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Merchant Navy Course

Updated By Falak Khan on 26 Jul, 2022
Average Duration
6 months-3 years
Average Fee
40 K-3 L INR annual
Study Mode

Merchant Navy Course Overview

Merchant navy is a fleet of ships that transport heavy products from one country to another. Candidates can pursue Merchant Navy courses after completing their Class 10+2 and apply for bachelor's courses of three years like B Tech marine, B Tech naval architecture, ocean engineering, BBA in shipping, etc. There are also diploma courses of one year that candidates can pursue once they pass Class 12th with PCM. In merchant navy candidates are taught about shipping management, cargo machine and marine communication, and principles of navigation. Candidates can complete class 10 and pursue a Pre-sea Nautical diploma program or pass Class 10+2 and sit for entrance exams like IMU CET, JEE Main, TMI-BITS-EE, etc. 

By pursuing this course you can find employment opportunities in companies like shipping corporation of India, great eastern shipping and essar, chowgule shipping, etc. The merchant navy courses are available in offline and offline modes. Some of the top merchant navy colleges in India are Tolani Maritime Institute, Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies, Vels Academy of Maritime Studies, Chennai, Maharashtra Academy Of Naval Education and Training (Manet), Pune, etc. The average fee for this course in India is around INR 2.5 LPA on average. 


Merchant Navy Course Highlights




Merchant Navy


Maritime industry

Merchant Navy Course Eligibility

Passing class 12th with physics, chemistry, and mathematics as a compulsory subject.

Merchant Navy Entrance exam

Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test (IMU CET), JEE Advanced, All India Merchant Navy Entrance Test (AIMNET)

Merchant Navy Age limit 

17 years to 25 years


  • B.Tech Marine Engineering
  • B.Tech Ship Building
  • General Purpose Rating Course

Merchant Navy Top colleges in India

  • C.V. Raman College of Engineering
  • Chennai School of Ship Management
  • AMET university

Merchant Navy Top colleges in abroad 

  • Massachusetts Maritime Academy
  • U.S. Merchant Marine Academy
  • The University Of New Orleans

Required skills

Decision making, Teamwork, Practical knowledge of physics, chemistry and mathematics, leadership, effective communication


  • Starting level: INR 4.50 - 5.50 LPA
  • With experience: INR 37 LPA

Top recruiters in India

Shipping Corporation of India, Essar. Chowgule Shipping, Great Eastern Shipping

Top recruiters in abroad

Chevron and Mobil of the United States, K-Line, Wallem Ship Management of Hong Kong, Bibby Ship Management

Merchant Navy Courses

Here’s a list of some of the popular Merchant Navy courses

B Tech Marine EngineeringDiploma in Marine Engineering (DME)
BE Mechanical EngineeringG.P Rating
B Tech Naval Architecture and Offshore EngineeringDiploma in Nautical Science (DNS)
B.B.A. Logistics & Supply Chain ManagementHigher National Diploma (Marine Engineering)
Marine Engineering under Alternate Training SchemeBBA Shipping
MBA Shipping & Logistics ManagementHigher National Diploma (Nautical Science)
MBA Shipping FinanceBE Harbour and Ocean Engineering
B Tech Ship BuildingBE Marine Engineering
B Tech Harbour & Ocean EngineeringETO (Electro-Technical Officer)
B.Sc Nautical ScienceElectro-Technical Officer Course

Who should do Merchant Navy Course?

Candidates who have an extreme love for sea adventures and a zeal to be a part of plenty of sea journeys should opt for this career. Adding to that, you should fulfill the Merchant Navy eligibility criteria and be physically fit. It's important that you don't have seasickness, because as a navy merchant officer you will be part of big sea journies. It is a great career option in today’s time.

Why choose Merchant Navy as a career?

The demand for Merchant Navy officers is relatively increasing in contemporary times. In the globalization era, the countries are interconnecting with foreign trade which is mostly carried out by shipping companies. So the job opportunities for the Merchant Navy course are in large numbers. Adding to that, the lifestyle of the Merchant Navy officer is itself lavish, as you get to travel through different countries.  

