling the application form

    The students must keep checking the websites regularly for the application dates. They should apply to the college of their choice by filling the application form online. The students can also fill the form offline by collecting the form from the respective college or university. 

    Step 2- Admission to the college

    The students are selected on the basis of marks obtained in class XII examination. The requirement of marks varies from college to college. It also depends on the overall marks or the percentage obtained by the students who apply for BA Geography course. The candidates also need to submit the admission fees to confirm their admission in their choice of college. 

    BA Geography Admission through Entrance Test 

    Apart from direct admission on the basis of merit, there are many colleges that admit students on the basis of entrance tests conducted by them. The purpose of the entrance test is to check the eligibility of the students in two steps. The entrance test is usually followed by a round of personal interview of the candidates. The students should check the following steps if they want to apply for entrance test conducted be several colleges and universities.

    Step 1- Online Application Form Filling

    The students must fill the application form that is available online on the official website of the university. The students much check out the important guidelines before filling the application form.  

    Step 2- Appear for the Entrance Test

    The students must sit for the entrance test on the scheduled date and perform well in order to clear the examination. The entrance tests are usually held after few days of filling the application form. 

    Step 3- Appear for the Interview

    The students will have to appear for the interview if they have qualified the entrance examination. The interview process is conducted by only limited colleges and universities. 

    Step 4- Fee Payment 

    After the student has cleared the entrance examination and personal interview, they will be shortlisted for taking admission. The students will then have to pay the relevant fee structure in order to confirm their admission. The reserved seats are given to next waiting students of you do not make the fee payment in time. 

    BA Geography Entrance Examinations

    BA Geography Entrance Exam is conducted by certain universities for admission at undergraduate level. Though certain colleges take direct admission on the basis of merits as per the cutoffs released by them, there are some common entrance examinations that the students apply for taking admission to the reputed colleges and universities. The lists of such entrance examinations along with their details are mentioned below. 

    BHU UET- Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test used to be conducted by BHU for taking admission to different undergraduate degree programs offered by Banaras Hindu University. The candidates are shortlisted for BA Geography course only after the results have been declared by the conducting body. The BHU UET exams are conducted offline in pen-paper based mode. BHU UET will now be conducted as CUET.

    CUET- Central University Entrance Test is a mandatory Common Entrance Test for taking admission to undergraduate courses offered by all 47 central universities. The students need to apply for CUET online which was formerly known as CUCET. It is conducted annually at the university level. 

    Also Read,

    JNUEE- Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination is conducted annually for taking admission into various courses offered at undergraduate and postgraduate level. The examination is conducted by National Testing Agency appointed by the government of India. The examination is conducted across different centres for the students. 

    IPU CET - Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test is conducted annually to offer admission at undergraduate and postgraduate level. The examination is conducted by Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University. 

    Also Read,

    Important Tips for BA Geography Entrance Examination

    The candidates must note down that they need to prepare for these entrance examinations.

    • The candidates must prepare for these exams  with dedication as there are lot of competitions as BA Geography Course is available in limited number of colleges and universities. 
    • Most of these entrance examinations ask questions from the following core areas- Social Science, Humanities, Agriculture.
    • The questions for most of these examinations are asked both in Hindi and English language from the subjects mentioned above. 
    • The candidates must dedicate 2-3 hours daily for preparing for the different entrance tests. 
    • They need to check the syllabus and buy good books for the preparation of the exam.

    BA Geography Top Colleges in India

    BA Geography is a very popular course among the youngsters because of growing career opportunities after pursuing this course. The high demand of BA Geography course has resulted in offering of this course by numerous colleges and universities across the nation. The students can choose from a wide range of colleges for studying BA Geography course. Some of the top colleges in India offering BA Geography courses are listed below. The average total fees of these colleges are also mentioned for studying BA Geography course. 

    Name of the College/University

    BA Geography fee Average 

    Delhi University

    INR 6600-15000

    Jamia Milia Islamia

    INR 7,200

    Punjab University

    INR 10,505

    Calicut University

    INR 48,000

    Aligarh Muslim University

    INR 84,845

    Lovely Professional University

    INR 48,000

    Visva Bharati University, Shantiniketan

    INR 6650

    Banasthali Vidyapith, Jaipur

    INR 74,500

    National Post Graduate College, Lucknow

    INR 30,000

    Elphinstone College, Mumbai

    INR 12,000

    BA Geography vs BA Sociology Course Comparison

    The BA Geography courses have a similar course curriculum to many other courses. There are certain basic differences between these courses which students must know. The students should not get confused between similar nature courses and must check the course comparison before applying to particular course. The course comparison is done on the basis of certain criteria. 

    Criteria

    BA Geography

    BA Sociology

    Qualification

    Bachelor of Arts in Geography

    Bachelor of Arts in Sociology

    Course Overview

    BA geography is a three year undergraduate course that deals with the study of earth and its features. The students also learn about climate, soil, vegetation and other profiles of the planet. 

    BA Sociology is also a three year undergraduate course that mainly focuses on different aspects of human society. Sociology talks about human interactions and human relationships within a society. 

