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    Genetic Engineering

    Genetic Engineering Overview

    Genetic Engineering is a branch of contemporary genetics that is used at a global level for numerous purposes. It is an assortment of various technologies and scientific notions utilizing which scientists can modify the genomic data like the DNA of a naturally occurring cell to make it commercially beneficial. Candidates will be able to pursue genetic engineering after the completion of class 10. Candidates are able to pursue Genetic Engineering at diploma, graduation, and postgraduate levels. Genetic Engineering is a relatively new and less explored field of science all over the world, but with the increasing progress in science and technology, the Genetic Engineering course is present in practically every significant science university. 

    Admission into Genetic Engineering is done based on the entrance exams and the merit of the candidates. Candidates willing to pursue Genetic Engineering are mandated to secure at least 50% marks in their last qualifying exam with PCMB subjects. Candidates have to appear for entrance exams such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, MHT CET, etc exams to get admitted into Genetic Engineering courses. 

    Genetic Engineering can be pursued online, and offline as well as through distance learning. Some of the top institutes include SRM University, Chennai, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Bharath University, Chennai, Aryabhatta Knowledge University, etc.

    Genetic Engineering Course Highlights

    The highlights of genetic engineering courts have been presented in the table below for the candidates. This will give a general overview of the course. Therefore candidates are advised to go through the highlights prior to the other topics of the course.



    Course Name

    Genetic Engineering

    Course Level

    Diploma, Undergraduate, Postgraduate

    Average Duration

    2 to 5 years



    • Candidates must have passed class 10 or its equivalent examination with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate each in Science and Mathematics as compulsory subjects
    • English should be one of the compulsory subjects of the candidate in last qualifying level


    • Candidates must have passed class 10 or class 12 or equivalent examination from any recognized central or state board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects
    • Candidates must have secured at least 50% marks in aggregate

    Post Graduation

    • Candidates should have passed a BTech or B.E degree in genetic engineering with a minimum passing percentage in the accretion of all subjects studied in the undergraduate program
    • Candidates must have secured at least 60% marks in aggregate in the last qualifying exam

    Examination Type

    Semester System

    Admission Process

    Counseling after taking entrance examination

    Average Course Fee

    INR 2 LPA to 10 LPA

    Major Entrance Exams

    • JEE Main
    • JEE Advance
    • SRMJEE
    • VITEEE
    • BITSAT
    • MHT CET.

    Top Colleges

    • SRM University, Chennai
    • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
    • Bharath University, Chennai
    • Aryabhatta Knowledge University

    Top Recruiters

    • The National Institute of Immunology
    • Aurobindo Pharma
    • Fresenius Medical Care
    • Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre
    • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
    • Aspen Pharma
    • Lupin
    • Amneal Pharmaceuticals Inc
    • The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology

    Average Starting Salary

    INR 3 LPA to INR 8 LPA

    Genetic Engineering Scope in India. Why choose Genetic Engineering?

    Genetic engineering is one of the most widely chased courses in India, with multiple career options in private as well as government sectors at different entry levels. Candidates from an undergraduate or postgraduate can easily find work as a research assistant or as a lab manager, whereas Ph.D. scholars can join the university as lecturers while continuing their postdoctoral training side by side. In order to become a genetic engineering scientist, candidates are required to have a doctoral degree in biological sciences. On the fulfillment of the program, candidates can get employment in the R & D departments of diverse Government Institutions. Major sectors like medicine, pharmaceuticals, education, and even the military offer recruitment to qualified candidates.

    India being an epicenter of generic medicines, there are abundant job possibilities in the medical and pharmaceutical industries, genetic engineering firms, and chemical industries with salaries varying anywhere between INR 8 LPA to INR 12 LPA (Approx.). If a candidate chooses to work in research labs of various esteemed universities, one day, they may even be aiding a complete research undertaking fully subsidized by the state. 

    Genetic Engineering v/s Biotechnology

    Candidates are often confused between genetic engineering and Biotechnology course. They have been very similar and closer to each other. In fact, genetic engineering is itself a part of biotechnology. Therefore we have brought a comprehensive concept and a visible difference between the genetic engineering course and the Biotechnology course. Candidates can take a look at it in order to clear out their doubts.???????

    Srl No.

    Genetic Engineering



    • It is a biotechnological application in which the DNA or genes of organisms are manipulated as per the requirement. 
    • It is one of the very highly productive applications of biology where organisms are modified in order to gain financial benefits.