Perks of Joining Merchant Navy

How many courses are there in Merchant Navy?

You can join the Merchant Navy after securing a degree that will be beneficial for you. There are a number of Merchant Navy courses for science, commerce, and art background students.  After completing Class 12, you can apply for the following Merchant Navy courses- 

Merchant Navy Courses & Duration



BBA Logistics & Supply Chain Management

3 years

B Sc Nautical Science

3 years

B E Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering

4 years

B E Marine Engineering

4 years

B E Harbour & Ocean Engineering

4 years

BBA Shipping

3 years

B E Mechanical Engineering

4 years

B E Civil Engineering

4 years

B Sc Marine Catering

3 years

B E Petroleum Engineering

4 years

List of popular Merchant Navy specializations

Apart from getting a degree, there are several Merchant Navy courses and specializations available that you can enroll in. Check the List of popular Merchant Navy courses/specializations given below.

Merchant Navy Specialization



GP Rating course

6 months

Saloon Rating Course

6 months

Deck Rating course

6 months

NCV course

6 months

Engine Rating course

6 months

Diploma in Nautical Science

1 year

STCW Basic Safety Training

5 days

Electro-Technical Officer Course

4 months

Commercial Diving Course

6 months

General Purpose Rating Course

6 months

Merchant Navy Course Eligibility Criteria

Since Merchant Navy courses are offered under UG, PG, Diploma, and Certificate levels, the eligibility criteria for different courses vary. Here are some common requirements for Merchant Navy courses for different levels. Candidates must hold relevant qualifications, physical strength, age limit to become a Merchant Navy officer. Check the Merchant Navy eligibility criteria given below. 

Eligibility criteria of Merchant Navy Course for bachelor’s

  • Candidates must have completed class 12th with at least 60% marks with physics, chemistry, and mathematics as compulsory subjects. 
  • To fulfill the Merchant Navy age limit for bachelor course candidates must age between 17 to 25 years. 

Merchant Navy eligibility criteria for postgraduate courses

  • For GME, a candidate must have a B E degree in Naval Architecture or Mechanical Engineering.
  • To pursue an MBA in the Merchant Navy, a candidate must have a bachelor's degree from a recognized university.
  • MBA and GME have maximum age limits of 25 and 28 years, respectively.

Also read: Marine engineering colleges in India

Eligibility criteria of Merchant Navy for 6-Months Merchant Navy courses

  • The age should be between 17.5 to 25 years. 

  • Candidates who have passed Class 10 with Science, English and Maths as main subjects and at least 40 per cent marks are considered eligible. 

Eligibility criteria of Merchant Navy for diploma courses

  • Candidates for one-year diploma courses must have completed their 12th-grade exams with PCM and English.
  • Candidates for two-year diploma courses must have a diploma in Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Marine Engineering, Electronics Engineering, or Shipbuilding Engineering with a minimum aggregate score of 50%.
  • The age limit of a candidate should be between 25 and 28 years old.

Medical fitness for Merchant Navy

  • Candidates must have normal vision (6/6) in both eyes and medically fit hearing capabilities.
  • Candidates should hold relevant physical fitness certificates. 
  • Candidates applying for any of the Merchant Navy courses must meet the medical fitness requirements. 
  • Candidates must be medically fit including hearing and eyesight. 
  • They must have normal vision (6/6) in each eye separately. 
  • It is required that the candidates produce a certificate for medical fitness by authorized authorities

Are tattoos allowed in the Merchant Navy?

Tattoos and piercings are not prohibited in the Merchant Navy field. Sailors, in fact, are the forefathers of nautical tattoo culture. The maritime academies, on the other hand, have strict disciplinary requirements and demand officers to have certain attributes. Therefore, if a candidate has unusual piercings and tattoos it may be seen as objectionable.


    Types of Merchant Navy

    There are a number of types of Merchant Navy officers. The major two types of Merchant Navy officers are engineering officers and deck officers. Go through the details about these positions given below. 

