A cumulation of a variety of engineering disciplines, Agricultural Engineering is the field of study that trains individuals in the science of combining agriculture and engineering. Having a strong agriculture base, agriculture engineering in India is significantly gaining popularity and development each year, enhancing the agricultural practices and techniques in the country. Inevitably, as an engineering discipline, aspirants must have a science academic background to enrol in any one of the top agriculture engineering colleges in India. Moreover, admissions to the course will be based on entrance test exams, as is the norm for engineering courses. Therefore, it is extremely crucial for candidates to practice and prepare for the admission process and be dedicated to the field to build a lucrative career.
The syllabus and subjects for Agricultural Engineering vary from course to course, i.e. the level of education, the type of degree programme, the specialisation opted and more. However, the subjects covered in agriculture engineering courses would often be associated with agriculture, engineering, chemistry, food science, mechanical and civil engineering and several other fields of study. On completion of the course, graduates may find themselves qualified for a range of job roles across a variety of industries and sectors, providing their knowledge and skills to enhance the agriculture scenario in society.
Outlined here is a brief description of agricultural engineering courses in India that every aspirant should know about:
|Course Name||Agricultural Engineering|
|Duration||3-4 (varies depending on the level of education)|
For UG: 10+2 qualification from a recognised board
For PG: BTech in Agricultural Engineering (or related subject)
|Course Fees||INR 25,000 - 4,00,000 per year|
|Admission Process||Entrance Exam Based|
|Core Subjects||Engineering Mechanics, Basic of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Process in Industries, Engineering Physics, Principles of Analytical Chemistry, Fundamentals of Agricultural Meteorology, Livestock and Poultry Production Management, Engineering Properties of Biological Materials, Farm Power and Machinery.|
|Fieldwork||Practical training and fieldwork in agricultural settings|
|Career Options||Agricultural Engineer, Agricultural Research Scientist, Agribusiness, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Scientist, Agricultural Professor, Agricultural Consultant|
|Employment Areas||Government Departments, Agribusiness, Food Production Industries, etc.|
|Higher Studies||Depending on Level of Education: MTech, MBA, LLB, Skill-Training Certificate Courses, PhDs|
|Skills Developed||Critical and Analytical Thinking skills, Problem-solving skills, Time Management abilities, Excellent Communication skills, Good Mathematical proficiency, Visualisation abilities|
|Salary Potential||INR 1,50,000 - 8,00,000 per annum|
As stated above, agricultural engineering has become one of the more crucial components of the agriculture and food production industry. This is one of the major reasons why Agriculture Engineering should be a course that every engineering, agriculture and food production aspirant should consider. There are several reasons why anyone should choose agriculture engineering, some of which have been outlined below:
Excellent Career Opportunities
With an ever-growing demand for quality yields at low costs and using sustainable methods, agriculture engineering brings about great career opportunities. Moreover, agriculture engineering covers a wide range of specialisations and fields of study, allowing students to become specialists in different fields, thus, boosting their career prospects even further.
Scope of Growth
Being a technical programme, an agricultural engineering course trains and qualifies individuals to, not only pursue technical jobs but also a range of jobs associated with policy-making, code-enforcement, research and development, quality assurance and more. This expands with the type of specialisation chosen with the programme at the master’s level, increasing the scope of growth, both professionally and academically.
The programme trains and qualifies students to build new machinery or technology that simplifies the farming process for, both, farmers and buyers. Thus, agricultural engineering allows individuals to bring impactful changes to the industry. In addition to this, those holding sufficient experience and skills often earn high-paying packages across different industries and sectors.
Demand for Professionals
Being an agro-based country where the use of dated agricultural practices is highly prevalent, the demand for agricultural professionals is on the rise. Graduates of the field will not only find jobs in the corporate sector but may also find immense opportunities to build their own businesses. As India-based food production, processing and distribution companies are on the rise, so is the demand for agricultural engineers who can significantly help reduce the costs and efforts associated with providing quality products to a large market.
Apart from the different degree levels and specialisations available under this engineering discipline, students will also be able to select between the different types of agricultural engineering courses, based on the teaching methodology adopted. In other words, aspirants will be able to select from one of the following types of courses in agriculture engineering.
Students will be able to choose from a range of universities and colleges across India that offer these types of agricultural engineering courses, therefore, each aspirant is advised to check out the entire list of the best colleges in India for the course before starting the application process.
