|6 months-3 years|
|40 K-3 L INR annual|
Merchant navy is a fleet of ships that transport heavy products from one country to another. Candidates can pursue Merchant Navy courses after completing their Class 10+2 and apply for bachelor's courses of three years like B Tech marine, B Tech naval architecture, ocean engineering, BBA in shipping, etc. There are also diploma courses of one year that candidates can pursue once they pass Class 12th with PCM. In merchant navy candidates are taught about shipping management, cargo machine and marine communication, and principles of navigation. Candidates can complete class 10 and pursue a Pre-sea Nautical diploma program or pass Class 10+2 and sit for entrance exams like IMU CET, JEE Main, TMI-BITS-EE, etc.
By pursuing this course you can find employment opportunities in companies like shipping corporation of India, great eastern shipping and essar, chowgule shipping, etc. The merchant navy courses are available in offline and offline modes. Some of the top merchant navy colleges in India are Tolani Maritime Institute, Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies, Vels Academy of Maritime Studies, Chennai, Maharashtra Academy Of Naval Education and Training (Manet), Pune, etc. The average fee for this course in India is around INR 2.5 LPA on average.
Merchant Navy Course Eligibility
Passing class 12th with physics, chemistry, and mathematics as a compulsory subject.
Merchant Navy Entrance exam
Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test (IMU CET), JEE Advanced, All India Merchant Navy Entrance Test (AIMNET)
Merchant Navy Age limit
17 years to 25 years
Merchant Navy Top colleges in India
Merchant Navy Top colleges in abroad
Decision making, Teamwork, Practical knowledge of physics, chemistry and mathematics, leadership, effective communication
Top recruiters in India
Shipping Corporation of India, Essar. Chowgule Shipping, Great Eastern Shipping
Top recruiters in abroad
Chevron and Mobil of the United States, K-Line, Wallem Ship Management of Hong Kong, Bibby Ship Management
Here’s a list of some of the popular Merchant Navy courses
|B Tech Marine Engineering||Diploma in Marine Engineering (DME)|
|BE Mechanical Engineering||G.P Rating|
|B Tech Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering||Diploma in Nautical Science (DNS)|
|B.B.A. Logistics & Supply Chain Management||Higher National Diploma (Marine Engineering)|
|Marine Engineering under Alternate Training Scheme||BBA Shipping|
|MBA Shipping & Logistics Management||Higher National Diploma (Nautical Science)|
|MBA Shipping Finance||BE Harbour and Ocean Engineering|
|B Tech Ship Building||BE Marine Engineering|
|B Tech Harbour & Ocean Engineering||ETO (Electro-Technical Officer)|
|B.Sc Nautical Science||Electro-Technical Officer Course|
Candidates who have an extreme love for sea adventures and a zeal to be a part of plenty of sea journeys should opt for this career. Adding to that, you should fulfill the Merchant Navy eligibility criteria and be physically fit. It's important that you don't have seasickness, because as a navy merchant officer you will be part of big sea journies. It is a great career option in today’s time.
The demand for Merchant Navy officers is relatively increasing in contemporary times. In the globalization era, the countries are interconnecting with foreign trade which is mostly carried out by shipping companies. So the job opportunities for the Merchant Navy course are in large numbers. Adding to that, the lifestyle of the Merchant Navy officer is itself lavish, as you get to travel through different countries.
You can join the Merchant Navy after securing a degree that will be beneficial for you. There are a number of Merchant Navy courses for science, commerce, and art background students. After completing Class 12, you can apply for the following Merchant Navy courses-
B Sc Nautical Science
B E Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering
B E Marine Engineering
B E Harbour & Ocean Engineering
B E Mechanical Engineering
B E Civil Engineering
B Sc Marine Catering
Apart from getting a degree, there are several Merchant Navy courses and specializations available that you can enroll in. Check the List of popular Merchant Navy courses/specializations given below.
