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    Food Engineering

    About Food Engineering

    Food Engineering is concerned with the formulation, production, processing, packaging, testing, as well as the marketing of food; The course is often known as food technologies. Candidates are required to pass the entrance exam and score the cutoff marks to get admission into the food engineering colleges. Admissions in this course are done either on the basis of merit or through entrance tests. Some of the common entrance exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced, and GATE are accepted to choose students for food engineering.

    A food engineer works in agricultural, food processing, or food production industries and earns a lucrative salary.  The job options include food engineer, nutrition specialist, Process engineer, and Bioprocess engineer. Plant engineer, Product development engineer, Research and development engineer, etc. The food engineering course can be done in online and offline mode. The average course duration is 3 to 4 years.

    Some of the popular food engineering colleges in India are IIT Kharagpur, Aligarh Muslim University, Dr DY Patil Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Institute, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, Tezpur University, etc. The course fee is around Rs 1,00,000 per annum to Rs 8,00,000 per annum for a bachelor’s degree and Rs 2,00,000 to Rs 4,00,000 per annum for a master’s degree. Read the full post to get details on the food engineering course. 

    Food Engineering Highlights

    As a food engineer, you will be in charge of ensuring higher quality food items, including supply, safety, nutrition, and value. Go through the highlights of the food engineering course given below. 




    Food Engineering

    Eligibility Criteria

    Passed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics

    Entrance exam

    JEE Advanced, JEE Main, GATE and more


    Food Products Development, Food Processing & Preservation Technology, Bakery & Confectionery Technology

    Top colleges in India

    • IIT Kharagpur

    • ICT Mumbai

    • AMU Aligarh

    Average Fees In India

    Rs 1,00,000 to Rs 4,00,000 per annum

    Salary (Approx Estimate)

    Rs 4 LPA to Rs 9 LPA

    Who Should Do Food Engineering?

    If you have a passion for food production and want to make sure that the food served to people is the best of quality and you are a food enthusiast then this profession is for you. Processing, packing, and upgrading food items fall within the purview of a food engineer. A career in food engineering can be a good fit for you if you're excited by the idea of experimenting with food and creating new items that aren't food-related.  Start along the route of pursuing a career in this sector if you are motivated by the wide range of prospects that a degree in food engineering opens up for you and if the idea of creating, processing, and managing the product creation process excites you. 

    Why Pursue Food Engineering?

    In recent years, food engineering has emerged as one of the most promising job paths. A fulfilling career in food engineering is possible if one possesses the requisite abilities to flourish in this profession. Check the benefits of studying this course given below. 

    Career Options

    As the country's need for food products grows so does the demand for food engineers in both the private and public sectors. Aside from strong work security, a person can earn handsome pay while also feeling proud of making a significant contribution to the country's economy. Graduates in food engineering, which falls under the category of food science and agriculture, may opt to work in a variety of different sectors, such as consultancy, healthcare, and the pharmaceutical industry, to mention a few.

    Opportunities in India

    With India's continually expanding need for agricultural products, the sector is seeing significant expansion. The agricultural industry, which is primarily dependent on the government, is seeing increased participation from private-sector companies. Increasing amounts of money are being spent on the research and development of various technologies that have the potential to dramatically increase the productivity of agricultural land. 

    Demand for packaged foods

    In the twenty-first century, individuals have come to rely largely on various packaged goods suppliers. People no longer consider frozen veggies, canned fruits, microwave meal boxes, or bottled milk to be consumable and wants to live a healthy lifestyle.  Food engineers are increasingly needed as consumer awareness and the requirement for a reliable supply of food have grown. This makes food engineering a prospective profession as the company wants to sell food that is full of nutrition and is healthy.  

    Quick Link: Top Agricultural and Food Engineering Colleges in India 2022

    How Many courses are there in Food Engineering?

    There are several courses available in this engineering domain from which you can choose. Check the types of food engineering courses given below. 



