Civil Law

Updated By Subhashri Roy on 22 Sep, 2020

Average Duration
2 years
Average Fee
50 K-1 L INR annual

About Civil Law

Civil Law is a specialisation in the field of law which has been among the top choices of law aspirants since ages. The specialisation of Civil Law explores the disputes between individuals and organisations. Candidates who choose to build a career as a Civil lawyer go on to handle disputes between employers, partners, family members, employees on a contract. In civil law, the wrongdoer is given the chance to accept his/ her fault or mistake or settle a dispute by paying certain compensation.

Students can pursue Civil Law at the undergraduate as well as postgraduate level. Several law graduates pursue a masters in law for specialising in criminal law and then proceed to handle cases of civil law professionally. All the top law universities and colleges offer Civil law as one of their most prevalent law specialisations. Civil Law is broadly divided into four categories. The four types of civil law are Contract Law, Torts, Personal Disputes, and Family Law. All the cases that do not involve the breaking of criminal laws come under the category of civil law.

The cases of child custody, divorce, property ownership, personal damage, property damage, disagreement of contracts, etc. are dealt with by civil lawyers. Diploma and certificate courses in Civil Law are also offered to students that are related to family laws, human rights, juvenile justice, women and others. Those who aspire to study the field until the research level can enrol in the course of Masters in Philosophy (M.Phil) or Doctorate in civil law.

Civil Law Syllabus

Civil Law Syllabus:

Subject

Syllabus

General Principles

  • Effect and Application of Laws
  • Human Relations (Article 19 to Article 22)
  • Conflict of Laws (Private International Law)

Persons and Family Relations

  • Persons
    • Civil Personality
    • Entries in the Civil Registry and Clerical Error Law (RA 9048, as amended)
    • Use of Surnames
    • Absence
      • Presumptive Death of Absent Spouse Under the Family Code
      • Civil Code Provisions
  • Marriage
    • Void and Voidable Marriages
    • Exemption from License Requirement
    • Requisites of Marriage
    • Marriages Solemnised Abroad and Foreign Divorce
    • Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife
  • Legal Separation
  • Property Relations Between Husband and Wife
    • General Provisions
    • Conjugal Partnership of Gains
    • Absolute Community of Property
    • Donations by Reason of Marriage
    • Regime of Separation of Property
    • Separation of Property and Administration of Common Property by One Spouse during the Marriage
  • Property Regime of Unions Without Marriage
  • Paternity and Filiation
    • Proof of Filiation
    • Legitimate Children
    • Legitimated Children
    • Illegitimate Children
  • Family Home
  • Adoption
    • Domestic Adoption (RA 8552)
      • Who May be Adopted
      • Who May Adopt
      • Instances and Effects of Rescission
      • Rights of an Adopted Child
    • Inter-Country Adoption (RA 8043, as amended)
      • Who May Adopt
      • When Allowed
      • Who May be Adopted
  • Parental Authority
  • Support
  • Retroactivity of the Family Code
  • Emancipation

Property

  • Classification of Property
  • Possession
    • Kinds of Possession
    • Effects of Possession
    • Acquisition of Possession
  • Ownership
    • In General
    • Quieting of Title
    • Rules on Accession
  • Co-Ownership
  • Usufruct
    • In General
    • Extinguishment
    • Rights and Obligations of the Usufructuary
  • Nuisance
  • Easements
    • Modes of Acquiring Easements
    • Modes of Extinguishment
    • Rights and Obligations of the Owners of the Dominant and Servient Estates
    • Legal vs. Voluntary Easements
    • Types of Legal Easement
      • Right of Way
      • Relating to Waters
      • Light and View
  • Modes of Acquiring Ownership
    • Occupation
    • Prescription
      • General provisions
      • Prescription of Actions
      • Prescriptions of Ownership and Other Real Rights
    • Donation
      • Nature
      • Effects and Limitations of Donation
      • Persons Who may Give or Receive a Donation
      • Revocation and Reduction

Succession

  • General Provisions
  • Testamentary Succession
    • Institution of Heirs
    • Wills
    • Substitution of Heirs
    • Legitime
    • Conditional Testamentary Dispositions and Those with a Term
    • Legacies and Devises
    • Disinheritance
  • Legal or Intestate Succession
    • Order of Intestate Succession
    • General Provisions; Relationship and Right of Representation
  • Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession
    • Right of Accretion
    • Acceptance and Repudiation of Inheritance
    • Capacity to Succeed by Will or by Intestacy
    • Partition and Distribution of the Estate

Obligations and Contracts

  • Obligations
    • Kinds
    • General Provisions
    • Nature and Effect
    • Extinguishment
  • Contracts
    • General Provisions
    • Reformation of Instruments
    • Essential Requisites
    • Rescissible Contracts
    • Interpretation of Contracts
    • Voidable Contracts
    • Void or Inexistent Contracts
    • Unenforceable Contracts
  • Trusts
  • Estoppel
  • Natural Obligations