Being the combination of agriculture and engineering, the Agricultural Engineering discipline covers a range of courses and degree programmes across different levels of education. Each course caters to different types of applicants, with different types of goals and objectives as well as different qualifications. Outlined here is a list of the popular courses you can take up in India.
|Level of Education||Type of Course||Duration|
|Undergraduate||BTech in Agricultural Engineering||4 Years|
|Diploma in Agricultural Engineering||3 Years|
|Postgraduate||MTech in Agricultural Engineering||2 Years|
|Postgraduate Diploma in Agricultural Engineering||2 Years|
|Doctorate||PhD in Agricultural Engineering||3-5 Years|
Note: Aspirants may find different types of Agricultural Engineering courses, some even with specialisations, across different universities in India. It is, therefore, important to check out the list of the top universities for the programme, before applying to any university this year.
There are many courses that may seem similar to agricultural engineering, including courses like agriculture. However, to make an informed decision about the specific agriculture and food science course that you should study, it is important to understand the similarities and differences between them, in this case, agricultural engineering vs agriculture. Outlined here are some differences between the two fields of study that you should know.
BTech, MTech, PhD
BSc, MSc, PhD
Science background, with a focus on Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
Science background with a focus on Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology
Syllabus and Subjects
Engineering Mechanics, Basics of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Processes in Industries, Engineering Physics, Principles of Analytical Chemistry, Livestock and Poultry Production Management, Engineering Properties of Biological Materials
Principles of Crop Production, Fundamentals of Soil Science, Elements of Genetics, Agricultural Meteorology, Elementary Crop Physiology, Introductory Plant Physiology, Principles of Plant Breeding
JEE Mains, ICAR AIEEA (UG/PG), EAMCET, KCET, BCECE
ICAR AIEEA (UG/PG), EAMCET, KCET, BCECE
Agricultural Research Scientist, Food Safety Applications Engineer, Soil and Plant Scientist, Agriculture & Irrigation Engineer, Conservation Scientist and Forester
Agriculture Officer, Assistant Plantation Manager, Agricultural Research Scientist, Agriculture Development Officer, Plant Breeder
INR 2.5 - 8 LPA
INR 2.5 - 9.5 LPA
Each university or college offering an agricultural engineering course in India will define the admission requirements and processes for each course, depending on the degree level of the course, the popularity of the course and much more. However, the different admission methodologies can be grouped into the following categories:
All universities offering admissions to the agriculture engineering course in India would follow either of the admission modes mentioned above. However, the best universities and the most reputable universities offering agricultural engineering courses would accept applications based on entrance test scores. Therefore, all aspirants are advised to prepare well for the engineering entrance tests, appear for at least 1-2 different types of tests and then apply to their desired university.
Admissions at any one of the top universities offering the course would require applicants to have satisfied the eligibility criteria for Agricultural Engineering courses. Needless to say, each agriculture engineering course would carry different requirements based on the level of the degree course and the type of institution you may be applying to. However, outlined here are some general eligibility criteria followed by most universities in India.
Since the admission processes are significantly varied between different universities and colleges offering the course, aspirants are advised to check the admission policies of their desired institution before applying to any course.
As detailed above, it is important to study and prepare for the different types of engineering entrance tests appropriate for the different levels of agricultural engineering courses. Candidates will be able to select from a variety of different engineering entrance tests, however, it is important to ensure that the candidate’s desired university accepts a particular test, before applying for any entrance test. Tabulated below are some of the popular entrance tests for the course you may have to appear for in India:
Agricultural Engineering Entrance Test
ICAR AIEEA (UG/PG)
Conducted by the NTA, the ICAR AIEEA is conducted for admission to 15% of the seats in agriculture and allied courses offered by universities in India. The test is also used to determine whether an applicant is qualified for the National Talent Scholarship in Agriculture & Allied Science subjects.
Conducted primarily for admissions to engineering, agricultural and medical courses offered by universities and colleges in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states.
Short for Karnataka Common Entrance Test, KCET is conducted by the Karnataka Examination Authority to facilitate undergraduate admissions in the UK.
BCECE is another state-level entrance examination conducted to enrol students in various Engineering, Agriculture and Medicine courses in Bihar.
It should be noted that students may find state-wise entrance tests that will see them qualified for state-run universities and even some private universities. However, they must first shortlist the desired universities and thoroughly read through the admission policies before applying to any entrance tests.
