Metallurgical Engineering focuses on the physical and chemical properties of metallic elements as well as the principles of processing, metal extraction, and design. In the material sciences and engineering field known as metallurgy, researchers examine the physical and chemical properties of metallic elements, their intermetallic ingredients, and the amalgams of these elements referred to as alloys. After finishing the 10th grade, and the 12th grade, and graduating with a minimum 50% aggregate in Physics and Mathematics, students may enrol in the Metallurgy Engineering course.
Admission to Engineering Metallurgy courses can be made based on the applicant’s merit rank and entrance exam scores. Entrance exams for these courses are WBJEE, AP EAMCET, JEE Main, TS EAMCET, and more. Further, candidates can pursue Metallurgical Engineering courses in offline and online learning modes. In India, the average course fee is up to INR 8 LPA, depending on the course type and course level (diploma, undergraduate, and postgraduate). Some popular Metallurgy Engineering colleges are IIT Hyderabad, IIT Roorkee, NIT Trichy, Jadavpur University, and more. After the completion of the course, students can attain job positions such as Operation Analysts, Logisticians, Production Engineers, Quality Engineers, etc. with an average salary of between INR 4 LPA and INR 9 LPA.
As discussed, engineering that deals with metals is called metallurgical engineering. It includes materials made from mixtures of metals, such as metal alloys and the extraction and refining of metals from the earth. The following highlights table provides quick information about the Metallurgy Engineering course:
Level of Programme
Top Entrance Exams
|Up to 8 LPA (depends on course level)|
|INR 4-9 LPA|
Operation Analysts, Logisticians, Quality Engineers,
Production Engineer, Cost Estimators, Management Trainee, and more.
|Ashok Leyland, NTPC, Larsen & Toubro, L&T, IOCL, Aditya Birla, Godrej, and so on.|
The technological field of metallurgical engineering focuses on the production along with the utilisation of particular metals. Since Metallurgy Engineering has great potential for professional earnings, pursuing this field can be beneficial. Metallurgist engineers have employment choices in this industry due to increasing trends in fossil fuel use and industrial metal usage.
A wide range of topics are covered under the broad discipline of Metallurgy, including physical, extractive, welding, corrosion, mechanical metallurgy, and more. Prospective students can put their abilities to use in a variety of fields, including energy, mining, manufacturing, aerospace, construction, and the armed forces. Applicant's preparation for the extraction, refining, and production of metal products is greatly aided by Engineering Metallurgy.
Students must meet the necessary eligibility requirements to be admitted to the course of Metallurgical Engineering. For diploma, undergraduate, and postgraduate programmes, there are respective prerequisites for admission that students must fulfil. The following are the eligibility requirements for different levels of programmes in metallurgical engineering:
One of the most prognosticated engineering programmes after 12th grade is the one in Metallurgical Engineering. These courses are provided at different academic levels and are offered to prospective students in all three modes of learning: full-time, part-time and online/distance schooling. Metallurgy Engineering types are discussed below:
Students must attend full-time in-person classes, complete regular assignments, and take semester-by-semester offline exams on campus. They must also present projects and perform practicals as part of the course curriculum. Further, they gain practical experience in the subject as well as in-depth learning through actively engaging with their instructors and other students.
For students who cannot commit to the full-time programme or who are working in their professions full-time, there is a part-time Metallurgical Engineering course available. The part-time programme lasts nearly three years.
Similar to the part-time course, distance/online Metallurgy Engineering courses also last three years and can be pursued from anywhere and anytime (if allowed). This course is designed for students or researchers who are working professionals and who cannot attend full-time or even part-time courses. Colleges like IIMT University Meerut, PMIST Thanjavur, SIT Darjeeling, UEC Ujjain, GCT Coimbatore, etc. provide this course.
Students can get admission to Metallurgy Engineering courses in two ways: online form submission and offline in-person admittance. Students who wish to apply for admission online must first visit the official website of their chosen university to determine whether they match the requirements for admission. After that, users must input their login information and upload scanned versions of the required documents. On the other hand, a student who wishes to apply for admission offline must visit the campus, complete the application form, and attach copies of any required paperwork.
The top universities in India offer B Tech in Metallurgical Engineering programmes, and seats are available through central and state-level assessments. You need to cover courses like Chemistry, Physics, and Maths up to the 10+2 grade thoroughly to be ready to take these tests. The only requirement for these tests is the completion of 10+2 with decent grades. Further, the cutoff scores for each exam vary each year based on the highest percentile achieved by the topper. At both the state and national levels, a few metallurgical engineering entrance exams are listed below:
AP EAMCET: The Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University in Kakinada administers the Engineering, Agriculture, and Medical Common Entrance Test (AP EAMCET). This test's difficulty level ranges from moderate to high and is conducted in online mode.
