Biotechnology Engineering is the combination of biology and technology which involves knowing the technological applications that use biological systems or living organisms for creating or modifying products and processes. It is also the research and study of microorganisms, bio-organisms, and cell functions in living beings. The BE course is fascinating as the blend of two domains combines here to provide extensive knowledge and practical rigour along with academic learning through the Biotechnology Engineering syllabus.
Candidates who intend to pursue Biotechnology Engineering must have passed class 12th with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) as the main subjects. Admission to this course can be made either through entrance exams or on a merit basis. Entrance exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced, MHT CET, TS POLYCET, WBJEE, KCET, and others are conducted to provide admission to BE courses.
Biotechnology is a thriving professional path, with demand growing in industries such as pharmaceuticals, animal husbandry, agriculture, healthcare, medicine, genetic engineering, and various others. Candidates can evolve into Biotechnologists, Research Associate, Lab Scientist Process Engineer, Biotechnology Engineer, and more after completing this course. They can opt for either an online Engineering in Biotechnology course or an offline course. Well, some of the top biotechnology engineering colleges in India include Anna University, Delhi Technological University, Amity University, and others.
The biotechnology engineering field is popular amongst many Indian students. If you are looking to make a career in this field, check the essential highlights of this course, like top colleges, list of popular specialisations, entrance exam and salary in the table given below:
|Course Name||Biotechnology Engineering|
UG: 4 years
PG: 2 years
|List of popular specialisations|
|Entrance exams||JEE Main, JEE Advanced, GATE, KCET, VITEEE|
|Eligibility criteria||Candidates should have passed class 10+12 with PCB. Some colleges also consider mathematics as a compulsory subject to be eligible.|
|Admission process||Through entrance exam or merit basis|
|Colleges in India|
|Colleges in abroad|
For Beginners: INR 5-7 LPA on average
For Experienced: INR 15 LPA or more
|Jobs option||Biotechnology Engineer, Biotechnologists, Research Associate, Lab Scientist Process Engineer, Lecturer|
Engineering is one of the most reputable careers. Many candidates want to become an engineer and earn a decent salary. Engineering in Biotechnology itself is studied by many Indian students. There are many reasons for choosing this field and some of them are highlighted below:
One can pursue diploma programmes, bachelor's, master's, or doctorate degrees in the Biotechnology Engineering stream. Students can start with a diploma or bachelor's degree and start working as a professional. However, if they want to gain more knowledge and experience they can go for higher studies such as master’s or doctoral. Go through the list of courses given below:
|PhD||3 to 5 years|
|Dual Degree (UG+PG)||BTech + MTech or BS + MS||5 years|
Apart from these degrees, candidates can also pursue a postgraduate degree research-based. For this degree, students must have an undergraduate degree. Typically, candidates will select a field of study and collaborate with a professor on a thesis project.
For admission into the biotechnology engineering course, candidates have to follow the eligibility criteria set by the respective institute. The criteria work as a benchmark that is used by the institutes to scan the candidates for this engineering course. The eligibility criteria of courses depend and vary from institute to institute. Therefore the eligibility criteria for this course at different levels are mentioned in the headers below:
The eligibility criteria for the Diploma in this course have been listed below:
The eligibility criteria for BTech or BE in this Engineering course have been listed below:
The eligibility criteria for the MTech programme in this course have been listed below:
The eligibility criteria for MPhil in this Engineering course have been listed below:
There are various engineering specialisations available in the biotechnology stream. Candidates can choose their specialisation as per their interest in the field, subjects, and career options they want to pursue. While the syllabus of the course depends on the institution, the core knowledge remains the same. Check the list of various Biotechnology Engineering courses and specialisations that candidates can choose from given below:
|Popular Biotechnology Engineering Specialisations|
|Genomics and Bioinformatics||Food Microbiology|
|Biological Chemistry||Human Biology|
|Plant Science||Structural Biochemistry|
|Microbiology||Cell Biology and Biological Systems|
|Organic Chemistry||Physical Chemistry|
There are several types in this engineering stream that candidates can study as per their interests. The various types of Engineering specialisation in Biotechnology are categorised as colours. The four main types of Biotechnology Engineering are:
Medical Red Biotechnology
Human health and medicine are at the heart of medical biotechnology. Medical biotechnology comprises the development of novel pharmaceutical medications, vaccines, antibodies, and other medical products. The pharmaceutical sector and the medical profession both benefit from red biotechnology.