Apart from universities and colleges in India, there are hundreds of universities and colleges across the globe that offer reputable agricultural engineering courses. With the ever-expanding population and looming environmental crisis, the need for effective and efficient agricultural practices grow exponentially as well. Thus, more and more universities and bringing out agriculture-oriented courses, such as Agricultural Engineering courses abroad. Studying such courses abroad is one of the best ways to enhance the career prospects of any individual in the field of agriculture. Moreover, studying the course abroad will also expose individuals to the agricultural practices employed worldwide, which can further be adapted to Indian conditions.
With such excellent career prospects awaiting graduates of agricultural engineering courses, choosing to study the course abroad could not be better. Additionally, foreign countries and universities alike have understood the importance of international students to the economic development of the country. Moreover, access to extremely flexible student loans as well as several different types of scholarships, fellowships and other financial aid have made studying abroad a breeze for aspirants.
The cost of studying agricultural engineering courses in India will depend on a number of factors including the type of degree course selected, the university of enrolment, the reputation and popularity of the course and university, among many other factors. For instance, government colleges are often comparatively inexpensive compared to private universities, where, bachelor courses may be slightly cheaper compared to master’s courses. Tabulated below is a brief difference in the course fees for agriculture engineering degree programmes in India.
Agricultural Engineering Course Fees (in INR Per Year)
30,000 - 10,00,000
1,00,000 - 12,50,000
35,000 - 11,00,000
25,000 - 12,50,000
Note: The Agricultural Engineering course fees mentioned in the table above have been outlined for reference purposes only. The actual course fees will differ and may even be slightly lower or higher than the range provided in the table.
The subject and syllabus for Agricultural Engineering courses are subject to the decisions of the university and college offering the programme. However, most universities will offer either the same subjects and syllabi or be related. Every university will outline the minimum course completion requirements, which will include a selection of core and elective subjects among other elements of the curriculum. Tabulated below are some of the syllabus and subjects covered under Agricultural Engineering courses in India.
|Engineering Mechanics||Physical Chemistry|
|Basics of Agricultural Engineering||Soil Mechanics|
|Agricultural Process in Industries||Science of Soils|
|Engineering Physics||Horticulture and Field Crops|
|Principles of Analytical Chemistry||Agricultural Microbiology|
|Fundamentals of Agricultural Meteorology||Fundamentals of Soil Science|
|Livestock and Poultry Production Management||Seed Production Technology of Agricultural Crops|
|Engineering Properties of Biological Materials||Farm Power and Machinery|
It should be noted that the subjects and syllabus mentioned above should be considered only as references and the actual subjects and topics covered will differ among different degree programmes and subject specialisations.
Being an umbrella subject, there are several different types of agricultural engineering specialisations that students can choose to study in India. Universities and colleges primarily offer these specialisations at the postgraduate level. Listed here are some of the popular agricultural engineering specialisations offered by top colleges and universities in the country:
Apart from being specialisations, students may also be able to pursue these subject specialisations as full-fledged programmes, allowing for further understanding and knowledge in the field of study. On the other hand, agricultural engineering will prepare students to be jacks of all trades, thus, facilitating a greater and more dynamic career prospect.
With the different types of courses available under this discipline, students will follow different types of course curricula for agriculture engineering. The different degree types as well as the different degree levels will entail different course curricula. However, outlined here is the general course curriculum for agricultural engineering courses at different levels that students can expect to see this year.
Undergraduate Agricultural Engineering Course Curriculum
Postgraduate Agricultural Engineering Course Curriculum
It should be noted that the individual universities will define the detailed guidelines and requirements to complete the course. Therefore, candidates are advised to collect all the necessary information regarding each university before finalising a university for their higher studies.
As is the case with any engineering or agricultural disciplines, candidates pursuing academics or professions in the field must possess certain skill sets, not only to stand out but to also be successful in the long run. The skillsets will differ with the level of education the aspirant is aiming for as well as the type of job role they aspire to pursue. However, there are certain skills and abilities that each agricultural engineering student or graduate must possess. These include:
Apart from these skills, students should also look into additional skills that accentuate a candidate’s professional profile, such as marketing and presentation skills along with a good grasp of the latest technology in use.
The scope of Agricultural Engineering courses in India is immense, ranging from a variety of professional as well academic routes. Depending on the level of education, i.e. Bachelor’s, Master’s or a PhD, candidates will find themselves qualified for a range of profiles, each carrying varying career prospects. Here are some of the different pathways that agricultural engineering graduates can take after completing their course.