GP Rating course
Saloon Rating Course
Deck Rating course
Engine Rating course
Diploma in Nautical Science
STCW Basic Safety Training
Electro-Technical Officer Course
Commercial Diving Course
General Purpose Rating Course
Since Merchant Navy courses are offered under UG, PG, Diploma, and Certificate levels, the eligibility criteria for different courses vary. Here are some common requirements for Merchant Navy courses for different levels. Candidates must hold relevant qualifications, physical strength, age limit to become a Merchant Navy officer. Check the Merchant Navy eligibility criteria given below.
Also read: Marine engineering colleges in India
The age should be between 17.5 to 25 years.
Candidates who have passed Class 10 with Science, English and Maths as main subjects and at least 40 per cent marks are considered eligible.
Tattoos and piercings are not prohibited in the Merchant Navy field. Sailors, in fact, are the forefathers of nautical tattoo culture. The maritime academies, on the other hand, have strict disciplinary requirements and demand officers to have certain attributes. Therefore, if a candidate has unusual piercings and tattoos it may be seen as objectionable.
There are a number of types of Merchant Navy officers. The major two types of Merchant Navy officers are engineering officers and deck officers. Go through the details about these positions given below.
Many candidates while selecting a career as a Merchant Navy officer get confused with the Indian navy. There is a vast difference between these two professions. The Merchant Navy officer's job profile revolves around commercial journey import-export of goods through sea shipments, Whereas the Indian navy officer is on national duty to protect the nation from seaside from enemies.
To get a clear idea go through the table given below that differentiate between the Merchant Navy and the Indian navy.
Merchant Navy refers to commercial marine services, Such commercial activities include both cargo and people shipping to and from various locations around the world.
Defense Navy refers to a country's naval military wing. A career in the defense navy would entail serving the country by serving on warships.
Candidates must have a minimum of 60% aggregate in Class 10 and 12, as well as a minimum of 60% in English in Class 10 or 12.
Candidate should have at least a 60% in Science (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) in your 12th grade. The candidate should also have a minimum of 50% in English and must be unmarried at the time of application.
The pay scales in the navy merchant are determined by international institutions such as the International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF) and International Labour Organization (ILO).
The pay scale in the Indian navy is determined by the candidate's position and total work experience. Adding to that, the pay scale is set as per the country's laws and varies with countries.
Read about the Indian navy posts for class 10 and class 12
After passing class 10 exams and finishing a Pre-sea Nautical diploma program, candidates can join the company immediately. If you complete your basic bachelor's degree or course in Merchant Navy you easily find employment through various consultants and placement agencies. Along with the Merchant Navy qualifications, candidates should also be physically fit.
Candidates need to clear Class 10 and Class 12 from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics with minimum marks to sit for an entrance exam or take admission in a Merchant Navy short-term course.
If you want to get a well-recognized degree in the Merchant Navy, you need to pass entrance exams. Many colleges and universities offer admission to candidates based on a 12th-grade passing percentage cut-off. The entrance exam for Merchant Navy are-
TMI-BITS-EE: Tolani Maritime Institute- Birla Institute of Technology and Science Entrance Examination
HIMT-OET: Hindustan Institute of Maritime Online Entrance Test
To pursue a successful career in the Merchant Navy, one must first complete a bachelor's degree program in a related specialization. The duration of a Merchant Navy bachelor's program varies from 3 years to 4 years. Some of the Merchant Navy bachelors programs that you can enroll in are
B Tech in marine engineering
B E in offshore engineering
B E in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
If the candidate has completed his bachelor's degree, they can apply for a job directly or pursue masters if they want. Some of the master's programs for the Merchant Navy are
M Tech in naval architecture
M E in offshore engineering
M Tech in Dredging and Harbour Engineering
M E in naval engineering
M Tech in marine engineering
M E in marine engineering
There are numerous entrance exams for Merchant Navy courses available in India. In order to get admission to a top Merchant Navy college in India, candidates are required to pass the entrance exam of that particular college. The basic eligibility requirement for these Merchant Navy entrance exams, you need to pass Class 10+ 12 from a recognized institution with a minimum of 50% marks.