Industrial White Biotechnology
Industrial biotechnology has an impact on a variety of industries, including textiles, food, and energy. Its main goal is to utilise technology to develop innovative processes that consume fewer natural resources and energy than traditional techniques.
Environmental and Agricultural Green Biotechnology
Green biotechnology focuses on agricultural technologies, such as discovering new ways to grow stronger crops or developing new biopesticides to minimise the number of chemicals needed by farmers. The basic purpose of environmental biotechnology is to combine biology and engineering.
Marine Blue Biotechnology
Marine Biotechnology is the study of marine creatures to exploit them for different human uses, such as the development of novel medications or dietary supplements to improve human health. For diverse purposes, blue biotechnology uses a broad array of marine animals and resources, such as shellfish, algae, and other things. Marine biotechnology has a significant impact on the industrial sector.
There are various engineering streams available for candidates to explore and construct a career. But, many candidates get confused and puzzle between these many options and cannot decide what to choose. Biotechnology Engineering and Biomedical Engineering are one of the two engineering streams that candidates often find similar. But, there is a huge difference between these two streams. To get a fair idea, check the basic differences between these two engineering streams:
|Factor of Difference||Biotechnology Engineering||Biomedical Engineering|
|Meaning||Biotechnology Engineering is the study of microorganisms like bacteria in industrial, agricultural, medicinal, and other technical applications. However, it is not limited to medical uses.||Biomedical Engineering is the study of how engineering may be used to improve biological, food, agricultural, and environmental systems.|
In India, a fresher graduate may easily acquire a job in biotechnology with a beginning pay of INR 30,000-35,000 per month.
Salary packages in foreign and Gulf nations might range from INR 80,000 - 110,000 per month.
In India, a young graduate may easily find work with a beginning salary of INR 20,000-30,000 per month after completing a Biomedical Engineering degree.
Salary packages in foreign and Gulf nations might range from INR 60,000-80,000 per month.
To get admission in different courses offered in the Biotechnology Engineering field, students have to be eligible and should fulfill all the criteria mentioned for admission. Well, the admission process for this course varies in different colleges or institutions. In some colleges, admission is granted based on merit, while in some it is entrance based. Check the details about the admission process below:
In some colleges like IITs, NITs, IIITs and various other top-ranked colleges, admission is offered based on the engineering entrance exam which is followed by a counselling process.
To take admission in this engineering course through merit, candidates' scores from the previous class are taken into account. Direct admission refers to admission without taking or passing an entrance exam into colleges and universities. To apply for merit-based admission to this course, candidates need to fill out the application form released by the college on their official website.
Admission Through Management Quota
Through management quota, you might be admitted directly to a Biotechnology programme. But these criteria will differ for different colleges and programmes.
The admission process for this engineering field is done through an entrance examination. Different colleges and universities have different entrance examination sets that candidates need to pass and score a rank to get admission. Go through the list of the most popular Biotechnology Engineering Entrance Exam:
Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main is conducted to select candidates for the engineering programme in NITs, IIITs, and CFTIs. If candidates want to pursue Engineering in Biotechnology from these institutes need to clear the JEE Main entrance examination.
JEE Advanced is the next stage of JEE Main exam. Candidates who clear JEE Mains are eligible for the advanced entrance. The JEE Advanced exams are conducted to select qualified candidates for admission to IITs. Candidates who want to pursue this engineering stream at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) should clear the JEE Advanced examination.
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national-level engineering exam conducted to test candidates' knowledge of undergraduate subjects. Candidates who desire to enrol in master's programmes in IITs and NITs should qualify for this examination. The GATE exam score is valid for recruitment purposes of Public Sector Undertaking (PSU).
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE) is a single entrance exam for VIT Vellore, VIT Chennai, VIT Bhopal, and VIT Andhra Pradesh. This test is held on two campuses, one in Chennai and the other in Vellore. The admissions process is entirely based on the results of the VITEEE entrance exam. Candidates who want to take biotechnology engineering admission in these colleges should clear this entrance exam.
Karnataka Common Admission Test (KCET) is a state-level entrance test administered by the Karnataka Examination Authority (KEA). The purpose of this entrance test is to select qualified candidates for admission to various undergraduate programmes in Karnataka.