    Graduate Certificate 

    • Graduate Diploma in Food Science 

    • Graduate Certificate in Food Safety

    • Graduate Certificate in Food Science and Technology 

    Undergraduate Courses

    • BA in Food Systems, Nutrition, and Health 

    • BTech Food Technology

    • BSc in Food Science 

    • BSc in Global Public Health 

    • BSc in Nutrition and Food Studies

    • BSc Food Production and Environment 

    • BSc in Food Technology

    Postgraduate Courses

    • Master of Food Science

    • Food Processing and Waste Technology 

    • MSc Food Technology

    • Master of Public Health - Nutrition

    • MS in Food Science & Technology 

    • MS in Food Security 

    • MS in Food Science and Technology - Food Engineering

    • MS in Food Science and Technology - Food Chemistry

    • MS in Food Science and Technology - Dairy Science

    Doctoral Courses

    • Ph.D. in Food Science Technology and Engineering 

    • Ph.D. in Population Health Sciences

    • Ph.D. in Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry

    Food Engineering Eligibility Criteria

    Before applying for this course in any institute, candidates must meet certain requirements in order to be qualified for a Food Engineering course. The following are the basic eligibility requirements for admission to the Food Engineering programme. The same may vary based on the institute type, hence candidates should check the official website of :

    Eligibility Criteria for Undergraduate Degree

    • Candidates must have received a diploma equivalent to a 12th-grade diploma from an accredited institution or board
    • The applicant must have taken Chemistry, Biology, or Bioengineering as an elective in addition to Mathematics and Physics as major courses in 12th grade
    • The candidate's qualifying exam result must have been at least 60% overall (or 55% for applicants who are members of the reserved category)

    Eligibility Criteria for Postgraduate Degree

    • Completion of an undergraduate degree with a suitable discipline as the major from an accredited Indian university 
    • Candidates seeking admission into a postgraduate programme in food engineering must have achieved a minimum percentile as determined by the college taking admission into consideration

    Quick Link: BTech and BE Admissions

    Food Engineering Specialization

    You can choose from various specializations in this course and study them at an advanced level. Many candidates pursue B.Tech food engineering degree and choose specific specializations at the master’s level. Check the food engineering specializations given below. 

    • Human Nutrition & Health

    • Food Processing & Preservation Technology

    • Food Products Development 

    • Bakery & Confectionery Technology

    • Fermented Foods

    • Food Production & Operations Management

    Quick Link: List of Best Engineering Courses in India

    Difference Between Food Engineering and Food Technology

    Both food engineering courses and food technology are separate branches, each has their primary goal supporting various food divisions but yet there is a difference between them. Check the difference between food engineering and food technology given below.

    Basis of Difference 

    Food Engineering

    Food Technology


    Food engineering deals with managing, packing, dealing with machines needed for storage, distributing, and conserving food goods

    food technology works with a study of food products, their manufacture, prevention, and preserve records of their quality

    Area of Study

    This multidisciplinary topic combines engineering ideas from chemistry, physical sciences, biotechnology, and microbiology for the food industry, and if you want to study these subjects it is one of the greatest engineering courses for the future.

    Students who take this course will better comprehend fundamental ideas including food composition, food and nutrition, and physicochemical and microbiological qualities.

    Career Options

    The career options in this field include food engineer, nutrition specialist, food storage manager, etc. 

    The job options in this field include production managers, food development manager, ood Packaging managers, etc. 

    Food Engineering Admission Process

    To take admission to this programme, candidates must take the entrance test and achieve the cutoff marks and sit for counselling (if applicable). For taking the entrance exams candidates should prepare well and fill out the application form and sit for the exam. However, several universities in India provide merit-based admission to architecture engineering programmes. To seek admission through merits, candidates must fill out the application form released by the respective university on its official website and wait for the release of the merit list.

    Note- The admission process for food engineering courses varies from college to college. 

    Quick Link: Top Engineering Colleges in India

    Food Engineering Entrance Exams in India

    Most universities and colleges use written entrance exams as the foundation for admitting students to their Food Technology programmes. These engineering entrance exams are conducted at the national level and state levels. Check the popular food engineering entrance exams in India given below.

    Food Engineering Colleges in India

    Candidates can apply for admission to one of the several engineering institutions that offer this programme. The top food engineering schools in India are listed below.