After completing the entry-level course, i.e. BTech in Agricultural Engineering, students can take up the following routes to further their profiles in the field.
Graduates will also be able to pursue academic routes after BTech in Agricultural Engineering courses such as:
The first academic step after BTech in Agricultural Engineering is pursuing an MTech in Agricultural Engineering. One of the benefits of being an engineering discipline is that students will qualify for a range of related engineering disciplines, allowing graduates to expand their career prospects. However, some of the job roles after MTech in Agricultural Engineering include:
As is the case with any engineering field in India, the scope of Agricultural Engineering in India is immense. Being one of the more crucial disciplines, agriculture engineering facilitates more effective and efficient agricultural practices and methods being adopted across the country, benefitting both the consumers and the producers. Industries and organisations across the country are looking for skilled and qualified professionals in the field of Agricultural Engineering. Here are some of the job roles you can take up after completing the course in India.
Crop Specialist: The role entails the highest degree of understanding and knowledge regarding specific crops and the methods of cultivation. These roles will also see individuals working towards developing newer methods and technologies for efficient and high-quality yields.
Food Researcher: The role would require individuals to research and study every aspect pertaining to food production, quality assurance and distribution to ensure accessibility to the best possible food source available.
Site Engineer: A site engineer can often be regarded as a site investigator where the primary objective of the professionals is to ensure the implementation of safety regulations and guidelines as well as ensuring the right conditions and materials are met for the development of the site.
Agriculture Officer: Similar to the role of site engineer, an Agriculture Officer would oversee compliance of a farm or farmland according to the guidelines set by the state or federal jurisdiction. This role can be considered one of the more important roles as it ensures the safety of all involved.
Agricultural Consultant: Requiring a high level of competence and understanding of the field of agriculture, graduates can also become agricultural consultants, offering their knowledge, expertise and understanding of the different aspects of the field to various agro-based organisations and industries.
One of the major components that make agricultural engineering an attractive profession is the career prospects awaiting graduates of the course. However, there are numerous elements that affect the salary package an agriculture engineering graduate may receive. Regardless, tabulated below are some common job roles and their corresponding salaries in the field of agricultural engineering.
|Job Role||Average Annual Salary (in INR)|
|Agriculture Consultant||4,00,000 - 6,00,000|
|Agriculture Engineer||3,00,000 - 8,00,000|
|Agriculture Scientist||2,50,000 - 7,00,000|
|Agriculture Officer||3,00,000 - 6,00,000|
Note: The salaries listed above are just for reference purposes and are subject to various factors such as the level of education the candidate possess, prior work experience in the role or field, area of employment, company of employment and much more.
The scope of agricultural engineering is immense graduates will find themselves qualified for a range of job roles in industries or sectors related to agriculture, engineering, food science, R&D, government departments and more. As agriculture is crucial to the economy, graduates of the course are key to the development and innovation of new technologies and methodologies used in the agriculture and food industries.
Depending on the level of education they possess and the prior work experience they have, the annual salary packages after agricultural engineering can range between INR 2.5 to 8 LPA, initially. With greater experience and qualifications, an agricultural engineer can expect to earn upwards of 11-12 LPA, depending on the organisation of employment and their respective job roles and responsibilities.
Determining the best course between BTech in Agricultural Engineering and BSc in Agriculture will be subjective to individual goals and objectives. Regardless, both fields of study offer similar career prospects with similar earning potential. However, both degree programmes will qualify students for completely different job roles and career trajectories, where, one leads to innovation and development, the other leads to research and development.
Yes, agricultural engineering is a good career choice since it specialises specifically in industries related to agriculture and engineering. Therefore, candidates interested in pursuing a career in agriculture and wishing to innovate and develop current agricultural practices and technologies must look into studying courses relating to agriculture and engineering. From academia to professional pathways, such courses qualify students for lucrative careers in the field.
For those planning to study agricultural engineering, it is important to have cleared the class 12 board exams in the stream of science, with a focus on subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics. However, students clearing Class 12 board exams in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics will find themselves equally qualified to study the degree programmes in India.
Agricultural Engineering is a discipline of engineering that combines the intricate knowledge of agriculture and engineering to research and develop new technologies and methodologies that facilitate a more effective and efficient farming practice. The course would primarily focus on machinery used to sow, harvest store and even process different crops, benefiting both the farmers and consumers equally.