BITSAT: This test is administered by the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani. It is an easy to moderately difficult computer-based assessment.
JEE Advanced: It is jointly organised by the seven zonal IITs of Kanpur, Bombay, Roorkee, Guwahati, Madras, Kharagpur, and Delhi. This test's level of difficulty ranges from moderate to high.
JEE Mains: The national-level engineering entry exam is known as Mains. The exam's level of difficulty ranges from moderate to high. This test's administration is being handled by the National Testing Agency. Twice a year, a computer-based exam is held for it.
KIITEE: The KIIT Entrance Examination is administered by KIIT, Bhubaneswar. It is a computer-based admission exam that is moderately difficult.
MET: The Manipal Entrance Test (MET) is a university-level examination that is administered by the Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE). It has a moderate degree of difficulty.
MHT CET: The Maharashtra government's Directorate of Technical Education administers the Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHT CET) each year for admission to various academic disciplines including engineering.
SRMJEEE: The SRM Institute of Science and Technology administers the SRMJEEE test whose difficulty level ranges between easy and moderate. It is a three-times-per-year computer-based online exam.
VITEEE: This test is being administered by the Vellore Institute of Technology. This university-level assessment is simple to moderate. It is conducted yearly and is computer-based.
WBJEE: This test is administered by the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board (WBJEEB). It is a simple to moderately difficult computer-based online test.
You must be passionate about mastering the chemical principles underlying the manufacturing of metals if you want to succeed as a metallurgy student. If you are intrigued by this, doing a metallurgy course abroad can be the best option for you. As these disciplines are essential to completing the degree, it is also imperative for candidates studying metallurgy engineering abroad to be interested in subjects such as Physics, Mathematics, and chemistry.
As a student, you will be asked to complete research within non-contact sessions in addition to attending lectures and hands-on instruction. The module alternatives offered at each university and the professors' skill sets should be taken into account most carefully when choosing the best country to study Metallurgical Engineering abroad. While many basic degree electives are interchangeable throughout courses, some foreign colleges also offer a variety of additional modules. If you already know the field of study you want to specialise in, it is worthwhile to find out if the institution of your choosing provides you with subject options that will help your post-graduate profession.
Metallurgical Engineering course fees primarily depend on two factors: the level of the course and the type of institution one intends to enrol in. That said, if one chooses to opt for a Diploma in Metallurgical Engineering or an undergraduate degree course, the fee for Metallurgy Engineering tends to be cheaper than postgraduate or PhD courses. The following table shows the Metallurgical Engineering course fees for some top colleges at an undergraduate level:
Overall Course Fee (in INR)
Amal Jyothi College of Engineering
Amity University, Kolkata
Bhubaneswar Institute of Industrial Technology
Government College of Engineering
Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Technology
OP Jindal University, Raigarh
Metallurgical engineering specialisation can be achieved through an MTech or PhD degree from any university that is recognised for its expertise in the field. The following table lists the Metallurgy Engineering syllabus for different specialisations:
A solid foundation in Physics, Mathematics, and Chemistry is essential for success in this field of study. Similarly, logical reasoning, perseverance, scientific aptitude, hard work, teamwork, problem-solving, the capacity to communicate effectively using figures and phrases, creativity, technical drawing proficiency, computer proficiency, etc. are other important skills. As an employee is obligated to take on a variety of tasks across different workplaces, it is important to be adaptive and flexible.
After passing their class 12th or a comparable test in the Science stream, those with a passion for metals can choose to pursue a B Tech in metallurgical engineering degree that lasts four years. Given that it uses a semester-by-semester examination format, it has eight semesters. For undergraduate students, there are roughly 6 to 10 core metallurgy-related disciplines taught, and the remaining subjects are related to mechanical engineering. Further, students have the option of choosing a job or continuing their education by enrolling in an MTech degree. The following are the Metallurgical Engineering syllabus & subjects:
India is rapidly modernising, and its government is advancing this goal with creative initiatives like "Made in India" and several more. This kind of drive has made India a manufacturing hotspot in the globe that needs a lot of Metallurgist engineers. The rising demand for metallic machinery and the raw resources it requires will lead to increased funding for India's Metallurgy engineering industry.
Metallurgical engineering is a broad profession with a wide range of career opportunities. Graduates of this programme can anticipate a rewarding future in the manufacturing industry, in businesses that produce equipment, or in the field of research and development. This career covers not only the research and development aspects but also the design and production of functional metal products. They have two options: they may find employment in the private sector or go to graduate school for a related field of study. They can function as metallurgists, engineers for quality planners, plant equipment, suppliers, and so forth.