    College Name

    Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal

    Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

    Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, Maharashtra

    National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management, Sonepat, Haryana

    Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh

    Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Tavanur, Kerala

    Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal

    Dr DY Patil Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Institute, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra

    Tezpur University, Tezpur, Assam

    Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology and Science, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

    Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Punjab

    University School of Biotechnology, Delhi

    New Delhi, Delhi

    Alagappa College of Technology, Chennai

    Chennai, Tamil Nadu

    College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology Punjab Agricultural University

    Ludhiana, Punjab

    College of Technology GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology

    Pantnagar, Uttarakhand

    Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, Kerala

    Vaughn Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

    Gondwana University, Gadchiroli, Maharashtra

    Study Food Engineering Abroad

    The expansion and distribution of the global food and agricultural systems are supported by this branch of engineering. Although there are regional differences in habits, this is one area where engineering and creativity result in safer and better nutrition for all of the world's species. The following are the major benefits of studying a food engineering course. 

    The students benefit from being closer to the leading sectors and have better future employment opportunities because they are located in the greatest and most wealthy regions of the world. With a degree in food science, you'll have the abilities and knowledge to contribute to the creation of healthy, high-quality food.

    Programs in food science are often taught through lectures and seminars, but you will also get the opportunity to gain practical knowledge through workshops and job placements. Exams, written assignments, and other methods will be used to gauge your progress.

    Programs in food science are available in several nations, including the UK, the US, South Africa, Canada, and Australia. Depending on the nation, industry and regulatory criteria might vary, and many programmes will be recognized by that nation's regulatory body. After graduation, you'll be in the greatest position to find employment in the nation where you studied.

    Quick Link: Direct B.Tech admission

    Top Food Engineering Colleges Abroad

    Studying at the top institutions around the globe, a college degree not only gives a student access to top-notch facilities but also equips them with the necessary skills for future practical elements of the business. Check some of the top food engineering colleges abroad listed below. 

    College Name

    University of Wisconsin

    University of Wisconsin

    Boston University

    University of Washington

    University of California, Davis

    Harvard University 

    The University of Queensland

    University of Melbourne

    University of Southern California

    Cornell University

    The University of Edinburgh

    University of British Columbia

    University of Illinois

    New York University 

    Australian National University

    McGill University

    Food Engineering Fees

    The fees for this course vary from college to college and depend upon various factors. If candidates study this course in a private college the fees will be relatively higher as compared to government institutes. Also, availing scholarships will lower the fees. Check the food engineering course fees given below. 


    Fees (Approx Estimate)


    Rs 1,00,000 to Rs 2,00,000


    Rs 1,00,000 to Rs 8,00,000


    Rs 2,00,000 to Rs 4,00,000

    Quick Link: Scholarships offered by top IITs

    Food Engineering Course Curriculum

    A complete understanding of food engineering and food science principles is provided through a food engineering course curriculum. Food manufacturing, nutrition science, and food packaging are a few of the topics covered.  The food that the students prepare is nutritious and safe. Food microbiology, food processing, food biochemistry, management, food fermentation technology, food plant safety & hazard analysis, food packaging technology, bakery & confectionery technology, dairy plant engineering, computer skills, and food industry waste are all topics covered in the Food Engineering course. 

    From an engineering standpoint, food engineering offers answers to issues in the food industry. It provides strategies for maximizing the use of food resources, minimizing food damage, and maintaining the food's nutritional content. Additionally, the course curriculum teaches students effective uses of science and technology.

    Quick Link: MTech colleges in India

    BTech Food Engineering Syllabus

    The undergraduate B.Tech in Food Engineering programme lasts four years and consists of eight semesters. Check the BTech food engineering syllabus given below. 