    • Genetic Engineering has been utilized particularly to aid the needs of humans
    • In genetic engineering, an identified gene of other organisms that is accountable for a certain function is sequestered, and it is introduced into another organism, letting the gene express, and profit from it.
    • Biotechnology uses a biological system, product, derivative, or organism, in a technological characteristic to satisfy financially.
    • The main streams that biotechnology traces are cell and tissue culture, genetic engineering, microbiology, embryology, molecular biology, etc


    • In Genetic engineering, to yield the desired outcome the genome of an organism is modified.
    • Biotechnology is the usefulness of a biological system, product, derivative, or organism in a technological aspect to benefit financially.


    • Genetic engineering is an application of biotechnology
    • Biotechnology has a very long history than genetic engineering does


    • when compared with the organisms used in biotechnology, genetically modified organisms have a very slight chance to survive in nature.
    • In biotechnology, the organisms are not always modified to be different, but their natural processes are improved to get the optimum product. The organisms that are used in biotechnology may not be in grave danger under natural conditions.


    • Production of food and medicine has been the main practice performed through genetic engineering.
    • The use of genetic engineering has been starting to benefit agricultural crops so that there may be an increase in immunity against insects or herbicides.
    • Biotechnology has provided more products than genetic engineering has so far.
    • Alcoholic Beverages, Chocolates, the cultivation of food plants, producing high-yielding crops, antibiotics, enzymes, etc are all the outcomes of Biotechnology

    How many courses are there in Genetic Engineering?

    There are Diploma, Undergraduate, Postgraduate, and Ph.D. Genetic Engineering courses are available for candidates to apply for Genetic Engineering. Candidates can take a look at the courses mentioned below to understand the parameters required to complete the Genetic Engineering course. 

    Diploma Course in Computer Engineering (Bachelor of Technology in Genetic Engineering)

    • Candidates can pursue Diploma Course in Genetic Engineering after passing their Class 10
    • To be eligible for a diploma course, it is mandatory to have a PCM background in class 10+2
    • Candidates can get admission to good colleges if they have at least 40% marks
    • The duration of a diploma in Genetic Engineering course is 3 years
    • A diploma in Genetic Engineering has good demand, but not as much as a graduate in the field.

    For Undergraduate Genetic Engineering Courses ( Bachelor of Technology in Genetic Engineering)

    • The duration of the BTech in Genetic Engineering course is 4 years
    • To pursue a Genetic Engineering course at the undergraduate level, candidates need to have at least 50% marks during their class 10+2 from a recognized national or state-level education board.
    • The core subjects in class 10+2 class should be Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Mathematics (PCMB).
    • Candidates need to clear national-level entrance exams or the entrance exam of the respective institute based on the requirement of the respective college or University

    Postgraduate Genetic Engineering Courses (Masters of Technology in Genetic Engineering)

    • The duration of the Master in Genetic Engineering course is 2 years
    • Candidates must have a bachelor's degree in Genetic Engineering with at least 50 to 60% marks from a reputed institute
    • Complete a bachelor's degree in either biotechnology or biochemistry or biomedical sciences or genetics 

    Doctoral Course (Ph.D. in Genetic Engineering)

    • The duration of a Ph.D. in Genetic Engineering is 2 to 5.5 years
    • To pursue a doctorate in Genetic Engineering, it is compulsory to have a postgraduate degree in the same
    • To become eligible for a doctorate-level course, candidates need to have a minimum GATE or NET score 
    • Candidates are required to score at least 50% marks in the last qualifying examination

    Genetic Engineering Specializations

    Below is the list of specializations that are available to candidates who are willing to pursue genetic engineering from a reputed college.

    • Biophysics
    • Plant Tissue Culture
    • Gene Therapy
    • Stem Cell Biology
    • Molecular Biology
    • Mathematics
    • Biostatistics

    Genetic Engineering Eligibility Criteria

    The eligibility criteria of genetic engineering have been explained on the basis of the degree of course. Candidates interested in respective fields are advised to check the Genetic Engineering eligibility criteria prior to applying for the Genetic Engineering course. This is advised to the candidates so that they don't waste unnecessary time on the wrong course.  


    The eligibility criteria for the Genetic Engineering undergraduate courses have been explained in the pointers below. 

    • Candidates should pass the class 12 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM) as core subjects.
    • The minimum marks required to pass Genetic Engineering with an aggregate of 60% marks.


    The eligibility criteria for the Genetic Engineering postgraduate courses have been explained in the pointers below.

