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    Environmental Engineering

    Environmental Engineering Overview

    Environmental Engineering is a sub-departments of Chemical engineering and Civil engineering that is involved with natural resource management, the usage of water, environmental pollution, and human healthiness. Candidates will be able to pursue Environmental Engineering after the completion of class 10. Candidates are able to pursue Environmental Engineering at diploma, graduation, and postgraduate levels. An environmental engineer is liable for improving the quality of the environment, and public health and developing resolutions to undervalue the degradation of natural resources. 

    Candidates can take admission to Environmental Engineering through the entrance as well as merit based. Interested candidates who are willing to be admitted into environmental engineering are required to score at least 50% marks in their last qualifying exam with PCMB subjects. Candidates have to appear for entrance exams such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced, CUSAT CAT, GATE, etc exams to get admitted into Environmental Engineering courses. 

    Environmental Engineering courses can be pursued online, and offline as well as in a distance learning mode. Some of the top institutes offering Environmental Engineering courses in India are IIT Bombay, MIT Manipal, JMI New Delhi, IIT Madras, Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, etc. The average course fee for Environmental Engineering ranges from INR 5 L to INR 15 L.

    Environmental Engineering Course Highlights

    The table below highlights the overview of Environmental Engineering on which the entire piece is based on. Candidates are always advised to check the overview prior to checking the other topics in the piece so that they are well aware of the topics that will be discussed here. 



    Course Name

    Environmental Engineering


    3 to 4 Years



    • Candidates should have passed class 10 or its equivalent examination with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate each 
    • The subject combination of the candidates should be  Science and Mathematics as compulsory subjects
    • English should be one of the compulsory subjects of the candidate in last qualifying level


    • Candidates must have completed class 10 or class 12 or equivalent examination from any recognized central or state board 
    • Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects
    • Candidates must have secured at least 50% marks in aggregate

    Post Graduation

    • Candidates should have passed a BTech or B.E degree in Environmental Engineering
    • Candidates should be passing the exam with a minimum passing percentage in the aggregation of all subjects studied in the undergraduate program
    • Candidates must have secured at least 60% marks in aggregate in the last qualifying exam

    Average Fee

    INR 30,000 to INR 80,000

    Average Salary

    INR 1.7 to 25.2 LPA

    Entrance Exams

    • JEE Main
    • JEE Advance
    • GATE


    • IIT Madras
    • IIT Delhi
    • IIT Bombay
    • IIT Kanpur
    • IIT Kharagpur
    • IIT Roorkee
    • NIT Trichy
    • IIIT Hyderabad
    • NIT Surathkal

    Top recruiters

    • AECOM
    • MACTEC
    • Brunel India Pvt Ltd
    • Sima Labs Pvt Ltd.
    • Dresser-Rand India Pvt Ltd
    • Goodrich Corporation

    Average Starting Salary

    INR 3 LPA to INR 8 LPA

    Why Choose Environmental Engineering? Environmental Engineering Scope in India

    Environmental Engineering is a very advantageous field in today’s time. Due to its assortment, candidates have multiple domains to select from with high-yielding jobs. Businesses look for enterprising specialists who are qualified to bring ingenious ideas. The demand for environmental engineers in public sectors and private organizations for public security, threat evaluations, and multiple additional assignments is way more elevated than for professionals in other engineering courses. 

    Candidates can build a long-lasting profession within a few years, along with an attractive salary and further job incentives. Some of the most common specializations of the field contain  Chemical compound dumping, Petroleum product manufacturing, Mineral mining, and the Biological version of the ecosystem. Candidates can not only have an advantageous career but also depart a favorable influence on the surroundings via their work.

    How Many Courses are There in Environmental Engineering?

    Candidates can pursue an Environmental Engineering course under domains such as a Diploma Course in Environmental Engineering, an Undergraduate Course in Environmental Engineering, Postgraduate courses in Environmental Engineering, Doctoral Course in Environmental Engineering. Brief information regarding the same has been explained in the points below.

    Diploma Course in Environmental Engineering 

    • Candidates can pursue a Diploma Course in Environmental Engineering after passing their Class 10
    • To be eligible for a diploma course, it is mandatory to have a PCM background in class 10+2
    • Candidates can get admission to good colleges if they have at least 40% marks
    • The duration of a diploma in Environmental Engineering course is 3 years
    • A diploma in Environmental Engineering has good demand, but not as much as a graduate in the field.

