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    MSc Biotechnology Syllabus & Subjects 2023

    MSc Biotechnology Syllabus and Subject Overview

    MSc Biotechnology subjects include a combination of Biology, Science and Technology. The MSc Biotechnology syllabus deals with enhancing graduates' knowledge of Science and Technology. MSc Biotechnology course subjects consist of different experiments that are being conducted on Life Sciences with the help of technology. The MSc Biotechnology syllabus is designed in such a way that anyone can build their knowledge to an advanced level to what they have already studied at the graduation level.  

    MSc Biotechnology course is becoming extremely popular in India and worldwide because of its increasing demand by the market offering numerous career prospects. The MSc Biotechnology course focuses on developing medicines through experimentation to deal with different pandemic situations. MSc Biotechnology course helps in finding solutions to all the problems that are related to plant life or animal life. Any kind of hybrid mechanism or genetically modified organisms are an outcome of Biotechnology.

    One must check the MSc Biotechnology course syllabus if they are willing to pursue this course so that they are aware of the content of this course. There is a great scope for students after pursuing an MSc Biotechnology course. They can opt for higher education or pursue research or a PhD in the relevant stream to be part of the research committee of the leading organizations. They can also opt to become an academician after their doctorate and can teach at the university level. Students of the MSc Biotechnology course can specialize in any subject of their choice such as Immunology, Biology, Cell Engineering, Fermentation, etc. MSc Biotechnology course is a 2-year professional degree course pursued by students willing to make their career in Bioscience and Biotechnology and related disciplines.

    MSc Biotechnology Year Wise Syllabus

    MSc Biotechnology syllabus is divided into four semesters and the MSc Biotechnology subjects taught in the two-year course duration are Biomolecules, Molecular Cell Biology, Enzyme Technology, Bioinformatics, Microbiology, etc. The MSc Biotechnology course syllabus gives a combination of both practical and theoretical knowledge.The syllabus includes theory and practical classes, assignments, project work, internships and examinations. 

    MSc Biotechnology First Year Syllabus

    Listed below in the table are the MSc Biotechnology course subjects taught in the 1st year.

    Semester 1Semester 2
    Advanced BiochemistryGenetic Engineering
    Animal Cell TechnologyImmunology
    Environmental BiotechnologyImmunotechnology
    Exercises in advanced BiochemistryPlant Biotechnology
    Advanced Molecular BiologyFermentation Technology
    Molecular BiologyBio instruments
    Exercises in Environmental BiotechnologyBioinformatics
    LabsExercise in Genetic Engineering
    Exercises in Molecular and Cell BiologyExercises in Bacteriology and Virology

    MSc Biotechnology Second Year Syllabus

    Listed below in the table are the MSc Biotechnology course subjects taught in the 2nd year.

    Semester 3Semester 4
    Animal BiotechnologyFood Microbiology
    Database management and IPR BiotechnologyNanobiotechnology
    Enzyme TechnologyGenomics and Proteomics
    GenomicsMedical Biotechnology
    Environmental Microbiology and Waste ManagementAgriculture Biotechnology
    Intellectual Property Rights and Ethical IssuesCancer Biology
    Exercises in Animal Biotechnology, Enzyme TechnologyThesis
    Lab WorkLab

    MSc Biotechnology Syllabus Description

    MSc Biotechnology course syllabus is vast and one must know about the syllabus in detail for different MSc Biotechnology course subjects. Check the detailed description of the MSc Biotechnology course syllabus topic-wise and year-wise as mentioned in the table given below.