    • Candidates must have an undergraduate degree in biochemistry or biotechnology or biomedical sciences or genetics
    • For a B.Tech degree in Genetic Engineering, Candidates with a minimum CPI of 6.5 or 60% of marks or First Class in the qualifying degree will be allowed
    • The Minimum qualifying marks in GATE are required for admission to Genetic Engineering courses


    The eligibility criteria for the Genetic Engineering diploma courses have been explained in the pointers below. 

    • Candidates are required to have a class 10 school degree for admission to a Genetic Engineering course from a recognized school
    • To be eligible for a Genetic Engineering diploma course, it is mandatory to have a Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM) background in class 10+2

    Genetic Engineering Types

    Genetic Engineering courses can be pursued at Diploma, Bachelor’s, Masters and Doctorate levels. Candidates will be able to pursue a Genetic Engineering course through Diploma in Genetic Engineering course, Bachelor of Technology (BTech), Bachelor of Engineering (BE) or Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Genetic Engineering, Master of Technology (MTech) Master of Science (MSc) or Master in Engineering (ME) in Genetic Engineering and Ph.D. in Genetic Engineering. 

    Genetic Engineering Entrance Exams

    Some of the popular entrance exams required for admission into the Genetic Engineering course have been explained below. 

    JEE Main

    The Joint Entrance Examination Main or commonly known as the JEE Main is a national-level entrance examination that is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for candidates every year. 

    JEE Advanced

    The Joint Entrance Examination Advanced more commonly known as JEE Advanced is a national-level entrance exam conducted by the top IITs. The top 2,50,000 candidates who have qualified for JEE Main are eligible for JEE Advanced exam.


    BITSAT is an entrance exam exclusively for admissions into the Birla Institute of Technology and Science annually.


    WBJEE is conducted by the West Bengal joint entrance examination board. It is conducted for admissions in undergraduate B Tech courses.  


    The State common entrance test cell of Maharashtra conducts the MHT CET exam every year. The exam is conducted on the basis of class 11 and class 12 syllabi.  


    The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering or GATE is a post-graduation national level entrance exam that is conducted for candidates who are willing to be admitted into the MTech course across the institutes of India.

    Genetic Engineering Top Colleges in India

    The top genetic engineering colleges in India have been listed in the table below. Candidates can check them by location.

    Genetic Engineering Institutes

    City or Location

    SRM University

    Kattankulathur, Chennai

    Indian Institute of Science


    Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research

    Selaiyur, Chennai

    Aryabhatta Knowledge University


    Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar


    Sharda University

    Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh

    Shoolini University Solan

    Solan, Himachal Pradesh

    Genetic Engineering Upcoming Trends

    Genetic Engineering is relatively a new associate of modern science. Leaving that it has managed to demonstrate itself as one of the considerable yet important fields in the modern science and technology field. There are boundless opportunities unrestricted in this sector and have highlighted the interest of a wide extract of scientists who is responsible for constructing it in a comprehensive research zone. 

    The Genetic Engineering sector is moderately the most emerging sector which discovered considerable unexplored methodologies and equipment. Some of the upcoming trends observed in the field of Genetic Engineering have been pointed out in the pointers below.

    • Genome Editing
    • Plastome Transformation
    • Exterminating Gene Expression Using RNA Interference
    • Expression of Added Genes
    • Gene Drive
    • Synthetic Chromosomes

    Genetic Engineering Abroad Top Colleges

    The table below highlights the abroad top colleges which render Genetic Engineering courses to candidates who are willing to pursue the Genetic Engineering course from reputed and recognized institutes of abroad countries. Some of the top demanded locations include the USA, UK, Denmark, Australia, Canada, Singapore, etc. 

    Abroad Genetic Engineering Colleges


    Harvard University


    University of Copenhagen


    Stanford University


    University of California—San Francisco


    Yale University


    Massachusetts Institute of Technology


    University of Oxford and University of Washington

    USA/ UK

    University of California


    University of Toronto


    Columbia University


    Cornell University


    University of California


    Washington University in St. Louis


    Baylor College of Medicine


    Johns Hopkins University


    University of Pennsylvania


    University of California


    University College London


    University of Tokyo


    Karolinska Institute


    University of Cambridge


    University of Michigan


    Catholic University of Leuven


    University of Queensland


    University of Groningen


    Sorbonne université


    National University of Singapore


    King Abdulaziz University

    Saudi Arabia

    What are Genetic Engineering Course Fees?