    Undergraduate Environmental Engineering Courses ( Bachelor of Technology in Environmental Engineering)

    • The duration of the BTech in Environmental Engineering course is 4 years
    • To pursue an Environmental Engineering course at the undergraduate level, candidates need to have at least 50% marks during their class 10+2 from a recognized national or state-level education board.
    • The core subjects in class 10+2 class should be Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Mathematics (PCMB).
    • Candidates need to clear national-level entrance exams or the entrance exam of the respective institute based on the requirement of the respective college or University

    Postgraduate Environmental Engineering Courses (Masters of Technology in Environmental Engineering)

    • The duration of the Master in Environmental Engineering course is 2 years
    • Candidates must have a bachelor's degree in Environmental Engineering with at least 50 to 60% marks from a reputed institute

    Doctoral Course in Environmental Engineering (Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering)

    • The duration of a Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering is 2 to 5.5 years
    • To pursue a doctorate in Environmental Engineering, it is compulsory to have a postgraduate degree in the same
    • To become eligible for a doctorate-level course, candidates need to have a minimum GATE or NET score 
    • Candidates are required to score at least 50% marks in the last qualifying examination

    Environmental Engineering Specializations

    Some of the common Environmental Engineering Specializations trending in India have been listed in the table below.

    Environmental Engineering Specializations

    Coastal Engineering


    Ecological engineering

    Ocean Engineering

    Groundwater Hydrology

    Solid Waste Engineering

    Water resources engineering

    Environmental Chemodynamics

    Geophysical engineering


    Collections System Design

    Environmental Management

    Environmental Engineering Eligibility Criteria

    The eligibility criteria required to take admission under various domains of Environmental Engineering have been listed in the headers below.

    Undergraduate Environmental Engineering Courses

    The eligibility criteria for Undergraduate Environmental Engineering Courses have been listed in the pointers below.

    • Candidates who have passed or appeared in the Class 12 examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM) as main subjects from a recognized Board
    • Candidates should score at least a minimum of 60% marks (for the General category) and 55% marks in aggregate (for SC/ST/OBC) and an acceptable score in either JEE Main, JEE Advanced or State level Entrance Tests.

    Postgraduate Environmental Engineering Courses

    The eligibility criteria for Postgraduate Environmental Engineering Courses have been listed in the pointers below.

    • Candidates should have passed appearing in the final semester of BE/BTech in Environmental Engineering
    • Candidates should score at least a minimum of 60% marks in the aggregate and a satisfactory score in the GATE entrance examination

    Note: Candidates should always check the eligibility criteria of the Environmental Engineering Course before applying for the course. It is indeed required so that the candidates are not wasting time on the wrong course.

    Environmental Engineering Types

    Environmental Engineering can be pursued online, and offline as well as in a distance learning mode. 

    Environmental Engineering Online Courses

    We have mentioned the Environmental Engineering online courses in the table below for the candidates who will choose to pursue the Environmental Engineering course in online mode. 

    Name of the Environmental Engineering Course


    Offered by

    Environmental Engineering online course fee

    Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science and Fundamental and Sustainability Concepts

    12 Weeks

    IIT Kharagpur via Swayam


    Environmental Engineering: Drinking Water Treatment

    5 Weeks

    SNU via Edx


    Environmental Engineering: Air Pollution and Treatment

    5 Weeks

    SNU via Edx


    Professional Certificate in Buildings

    5 Months

    Delft University of Technology via edX

    INR 26,517

    Reservoir Geomechanics

    10 Weeks

    Stanford University via edX


    Difference between Environmental Engineering and Environmental Science

    Most candidates are not able to figure out the basic differences between Environmental Engineering and Environmental Science since they both serve similar conclusions in the end. Therefore we have sketched a brief difference between Environmental Engineering and Environmental Science for the candidates who are willing to find the same for themselves. Candidates can take a glance at the table below for a better understanding.


    Environmental Engineering

    Environmental Science


    Environmental Engineering is a field of study that uses existent principles of engineering to generate and execute solutions to environmental matters, often as a result of a suggestion nourished by an environmental scientist.