    Detailed MSc Biotechnology Syllabus of 1st year

    Check out the MSc Biotechnology Syllabus for 1st year here:



    Molecular Biology

    • Transcription and Transcriptional Control
    • Translation
    • Control of Gene expression 
    • Nuclear Organization
    • Modern Concept of Gene Organization
    • Gene Mutation

    Cell Biology

    • Historical origin of Cell Biology
    • Cytoskeleton and Cell Motility 
    • General Structure of Cell
    • Steps in Cell Cycle


    • Immune System
    • Functions, Development and Histogenesis of various primary and secondary Lymphoid organs in the body 
    • Cell types involved in Defense Mechanisms of the body
    • Gross features

    Environmental Biotechnology

    • Status and Scope of Environmental Protection 
    • Bioremediation
    • Physicochemical and Bacteriological analysis of Soil and Water
    • Waste Water Constituents

    Plant Biotechnology

    • Constituents and Concepts of Sterilization 
    • Suspension cell culture, Callus culture, Protoplast Isolation, culture & fusion
    • Anther & Pollen culture for Production
    • Preparation, Isolation and Selection of Explant

    Genetic Engineering

    • History and Scope of Genetics
    • Linkage and Crossing over
    • Linkage mapping
    • Sex determination 
    • Mendelian Laws of Inheritance
    • Variations of Mendelian Analysis

    Detailed MSc Biotechnology Syllabus of 2nd year

    Check out the MSc Biotechnology Syllabus for 2nd  year here:



    Molecular Biotechnology

    • Isolation of Genomic DNA from bacterial cell/plant cell
    • Determination of Tm values of DNA
    • Isolation of Temperature sensitive conditional Mutant
    • Isolation of RNA from Yeast cells
    • Bacterial Conjunction


    • Data Mining
    • Gene Prediction and Genome Analysis
    • Protein Structure Prediction 
    • Introduction to operating system and Basics of computer
    • Biological Database

    Animal Biotechnology

    • Applications of Animal Cell Culture
    • Serum Protein Media Viability and Cytotoxicity 
    • Equipment’s & Media used for Animal Cell Culture Technology
    • Primary & Established cell line culture and Culture Media

    Food Technology and Nutrigenomics

    • Food Spoilage & Preservation
    • Designer Foods, Nutraceuticals
    • Genetically Modified Foods 
    • Methods of Food Processing

    Fermentation Technology

    • Basics of Industrial Fermentation
    • Industrial Production of Chemicals 
    • Design of Fermenter
    • Product Recovery and Purification

    MSc Biotechnology Subjects

    MSc Biotechnology syllabus imparts knowledge through practical, laboratory, and theoretical classes in different MSc Biotechnology subjects. The various MSc Biotechnology subjects that the aspirants are introduced to are biology, genetics, chemistry, geology, etc. The MSc Biotechnology syllabus suits all those students who are interested in different specializations of biology such as agriculture, food, plant life, animal life, organism, genetics, etc. Listed below are the MSc Biotechnology Subjects that are being taught in universities and colleges.

    MSc Biotechnology Subject List

    Cell Biology Environmental BiotechnologyAnimal Biotechnology
    Principles of Bacteriology and VirologyAdvances Biological Chemistry Bioprocess Engineering and Fermentation Technology
    Genetic Engineering Immunology Molecular Biology
    Scientific research and CommunicationNano-BiotechnologyPlant Biotechnology
    Exercises in Genetic EngineeringExercises in Environmental BiotechnologyExercises in Immunology
    BioinformaticsAgriculture BiotechnologyGenomics and Proteomics
    Food Technology and NutrigenomicsAdvanced Genetics Biochemical and Biophysical Techniques

    MSc Biotechnology Common Subjects

    Since we are familiar with the detailed syllabus topic wise as mentioned above, we should also know about the common subjects that are taught to all the students of MSc Biotechnology irrespective of the universities they take admission into. A brief summary of the important and common subjects is motioned here for the knowledge of the students.


    Microbiology is one of the core and the most important MSc Biotechnology course subjects in the MSc Biotechnology course. It deals with the understanding of all microscopic organisms that are found in living organisms such as algae, bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc. 


    Immunology is the study of immune systems where one gets trained about all the important components that are responsible for making up the immune system in any living organism. This course helps us to understand the functioning of the immune system in both healthy and diseased states. 