    • Engineering officer: An engineering officer is in charge of maintaining the ship's or cruise's machinery. They are in charge of the propulsion, fuel, and waste systems. All the machinery of a ship is overseen by an engineering officer.
    • Dech officer: A deck officer is in charge of steering and maneuvering the ship, as well as controlling navigation and communications. A deck officer's position on board a cargo ship is critical, as he or she is responsible for ship navigation, cargo handling, strategizing and safe handling, and delivery, and the maintenance of all potentially life-saving equipment

    Difference between Merchant Navy and Indian Navy

    Many candidates while selecting a career as a Merchant Navy officer get confused with the Indian navy. There is a vast difference between these two professions. The Merchant Navy officer's job profile revolves around commercial journey import-export of goods through sea shipments, Whereas the Indian navy officer is on national duty to protect the nation from seaside from enemies. 

    To get a clear idea go through the table given below that differentiate between the Merchant Navy and the Indian navy. 

    Difference between Merchant Navy and Indian Navy


    Merchant Navy 

    Indian navy


    Merchant Navy refers to commercial marine services, Such commercial activities include both cargo and people shipping to and from various locations around the world. 

    Defense Navy refers to a country's naval military wing. A career in the defense navy would entail serving the country by serving on warships.


    Candidates must have a minimum of 60% aggregate in Class 10 and 12, as well as a minimum of 60% in English in Class 10 or 12.

    Candidate should have at least a 60% in Science (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) in your 12th grade. The candidate should also have a minimum of 50% in English and must be unmarried at the time of application.



    The pay scales in the navy merchant are determined by international institutions such as  the International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF) and International Labour Organization (ILO). 

    The pay scale in the Indian navy is determined by the candidate's position and total work experience. Adding to that, the pay scale is set as per the country's laws and varies with countries. 

    Read about the Indian navy posts for class 10 and class 12



    How to get admission for Merchant Navy?


    After passing class 10 exams and finishing a Pre-sea Nautical diploma program, candidates can join the company immediately. If you complete your basic bachelor's degree or course in Merchant Navy you easily find employment through various consultants and placement agencies. Along with the Merchant Navy qualifications, candidates should also be physically fit. 

    To get admission in a Merchant Navy course or specialization you have to pass the following exams. 

    1. Pass Class 10 and Class 12

    Candidates need to clear Class 10 and Class 12 from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics with minimum marks to sit for an entrance exam or take admission in a Merchant Navy short-term course. 

    1. Sit for a Merchant Navy entrance exam

    If you want to get a well-recognized degree in the Merchant Navy, you need to pass entrance exams. Many colleges and universities offer admission to candidates based on a 12th-grade passing percentage cut-off. The entrance exam for Merchant Navy are-

    TMI-BITS-EE: Tolani Maritime Institute- Birla Institute of Technology and Science Entrance Examination

    IMU-CET: Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test

    JEE Mains: Joint Entrance Examination Main

    JEE Advanced: Joint Entrance Examination Advanced

    HIMT-OET: Hindustan Institute of Maritime Online Entrance Test

    1. Pursue Merchant Navy bachelors program 

    To pursue a  successful career in the Merchant Navy, one must first complete a bachelor's degree program in a related specialization. The duration of a Merchant Navy bachelor's program varies from 3 years to 4 years. Some of the Merchant Navy bachelors programs that you can enroll in are

    B Tech in marine engineering

    B tech in civil engineering

    B E in offshore engineering

    B E in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering

    1. Enroll in Merchant Navy masters program 

    If the candidate has completed his bachelor's degree, they can apply for a job directly or pursue masters if they want. Some of the master's programs for the Merchant Navy are

    M Tech in naval architecture 

    M E in offshore engineering

    M Tech in Dredging and Harbour Engineering

    M E in naval engineering

    M Tech in marine engineering

    M E in marine engineering

    Entrance Exams for Merchant Navy

    There are numerous entrance exams for Merchant Navy courses available in India. In order to get admission to a top Merchant Navy college in India, candidates are required to pass the entrance exam of that particular college. The basic eligibility requirement for these Merchant Navy entrance exams, you need to pass Class 10+ 12 from a recognized institution with a minimum of 50% marks. 