Many engineering colleges in India offer courses in this field. Candidates can choose the engineering college as per their interest, the specialisation they want to pursue, the fee structure, and others. Go through the list of top Biotechnology Engineering colleges in India given below:
|Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi||New Delhi|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|Birla Insititute of Technology||Ranchi|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur||West Bengal|
|Delhi Technological University||New Delhi|
|Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore||Karnataka|
|Chandigarh University||Punjab- Haryana|
|NIT Calicut National Institute of Technology||Calicut|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai||Maharashtra|
The scope of engineering is fast in global countries also. There are many Biotechnology Engineering colleges abroad that will offer you a dignified degree. Also, after completing your education, you will get a decent salary package in any international company. Adding to that, you will also get the options of various specialisations that might not be offered in India. If you studied this programme overseas, your experience working in high-tech laboratories will be beneficial to you. With a master's degree in biotechnology, you can work as a laboratory manager, biopharmaceutical specialist, plant biotechnologist, clinical research coordinator or biomedical engineer, and various other roles.
These are a few modern biotechnology sectors that need a large number of human resources and promise a bright future for the next generation. As a result, the colleges with courses in this field will undoubtedly play a critical role in determining the country's future, not only in terms of scientific research and development but also in terms of employability.
Top Biotechnology Engineering Colleges Abroad
Globally, Engineering in Biotechnology courses are offered in various top-notch universities and colleges. Candidates who want to pursue this course abroad have several options for Biotechnology Engineering Colleges:
|University of Oxford||England, UK|
|California Institute of Technology||California, USA|
|Columbia University||New York, USA|
|University of Toronto||Ontario, Canada|
|Imperial College||London, USA|
|University of California||California, USA|
|Stanford University||California, USA|
|University of Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania, USA|
|Cornell University||New York, USA|
|University of Cambridge||England, UK|
The fees of Biotechnology Engineering vary as per the course type, college, scholarship (if any), the specialisation you are an option for, and many other factors. The fees of this course on average are between INR 15,000-11,00,000. Candidates can check the biotechnology fees structure given below for various course types:
|Course Type||Course Fees (in INR)|
|Diploma programme Course Fee||15,000-1,30,000|
|Undergraduate Degree Course Fee||45,000-11,00,000|
|Postgraduate Degree Course Fee||40,000-3,00,000|
There are certain skills that a candidate must pertain to become an outstanding Biotechnology Engineer. To pursue a degree in Biotechnology Engineering, candidates must be well equipped with the following skillset:
The course curriculum of Engineering in Biotechnology specialisation combines fundamental biological science topics with rigorous engineering. In a typical undergraduate curriculum, the following major subjects are taught during this course:
The postgraduate biotechnology engineering course curriculum is mostly made up of advanced-level studies and subjects that provide an in-depth understanding of the field.
The syllabus of this programme varies as per your course type such as diploma, ug or pg degree, or doctorate. Throughout the programme, you will be taught various subjects like sciences, Foundation courses in organic chemistry, cell biology, etc. Check the general syllabus of the B Tech in Biotechnology Engineering programme of this course below:
|Semester 1||Semester 2||Semester 3||Semester 4|
|Introduction to Biotechnology||Elementary Mathematics-II||Biochemistry-I||Bioinformatics|
|Elementary Mathematics-I||Engineering Physics-II||Fluid Flow and Solid Handling||Biochemistry-II|
|Engineering Physics||Elementary Biology-II||Cell Biology and Microbiology||Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Elementary Biology-I||Engineering Chemistry||Enzyme Technology||Immunology|
|Semester 5||Semester 6||Semester 7||Semester 8|
|Bioprocess Engineering-I||Food Biotechnology||Bioprocess Engineering-II||Environmental Biotechnology|
|Genetic Engineering||Engineering Economics & Industrial Management||Down Stream Processing||Non-Conventional Energy Resource|
|Agriculture Biotechnology||Heat & Mass Transfer||Bioethics, Biosafety & IPR||Quality Management|
|Biophysical Tools and Techniques||Fermentation Technology||Down Stream Processing Lab||Major Project|
Engineering is one of the most pursued professions by Indian students. And, there are several career options available in the Engineering in Biotechnology field itself. Many private companies are researching and spending extensively on this subject.