Yes, agricultural engineering can be a tough course for some students since complex topics relating to engineering and agriculture will be studied in detail. Therefore, applicants must have a good grasp of advanced mathematical concepts, engineering topics and even scientific facts to stand a chance at clearing such a complex course. Being an engineering course, admissions to one of the top colleges offering the course will also be challenging.
Yes, entrance exams are necessary for agricultural engineering courses in India, primarily, those specifically curated for agricultural courses in India. Some of the popular entrance exams for this engineering and agriculture discipline in India include ICAR AIEEA (UG/PG), EAMCET, KCET, BCECE, etc. Depending on the level of education you are applying for, the entrance exams will vary.
The agricultural engineering subjects and syllabus will vary according to the course you wish to study and the level of education you wish to acquire. However, some subjects for undergraduate courses include Engineering Mechanics, Basics of Agricultural Engineering, Soil Mechanics, Science of Soils, Engineering Physics, etc, while, subjects for postgraduate courses include, Agricultural Microbiology, Fundamentals of Agricultural Meteorology, Livestock and Poultry Production Management, Farm Power and Machinery, etc.
There are numerous courses and different types of degree programmes available for agricultural engineering in India. From undergraduate courses (BTech) to postgraduate courses (MTech) to even doctoral programmes (PhDs), students will be able to build a strong foundation in this field of study. In addition to these degree programmes, students will also find a range of certificate, diploma and PG diploma course as well.
Yes, there is immense scope for agricultural engineering abroad, as both the agriculture and engineering industries are constantly evolving with changing times. With several multi-billionaires now working towards colonising other planets, the need for skilled and qualified agricultural engineers has grown significantly abroad. Therefore, it may be beneficial to study such a course abroad, since, there may be better opportunities abroad.
Yes, there are several institutes that offer agricultural engineering courses via distance learning and still have impeccable career prospects awaiting graduates. Institutes like IGNOU and other institutes offering distance-learning courses can help aspirants study their desired courses in this mode. However, being an engineering course, it is always better to pursue a full-time course and gain practical experience and build a solid professional network as well.
To become an agricultural engineer, candidates must first pursue agricultural engineering course or equivalent at the undergraduate and/or postgraduate levels. It would be beneficial to pursue a BTech in Agricultural Engineering to become an agricultural engineer, however, an MTech in Agricultural Engineering may boost career opportunities significantly, both in the short and long term.
There are numerous specialisations to choose from in agricultural engineering ranging from irrigation and drainage systems, agricultural machinery designs, post-harvest technologies, crop production, solid and water engineering, food engineering, agricultural waste management, process control, dairy management, agricultural economics and more. Interested students must confirm the specialisation they wish to study at an early stage to make admissions easier and quicker.
There are several renowned and reputable institutions that offer such reputable courses in India, including both public and private colleges. Some of the top colleges for agricultural engineering include IIT Madras, IIT Kharagpur, IISC Bangalore, Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth in Rahuri, SRM Institute of Technology in Chennai, Vellore Institute of Technology, Lovely Professional University in Jalandhar, CMR University in Bangalore and more.
Depending on the level of qualification a graduate holds, there are several job roles after agricultural engineering courses in India. Some of the popular job roles after studying the course include Crop Specialist, Food Researcher, Site Engineer, Agriculture Officer, Agriculture Consultant, Horticulturist, Agricultural Scientist, Farm Manager, Agriculture Professor, Field Application Engineer and many more.
Yes, you can study agricultural engineering at IITs such as IIT Kharagpur and IIT Madras. However, there are several different government and private engineering and agricultural institutes that are equally renowned for their courses in this field of study, promising good career opportunities upon graduation. Admissions to such reputable institutions will be based on the scores achieved in highly competitive entrance exams.
The course fees for agricultural engineering courses will vary between different universities and several other factors including the level of degree programme. However, the general range of courses in this discipline in India can range from INR 25,000 to 13,00,000 per year. Generally, government colleges are cheaper compared to private colleges, whereas, some master’s courses may be cheaper than bachelor’s courses in India.
Companies across the nation and the globe are constantly looking for skilled and qualified graduates in the discipline. Some of the popular recruiters for agricultural engineering courses in India include Parle, ITC Limited, Britannia, Nestle, Farming Industry Consultants and Amul Dairy, among others. Graduates will find jobs across a range of agri-businesses, food production and processing companies and even government agencies as well.