    Merchant Navy Entrance Examinations

    1. Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test (IMU CET)

    The Indian Maritime University administers the IMUCET for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate marine courses. It takes place in May, and registration opens at the end of March. Only unmarried candidates are permitted to take the exam.

    1. All India Merchant Navy Entrance Test (AIMNET)

    This exam is administered by the AIMNET Examination Board, which is overseen by the Offshore Shipping Academy. For admission to, B Tech Naval Architecture,  B Sc Nautical Science, G P Ratings,  Diploma of Applied Science (deck watchkeeper) by AMSA, B Tech Marine, and MBA (Shipping and Logistic Management) programs, this Merchant Navy entrance exam is held. This academy has been approved by the Government of India's Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

    1. JEE Advanced

    Candidates who wish to apply for technical courses in order to join the Merchant Navy should apply for JEE Advanced exam. To be eligible for JEE Advanced candidates should clear JEE Main. 

    Other Merchant Navy entrance exams that candidates can take after graduating from high school include the MERI Entrance Exam and the TMISAT Entrance Exam.

    Also read: JEE Advanced eligibility criteria

    Popular Merchant Navy Colleges in India

    Merchant Navy colleges are located throughout the country and are designed to provide training to those interested in joining this non-combatant commercial force. Some of the top Merchant Navy colleges in India 2022 are listed below. The Directorate of Shipping has accredited these colleges, and the Ministry of Surface Transport of the Government of India has approved them for personnel training. 

    List of top 10 Merchant Navy colleges in India



    Maharashtra Academy of Naval Education and Training (MANET)


    Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies


    Tolani Maritime Institute (TMI)


    International Maritime Institute (IMI) 


    Vels Academy of Maritime Studies


    B.P. Marine Academy Navi


    Coimbatore Marine College (CMC)


    Institute of Technology & Marine Engineering (ITME)


    Indian Maritime University (IMU)


    TS Rahaman


    Study Merchant Navy Abroad

    Opting for a Merchant Navy officer as a career is not only a prospect in India but abroad as well. There are many jobs available internationally for Merchant Navy officer positions. So, if you opt to study Merchant Navy abroad, it will be fruitful for you.  By studying Merchant Navy abroad you will get a variety of courses and specialization options, that might not be available in India.  

    Adding to that, International companies that operate merchant ships need to train personnel to operate and maintain the ships. As a result, you get job options abroad also as a Merchant Navy officer. 

    Some of the international shipping companies that might offer you a job if you are eligible to their set criteria are: 

    • Chevron and Mobil of the United States
    • Wallem Ship Management of Hong Kong
    • K-Line
    • Bibby Ship Management
    • d'Amico

    Merchant Navy Abroad Top Colleges

    There are various specialized Merchant Navy courses available at top universities all over the world. Here is a list of top Merchant Navy colleges abroad that will offer you a dignified degree and a respectable job. 

    Merchant Navy Colleges Abroad



    Edith Cowan University


    The University of Strathclyde


    The University of New Orleans


    Aarhus University, School Of Marine And Technical Engineering


    Griffith University


    Hiroshima National College Of Maritime Technology


    British Columbia Institute Of Technology, Pacific Marine Training Campus


    Australian Maritime College


    Fleetwood Nautical College


    Manukau Institute of Technology


    What is Merchant Navy Course Fee in India?

    India has a number of top colleges for Merchant Navy programmes. The Merchant Navy fees in India varies depending upon various factors like the college you are opting for, the program, duration, etc. To get a clear idea about the Merchant Navy course fee in India go through the data given below.  