    Environmental Science provides an integrated, quantitative, and interdisciplinary strategy for the analysis of environmental systems

    Course Specialization

    Following the specializations available under Environmental Engineering:

    • Coastal and ecological engineering
    • Water resources engineering
    • Geophysical engineering

    The following are the specializations available under Environmental Science:

    • Aquatic biology
    • Applied ecology
    • Alternative energy
    • Environmental agriculture
    • Earth systems
    • Geographic information science.

    What courses will students likely take while pursuing this degree?

    Candidates pursuing environmental engineering at either an undergraduate or graduate level can hope to take courses in several classes, including physics and chemistry; mechanics; thermodynamics; heat transfer; engineering hydrology; air pollution control; and a number of other electives, depending on their schedule.

    Pursuing an Environmental Science degree will likely take courses in

    • basic science and math
    • earth sciences (geology, in particular)
    • natural sciences (such as ecology and hydrology)
    • public policy
    • Economics
    • political theory
    • various specialization courses, all of which will commonly concentrate on their relation to the environment.


    Environmental engineers, in general, take the information proposed by scientists and generate and execute solutions to any problems presented

    Environmental scientists serve an essential part in maintaining the quality of the natural surroundings that we the people share

    Environmental Engineering Entrance Exams

    The top entrance exams that are opted for by the candidates to get admission into the Environmental Engineering course have been stated below. 

    JEE Main

    The Joint Entrance Examination Main or commonly known as the JEE Main is a national-level entrance examination that is executed by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for candidates every year. 


    The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering or GATE is a post-graduation national-level entrance exam that is conducted for candidates who are inclined to be admitted into the MTech course across the institutes of India. 

    JEE Advanced

    The Joint Entrance Examination Advanced or JEE Advanced is a national-level entrance exam conducted by the top IITs. The top 2,50,000 candidates who qualify for JEE Main are eligible for JEE Advanced exam.


    Cochin University of Science and Technology Common Admission Test or CUSAT CAT is a university-level entrance examination conducted by Cochin University of Science and Technology for Engineering courses at the undergraduate level. It is an offline test consisting of subjects, Maths, Physics, and Chemistry.

    Environmental Engineering Top Colleges in India & Fees

    Candidates can get a brief idea about the top colleges that offer Environmental Engineering Courses in India from the table below. Candidates can take a look at the name of the colleges along with the Environmental Engineering Course fee too. 

    Environmental Engineering Top Colleges

    Environmental Engineering Course Fee

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras course fee

    INR 5.31 L to INR 8.19 L

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi course fee

    INR 8.47 L to INR 8.66 L

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay course fee

    INR 8.33 L to INR 15.21 L

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur course fee

    INR 8.38 L

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur course fee

    INR 8.32 L to INR 10.46 L

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee course fee

    INR 8.58 L to INR 10.71 L

    National Institute of Technology (NIT) Trichy course fee

    INR 5.63 L

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad course fee

    INR 8.93 L

    National Institute of Technology (NIT) Surathkal course fee

    INR 5.53 L

    Study Environmental Engineering Abroad

    The scope of Environmental Engineering courses in abroad countries is elevated upwards. It will be seen rising in demand as well as popularity in the upcoming years. The reasons why one should pursue an Environmental Engineering course from abroad colleges are-

    (A) Environmental Engineering directs us over the developmental and day-to-day actions that influence the environment. How human beings are affected by these conditions is also considered.

    (B) Environmental Engineering functions in guiding us to construct a pollution-free environment by utilizing different methods of precluding and pollution control. 

    (C) Environmental Engineering permits the industry to function in an environment-friendly manner by embracing clean and efficient technology. 

    (D) Career opportunities in the field of environmental engineering are continuously on a rise.

    Environmental Engineering Abroad Eligibility Criteria

    1. The candidates must have completed their class 10+2 level of studies with  Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM) subjects, and have scored a minimum aggregate as mentioned in the university guidelines.
    2. The candidate must have secured a good score in English language ability tests like IELTS or TOEFL or PTE.
    3. The candidate must have secured an exceptional score on GRE for enrolling in masters programs or other such exams as mandated by the university. 
    4. For admission to postgraduate level courses, the candidate must hold a BTech, BEng, or equivalent degree in a related discipline

    Environmental Engineering Abroad Top Colleges

    The top abroad Environmental Engineering colleges have been listed in the following pointers.