India is one of the world's top pharmaceutical producers, and as a result, it employs the most people in this sector. Many other businesses provide work opportunities to candidates who have completed their education in this sector of Biotechnology Engineering. There are plenty of career prospects in the private sector for B E or B Tech Biotechnology graduates. They can work in different domains including Healthcare, the chemical industry, Pharmaceuticals, agriculture, technology, food processing, and research as Biotechnology specialists.
The salary after completing any academic level course in Biotechnology Engineering depends on the type of company, position and experience of the candidate. Academic qualification is also another factor in determining the salary package, so check the post-wise salary below:
Candidates who want to stand out from the crowd in this field should also adapt and learn technical skills. If you get expertise in these technical skills, it will enhance your resume. Adding to that, you will find a reputable job with good salary packages in top recruiting companies. Some of the top technical skills for Engineering in Biotechnology students are:
In any biological or biomedical research facility, tissue culture is one of the most extensively utilised procedures. Tissue culture is often used to describe the growth of animal cells and tissues, whereas plant tissue culture is used to describe the growth of plants.
Molecular (Gene) Cloning
Molecular cloning, often known as gene cloning, is a molecular biology technique for assembling recombinant DNA molecules and controlling their replication in host organisms.
It is a common molecular biology method for detecting and analysing proteins that may bind to certain antibodies. Western blot is a technique for demonstrating distinct features of proteins isolated from cells from a complicated mixture of proteins depending on molecular weight.
It is a laser- or impedance-based technique that involves suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them through an electronic detection system. It is used in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection, and protein engineering.
Besides these technical skills, other similar kinds of skills are:
Job opportunities in the Biotechnology Engineering field are vastly segregated in different domains. A lot of environmental departments, healthcare services, pharmaceutical companies, drug and vaccine companies, etc. offer a good number of jobs to candidates in this field. Biotechnology engineers deal with responsibilities like making use of biological systems to produce new products. They also work at universities or commercial labs and assist in various research.
Companies like Samsung Healthcare, Stryker, Toshiba Medical Systems, Drager, etc. recruit biotechnology engineers every year and the scope for Biotechnology students has only grown in recent years. Graduates, Postgraduates and other students of this course can work as Research Assistants, Technical Assistants, Scientists, and others.
After completing B Tech in Biotechnology, candidates can be employed in different fields including agriculture, medicine, research, and pharmacology as Medical Representatives, Clinical Researchers, Medical Writing Executives, Microbiologists, Pharmacists, Professional Lab Technicians, Production Managers, Biotechnologists, DNA Analysts, Business Developers, Directors of Product Strategy, Biomanufacturing Specialist, and Process Development Scientists.
Yes, students after completing their B Tech in Biotechnology can go for both the private and government sectors. In the private sector, they can work in laboratories, private hospitals, pharma companies and others. While in the government domain, they can work as a research associate, scientist or junior research fellowship (JRF), or in any other department of biotechnology.
The top abroad colleges offering Biotechnology Engineering courses include the University of Toronto, Imperial College, Oxford University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Stanford University, California Institute of Technology and various others. Pursuing this course from abroad universities will offer candidates a global perspective, exposure and new opportunities for career growth.
The Biotechnology Engineering entrance exams are held at the national level which will include both JEE Main and JEE Advanced. However, state-level entrance exams are also conducted such as GATE, KCET, VITEEE, SRMJEE, PTU CET, WBJEE, MHT CET, UPSEE, KCET, IPC CET, Manipal Institute Entrance exams, AP EAMCET, TS EAMCET, and Manipal Institute Entrance exams.
B Pharm or B Tech in Biotechnology both are good options. However, it completely depends on your interest in which course you would like to pursue. If you have an interest in chemistry and mostly in organic chemistry, then B Pharm is definitely a good choice for you. However, if your interest ranges in technology and you are good at maths and physics then you are on the right path to pursue B Tech in Biotechnology.
The Biotechnology Engineering admissions for various diploma, undergraduate, and postgraduate courses are done through the entrance examination or merits. The admission to B Tech in Biotechnology Engineering can be directly done through a student’s performance in class 12th. Well, this depends from institution to institution but mostly it is the entrance exam conducted by different universities and academic percentages.
The Biotechnology Engineering salary in India is around INR 5-7 LPA on average. While diploma holders in this field can earn between INR 3-5 lakhs and undergraduates can receive a salary package of INR 8-10 LPA, depending on their experience. However, one with a postgraduate degree can be offered INR 12-20 LPA depending on the candidate’s expertise, knowledge, and experience.