    Eligibility Criteria

    Completed 10+2 in Arts stream

    Completed 10+2 in Arts stream

    Admission Process

    Both direct admission and entrance based admission

    Both direct admission and entrance based admission

    Course Duration

    3 Years

    3 Years

    Average Fee Structure

    3000- 150,000

    3000-300000

    Average Salary

    INR 1.2 – 10 lakh per annum

    INR 3 -8 lakh per annum

    Top Colleges 

    Symbiosis College, Lovely Professional University, Chandigarh University, Shri HK Arts college, Ahmedabad

    Christ University, Bangalore, St Xavier’s College, Mumbai, Mount Carmel College, Bangalore, Loyola College, Chennai. 

    Recruitment Sectors

    Agriculture Sector, Archeological Sector, Social Sector, Colleges and Universities

    Public Relations, Corporate Research, Human Resource Management, Communications Industry, etc. 

    Top Job Profiles

    Landscape Architect, Demographer, Land-use Analyst, Coastal Zone Manager, Lecturer

    Community Service Officer, Lecturer, Counselor, Welfare Rights Officer, Social Researcher, etc.

    BA Geography Syllabus

    BA Geography is a three years degree programme that is split into 6 semesters.  BA Geography subjects are taught during this 3 years tenure. The students are given both theoretical and practical knowledge in BA Geography subject list. The students learn the BA Geography subjects gradually and the examinations are taken at the end of every year to know the learning outcome of the students. The semester-wise BA Geography syllabus followed by most of the BA Geography colleges/universities is given below: 

    First Year BA Geography Syllabus

    The students can check the BA Geography subject taught in Semester 1st and 2nd.

    Semester 1 

    Semester 2

    Geography of India

    Physical Geography 1

    Maps and Scales

    Representation of Physical Feature

    Second Year BA Geography Syllabus 

    The students can check the BA Geography subject taught in Semester 3rd and 4th.

    Semester 3

    Semester 4

    Representation of Climate Data

    Human Geography

    Physical Geography 2

    Map Projection

    Third Year BA Geography Syllabus

    The students can check the BA Geography subject taught in Semester 5th and 6th. 

    Semester 5

    Semester 6

    Economic Geography

    Introduction to Remote sensing, quantitative methods and hours GIS

    Distribution of maps and diagrams

    Remote sensing, Field Trip and practical report

    BA Geography Subjects

    The BA Geography subject list may differ for various colleges. But many of the topics of BA Geography are taught in all the colleges. The students can check the BA Geography subject list given below.

    BA Geography Subject List

    Fundamentals of Remote Sensing and GIS

    Agriculture Geography

    Environment and Ecology

    Political Geography

    Statistical Techniques 

    Social Geography of India

    Advanced Physical Geography

    Regional Development

    Spatial Analysis

    Urban Settlement system

    Contemporary Human Geography

    Cultural Geography

    Computer-Aided Mapping

    Hydrology and Water Resource Management

    Thematic Atlas

    Environmental Impact Assessment

    Natural Resource Management 

    Demography and Population Policy

    Spatial Economic Management 

    Geography of Landscape 

    BA Geography Required Skills

    BA Geography is a very interesting course. The students must know the skills that are required for them to make a BA Geography course and learning effective. The BA Geography course requires a lot of extensive academic reading. The students apart from reading habits must also possess lots of skills that will support them in doing BA Geography course. The skills mentioned below will also help them in enhancing their personality and finding a suitable position in the industry. The students should check the required skills that they should have in order to do the BA Geography course. 

    • Time Management Skills
    • Team building skills
    • Patience
    • Hard work
    • Decisiveness
    • Independent 
    • Analytical Skills
    • Research Skills
    • Communication Skills
    • Leadership Skills
    • Listening Skills
    • Attention to Details
    • Interpersonal Skills

    BA Geography Best Books to Study

    BA Geography course requires the best books for the students who want to excel in this field. There are hundreds of books available in the market for studying BA Geography courses. The students must know about the relevant BA Geography course books that will help them not only during the course duration but also after the course for taking admission for higher studies like Masters, MPhil and Ph.D. The students will also be able to appear for different competitive examinations for taking government jobs. 

    Books play a crucial role in shaping your prospects and honing your research skills. The students must check the popular and recognized BA Geography books for studying BA Geography courses as mentioned below. The students can check the names of the book and their respective authors.

    Books

    Authors

    Indian Geography

    D.R Khullar

    Human Geography

    Majjid Husain

    Physical Geography

    Savinder Singh

    Model and Theories in Geography

    K. Siddhartha and Majjid Husain

    BA Geography Career Options

    In the last few years, the career opportunities have increased sharply for the BA Geography students. The students are referred as Geographers and they can work in different fields such as archeological sector, agricultural sector, tourism sector, and many more. The students can also opt for conducting research activities in various fields. 

    The students can work in both private and government sectors as demographers. These students can also work as cartographers in different offices. The students can also go for higher studies and pursue MA in Geography. The students may also teach in schools and universities. 

