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    Microbiology Overview

    Microbiology is a good course option to pursue after 10+2. Based on the study of microorganisms, students can apply for bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate courses in order to pursue microbiology. Admissions to top central government colleges can be achieved through CUET, while there are college-specific entrance exams as well. 

    Microbiology courses are available on both full-time and part-time bases. In addition, there are certain online certificate courses available for foundation training. These courses can help students pave their way for getting into top-notch scientific laboratories not only in India but across the world.

    Some of the best Indian colleges for microbiology studies are the Indian Institute of Sciences, the University of Mumbai, the University of Kerela, Delhi University, and the University of Pune. These colleges offer various qualifications within a fee range of INR 6,500-64,000.

    Microbiology Course Highlights

    Given below are some of the key highlights related to Microbiology courses in India:


    Biological Sciences,  

    Life Sciences

    Applied & Pure Sciences


    Various branches and sub-branches

    Qualifications Available

    Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctorate

    Highest Qualification

    Doctorate (PhD)

    Online Courses


    Entrance Exams


    Average Course Duration

    4 months-10 years

    Average Course Fees

    INR 15,000-5,00,000

    Top Medical Colleges

    Indian Institute of Science, Osmania University, University of Mumbai, and Delhi University

    Career Opportunities

    Clinical, Environmental, or Industrial Microbiologist, Biologist, Virologist, and Biochemist

    Average Starting Salary 

    INR 3,00,000-10,00,000

    Why Choose Microbiology?

    Students who are confused, as to why they should pick Microbiology as a specialisation for their higher studies, can have a look at the benefits below:

    • Wide Scope of Opportunities: The scope of microbiology is huge. As is known, there are more microorganisms than humans or animals. In fact, even our body consists of various microorganisms. Hence, there are a lot of sub-specialisations available for students to choose from, which eventually leads to a plethora of eventual career opportunities. 

    • High-Paying Jobs: The impact of microbiological studies on human life is so huge that it makes up for a very responsible and risky job. While the scope of human error is negligible, the equipment and practices are all conducted on a highly specialised level. As a professional in such an environment, high-paying job profiles are a given. The highest annual salary of a microbiologist can reach up to INR 45,00,000-75,00,000 per year.

    • Huge Impact on Human Lives: Microbiology is concerned with many responsibilities, including the study of virology and bacteria, which is eventually related to human diseases and their cures. Hence, every win of a microbiologist creates a huge positive impact on human lives, and the same is for the losses.

    • Research and Development Cell: While R&D is an open sector for various biologists and even other scientists and researchers, in the case of microbiology, it is the main sector of working. A microbiologist may deal with patients, but for a major part, their efforts are executed in laboratories, hence, making R&D to be the most popular job cell.

    • Contribution to Sustainability Drive: The power of microbiology lies in the fact that it can use nature’s micro-organisms to solve huge problems, such as oil spills in the sea. Microbiology is used as a corrector of various environmental hazards and accidents, and even sometimes replenishes precious natural habitats.

    How Many Courses are There in Microbiology?

    The different microbiology courses that students can pursue in India have been summarised below, along with their description and course duration:

    Microbiology Course Type

    Course Duration


    Certificate Courses

    2-6 months

    These short-term courses only cover selected basics of the course and are good as a substitute or foundational course for full-time study.

    Diploma & PG Diploma Courses

    1-2 years

    These long-term courses are best when students are trying to enter the field as fresher.

    PG Diploma will help in avoiding to study bachelor’s if they have already completed in other subjects.

    The student is considered qualified and knowledgeable enough to pursue master’s or PhD courses.

    Bachelor’s Courses in Microbiology

    3 years

    A full-time (or part-time) course is responsible to set a strong knowledge and experience foundation for higher studies.

    Graduates earn a B.Sc. degree qualification.

    Master’s Courses in Microbiology

    2 years

    It is a full-time (or part-time) course with an in-depth study of selected microbiology specialisation(s).

    Graduates earn an M.Sc. degree qualification.

    PhD Courses in Microbiology

    3-6 years

    These full-time degree courses act as the first step to the research area of microbiology.

    Graduates earn a Dr. title and PhD degree.

    Entrance Exams for Microbiology Courses

    The entrance exams for microbiology courses are available at the national and university levels. These exam scores can be used not only to get admission but also for a discount on tuition fees. Some common entrance exams for admission to courses in microbiology are:

    • CUET: CUET is conducted by the central government for entrance to universities under their jurisdiction. The exam is available on both UG and PG levels.

    • College-Specific Entrance Exams: These exams are individual to various universities and colleges, and are often conducted by the respective faculty departments. They are also available on both UG and PG levels.