    The genetic engineering course fee of the top colleges in India have been highlighted in the following table. Candidates can check them based on their preferences.

    Genetic Engineering Institutes

    Genetic Engineering fee

    SRM University course fee

    INR 2,50,000

    Indian Institute of Science course fee

    INR 25,000

    Bharath Institute of Higher Education & Research course fee

    INR 6,00,000

    Aryabhatta Knowledge University course fee

    INR 2,00,000

    Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar course fee

    INR 7,44,000

    Sharda University course fee

    INR 674,732

    Shoolini University Solan course fee

    INR 525000

    Required Skill Set for Genetic Engineering

    The skills required to become a successful genetic engineer have been listed in the pointers below. Candidates are advised to check the pointers once to build up themselves.

    • Strong knowledge of scientific methodologies and conventions
    • PERL
    • Python
    • Ability to utilize computer-aided design (CAD)
    • Complicated problem-solving and critical thinking
    • Graphics or photo imaging
    • Word processing software programs
    • Excellent mathematical, deductive, and inductive reasoning, reading, writing, and oral comprehensive dexterities
    • Proficiency to use lasers spectrometers, light distribution equipment, binocular light compound microscopes, etc. 

    Genetic Engineering Course Curriculum

    The Genetic Engineering course familiarizes the analysis of genes at a broader level. Candidates are trained regarding living organisms from plants to human beings at a genetic tier. Considering several advanced lab equipments to modern gene-editing procedures, the curriculum covers all the facets to make candidates prepared for the field of Genetic Engineering.

    The Genetic Engineering course not only accepts the concepts from science but other subjects also have a significant part in this field such as chemistry and mathematics. The Genetic Engineering course curriculum also furnishes candidates with theoretical as well as practical learning through lab experiments, including all the essential technology of the present time. 

    Genetic Engineering Syllabus

    The Genetic Engineering syllabus for all four years. The syllabus has been divided into eight semesters. Candidates are advised to check them to get clarity.

    First-Year Genetic Engineering Syllabus

    The first-year Genetic Engineering syllabus has been segregated into semesters 1 and semester 2. Candidates can take a look at the subjects.

    Semester 1

    Semester 2

    Mathematics 1

    Mathematics 2


    Material Science


    Principles of Environmental Science



    Basic Engineering 1

    Basic Engineering 2


    Cell Biology


    Value Education

    Second-Year Genetic Engineering Syllabus

    The second-year Genetic Engineering syllabus has been segregated into semesters 3 and semester 4. Candidates can take a look at the subjects. 

    Semester 3

    Semester 4

    Enzyme Technology

    Basic Molecular Techniques

    Genetics & Cytogenetics

    Molecular Biology


    Stoichiometry and Engineering Thermodynamics


    Bio-press Principles

    Mechanical Operations & heat Transfer


    German Language Phase 1 or French Language Phase 1 or Japanese Language Phase 1

    German Language Phase 2 or Japanese Language Phase 2 or French Language Phase 2

    Computer Skills


    Third-Year Genetic Engineering Syllabus

    The Third year Genetic Engineering syllabus has been segregated into semesters 5 and semester 6. Candidates can take a look at the subjects.

    Semester 5

    Semester 6

    Advanced Molecular Techniques

    Recombinant DNA Technology

    Functional Genomics and Microarray Technology


    Momentum Transfer

    Chemical Reaction Engineering

    Bioprocess Engineering

    Gene Therapy


    Biosensors and Biochips

    Plant Tissue Culture and Transgenic Technology


    Personality Development


    Fourth-Year Genetic Engineering Syllabus

    The fourth-year Genetic Engineering syllabus has been segregated into semesters 7 and semester 8. Candidates can take a look at the subjects.

    Semester 7

    Semester 8

    Bio-separation Technology

    Project Work

    Animal Cell Culture and Transgenic Technology

    Bio-Safety, Bioethics, IPR & Patients

    Nano-biotechnology in Healthcare


    Stem Cell Biology


    Career Options and Job Prospects after Genetic Engineering

    The career options available to the candidates after pursuing genetic engineering have been listed in the table below. Candidates will be able to get an idea of the job profile that will be available to them along with the job description. This has been provided so that candidates can get a clear idea about the job profiles after the conclusion of genetic engineering courses.

    Job Profile

    Job Description

    Genetic Engineer

    • A Genetic Engineer is responsible for using their field knowledge and innovating new health systems or products essential from the commercial and scientific perspective
    • They play a major role in managing artificial organs to instrumentation involved in the field.