    Cell Biology

    Cells are the smallest functional basic unit of living organisms. In this subject, students learn about the structure and function of cells, their composition, properties and life cycle of cells. Cell biology enables us to understand the smallest structure as well as how different cells combine together to form tissues.

    Environmental Biotechnology

    Environmental Technology is a very important subject of MSc Biotechnology in the current scenario. In this subject, students learn the usage of biotechnology to protect the environment and make it more sustainable for the survival of human beings. 


    Virology is the core of MSc Biotechnology. Virology is the study of viruses and virus-like cells that helps in understanding the nature of different types of viruses. The subject basically helps us to know about different properties of viruses such as their structure, classification, disease-causing capacity, etc. 


    Biochemistry as a subject of the MSc Biotechnology syllabus is extremely vital as it deals with all the chemical processes that happen within the body of any living organism. 

    MSc Biotechnology Entrance Exam Syllabus

    There are many universities/colleges that grant admission in MSc Biotechnology through entrance examinations. Check the list of MSc Biotechnology entrance examinations details and their syllabus thoroughly in the table mentioned below.

    Entrance ExamDetailsSyllabus
    CUET PGCommon University Entrance Exam for postgraduate is a national-level exam for the  candidates who wish to take admissions to PG programmes of 66 participating universities Syllabus of CUET PG

    Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam is conducted annually to grant admission in different UG, PG and PhD programmes. 

    Syllabus of JNUEE

    BITSAT is conducted in two sessions in an online mode by Bits Pilani to offer admission in postgraduate programs for campuses in Goa, Pilani and Hyderabad.

    Syllabus of BITSAT

    TISS NET is a national-level exam conducted by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences to offer admission to 52 master's degree programmes. 

    Syllabus of TISS NET

    Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test is a university-level exam which is conducted annually for admission into UG and PG programmes.

    Syllabus of IPU CET

    Delhi University Entrance Test is conducted annually to offer admission in various UG and PG programmes. The DUET exam is conducted by the NTA every year. Delhi University conducts a PG Entrance exam for almost 60 courses. 

    Syllabus of DUET

    MSc Biotechnology Important Books

    MSc Biotechnology books help the students to better learn about the course. Many top colleges of MSc Biotechnology use these books to give aspirants a proper understanding of MSc Biotechnology subjects. Students can refer to the below-mentioned books during the MSc Biotechnology course tenure so that they enhance their course knowledge and grasp MSc Biotechnology subject knowledge effectively. 

    Concepts of Applied Ecology RS DeSanto
    Plant Breeding Biometry BiotechnologyDipak Kumar Kar and Soma Halder
    Animal BiotechnologyB. Singh
    Molecular and Cell Biology for Dummies Rene Fester Kratz
    Genetic Engineering Smita Rastogi and Neelam Pathak
    Bioinformatics: Principle and ApplicationZhumur Ghosh and Bibekanand Malick
    Immunology Roitt I and Male Brostoff
    Plant Biochemistry Hans-Walter Heldt
    Animal Cell Culture: Practical ApproachMasters J R W
    Pharmaceutical Biotechnology S P Vyas

    MSc Biotechnology Course Structure

    MSc Biotechnology is a two-year postgraduate program like any other regular master’s program. MSc Biotechnology is divided into four semesters and the syllabus and course curriculum are structured into core and elective subjects, seminars, projects, research, etc. MSc Biotechnology course structure also focuses on practical and laboratory-based classes mainly apart from compulsory courses. The course is structured in such a way that it is job oriented. The basic outline of the MSc Biotechnology course structure is mentioned below.