Biotechnology is a growing field and a career option in this field will help candidates acquire transferrable skills and good salary packages with various job opportunities in private and government sector companies. It is also in high demand across variable domains such as healthcare, medicine, animal husbandry, pharmaceutical, genetic engineering, agriculture and others.
Biotechnology has a bright future as the opportunities in the field are growing at a rapid pace. The career scope is also equally enhancing and provides candidates with the domain to work in different fields and roles. They can work in any specific field which interests them just as Medical Scientists, Microbiologists, Biochemists, and Forensic Science Technicians.
The study and research of microorganisms, bioorganisms, and cell processes in living beings is known as biotechnology engineering. It's essentially a combination of biological science and technology to produce medicines and other products. Biotechnology Engineering field is regarded as the field of chemical engineering and applied biology that engineers living organisms.
Biotechnology Engineering has disadvantages just like the benefits. It has anti impacts on the environment, human health and others. It leads to negative impacts such as allergens and toxins in crops, genetic cloning, loss of soil fertility, reduction in human genetic biodiversity, expensive, environmental contamination and risks, and mutation.
Biotechnology Engineering is advantageous for the agriculture sector as it helps in increasing crop production by reducing the use of pesticides and making crops more adaptable to climate change. This engineering has also helped the management of weeds safer and easier while protecting the crops against various diseases. It also offers farmers the tools which have made their production cheaper and more manageable.
The field of Biotechnology Engineering is a mixture of biology and technology. It is an engineering specialisation which engineers the living organisms. It uses technology for researching and creating new products for solving problems and scarcity. You can become Biotechnologist after completing B Tech in Biotechnology while an engineer is a general term combining different engineers from variable specialisations.
No, biotechnologists and doctors are different. You can become a doctor after pursuing Biotechnology Engineering. However, one can become Biotechnologist after pursuing B Tech in Biotechnology Engineering. If you wish to acquire a doctorate designation, you can go ahead with your higher education after completing under-graduation go for a master's and then pursue a PhD.
Biotechnology Engineers study biological systems and living organisms for developing new products and drugs to solve problems. They also research and analyse the process of biology to understand and bring new advanced solutions using technology and biology. Biotechnology Engineers also work on creating techniques for diagnosing diseases and test-running new drugs.
Biotechnology and MBBS both fields can be said as easy and difficult. However, it depends on your interest in which field you want to pursue your career in. Both fields cannot be compared as they have individual differences, pros and cons. If you want to understand biology with the blend of technology then biotechnology is the right choice for you whereas if you are enthusiastic about the medical field, then go for MBBS.
The top colleges for pursuing M Tech in Biotechnology include the Indian Institute of Technology of Delhi, Mumbai, Kharagpur, Madras, Guwahati, Roorkee, Delhi Technological University, University School of Biotechnology, National Institute of Technology of Trichy and Surathkal, Jawaharlal Nehru University, IP University, School of Biotechnology, Amity Institute of Technology and Birla Institute of Technology and Science.
The top recruiters of Biotechnology Engineering are from both the private and government sectors. It includes Orchid Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd, AstraZeneca, Dr Reddy’s Laboratories, Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Ranbaxy, Thapar Group, Benson India Ltd, Bharath Biotechnology, Academic Institutions: NITs/IITs/Central universities, Avesthagen Technologies Pvt Ltd, Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals.
The skills required for Biotechnology Engineering are analytical thinking, problem-solving, maths knowledge, biology knowledge, interpersonal skills, organisational skills, teamwork, innovative thinking, attention to detail, investigative skills, and project management. You are also expected to acquire technical skills such as confocal microscopy, mass spectrometry, gel electrophoresis, ELISA, molecular (Gene) cloning, tissue culture, western blot, and flow cytometry.
The four main types of Biotechnology are Medical Red Biotechnology, Environmental and Agriculture Green Biotechnology, Marine Blue Biotechnology and Industrial White Biotechnology. Well, there are also other applications of Biotechnology for research and development known as Food Production Yellow Biotechnology, Desert Brown Biotechnology, Gold Biotechnology: Bioinformatics, Nanobiotechnology Computer Science Biotechnology and others.
The Biotechnology field has many advantages for humans. The field has been exceptional in providing human welfare and need of health care. It has discovered the treatment of various rare diseases, minimised environmental pollution, improved food production, saved lives, improved food quality, low production costs, ease of disease detection, etc.