    College Name 

    Merchant Navy Fee

    Vels Academy of Maritime Studies Chennai

    • B E Marine Engineering: Rs 10 Lakh
    • B Sc Nautical Science: Rs 8 Lakh
    • GME:  Rs 3 Lakh
    • DME: Rs 3 Lakh

    Samundra Institutes of Maritime Studies

    • B.Tech. in Marine Engineering: Rs 15 Lakh
    • Graduate Marine Engineering (GME): Rs 5 Lakh
    • B.Sc. in Nautical Science: Rs 12 Lakh

    Institute of Technology & Marine Engineering (ITME) Kolkata

    • B.Tech in Marine Engineering: Rs 3 Lakh
    • B.Tech in Nautical Science: Rs 2 Lakh 

    Tolani Maritime Institute

    • B.Tech Nautical Technology: Rs 13,00,000
    • B.Tech Marine Engineering: Rs 14,30,000

    Maharashtra Academy of Naval Education And Training (MANET) Pune

    • B.Sc. (Nautical Science): Rs 9 Lakh
    • B.Tech (Marine Engineering): Rs 13 Lakh

    Skill Set Required For Merchant Navy

    A candidate should have the following skills in order to become a successful Merchant Navy officer-

    • Strong physical strength: The job profile of a Merchant Navy officer involves traveling in the ocean and seas for a long period. A Merchant Navy officer should be physically strong and fit so they can sustain themselves in the sea and not get affected by seasickness
    • Mental ability: One journey in the Merchant Navy can go long without ever seeing land. This can have a negative impact on those who are not mentally strong enough. As a result, a Merchant Navy officer must be mentally strong 
    • Leadership and decision making: One must possess good leadership qualities as a time will come when you will be in charge and crew members will look up to you for major and effective decisions. With the leadership quality, you will be able to manage your job responsibilities and crew members well 

    Apart from these, candidates should have tremendous love for sailing, patience, problem-solving skills, and logical and analytical thinking, practical knowledge of physics, chemistry, and mathematics. 


    Merchant Navy Subject & Syllabus

    Candidates pursuing the Merchant Navy course need to have a good understanding related to a wide range of subjects. The merchant navy sub & syllabus that are covered in the Merchant Navy programs are as follows:

    • Naval Architecture
    • Ship Operation Technology
    • Marine Machines and System Design
    • Mechanics of Fluids
    • Marine Boiler and System Engineering
    • Maritime Law
    • Voyage Planning and Collision Prevention
    • Electrical Machines
    • Environmental Science
    • Marine Electrical Technology
    • Nautical Physics and Electronics Paper
    • STCW and Ship Fire Prevention
    • Marine IC Engineering
    • Shipping Management
    • Cargo Machine and Marine Communication
    • Marine Auxiliary Machine
    • Principles of Navigation
    • Marine Heat Engines and Air Conditioning

    Popular Subjects:

    Mechanics of Fluids

    Voyage Planning and Collision Prevention

    Marine Electrical Technology

    Nautical Physics and Electronics Paper

    Electrical Machines

    Ship Operation Technology

    Marine Auxiliary Machine

    Principles of Navigation

    Marine IC Engineering

    Shipping Management

    Marine Boiler and System Engineering

    Maritime Law

    Naval Architecture

    Cargo Machine and Marine Communication

    Marine Heat Engines and Air Conditioning

    Marine Machines and System Design

    Environmental Science

    STCW and Ship Fire Prevention

    Merchant Navy Training

    After completing the respective programmes in the merchant navy, it is mandatory for all candidates to undergo pre-sea training conducted by the Maritime Training Institute. Be it marine engineering or simply a maritime catering programme, all candidates have to undergo this training before they start working as interns on the ship. The duration of the training can vary from six months to one year depending on the programme that the candidate has pursued.

    Merchant Navy Scope in India

    Making a career as a Merchant Navy officer will bring you several career opportunities in India as well as abroad. In India itself there are many career options for Merchant Navy officers. You can get a job in India's top shipping companies like Shipping Corporation of India, Great Eastern Shipping, and Essar. Chowgule Shipping, etc. 

    • Merchant Navy Salary in India is similarly greater than in other businesses.
    • The employment of Indian sailors on Indian and international ships has increased by 35%. 
    • The Merchant Navy's employment count climbed from 1,54,349 to 2,08,799 in 2017, indicating that Indian skills are in high demand around the world. 