    There are some common profile that the students of BA Geography usually go for such as Cartographers, Zoning Investigators, Coastal Zone Managers, Landscape Architects, and many other similar profiles. The students can check important job profiles along with their salary structure are mentioned below. 

    Cartographer- The job of the cartographer is to produce detailed maps of different geographical areas. They also present information as required in the form of diagrams. The average salary structure for this profile ranges from2.5 lakh to 3.5 lakh per annum. 

    Coastal Zone Manager- As the name indicates, the coastal zone manager is responsible for the managing and maintaining coastal areas of the world. They also ensure that the resources of the coastal areas are properly utilized. The average salary structure for this profile ranges from 9-10 lakh per annum.

    Land Use Analyst- This profile includes analysis of land use and also evaluates the population of an area. They ensure proper usage of land by everyone. The salary structure for this profile ranges from 5-6 lakhs per annum. 

    Landscape Architect- The landscape architects are responsible for coordinating and meeting with the engineers and the clients. They prepare site plan for the project as per their discussion with the clients and engineers. The salary structure for this profile ranges from 7-8 lakhs per annum. 

    Development Surveyor- They are responsible for development of properties and also evaluates different environmental factors. The average salary structure for this profile ranges between 6.5-7 lakhs per annum. 

    BA Geography Future Scope

    BA Geography course is rising and is popular among students as this course has a number of future prospects. The students can check and explore the various career options as mentioned below. 

    • The students of BA Geography course can work in different sectors like tourism and agricultural sectors. The students may also opt for teaching in schools and universities as alternate career options. 
    • A lot of government jobs are available to students after doing BA Geography. The students can take up the job of a demographer and cartographer. The students can also appear for civil services examination after doing this course.   
    • The students can also take up private jobs and can work in NGOs after completing BA Geography with a handsome salary. 
    • The students of BA Geography can first pursue an MA in Geography and subsequently PhD in Geography. The students can do research activities in diverse fields related to Geography.  

    Some of the other interesting future scopes in terms of higher studies after BA Geography are mentioned below. 

    MA Geography- Most of the students after completing BA in Geography opts for MA in Geography to study the advanced level of earth’s composition, surface, and essence. 

    MA Geology- MA Geology is a related course that the students opt after pursing BA Geography. The course includes study of earth’s structure along with its organisms, materials, structure, etc. 

    MA Disaster Management- This course lays emphasis on the numerous natural disasters that might occur in a natural environment. The students after pursuing this course can also control the social welfare program of state and central government.

    FAQs about BA Geography

    What are the required skills for BA Geography Course?

    BA Geography is a very interesting course. The students must know the skills that are required for them to make a BA Geography course and learning effective. The skills mentioned below will also help them in enhancing their personality and finding a suitable position in the industry. The students should check the required skills that they should have in order to do the BA Geography course. 

    • Time Management Skills
    • Team building skills
    • Patience
    • Hard work
    • Decisiveness
    • Independent 
    • Analytical Skills
    • Research Skills
    • Listening Skills
    • Attention to Details
    • Interpersonal Skills










     

    What are the top recruitment areas after completing a BA Geography degree course?

    The top recruitment areas after completing a BA Geography degree course are given below.

    • News agencies
    • Government jobs
    • NGO’s
    • Educational institutes
    • Private sectors

    What are the top colleges offering BA Geography course?

    Following are some of the top colleges offering BA Geography courses : Delhi University, Jamia Mialia Islamia, Punjab University, Calicut University, Aligarh Muslim university, Banasthali Vidyapith, LPU etc.

     

    What are the job roles after completing the BA Geography course?

    There are numerous job roles available for candidates who successfully complete the BA Geography course. Also, the pay scale of  BA Geography candidates is decent. Following are some of the job roles suitable for  BA Geography  candidates.

    • Cartographer- The job of the cartographer is to produce detailed maps of different geographical areas. They also present information as required in the form of diagrams. The average salary structure for this profile ranges from2.5 lakh to 3.5 lakh per annum. 
    • Coastal Zone Manager- As the name indicates, the coastal zone manager is responsible for the managing and maintaining coastal areas of the world. They also ensure that the resources of the coastal areas are properly utilized. The average salary structure for this profile ranges from 9-10 lakh per annum.
    • Land Use Analyst- This profile includes analysis of land use and also evaluates the population of an area. They ensure proper usage of land by everyone. The salary structure for this profile ranges from 5-6 lakhs per annum. 
    • Landscape Architect- The landscape architects are responsible for coordinating and meeting with the engineers and the clients. They prepare site plan for the project as per their discussion with the clients and engineers. The salary structure for this profile ranges from 7-8 lakhs per annum. 
    • Development Surveyor- They are responsible for development of properties and also evaluates different environmental factors. The average salary structure for this profile ranges between 6.5-7 lakhs per annum. 

    What is the average BA Geography fee?

    The average BA Geography course fee is 30K - 1,20,000 lakhs yearly.

     

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