    BTech Food Engineering Semester Wise Syllabus

    Semester 1

    Semester 2

    Semester 3

    Semester 4

    Electrical engineering

    Food science

    Stoichiometry and engineering thermodynamics

    Crop Processing Engineering



    Applied mechanics and strength of materials

    Heat and Mass Transfer




    Food Processing Engineering


    Food biochemistry

    Food Microbiology

    Kinematics of Machinery

    Engineer graphics

    Basic engineering

    Unit operations in food processing

    Fruit and vegetable processing

    Personality development




    Computer literacy

    Personality development 2



    BTech Food Engineering Semester Wise Syllabus

    Semester 5

    Semester 6

    Semester 7

    Semester 8

    Biochemistry: Processing and Preservation

    Food Fermentation

    Food Processing and Management


    Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

    Instrumentation and process control

    Open Elective III

    Open Elective V

    Dairy Plant Engineering

    Open Elective I

    Open Elective II

    Open Elective IV

    Post-harvest Physiology

    Food and Waste Management

    Food Packaging Engineering


    Fat and Oil Processing

    Food Plant Safety

    Bakery & Confectionery


    Computer Skills

    Hazard Analysis



    Quick Link: Top 14 Tips to Become a Successful Engineer

    Food Engineering Subjects

    A 4-year agricultural engineering B.E./B.Tech. programme is available. A residential programme that is further broken into 8 semesters is offered by major universities. The goal of each semester is to promote the study of various field-related topics. Some of the subjects that candidates study in this course are listed below and may vary from institute to institute. 

    • Soil mechanics
    • Water resource management
    • Theory of machines
    • Energy and sources
    •  Environmental science
    • Chemistry
    • Agricultural engineering
    • Land levelling 
    • Agri business management
    • Agricultural machinery
    • Food processing and quality control
    • Land surveying

    Food Engineering Subjects

    A 4-year agricultural engineering B.E./B.Tech. programme is available. A residential programme that is further broken into 8 semesters is offered by major universities. The goal of each semester is to promote the study of various field-related topics. Some of the subjects that candidates study in this course are listed below and may vary from institute to institute. 

    • Soil mechanics
    • Water resource management
    • Theory of machines
    • Energy and sources
    •  Environmental science
    • Chemistry
    • Agricultural engineering
    • Land levelling 
    • Agri business management
    • Agricultural machinery
    • Food processing and quality control
    • Land surveying

    Food Engineering Scope in India

    The food crops, technologies, and seasonal availability are abundant in the Indian states. As a result, there is a rising need for food engineers. Universities and educational institutions have placed a strong emphasis on the output of food engineering courses and programmes in order to supply the nation with significant inputs. With the help of these inputs, fieldwork, crop selection, seasonal requirements, elements for higher yields, and other similar features will be seen from a more favorable perspective.

    Opportunity to work in Government Sector

    Major recruiters have histories in the government. The likelihood of the pupils working in the food industries of a certain state government is high. These candidates are hired by government agencies including the state dairy boards, research and development departments, and state food departments, among others.

    Opportunity to work in the Private Sector

    Comparatively to the government sector, private businesses offer several employment profiles. Many private businesses employ engineers to assist them in developing a specific product or using sustainable packaging techniques.

    A food engineer has a broad range of opportunities for employment outside of pay and the recruitment process, including with NGOs, food corporations, and project units. Under these sectors, regular research is conducted that might aid a candidate in acquiring the necessary information and training.

    Also Read, Why BCA is a good career option after 12th?

    Food Engineering Salary

    The salary for a food engineer is around Rs 2.5 LPA to Rs 15 LPA. But, it may vary from organization to organization and on various other factors like candidates' experience, skills, education, etc. Check the food engineering salary for various profiles given below. 

    Job Profile

    Salary (Approx Estimate)

    Production Manager

    Rs 3 LPA to Rs 24 LPA

    Food engineer

    Rs 2.5 LPA to Rs 15 LPA

    Nutrition specialist

    Rs 3 LPA to Rs 7 LPA

    Food Storage Manager

    Rs 2 LPA to Rs 9 LPA

    Skills required for Food Engineering

    Major recruiters seek appropriate talents in prospects to determine how well a candidate would fit into job profiles. As a result, it is critical for aspiring candidates to understand the skill set demanded of candidates. The following are some of the desired abilities a candidate must have to make a successful career in the food engineering field. 

    Analytical skills

    It is necessary for engineers to study the prevailing state of the unit or the area and make judgments accordingly. 

    Communication skills

    An agriculture and food engineer must have fluent communication skills and the ability to generate smooth communication between individuals or groups.

    Problem-solving abilities

    To achieve the intended results, engineers on the field or in a food unit must give extraordinary problem-solving techniques and strategies.