    What is Merchant Navy Salary?

    Merchant Navy salary in India varies depending on their position in the company's hierarchy. According to the Merchant Navy Salary in India, the lowest salary starts at INR 25,000 and the maximum salary starts at INR 10 L per month. Let's look at the Merchant Navy salary after Class 10 and Class 12. Merchant Navy is one of the highest paying careers in India as well as abroad. Sailors are paid excellent packages as working on a ship is considered to be a difficult job. There are numerous career opportunities in this field and salaries vary depending on the post of the candidates.

    Usually, Naval Officers are paid six figure packages. Candidates can apply for these posts by clearing the competency programmes conducted by the Government of India.

    Merchant Navy Salary in India after Class 10

    Beginnings of the Merchant Navy salary after class 10th varies between INR 25,000 and INR 30,000, and it is subject to change based on examinations and achievements.

    Merchant Navy Salary in India after Class 12

    The Merchant Navy Salary in India after 12th class is INR 25,000 per month minimum, and the highest salary is INR 10 lakhs per month. 

    Related article:  how to get into the Merchant Navy and find career prospects' salaries

    Following is the salary scope after pursuing a career in merchant navy:



    Field Requisite

    Average Salary (approx.)

    G P Rating

    Class 10

    4 + 2 months of pre-sea course

    Rs. 25,000 to 60,000 per month

    Trainee Cadet

    Class 12 along with pre-sea Nautical Diploma

    1 year pre-sea course

    Rs. 25,000 to 85,000 per month

    Deck Cadet

    Class 12 along with pre-sea Nautical Diploma

    18 months of service at sea as deck cadet

    Rs. 25,000 to 85,000 per month

    3rd Officer/ 2ndOfficer

    2nd Mate (FG) Certificate of Competency

    18 months of service at sea as 2nd or 3rdofficer

    Rs. 1,50,000 to 3,00,000 per month

    Chief Officer

    1st Mate (FG) Certificate of Competency

    18 months of service at sea as chief officer

    Rs. 4,00,000 to 6,00,000 per month


    Master (FG) Certificate of Competency

    4 to 5 years of experience in the industry

    Rs. 8,65,000 to 20,00,000 per month

    Sailors serving in the merchant navy get tax-free salaries if they spend 183 days of a year in international waters else the salary is taxable as per the laws of the Government of India.

    Merchant Navy, being a field that requires exhaustive traveling, there are well paying off-shore options as well that one can look into after taking early retirement from the job or on completion of the contract.

    Career Options and Job Prospects After Merchant Navy

    In the maritime sector, there are a variety of career options available, whereby the salary of navy merchant varies depending on the position held by the candidates. Commercial shipping corporations typically hire Merchant Navy officers to work on seagoing vessels including cargo ships, tankers, cruise liners, and hovercraft. Initially, candidates work as trainees or Deck Cadets. Captains, 2nd/3rd Officers, and Chief Officers are the other posts in the Merchant Navy.


    • Third Officer: The third officer is the most junior member of the navigation crew and is in charge of the ship's safety. The job profile of a third officer in the navy merchant is in charge of reading navigational charts and monitoring shipping activity
    • Second Officer: A second officer serves as the ship's navigational officer and, in rare situations, as the ship's medical officer
    • Chief Officer: A chief officer is usually a watchstander who is in control of the cargo and crew of the ship. A chief officer is also in charge of cargo/storage operations, safety, the environment, and quality assurance, among other things
    • Captain of the Ship: The captain of the ship is in control of the ship as a whole. The captain is ultimately in charge of the ship and its cargo, ensuring that it is delivered safely and without mishap


    • Fourth Engineer: The fourth engineer's responsibilities include keeping track of the machinery in operation and doing maintenance
    • Third Engineer:  A third engineer does maintenance on the ship and prepares it for arrival at a port on occasion
    • Second Engineer: The major responsibility of a second engineer is to schedule and supervise maintenance in the engine room. The second engineer is also in charge of the engine room staff in addition to assisting the chief engineer
    • The chief engineer: The chief is in charge of the engineering department as a whole. The project designs are approved by a chief engineer. A chief engineer also creates projects that are cost-effective. The chief engineer also sets project budgets, assigns resources, directs the engineering team, and oversees new recruit training

    Internships for Merchant Navy

    It is usually beneficial to participate in an internship to gain a better understanding of a career as a Merchant Navy officer. Working for a company or organization will offer you real-world experience, regardless of how much practical learning experience your institution or university provides. 