In India, the average salary of a Metallurgist Engineer ranges between INR 4 LPA and INR 9 LPA. It may vary depending on the type of recruiting company, level of education, professional experience, location, and more. The following table outlines some popular job profiles in the field of Metallurgy Engineering along with their job description and estimated average annual approximate salary:
Average Salary (in INR)
They might collaborate on projects such as developing new metal alloys, improving the manufacturing processes of metals and their alloys, or addressing challenges with metal corrosion
A group of metallurgical engineers can be managed by someone with managerial abilities across several production units
They design innovative metals and alloys, improve metal and alloy manufacturing, examine and resolve challenges with metal failure, and do quality control testing
Research scientists analyse the extraction, manufacturing, and chemistry as well as the chemical and physical properties of both metals and their alloys
To lessen the negative effects on the metals and improve operational effectiveness, innovative technologies and procedures can be incorporated. The following are some skills that will help you be the best Metallurgist engineer to deal with situations such as metal failure:
Metals and their alloys are examined by metallurgical engineers to ascertain both their physical and chemical properties. For particular uses like lightweight yet robust metals for aviation parts, vehicles or sensitive metals for electronics, they produce innovative alloys. Mentioned below are a few career options and job prospects after Metallurgical Engineering:
The iron and steel, oil, non-ferrous, and research industries are just a few of the major employers of Metallurgist engineers. The following are the employers looking for graduates in the field of metallurgical engineering:
Yes, the demand for Engineering Metallurgy in India will rise in the future at a huge level due to the increasing number of steel plants. By 2025, India will become the second largest manufacturer and consumer of steel in the world, after China. It is expected that this field will experience increasing demand in the near future.
Yes, a Metallurgist Engineer can work in the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Aside from offering decent salaries, ISRO also offers its employees a good reputation and a comfortable lifestyle compared to many other jobs offered by the Indian government. Another popular benefit to work in ISRO is job security.
No, Metallurgy Engineering is not hard to study. Given that candidates must possess a diverse mix of skills, including an aptitude for mandatory subjects such as Maths and Physics, the field of metallurgical engineering can be challenging to break into. Further, the tuition fee for most state-level colleges is also fairly costly, making it unlikely that most students could enter this profession.
In terms of finding employment, especially in the public sector, pursuing Mechanical Engineering is considered better than Metallurgy Engineering. However, both mechanical and metallurgical engineering have high employment possibilities as long as your institution is a Tier 1 college, such as IITs, NITs, or state-level colleges. As a result, choosing whether to pursue Metallurgical Engineering compared to other branches of engineering completely depends on a student’s interests and academic standing.
Metallurgical Engineers study everything related to metals and how they can be safely turned into goods that are helpful to mankind, such as computer chips, medical implants, automobiles, materials for space travel, and so on. Among these activities are the extraction, refinement, and recycling of metals and alloys. Furthermore, the industry offers decent compensation to Metallurgy students who are placed in research programs or government agencies.
The on-site job duties of a Metallurgist Engineer include many things such as working in industries and plant extraction, research laboratories, and handling the processing of metals such as nickel, zinc, tin, aluminium and brass, and more. Listed below are a few typical on-site job duties of a Metallurgy Engineer:
Assure the quality of metal products
Conduct research and development
Develop processing plants
Sell and service metal products
Supervise production processes
The Metallurgical Engineering course is beneficial for students to apply their mathematical and Metallurgy principles to the development, design, and operational evaluation of metal components of load-bearing, structural, gearbox, power, and moving systems. Its advantages also include learning about formulating the analysis of engineering problems like creep, stress, stability, metal failure, optimal manufacturing processes, electromagnetism, environmental fluctuations, alloy behaviour, thermodynamic characteristics, and related design considerations.
The major areas of recruitment for a Metallurgy Engineer include Ballistics Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Civil services, Composites Engineering, Foundries, Heat Treatment Specialist, Indian railway, Manufacturing industries of metals, Metallurgical, Materials Research and Development Laboratories, Mineral Process Engineering / Ceramic Engineering, Non-Destructive Testing Specialist, Nuclear energy field, Polymer Engineering / Welding Engineering, Process Engineering / Corrosion Engineering, Quality Planning Engineering, Semiconductor Processing Engineering, Space research/ Aeronautic, Steel industry, and so on.
Students who have completed a BTech degree in Metallurgy-related fields of study can pursue MTech in Metallurgical Engineering. Within two years, it is broken down into four semesters. For admission into the MTech Metallurgy Engineering, GATE is the most popular exam. Students who pursue an MTech following a BTech can be confident of getting some of the popular executive-level job prospects with competitive pay.
Yes, you can work as a university professor after pursuing a Metallurgical Engineering course provided you have completed an M Tech + PhD in Metallurgy-related fields of study. Students must pass the GATE exam and have an acceptable Metallurgical Engineering rank to study MTech. Additionally, individuals for professorships must complete a PhD by passing the university's Research Entrance Test. Furthermore, they must produce and disseminate research articles to support their research proposal.