The Indian Maritime University administers the IMUCET for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate marine courses. It takes place in May, and registration opens at the end of March. Only unmarried candidates are permitted to take the exam.
This exam is administered by the AIMNET Examination Board, which is overseen by the Offshore Shipping Academy. For admission to, B Tech Naval Architecture, B Sc Nautical Science, G P Ratings, Diploma of Applied Science (deck watchkeeper) by AMSA, B Tech Marine, and MBA (Shipping and Logistic Management) programs, this Merchant Navy entrance exam is held. This academy has been approved by the Government of India's Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
Candidates who wish to apply for technical courses in order to join the Merchant Navy should apply for JEE Advanced exam. To be eligible for JEE Advanced candidates should clear JEE Main.
Other Merchant Navy entrance exams that candidates can take after graduating from high school include the MERI Entrance Exam and the TMISAT Entrance Exam.
Also read: JEE Advanced eligibility criteria
Merchant Navy colleges are located throughout the country and are designed to provide training to those interested in joining this non-combatant commercial force. Some of the top Merchant Navy colleges in India 2022 are listed below. The Directorate of Shipping has accredited these colleges, and the Ministry of Surface Transport of the Government of India has approved them for personnel training.
Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies
Tolani Maritime Institute (TMI)
Vels Academy of Maritime Studies
Institute of Technology & Marine Engineering (ITME)
Opting for a Merchant Navy officer as a career is not only a prospect in India but abroad as well. There are many jobs available internationally for Merchant Navy officer positions. So, if you opt to study Merchant Navy abroad, it will be fruitful for you. By studying Merchant Navy abroad you will get a variety of courses and specialization options, that might not be available in India.
Adding to that, International companies that operate merchant ships need to train personnel to operate and maintain the ships. As a result, you get job options abroad also as a Merchant Navy officer.
Some of the international shipping companies that might offer you a job if you are eligible to their set criteria are:
There are various specialized Merchant Navy courses available at top universities all over the world. Here is a list of top Merchant Navy colleges abroad that will offer you a dignified degree and a respectable job.
Edith Cowan University
The University of Strathclyde
The University of New Orleans
Aarhus University, School Of Marine And Technical Engineering
Hiroshima National College Of Maritime Technology
British Columbia Institute Of Technology, Pacific Marine Training Campus
Australian Maritime College
Fleetwood Nautical College
Manukau Institute of Technology
India has a number of top colleges for Merchant Navy programmes. The Merchant Navy fees in India varies depending upon various factors like the college you are opting for, the program, duration, etc. To get a clear idea about the Merchant Navy course fee in India go through the data given below.
Merchant Navy Fee
Samundra Institutes of Maritime Studies
Institute of Technology & Marine Engineering (ITME) Kolkata
Maharashtra Academy of Naval Education And Training (MANET) Pune
A candidate should have the following skills in order to become a successful Merchant Navy officer-
Apart from these, candidates should have tremendous love for sailing, patience, problem-solving skills, and logical and analytical thinking, practical knowledge of physics, chemistry, and mathematics.
Candidates pursuing the Merchant Navy course need to have a good understanding related to a wide range of subjects. The merchant navy sub & syllabus that are covered in the Merchant Navy programs are as follows:
Mechanics of Fluids
Voyage Planning and Collision Prevention
Marine Electrical Technology
Nautical Physics and Electronics Paper
Ship Operation Technology
Marine Auxiliary Machine
Principles of Navigation
Marine IC Engineering
Marine Boiler and System Engineering
Cargo Machine and Marine Communication
Marine Heat Engines and Air Conditioning
Marine Machines and System Design
STCW and Ship Fire Prevention
After completing the respective programmes in the merchant navy, it is mandatory for all candidates to undergo pre-sea training conducted by the Maritime Training Institute. Be it marine engineering or simply a maritime catering programme, all candidates have to undergo this training before they start working as interns on the ship. The duration of the training can vary from six months to one year depending on the programme that the candidate has pursued.
Making a career as a Merchant Navy officer will bring you several career opportunities in India as well as abroad. In India itself there are many career options for Merchant Navy officers. You can get a job in India's top shipping companies like Shipping Corporation of India, Great Eastern Shipping, and Essar. Chowgule Shipping, etc.