    A Professor of Genetic Engineering prepares graduates at the university level concerning their respective specializations.


    A Genomics function is to determine the existence of any type of alteration in their genomic arrangements so that they can expect the likelihood of formulating or transmitting genetic disorders hereafter.


    • The role of a Geneticist is to investigate patients with hereditable genetic disorders
    • Geneticist also nourishes them with appropriate and moderately safe treatment methodologies.

    Information Security Engineer

    An Information Security Engineer assembles and monitors security protocols to affix any sort of research data and systems from security infringements.

    Medical Writer

    A Research Writer, as the name proposes, is implicated in proofreading, editing, and disseminating diverse scientific research papers that compose data from clinical investigations to statistical reports.


    A Biophysicist brings out experimentations to determine the outcome of miscellaneous implications like preservatives, hormones, or other commercial by-products on living organisms and the environment.

    Top Recruiters of Genetic Engineers

    The top recruiters of genetic engineering have been listed in the pointers below. 

    • The National Institute of Immunology
    • Amneal Pharmaceuticals Inc
    • The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology
    • Aurobindo Pharma
    • Fresenius Medical Care
    • Aspen Pharma
    • Lupin
    • Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre
    • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd

    What is Genetic Engineering's salary?

    The salary of a genetic engineer based on experience and fresher level has been listed in the following table. Candidates can check them on the preference of the job profile.

    Job Profile

    Annual Income


    INR 5 LPA to 8.5 LPA

    Medical Writer

    INR 2.5 LPA to 6 LPA

    Genetic Engineer

    INR 4.5 LPA to 7 LPA


    INR 3.5 LPA to 5 LPA


    INR 5 LPA to 7.5 LPA


    INR 3.5 LPA to 6.5 LPA

    Information Security Engineer

    INR 4 LPA to 8 LPA

    FAQs about Genetic Engineering

    How is the examination taken in the Genetic Engineering course?

    Examinations are taken semester wise for the Genetic Engineering course.

    What is the admission process of a B. Tech Genetic Engineering Course?

    Candidates are admitted to B.Tech Genetic Engineering Course by entrance examinations followed by a counselling process and admission. 

    What is the duration of the B.Tech in Genetic Engineering Course?

    The duration of the B.Tech in Genetic Engineering Course is 4 years.

    What are some of the top colleges for BSc in genetics?

    Some of the top colleges for BSc genetics are listed in the pointers below:

    • Banaras Hindu University
    • SRM University
    • Punjab Agricultural University
    • Jawaharlal Nehru University
    • University of Delhi
    • University of Kolkata

    What is the genetic engineering course fee in Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research?

    The genetic engineering course fee of Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research is INR 6 LPA.

    Show More

    Related Questions


    ankita, Student / Alumni

    CSE is one of the most sought-after programs these days. India being global hub of software and back-office industries, this field has immense job opportunities. You must know the parameters on which to compare. Some are mentioned as follows: Curriculum: The course curricula of any tech degree must be very unique and dynamic. It must be developed with extensive consultations with industry. Tech trainings: The must students undergo many training like cutting edge technologies of SAP, Workday, waterfall other MOOCs, Advance Excel and many more. These skills come in handy for the students not only at the time of interviews and tests but also throughout their careers. Soft skills: There must be a dedicated effort by college/university in continuous improvement of personality, soft skills, professional ethics, interview skills, public speaking, presentation style development etc in students. These are must for placements as well as performance in the jobs. Exposure: The students must be exposed to large number of guest lectures and talks by industry experts, large number of events in university to enhance their organizing and networking kills, large number of social work initiatives to develop the right orientation and many more.

    prakash bhardwaj, Student / Alumni

    Quantum university situated in Roorkee uttarakhand is one of the most prestigious and reputed university in uttarakhand who provide best education with affordable fees.Quantum university also provide good scholarship through your 12th % or by Qcare scholarship exam conduct by university every year.The placements rate of this university is also above 90% and 200+companies visit the campus every year.The hostel facility of this university is very nice and affordable as compare to other university in uttarakhand.The Quantum university also provide passion programe in which student can participate in sports and hobbies courses also without any extra fees.

    Aditi Shrivastava, Student / Alumni

    Hi Somi, You will have to appear in the WBJEE of that year and qualify for the required cutoff to get admission to the B.Tech programme at GNIT. 

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