The average fee for a BTech in Metallurgical Engineering is between INR 1.25 LPA and INR 2 LPA. However, the exact BTech in Metallurgical Engineering fees depends on the type of programme, institute, and course level one chooses to enrol in. For students from socially impoverished communities, government institutes like IITs and NITs give scholarships with fees ranging between INR 60k and 1.5 LPA.
The course duration of integrated BTech-MTech in Metallurgical Engineering is nearly five years. While it takes six years to complete a standard BTech and MTech degree separately, an integrated BTech-MTech in Metallurgy Engineering course only takes five years to complete. The JEE Main and JEE Advanced determine admission to this programme. Thus, individuals who want to work in academia or research are particularly interested in doing an integrated course.
The top private colleges for Metallurgical Engineering in India are Amity University (Kolkata), Bhubaneswar Institute of Industrial Technology, Government College of Engineering (Salem), OP Jindal University (Raigarh), RVS College of Engineering and Technology, Amal Jyothi College of Engineering, Anurag University, CMJ University, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Technology, and PSG College of Technology. These institutions are highly known for providing Metallurgy Engineering courses due to their excellent facilities and highly skilled instructors.
The Indian Institutes of Technology or IITs, often referred to as "temples of excellence," are some of the best government colleges in India for aspirants interested in obtaining a Metallurgy Engineering degree. IIT Hyderabad, IIT Madras, Jadavpur University, NIT Surathkal, NIT Warangal, IIT Bombay, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Roorkee, NIT Rourkela, and NIT Trichy are the top government Metallurgical Engineering colleges.
Several top entrance exams for Metallurgical Engineering are administrated in India at both the state and national levels to help students attend them as feasibly as possible. Some Metallurgy Engineering entrance exams are TSEAMCET, APEAMCET, COMEDK UGET, IMUCET, MET, HPCET, JEECUP, UPESEAT, BVP CET, TNEA, SAAT, SRMJEEE, CGPET, BITSAT, JEE Main, JEE Advanced and so forth.
The Metallurgy Engineering course syllabus for distance learning is the same as the regular full-time course, depending on the requirement of the course level. Similar to conventional courses, the evaluation structure is 30% internal assessment and 70% final test. Distance learning is an option for those who cannot afford full-time coursework. Additionally, candidates who are unable to attend full-time programmes may opt for a part-time or online B Tech in Metallurgical Engineering programme.
Yes, the field of Civil Engineering is better than Metallurgical Engineering in terms of employment and career prospects. There are a lot of work opportunities available in Civil engineering, but the level of competition is also very high since it is one of the oldest branches of engineering. In the long term, the metallurgy market can offer great opportunities since it is still in the growing phase.
The best books for the Metallurgical Engineering course are Engineering Thermodynamics by author P K NAG, Iron and Steel Making by authors V R Tupkary and Dr R H Tupkary, Introduction to Metallurgy and Materials Engineering by authors S S Sabharwal and Anup Goel, Phase Transformations by authors Kenneth E Easterling, David A Porter, and Mohamed Y Sherif, and so on.
The elective subjects for Metallurgy Engineering are elective subjects that candidates can choose as per their interests or based on their career objectives. The list of typical elective Metallurgical Engineering subjects includes Fuels and Refractories, Electronic and Magnetic Materials, Energy and Environment in Metallurgical Industries, Instrumental Analysis, and so on.
The core subjects for Metallurgy Engineering are compulsory subjects that students must undertake during their studies to sit for semester-wise examinations. The list of typical core Metallurgical Engineering subjects includes Introduction to Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Metallography Techniques, Phase Transformations, Materials Processing Technologies, Engineering Thermodynamics, Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Deformation and Testing of Materials, Mechanics of Materials, and more.
Students who can manage multiple responsibilities while executing their job and have a variety of skill sets, including analytical and problem-solving skills can pursue Metallurgical Engineering. They must be capable of finding solutions and possess an in-depth understanding of metals and materials. They need to build relationships with other metallurgy engineers and be extremely self-driven.
Industrial sectors, metallic products, and metal manufacturing are the primary fields where graduates from this field find good employment opportunities. In addition to working in university labs and colleges in India and abroad, professionals in this field can work in research facilities abroad as well. Some popular career options after Metallurgical Engineering are Ballistics Engineer, Metallurgist, Plant Equipment Engineer, Professor, Quality Planning Engineer, Researcher, Scientist, Supplier Development Engineer, Welding Engineer, etc.
A metallurgical engineer is an expert in the field of metallurgy or metallurgical engineering, which deals with the manufacturing of various metal tools, machinery, vehicles, and structures. Metals, metallic components, and other materialistic properties are all things that a metallurgical engineer is interested in producing. They contribute to the creation of goods that are more durable, lightweight, and energy-efficient.