    • IV Semesters
    • Core subjects
    • Practical and Laboratory
    • Internships
    • Research Work
    • Dissertation
    • Projects

    MSc Biotechnology Teaching Methodology

    MSc Biotechnology teaching methodology also includes classroom teaching apart from many practical-oriented sessions. The nature of the subject is such that anyone has to take a lot of training in laboratories. They are also taught with reference to case studies of the past. Some of the common and required teaching methodologies and techniques adopted in the course curriculum of the MSc Biotechnology postgraduate degree course are as follows:

    • Practical & Laboratory sessions 
    • Experimentation
    • Guest Lectures, Seminars, and Workshop
    • Group Assignment and Discussion
    • Learning through Industrial Visit
    • The emphasis on Practical Learning
    • Research & Development

    MSc Biotechnology Projects

    There are no limits for aspirants who wish to do MSc Biotechnology Projects. The nature of the course is such that students can do limitless projects and can research in multiple areas as per the requirement of the syllabus. The students can research plant life, animal life, and modified organisms with the help of technology. They can also do research projects on different types of bacteria, viruses, etc. Some of the common areas of doing projects in MSc Biotechnology include the following topics:

    • Biomanufacturing
    • Bioprinting
    • Production of ethanol using molasses and its effluent treatment
    • Renewable Energy Technology Management Promoting Village.

    FAQs about MSc Biotechnology Syllabus

    What are some of the common MSc Biotechnology subjects that are being taught in almost all the universities?

    The common MSc Biotechnology subjects are - Cell Biology , Environmental Biotechnology, Molecular Biology, Lab work, Nano-Biotechnology, immunology, Plant Biotechnology, etc.

    What are the best books to enhance the knowledge for MSc Biotechnology subjects?

    The best books are - Animal Biotechnology by B.Singh, Concepts of Applied Ecology by RS DeSanto, BioInformatics: Principle and Application by Zhumur Ghosh and Bibekanand Malick, Plant Biochemistry by Hans-Walter Heldt, Genetic Engineering by Smita Rastogi and Neelam Pathak etc.

    What are the required skills for doing an MSc Biotechnology course?

    The skills required for pursuing MSc Biotechnology course are -Organizational SkillsBudget ManagementBusiness StrategyPeople ManagementProject ManagementCommunication SkillsResearch

    MSc Biotechnology syllabus is divided into how many semesters?

    MSc Biotechnology syllabus is divided into four semesters.

    What is the eligibility criteria for the MSc Biotechnology course?

    Aspirants must have completed BSc degree in Biotechnology/ Biology/ food science/ Microbiology for applying to be eligible for MSc Biotechnology course
    Show More

    Related Questions


    Lam Vijaykanth, Student / Alumni

    Dear Student, 

    First of all, CollegeDekho wishes you all the very best for your post-graduation. Assuming very positively, after completion of M.Sc in Biotechnology, you have a number of career options, which are given below.

    ·Biomedical Engineer

    ·Biomanufacturing Specialist

    ·Biotech Product Analyst

    ·Senior Biochemist

    ·Senior Medical Scientist

    ·Biological/Clinical Technician


    ·Process Development Scientist

    ·Biomanufacturing Specialist

    ·Biotech Product Analyst

    If you need any assistance to get admission in M.Sc in Biotechnology please call us at 1800 572 9877. Or you can get admission through CollegeDekho by filling out the common application form.

    To fill out the application Click Here


    Ankita Jha, Student / Alumni

    Dear Students,

    The PG programmes offered for the students in Agriculture stream are M.Sc. in HorticultureM.Sc. in AgricultureM.Sc in Agriculture Biotechnology, Pathology, M.Sc. in Fisheries Science, M.Sc. in Forestry.


    Lam Vijaykanth, Student / Alumni

    Dear Student

    Yes, you can study M.Sc Biotechnology. However, most of the universities will not allow you, yet there are some universities, in which you can get admission, into M.Sc Biotechnology

    For most of the universities and colleges the basic eligibility criteria to pursue, M.Sc in Biotechnology is that the candidates should have completed B.Sc in Biotechnology/Botany/Zoology/Microbiology/Biochemistry or in any relevant discipline from recognised university or institute with a minimum aggregate score of 50%.

    For more details click on the link provided below

    Click here

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