Merchant Navy salary in India varies depending on their position in the company's hierarchy. According to the Merchant Navy Salary in India, the lowest salary starts at INR 25,000 and the maximum salary starts at INR 10 L per month. Let's look at the Merchant Navy salary after Class 10 and Class 12. Merchant Navy is one of the highest paying careers in India as well as abroad. Sailors are paid excellent packages as working on a ship is considered to be a difficult job. There are numerous career opportunities in this field and salaries vary depending on the post of the candidates.
Usually, Naval Officers are paid six figure packages. Candidates can apply for these posts by clearing the competency programmes conducted by the Government of India.
Beginnings of the Merchant Navy salary after class 10th varies between INR 25,000 and INR 30,000, and it is subject to change based on examinations and achievements.
The Merchant Navy Salary in India after 12th class is INR 25,000 per month minimum, and the highest salary is INR 10 lakhs per month.
Following is the salary scope after pursuing a career in merchant navy:
Average Salary (approx.)
G P Rating
4 + 2 months of pre-sea course
Rs. 25,000 to 60,000 per month
Class 12 along with pre-sea Nautical Diploma
1 year pre-sea course
Rs. 25,000 to 85,000 per month
Class 12 along with pre-sea Nautical Diploma
18 months of service at sea as deck cadet
Rs. 25,000 to 85,000 per month
3rd Officer/ 2ndOfficer
2nd Mate (FG) Certificate of Competency
18 months of service at sea as 2nd or 3rdofficer
Rs. 1,50,000 to 3,00,000 per month
1st Mate (FG) Certificate of Competency
18 months of service at sea as chief officer
Rs. 4,00,000 to 6,00,000 per month
Master (FG) Certificate of Competency
4 to 5 years of experience in the industry
Rs. 8,65,000 to 20,00,000 per month
Sailors serving in the merchant navy get tax-free salaries if they spend 183 days of a year in international waters else the salary is taxable as per the laws of the Government of India.
Merchant Navy, being a field that requires exhaustive traveling, there are well paying off-shore options as well that one can look into after taking early retirement from the job or on completion of the contract.
In the maritime sector, there are a variety of career options available, whereby the salary of navy merchant varies depending on the position held by the candidates. Commercial shipping corporations typically hire Merchant Navy officers to work on seagoing vessels including cargo ships, tankers, cruise liners, and hovercraft. Initially, candidates work as trainees or Deck Cadets. Captains, 2nd/3rd Officers, and Chief Officers are the other posts in the Merchant Navy.
It is usually beneficial to participate in an internship to gain a better understanding of a career as a Merchant Navy officer. Working for a company or organization will offer you real-world experience, regardless of how much practical learning experience your institution or university provides.
In the case of a Merchant Navy officer, internships are required. During this time, you will learn everything that is expected in the field and has the chance to polish your talents. Because there is such a large gap between theory and practice, internships are required. Internships are a great method to get experience.
You can apply for Merchant Navy internship programs by going through the internet and searching for them. Many government and private shipment companies officers internship programs for the Merchant Navy.
The Merchant Navy is a worldwide business that offers some of the most exciting career options on a variety of ships. In the Merchant Navy career, the major role in your physical strength. There are three departments in the Merchant Navy from which you can choose from
To work in the engine department, you'll need to enroll in a marine engineering course, which can be a four-year degree program or a two-year diploma program. After completing the relevant courses and training, you can become a marine engineer if you are a mechanical engineer (Graduate Mechanical Engineering or GME course).
After completing one year of mechanical engineering or an equivalent programme, you can enrol in a maritime engineering programme. (The availability of this service will be determined by your country of residence.)
After finishing your marine engineering degree, you will join a ship as a Trainee/Fifth engineer and progress through the ranks.
After finishing the nautical science course, you will join a ship as a trainee/deck cadet and progress through the ranks.