    In the case of a Merchant Navy officer, internships are required. During this time, you will learn everything that is expected in the field and has the chance to polish your talents. Because there is such a large gap between theory and practice, internships are required. Internships are a great method to get experience.

    You can apply for Merchant Navy internship programs by going through the internet and searching for them. Many government and private shipment companies officers internship programs for the Merchant Navy.

    What are different careers in Merchant Navy?

    The Merchant Navy is a worldwide business that offers some of the most exciting career options on a variety of ships. In the Merchant Navy career, the major role in your physical strength. There are three departments in the Merchant Navy from which you can choose from

    1. Deck Department
    2. Engine Department
    3. Crew Rating

    Career in Merchant Navy engine department 

    To work in the engine department, you'll need to enroll in a marine engineering course, which can be a four-year degree program or a two-year diploma program.  After completing the relevant courses and training, you can become a marine engineer if you are a mechanical engineer (Graduate Mechanical Engineering or GME course).

    After completing one year of mechanical engineering or an equivalent programme, you can enrol in a maritime engineering programme. (The availability of this service will be determined by your country of residence.)

    After finishing your marine engineering degree, you will join a ship as a Trainee/Fifth engineer and progress through the ranks.

    Career in Merchant Navy deck department 

    After finishing the nautical science course, you will join a ship as a trainee/deck cadet and progress through the ranks.

    If you have an electrical or electronic background, you can also join a ship as an ETO (electro-technical officer). Pre-sea training will be needed of you, followed by mandatory aboard instruction.

    Career in Merchant Navy rating department

    A ship requires supporting personnel in addition to deck officers and marine engineers to help the officers and perform several other critical responsibilities. Merchant Navy ratings come under such departments. The job options for ratings under the engine, deck department is as follows-

    Ratings under the engine department 

    • Wiper
    • Fitter
    • Motorman

    Ratings under the deck department 

    • Ordinary Seaman (OS)
    • Able Seaman (AB)
    • Bosun
    • Fitter

    Apart from the above-given job options, you can also join the saloon department of the ship. The post available under saloon departments are the steward and chief cook. 

    Also read: Career as chief officer Merchant Navy

    What to choose between deck and engine department?

    In the Merchant Navy field, there are basically two departments one can choose from. You can decide between them by your liking, the job profile you feel will suit you, and the skills you have. 

    If you want to opt for the engineering department, be prepared to do a lot of work with your hands, regardless of your status. Because the number of marine engineers on board is limited, they must undertake many tasks on their own, often without support. The engine department's maritime specialists are in charge of maintaining and running machinery on ships, both in the engine room and on deck.

    Similarly, if you want to opt for the deck department, you will be in charge of navigation, cargo operations, and other deck responsibilities. Because a deck officer's main responsibilities will include navigating the ship and managing cargo operations, expect to spend long hours both at sea and on land. 

    Types of Ships Merchant Navy Work On

    Professionals in the Merchant Navy work mostly on cargo ships and commercial vessels. The types of ships Merchant Navy work on are:

    • Tanker ships
    • Passenger ships
    • Cruise ships
    • Container ships
    • Bulk carriers
    • Offshore vessels
    • Ro-R0 ships (Roll-On Roll-Off vessels)
    • Ferries

    Also read:  Indian navy B Tech admission 


    Merchant Navy Life Style & Uniform

    The Merchant Navy uniform is, without a doubt, a source of great pride, and maritime personnel is required to keep it up to date and tidy at all times. Officers in the Merchant Navy often wear a white shirt and black pants, with epaulets depending on the ship's rank. During cold weather, the outfit is worn with black formal shoes and a pullover or hoodie. The P-cap is a black hood with a white top that has an anchor symbol on it.