    Food Engineering Career Options

    With a degree in food engineering, you might find yourself suitable for food technology jobs like food packaging and numerous other opportunities in the processing sectors. This is because the topic permits one to engage in diverse professional aspects. To raise the standards of the food sector, you might also decide to cooperate with farmers and animal farms. Check the various food engineering career options given below. 

    Job Profile

    Job Description

    Food engineer

    The job of an engineer is to observe, comprehend, and preserve agricultural products while they are manufactured into food and other associated products that have been decided by the corporation.

    Production Manager

    The production manager oversees the fixed and dependable planning and organization of the production schedule.

    Nutrition specialist

    A nutritionist encourages individuals to lead healthy lives. Some businesses employ their own nutritionist.

    Food Storage Manager

    The daily tasks with the staff, verifying timesheets and commodities, and watching out for employees were the responsibility of the food store manager.

    Top Food Engineering Recruiters

    Due to the variety and abundance of crop varieties, there is a continual growth in demand for professionals in the Food Engineering field. Agriculture and food engineers are frequently recruited by government agencies and departments. The following are some of the most popular companies that hire agriculture and food engineers. Check the food engineering recruiter list given below. 

    • Agrotech food 

    • Parle 

    • Perfetti India Ltd. 

    • Amul 

    • Britannia India Ltd. 

    • ITC Limited 

    • PepsiCo India 

    • Hershey’s 

    • Quacker 

    • Parle 

    • Heinz 

    • Kelloggs 

    • Hindustan Unilever

    • Cadbury India Ltd. 

    • Nestle India Pvt. Ltd.

    Quick Link: Why pursue MTech after BTech 

    We hope that this course page was helpful and informative.

    FAQs about Food Engineering

    What is a food engineering course?

    Food engineering is a scientific, academic, and professional area that analyses and applies engineering, science, and math concepts to the production, handling, storage, conservation, control, packaging, and distribution of food items.

    Is food engineering a good career?

    Yes, food engineering is a good career as it has a lot of scope in India and offers a handsome salary. 


    Are food engineers in demand?

    The job outlook for food engineers is quite good. The demand for food engineers is quite strong and is anticipated to stay that way for some time. Graduates in food engineering are in great demand.

    Are food engineers in demand?

    The job outlook for food engineers is quite good. The demand for food engineers is quite strong and is anticipated to stay that way for some time. Graduates in food engineering are in great demand.

    What is a food engineer's average salary per annum?

    The food engineer’s average salary in India is around Rs 2.5 LPA to Rs 15 LPA.

    Show More

    Related Questions


    ankita, Student / Alumni

    CSE is one of the most sought-after programs these days. India being global hub of software and back-office industries, this field has immense job opportunities. You must know the parameters on which to compare. Some are mentioned as follows: Curriculum: The course curricula of any tech degree must be very unique and dynamic. It must be developed with extensive consultations with industry. Tech trainings: The must students undergo many training like cutting edge technologies of SAP, Workday, waterfall other MOOCs, Advance Excel and many more. These skills come in handy for the students not only at the time of interviews and tests but also throughout their careers. Soft skills: There must be a dedicated effort by college/university in continuous improvement of personality, soft skills, professional ethics, interview skills, public speaking, presentation style development etc in students. These are must for placements as well as performance in the jobs. Exposure: The students must be exposed to large number of guest lectures and talks by industry experts, large number of events in university to enhance their organizing and networking kills, large number of social work initiatives to develop the right orientation and many more.

    prakash bhardwaj, Student / Alumni

    Quantum university situated in Roorkee uttarakhand is one of the most prestigious and reputed university in uttarakhand who provide best education with affordable fees.Quantum university also provide good scholarship through your 12th % or by Qcare scholarship exam conduct by university every year.The placements rate of this university is also above 90% and 200+companies visit the campus every year.The hostel facility of this university is very nice and affordable as compare to other university in uttarakhand.The Quantum university also provide passion programe in which student can participate in sports and hobbies courses also without any extra fees.

    Aditi Shrivastava, Student / Alumni

    Hi Somi, You will have to appear in the WBJEE of that year and qualify for the required cutoff to get admission to the B.Tech programme at GNIT. 

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