    • Stanford University
    • ETH Zurich
    • University of the Alberta
    • Technical University of Denmark
    • Tsinghua University
    • Wageningen University and Research
    • Technical University Munich
    • Georgia Institute of Technology
    • University of Cambridge
    • National University of Singapore
    • The University of Melbourne
    • University of California- Los Angeles

    Required Skill Set for Environmental Engineering

    • Critical Thinking or Logical Reasoning - Candidates should be able to use logic and reasoning in order to perform their way via constructing professional conclusions
    • Coordination – While multitasking, coordination among the assignments is necessary or candidates end up achieving none of the assignments
    • Complex Problem Solving – Getting perforated with a convoluted tribulation but executing innovative resolutions by re-evaluating the details comes with the capacity of complicated problem-solving skills.
    • Enthralled Listening – Taking information in and simultaneously deciphering that information needs conservative listening. Attentive listening demonstrates the level of professionalism in the candidate.

    Course Curriculum for Environmental Engineering

    The Environmental engineering course curriculum is structured to introduce the doctrines of applied science converged with environmental studies. The course concentrates on constructing professionals with satisfactory research abilities and the conservation of environmental factors such as climate change, component contamination, and biodiversity protection. Candidates are prepared to innovate and create methods for a tolerable and balanced future. 

    The Environmental engineering course designates candidates with an in-depth interpretation of the current scenarios in the domain of environmental engineering and encourages them to come up with creative technological refinement and strategies to implicate public contribution in preserving the proportion of resource consumption.

    Environmental Engineering Course Syllabus

    The Environmental Engineering syllabus has been explained for the BTech as well as MTech courses in the tables below and is divided into four years. Candidates can take a look at the subjects below. 

    Environmental Engineering Syllabus - BTech First Year

    The first-year environmental engineering syllabus has been stated in the table below.

    Semester 1 and Semester 2 

    Engineering Maths 1 and 2

    Engineering Physics

    Elements of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics

    Elements of Mechanical Engineering

    Basic Electrical Engineering

    Workshop Practice

    Engineering Physics Lab

    Constitution Of India and Professional Ethics

    Environmental Engineering Syllabus - BTech Second Year

    The second-year environmental engineering syllabus has been stated in the table below.

    Semester 3

    Semester 4 

    Engineering Mathematics 3

    Engineering Mathematics 4

    Environmental Chemistry1

    Surveying Construction

    Strength of Materials

    Environmental Chemistry 2

    Surveying 1

    Elements of Environmental Protection

    Fluid Mechanics

    Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machines

    Environmental Biology

    Applied Engineering Geology

    Environmental Analysis Laboratory 1

    Environmental Analysis Laboratory 2

    Fluid and Hydraulic Machinery Lab

    Environmental Engineering Syllabus – BTech Third Year

    The third-year environmental engineering syllabus has been stated in the table below.

    Semester 5 

    Semester 6

    Municipal Solid Waste Management

    Management and Entrepreneurship

    Origin and Characterization of Environmental Pollution

    Environmental Transport Processes

    Water Supply and Distribution System

    Atmospheric Environmental Engineering

    Geotechnical Engineering 1

    WasteWater Collection and Drainage System

    Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering

    Wastewater Treatment Engineering

    Water Treatment Engineering

    Elective 1 Group A ( Environmental Biotechnology, Eco-friendly Energy Sources, Environmental System Optimization)

    Design and Drawing of Environmental System 1

    Atmospheric Environmental Lab

    Environmental Process Lab 2

    Environmental Engineering Syllabus – BTech Fourth Year

    The fourth-year environmental engineering syllabus has been stated in the pointers below.

    Semester 7

    Computer Application in Environmental Engineering

    Ecology and Environmental Impact Assessment

    Advanced Wastewater Treatment

    Estimation, Specification & Financial Aspects of Environmental Facilities

    Elective 2 Group B ( Nuclear, Radioactive, and Bio-medical Waste Technology, Occupational Safety and Health, Operation and Maintenance of Environmental Facilities)

    Elective 3 Group C (environmental Aspects of Development Projects, Environmental Applications of Remote Sensing and GIS, Geo-Environmental Engineering)

    Design and Drawing of Environmental system II

    Environmental Engineering Syllabus – MTech First Year

    The first-year environmental engineering syllabus has been stated in the table below.