    Microbiology Courses Eligibility Criteria

    The eligibility criteria of the microbiology courses are dependent on the qualification level of the course.


    To get admission to undergraduate microbiology courses, such as B.Sc. in Microbiology, or Diploma in Microbiology, etc., students need to:

    • Have at least 50% in 10+2 examination,

    • Have completed 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics as compulsory subjects,

    • Clear the cut-off score required for the entrance exams.

    Master’s or Doctorate

    Postgraduate courses in microbiology include M.Sc in Microbiology, PG Diploma in Microbiology, PhD in Microbiology, etc. Students need to meet the following to be eligible for admission to these courses:

    • B.Sc. degree in a relevant field,

    • At least 50% in B.Sc. degree, and

    • Cut-off score in recommended entrance exams to clear the minimum score requirements.

    How to Get Admission to Microbiology Courses in India?

    Students can refer to the following steps to get admission to any of the microbiology courses in India:

    Step 1: Shortlist the college and courses they want to apply for. Check the eligibility criteria of the courses.

    Step 2: Attempt the entrance exam(s) required for admission to the shortlisted courses.

    Step 3: Compile the admission application along with the application form and fee, entrance exam scores, additional documents, etc. Submit the same.

    Step 4: Await the decision of the college, either as a college acceptance letter or admissions list.

    Top Colleges to Study Microbiology in India

    The best colleges in India to study microbiology courses are summarised here along with their annual tuition fees:

    Name of Institute/University

    Annual Tuition Fees (in INR)

    Aligarh Muslim University


    Banaras Hindu University


    Guru Nanak Dev University


    Indian Institute of Science


    Lovely Professional University


    Mahatma Gandhi University


    Manipal Academy of Higher Education


    Osmania University


    University of Calicut


    University of Kerela


    University of Mumbai


    Microbiology Study Abroad

    Indian students can always opt for universities abroad to study microbiology courses. Just like India, it is a prestigious course of study in foreign countries as well. Here are certain picks from the 50 best global universities for microbiology (biological sciences) according to the QS Subject Rankings 2022:

    Name of University 


    Harvard University

    United States

    University of Cambridge

    United Kingdom

    ETH Zurich


    University of California (Berkeley, San Diego, & Los Angeles)

    United States



    University of Toronto


    University of Tokyo 


    University of Copenhagen


    Tsinghua University


    Ludwig Maximilians Universität München


    Sorbonne University


    Karolinska Institutet


    Seoul National University

    South Korea

    University of Melbourne


    Wageningen University & Research


    Average Course Fees of Microbiology

    Here is an average course fee analysis of different microbiology courses in India:

    Microbiology Course

    Annual Tuition Fees (in INR)

    Certificate Courses & Online Courses


    Diploma & PG Diploma Courses


    Bachelor’s Courses


    Master’s Courses


    Doctorate Courses


    Microbiology Syllabus

    The common microbiology subjects included in the Indian college course curriculum are:

    Microbiology Syllabus

    Microbial Physiology, Ecology & Genetics


    Molecular Biology

    Cell Biology

    Enzyme Technology

    Food Microbiology

    Virology & recent trends

    Medical Bacteriology

    Recombinant DNA Technology


    Bioinstrumentation & Biophysics

    Fermentation Technology



    Tissue Culture

    Industrial, Medical & Environmental Microbiology

    Note: This list is not exhaustive and subjects may vary depending on the course and university one is applying to.

    Career Scope for Microbiology in India - Career and Job Prospects

    The career options available for microbiology graduates in India are:

    • Clinical Microbiologist

    • Environmental Microbiologist

    • Industrial Microbiologist

    • Mycologist

    • Parasitologist

    • Virologist

    • Food Technologist

    • Biochemist

    • Molecular Biologist

    • Cell Biologist

    • Bacteriologist

    What is Microbiologist Salary?

    Here is a summary of common microbiologist job profiles and their annual salary in India:

    Job Profile

    Annual Salary (in INR)





    Clinical Microbiologist


    Environmental Microbiologist


    Food Technologist


    Industrial Microbiologist








    Required Skills to Become a Microbiologist

    As a microbiologist, students will require the following skills to be able to achieve recognition and land lucrative jobs:

    • Patience: Microbiologists need to work on a single project for months and years. The results during this period may or may not be in their favour. However, they need to carry on consistently, which makes patience of extreme importance in their careers.

    • Independence and Teamwork: A microbiologist not only needs to undertake group projects but also independent research, where they are building a case for their own theory. The work dynamics of both situations are highly different and they need to easily settle and switch between the two.