If you have an electrical or electronic background, you can also join a ship as an ETO (electro-technical officer). Pre-sea training will be needed of you, followed by mandatory aboard instruction.
A ship requires supporting personnel in addition to deck officers and marine engineers to help the officers and perform several other critical responsibilities. Merchant Navy ratings come under such departments. The job options for ratings under the engine, deck department is as follows-
Apart from the above-given job options, you can also join the saloon department of the ship. The post available under saloon departments are the steward and chief cook.
Also read: Career as chief officer Merchant Navy
In the Merchant Navy field, there are basically two departments one can choose from. You can decide between them by your liking, the job profile you feel will suit you, and the skills you have.
If you want to opt for the engineering department, be prepared to do a lot of work with your hands, regardless of your status. Because the number of marine engineers on board is limited, they must undertake many tasks on their own, often without support. The engine department's maritime specialists are in charge of maintaining and running machinery on ships, both in the engine room and on deck.
Similarly, if you want to opt for the deck department, you will be in charge of navigation, cargo operations, and other deck responsibilities. Because a deck officer's main responsibilities will include navigating the ship and managing cargo operations, expect to spend long hours both at sea and on land.
Professionals in the Merchant Navy work mostly on cargo ships and commercial vessels. The types of ships Merchant Navy work on are:
Also read: Indian navy B Tech admission
The Merchant Navy uniform is, without a doubt, a source of great pride, and maritime personnel is required to keep it up to date and tidy at all times. Officers in the Merchant Navy often wear a white shirt and black pants, with epaulets depending on the ship's rank. During cold weather, the outfit is worn with black formal shoes and a pullover or hoodie. The P-cap is a black hood with a white top that has an anchor symbol on it.
When working on ships, however, the crew typically wears a boiler suit as well as personal protection equipment (PPE). Personal protection equipment (PPE) will vary depending on the type of ship and the sort of job to be done. Officers are required to wear the uniform when on the bridge, in the mess room, or when the captain requests it.
Merchant Navy workers live a lifestyle that is significantly different from landlubbers due to the nature of their work. The Merchant Navy job isn't your typical 9-to-5 job. Working as a Merchant Navy professional entails working a four-hour ship twice a day, in addition to overtime.
A contract with a shipping firm is common for navy merchant professionals. Depending on the rank and type of ship, the contract of a Merchant Navy officer can last anywhere from 4 to 9 months.
You will be invited to board the ship from a convenient port along the ship's sailing route after signing a contract with the shipping business. The majority of the time, you will fly to the concerned port to board the vessel (all expenditures are covered by the shipping firm).
Overall, the Merchant Navy lifestyle is lavish but at the same time different from other kinds of jobs. If you are fine with living an adventurous life as a Merchant Navy, it is the best-suited option for you as a career.
We hope you find this article on the Merchant Navy helpful and informative. Stay tuned to CollegeDekho to get more details.
No, currently there is no pension scheme for the Merchant Navy.
Yes, girls can also become Merchant Navy.
The Merchant Navy age limit is from 17 years to 25 years.
There are both government and private jobs available for the Merchant Navy.
You should pass class 12th with physics, chemistry, and mathematics as compulsory subjects with a minimum of 60% marks and be unmarried at the time of joining.
The Merchant Navy salary in India for beginners is around INR 4.50 - 5.50 LPA. and once candidates gain experience and expertise the salary can go up to INR 37 LPA.
Yes, Merchant Navy is a good career option as you get handsome salary packages and a lifestyle that involves traveling through different countries.
Yes, you can join the Merchant Navy after passing class 10th with physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics and completing a required diploma program like the Pre-sea Nautical diploma program.
Candidates should have passed class 12 with physics, chemistry, and mathematics with a minimum of 60% marks. Candidates can also complete a bachelor's degree like B Tech in marine engineering, and BBA in shipping and join the Merchant Navy.
A Merchant Navy officer is a person who works in a shipment company and overlooks the imports and exports of goods by being a part of a shipping journey, His responsibilities include looking after the cargo shipments, leading the shipment journey, and taking effective decisions, checking weather conditions, etc.
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