Sales

  • Nature and Form
    • Perfection
    • Essential Requisites
    • Contract of Sale vs. Contract to Sell
  • Effects of the Contract when the Sold Item has been Lost
  • Capacity to buy or Sell
  • Obligations of the Vendee
  • Obligations of the Vendor
  • Breach of Contract
    • Recto Law and Maceda Law
    • Remedies
  • Extinguishment
    • In General
    • Equitable Morgage
    • Pacto de Retro Sale
  • Assignment of Credits

Lease

  • General Provisions
  • Rights and Obligations of Lessee
  • Rights and Obligation of Lessor

Partnership

  • General Provisions
  • Dissolution and Winding Up
  • Obligations of the Partners
  • Limited Partnership

Agency

  • Nature, Form, and Kinds
  • Obligations of the Principal
  • Obligations of the Agent
  • Modes of Extinguishment

Land Titles and Deeds

  • Torrens System; General Principles
  • Certificate of Title
  • Original Registration
    • Ordinary Registration
      • Decree of Registration
      • Who May Apply
      • Review of Decree of Registration; Innocent Purchaser for Value
  • Subsequent Registration
    • Voluntary Dealings and General Provisions
    • Involuntary Dealings
      • Notice of lis pendens
      • Adverse Claim
  • Assurance Fund
    • The action of Compensation from Funds
    • Limitation of Action

Credit Transactions

  • Loan
  • Real Estate Mortgage
  • Deposit
  • Antichresis
  • Guaranty and Suretyship

Torts and Damages

  • Torts
    • Elements
    • Vicarious Liability
    • Culpa Aquiliana vs Culpa Contractual vs Culpa Criminal
    • Last Clear Chance
    • Res Ipsa Loquitur
    • Damnum Abseque Injuria
  • Negligence
    • Presumptions
    • Standard of Care
  • Proximate Cause
  • Damages
    • General Provisions
    • Types of Damages
    • In Case of Death

Want to know more about

Civil Law?

Civil Law Career Options and Job Prospects

Several job roles are offered to candidates who have specialised in the field of civil law. Students can apply for jobs in various sectors if they have graduated with a degree in Civil Law. They are also offered great salary packages and innumerable benefits. They can start working with a law firm or step into another area of the job market. Here are some of the most popular job roles for which candidates are recruited after they complete their degrees in Civil Law.

  • Civil lawyer
  • Social Worker
  • Lecturer
  • Legal Advisor
  • Judicial Services

Questions Related to Civil Law Course

I am a final year literature student. Can i apply for 3 year LLB course?

-reshma r nairUpdated on November 17, 2020 04:27 AM
  • 1 Answer
Sukriti Vajpayee, CollegeDekho Expert

Dear student,

Yes, you can apply for admission to a three year Bachelor of Law (LL.B) programme at any ...

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Does Bhaskar Law College have LLM course and what is the fees of LLM for management quota?

-syed ashrafUpdated on November 17, 2020 04:07 AM
  • 1 Answer
Sukriti Vajpayee, CollegeDekho Expert

Dear student,

Yes, Bhaskar Law College offers the course of Master of Law (LL.M). If you want to pursue ...

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I completed graduation in B.com (Hons.) in 2014 with 46.89% . Now I want to do LLB for 3 years . Is it possible? What is the eligibility criteria and Which Colleges in Kolkata are available to take admission? I'm 28 yrs old now?

-PriyankaUpdated on November 05, 2020 05:09 PM
  • 1 Answer
Samiksha Rautela, Student / Alumni

Dear Student,

You can pursue a 3 years long LLB course. Some of the top law colleges in Kolkata are ...

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FAQs about Civil Law

I want admission in Civil Law. Do I have to clear any exams for that ?

Delhi University Arts , ICFAI Law School Admission Test , Kerala LLB Entrance Exam , ITM National Entrance and Scholarship Test , Maharshi Dayanand University Common Entrance Exam are some of the exams that you can appear for to get admission in Civil Law courses.

What are the top colleges offering Civil Law courses ?

Following are some of the top colleges offering Law courses : National Law Institute University (Bhopal) , Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (Patiala) , Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College (Pune) , Hidayatullah National Law university (Raipur) , National Law University (Delhi). You can explore these colleges on our website to check if they offer Civil Law or not.

What are the popular specializations related to Civil Law ?

Some of the popular specializations for LL.M. (Master of Law) are : Constitutional and Administrative Law , Criminal Law , Taxation Law , Executive MBA , Commerical Law.

What is the duration of the course Civil Law ?

Civil Law is a 3 year course.

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