    When working on ships, however, the crew typically wears a boiler suit as well as personal protection equipment (PPE). Personal protection equipment (PPE) will vary depending on the type of ship and the sort of job to be done. Officers are required to wear the uniform when on the bridge, in the mess room, or when the captain requests it.


    Merchant Navy workers live a lifestyle that is significantly different from landlubbers due to the nature of their work. The Merchant Navy job isn't your typical 9-to-5 job. Working as a Merchant Navy professional entails working a four-hour ship twice a day, in addition to overtime.

    A contract with a shipping firm is common for navy merchant professionals. Depending on the rank and type of ship, the contract of a Merchant Navy officer can last anywhere from 4 to 9 months.

    You will be invited to board the ship from a convenient port along the ship's sailing route after signing a contract with the shipping business. The majority of the time, you will fly to the concerned port to board the vessel (all expenditures are covered by the shipping firm).

    Overall, the Merchant Navy lifestyle is lavish but at the same time different from other kinds of jobs. If you are fine with living an adventurous life as a Merchant Navy, it is the best-suited option for you as a career. 

    We hope you find this article on the Merchant Navy helpful and informative. Stay tuned to CollegeDekho to get more details. 


    FAQs about Merchant Navy

    Does Merchant Navy get pension?

    No, currently there is no pension scheme for the Merchant Navy.

    Can a girl become Merchant Navy?

    Yes, girls can also become Merchant Navy.

    What is the age limit for a Merchant Navy?

    The Merchant Navy age limit is from 17 years to 25 years.

    Is Merchant Navy a govt job?

    There are both government and private jobs available for the Merchant Navy.

    How do I join Merchant Navy?

    You should pass class 12th with physics, chemistry, and mathematics as compulsory subjects with a minimum of 60% marks and be unmarried at the time of joining.

    What is Merchant Navy salary?

    The Merchant Navy salary in India for beginners is around INR 4.50 - 5.50 LPA. and once candidates gain experience and expertise the salary can go up to  INR 37 LPA.


    Is Merchant Navy a good career?

    Yes, Merchant Navy is a good career option as you get handsome salary packages and a lifestyle that involves traveling through different countries. 


    Can I do Merchant Navy after class 10th?

    Yes, you can join the Merchant Navy after passing class 10th with physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics and completing a required diploma program like the Pre-sea Nautical diploma program.

    What is Merchant Navy qualifications?

    Candidates should have passed class 12 with physics, chemistry, and mathematics with a minimum of 60% marks. Candidates can also complete a bachelor's degree like B Tech in marine engineering, and BBA in shipping and join the Merchant Navy.

    What is a Merchant Navy?

    A Merchant Navy officer is a person who works in a shipment company and overlooks the imports and exports of goods by being a part of a shipping journey, His responsibilities include looking after the cargo shipments, leading the shipment journey, and taking effective decisions, checking weather conditions, etc.

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    Questions Related to Merchant Navy Course

    I want to find out about the merchant navy courses that are offered in India and their annual fee structure.

    -Vrushabh gadhaveUpdated on October 05, 2021 08:11 PM
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    Abhik Das, Student / Alumni

    Dear aspirant, a list of merchant navy courses that are offered in India at various levels and their annual fee …


    Please tell me which course to choose? I have completed my class 12th and want to pursue a career in Merchant navy

    -Nasir ShaikhUpdated on August 13, 2021 04:08 PM
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    Rahul Raj, Student / Alumni

    Dear Student,

    In order to find complete information about the Merchant Navy, we advise you to go through the link …


    What is the age limit for joining merchant navy after completing B.Tech Mechanical?

    -ArshanUpdated on February 22, 2021 01:07 PM
    • 1 Answer
    Diksha Sharma, Student / Alumni

    Dear Student,

    The age limit for joining the merchant navy after completing B.Tech Mechanical is 28 years. You can also …


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