    • Communication Skills: While interaction with the general public of a microbiologist is limited, they do need to present the findings of their research, progress, and other relevant details. They need good communication skills to express their ideas and project status to research financers and reviewing committees.

    • Observational & Analytical Skills: Research projects naturally demand working individuals to have observational and analytical skills. In order to draw conclusions from the experiment analysis is important, and to even track the changes and reactions, observation is required.

    • Detail-Oriented: Microbiologists work with microorganisms. They have to be alert and detail-oriented to capture the stages of reactions and changes in their ongoing research.

    • Efficient in Other Sciences: Apart from biological sciences, microbiologists also need to have a good knowledge of other pure and applied sciences to ensure proper conclusions. For instance, geological conditions are a huge factor in the nature of microorganisms.

    • Tech-Savvy: Technology is the consistent lab partner of microbiologists, and they need to be well versed in using it to ensure proper recording and independence in their work.

    FAQs about Microbiology

    What is microbiology used for?

    Microbiology is used to study microorganisms, the effect of their surroundings on them, and the impact they eventually make on human lives. The branch of study uses scientific methods to gather intelligence about the said organisms and their behavioural characteristics. The applied and experimental methods are used to make conservatory and evolutionary use of intelligence gathered.

    Can I apply for R&D jobs without a PhD degree in microbiology?

    Yes, you can apply for R&D jobs without a PhD degree in microbiology. All the microbiology courses, including bachelor’s and master’s courses, train students to become microbiologists, who need to work mainly in investigative or research departments. Hence, even if you choose to not do a PhD, you can still become a laboratory microbiologist.

    Can I become a Microbiologist abroad after completing studies in India?

    Yes, you can become a Microbiologist abroad after completing your studies in India. You may apply for a fellowship or even membership with foreign universities and research institutes dedicated to microbiology. If you have a research project or ideas to drive an already existing project, it will be easier to get the job.

    Is it compulsory to attempt entrance exams for admission to microbiology courses?

    No, it is not compulsory to attempt entrance exams for admission to microbiology courses. They may be required only if your chosen college requires it. If the college specifically demands exam scores, you have to attempt and present the scores, irrespective of their viability.

    Which are some of the popular college entrance exams for admission to microbiology courses in India?

    The most popular college entrance exams for admission to microbiology courses in India are IISER (Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research), IISc Entrance Exam (Indian Institute of Sciences, BHU UET (Banaras Hindu University), and AMU MET (Aligarh Muslim University).

    Show More

    Related Questions

    Is there a microbiology course
    -Hirunathpatir -Updated on Jan-12-202334 Answers

    tanishka, Student / Alumni

    If you are looking for best university for http://B.Sc in biotechnology course,I would say Lovely professional University is best university. The curriculum has been designed in such a way that it makes it easier for the students to prepare themselves for giant exams like CSIR-NET, ICMR, ICAR, and GATE. With an experienced faculty of 30+ in the department who arw ready to help the students round the clock, seven days a week, this institute is one of the best options for the young population to opt for biotechnology. In addition to core curricula, course offers subjects like communication and soft skills to enhance personality and employability. She said,specializations may be offered in Dairy Technology or Fermentation Technology or Molecular Biotechnology (subject to minimum number of students and feasibility) The course offers specializations in Dairy Technology, Fermentation Technology and Bioinformatics.The curriculum offers prime focus on fundamental and applied aspects of biotechnology.Students can get a foreign degree through international collaborations (2 year in India and 2 years abroad or 2 year in India and 1 year abroad)

    Navneet, Student / Alumni

    The application process for LPU is completely online. The LPU admission process includes filling in the application form, appearing for the LPUNEST entrance test, result declaration and fee payment. Given below is the admission process of Lovely Professional University. Step 1: LPU Application Process 2023 Candidates are required to follow the below-mentioned steps to fill out the LPU application form: Step 1.1: Visit the official website of LPU and click on the ' Apply Now' tab at the top of the web page. Step 1.2: Register on the official admission portal of LPU i.e. LPUADMIT ( with basic details such as name, email-id, mobile no., state, gender and password). The email id used during registration will act as the username for the portal and the password needs to be set by the candidate while registering. Step 1.3: Candidates can continue to apply for LPUNEST (for scholarship purposes). Step 1.4 Pay the application fee and hit on the submit button to complete the application process.

    Mawal Ark, Student / Alumni

    Well, you can take admission in LPU subject to satisfying following eligibility conditions: Eligibility Criteria: Pass with 60% aggregate marks in 10+2 (with English, Physics, Chemistry, Maths /& Biology/ Biotechnology) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPUNEST.

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