    Semester 1

    Semester 2

    Environmental Chemistry 

    Advanced Wastewater Treatment

    Microbiology and Ecology

    Environmental System Modelling

    Advanced Water Treatment

    Air Pollution and Control

    Programme Elective-I

    Programme Elective-III 

    Programme Elective-II

    Programme Elective-IV

    Environmental Engg. Lab-I

    Environmental Engg. Lab - II

    Environmental Engineering Syllabus – MTech Second Year

    The second-year environmental engineering syllabus has been stated in the table below.

    Semester 3

    Semester 4

    MTech Dissertation

    MTech Dissertation

    What is Environmental Engineering's Salary?

    Candidates who pursue this course are hired on various job profiles such as chemical engineers, biologists, public health experts, and so on. The table below highlights Environmental Engineering's salary along with the job profile. The same is based on approximate values. 

    Environmental Engineering Job Profile

    Environmental Engineer’s Annual Income (Approximately) 

    Chemical Engineer

    INR 10 to INR 15 LPA 


    INR 10 to INR 11 LPA 


    INR 8 to INR 9 LPA  

    Agricultural Engineer

    INR 7 to INR 8 LPA 

    Public Health Specialist

    INR 5 to INR 7 LPA 

    Waste Management Officer

    INR 6.5 to INR 7 LPA 


    INR 6 to INR 7 LPA 

    Career Options and Job Prospects after Environmental Engineering

    Candidates are offered a variety of job options after the conclusion of environmental engineering be it in a diploma course or Ph.D. course. The Environmental Engineering Job Profile along with Environmental Engineering Job Description have been provided in the table below so that there is no confusion among the candidates regarding the type of job the profiles do in real life.

    Environmental Engineering Job Profile

    Environmental Engineering Job Description


    An Ecologist is accountable for apprehending the scope of the impact of human beings on nature and its effects.

    Public Health Specialist

    A Public Health Specialist comes up with procedures to facilitate healthy living among people and operates health surveys.

    Chemical Engineer

    A Chemical Engineer derives safety tools and procedures for people functioning with dangerous chemicals

    Waste Management Officer

    The main focus of a Waste Management Officer's job is to handle the recycling and disposal of waste materials


    The responsibilities of a Biologist include researching the interchange among living organisms, data collection, and conducting experiments associated to behavior

    Agricultural Engineer

    An Agricultural Engineer concentrates on improving the efficiency of machinery and designing machinery employed in agriculture.


    A Geologist focuses on examining the development of the Earth and exploring its natural resources. A Geologist evaluates the running out of time for resources.

    Top Recruiters of Environmental Engineers

    The top recruiters of environmental engineering have been listed in the pointers below.

    • AECOM
    • Dresser-Rand India Pvt Ltd
    • Brunel India Pvt Ltd
    • MACTEC
    • Sima Labs Pvt Ltd.
    • Goodrich Corporation
    • Enviro Analysts & Engineers Pvt. Ltd.
    • Aquatech Systems Asia Pvt. Ltd.
    • Doshion Ltd.
    • Gujarat Enviro Protection & Infrastructure Ltd.
    • Nalco Water India Ltd.
    • Select Energy Systems Ltd.
    • Paramount Ltd.

    FAQs about Environmental Engineering

    Who is the best environmental engineer?

    Some of the top environmental engineers are listed in the pointers below
    Alfred Stowell Jones
    Sudhakar Kesavan
    Ashraf Choudhary
    Marc Edwards, a civil engineering professor

    What is taught in environmental engineering?

    Environmental engineering focuses on the basis of nature and environment where environmental engineers find scientific solutions for environmental problems like automobile pollution and find renewable energy sources.

    What are some of the top online environmental engineering courses?

    Some of the top online environmental engineering courses have been mentioned as:
    Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science- Fundamental and Sustainability Concept, the duration of which is 12 Weeks and is offered by IIT Kharagpur via Swayam.
    Environmental Engineering: Drinking Water Treatment the duration of which is 5 Weeks and is offered by SNU via Edx.

    I am willing to pursue a course in environmental engineering after my class 12. What are the eligibility criteria required to get admission into an environmental engineering course?

    If you are willing to pursue an environmental engineering course at the bachelor’s level, you are required to check if you have completed your class 12 from a recognized institute with at least an aggregate of 50% marks or equivalent and have Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics (PCM) subjects in class 12.

    What is the duration of becoming an environmental engineer?

    In India as well as abroad countries such as the USA, it will take approx 3 to 4 years to become an environmental engineer.

    Show More

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