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CLAT 2023 Exam Pattern

Updated By Debanjalee Sen on 09 Aug, 2022 10:04

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CLAT 2023 Exam Pattern

For the preparation of CLAT 2023, students must first know the detailed exam pattern and syllabus. It is very essential to be familiar with the CLAT exam pattern because it will help in examining the structure of the examination. The exam pattern of CLAT 2023 comprises the total number of questions, total marks, time duration, marking scheme, the number of questions section-wise, exam timing, etc. Understanding the exam pattern will help in better preparation for CLAT 2023. Read further to know about the CLAT 2023 exam pattern.

The Consortium of National Law Universities updated the LLM exam format for the CLAT 2021 exam. Earlier, the consortium had re-introduced the descriptive section as well as minimum cutoff marks for the year 2021 but it was cancelled for CLAT PG 2021 in view of the coronavirus pandemic. In the year 2020 as well, the consortium had decided to remove the subjective section along with the minimum CLAT Cutoff criteria due to the COVID-19 outbreak. No changes have been introduced to CLAT UG 2023 exam pattern.

CLAT 2023 Exam Pattern: Highlights

Check the table given below to know the basic details of the CLAT 2023 exam pattern. The highlights of the CLAT 2023 exam pattern have been provided here.






2 Hours



Type of Questions

UG: Multiple Type Questions (MCQs)

PG: Multiple Type Questions (MCQs) & Subjective (Updated)

Number of Questions

CLAT UG - 150

CLAT PG - 120

Marking Scheme

For every correct answer: +1

For every incorrect answer: -0.25

For every unattempted question: 0

Total Marks

CLAT UG - 150 marks

CLAT PG - 120 marks

Exam Pattern for CLAT UG 2023

The UG-CLAT 2023 would assess candidates' comprehension and reasoning skills and abilities. Below we have listed the new exam pattern for CLAT UG 2023.

  • As a whole, it is aimed to be a test of aptitude and skills required for a legal education rather than prior knowledge, though prior knowledge may be beneficial in answering questions in the Current Affairs section on occasion.
  • The UG-CLAT 2023 will be a 2-hour exam with 150 multiple-choice questions worth one point each.
  • For each incorrect answer, 0.25 points will be deducted.

These questions would be divided into the five subjects listed below.

  • English Language
  • Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Quantitative Techniques

Similar Exams :

CLAT PG 2023 Exam Pattern

The PG-CLAT 2023 will emphazie on students' comprehension abilities. It will last 120 minutes and consist of one section. Following are the changes have been made in the PG exam pattern of CLAT 2023.

  • The first section would consist of 120 objective-type questions worth one point each.
  • Every incorrect answer will result in a 0.25 point deduction.
  • The paper will be based on the undergraduate program's mandatory subjects, which will include Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Contract Law, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law, Property Law, Company Law, Public International Law, Tax Law, Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.
  • Students will be given extracts from primary legal materials, such as important court decisions in various fields of law, statutes, or regulations, in the Objective section of the PG-CLAT 2023.
  • The maximum number of marks of the exam is 120

The following sections are included as per the New Exam Pattern of CLAT PG -

  • Constitutional Law
  • Other Subjects of Law such as Criminal Law, Contract, Torts, International Law, IPR & Jurisprudence

Section-Wise Division of CLAT 2023 Question Paper

The section-wise CLAT 2023 weightage has been updated below.

CLAT UG 2023 Subject-Wise Weightage



English Language

28-32 questions, or around 20% of the paper

Legal Reasoning

    35-39 questions, or around 25% of the paper

Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

    35-39 questions, or around 25% of the paper

Logical Reasoning

    28-32 questions, or around 20% of the paper

Quantitative Techniques

    13-17 questions, or around 10% of the paper

CLAT PG 2023 Subject-Wise Weightage



Constitutional Law

60 questions, or 50% of the paper

Other subjects of law such as Torts, Contract, International Law, Criminal Law, IPR and Jurisprudence

60 questions, or 50% of the paper

Mode of CLAT 2023 Exam

Candidates appearing for CLAT 2023 must note that the mode of the examination is offline, pen-paper/ centre-based. 

CLAT 2023 Marking Scheme

According to the official website of CLAT, the exam pattern has not been changed from its previous version. Candidates must start preparing for it keeping in mind the latest exam pattern and marking scheme along with the CLAT 2023 Syllabus. 


Marks (per Question)

Correct Answer for MCQs

+ 1 Marks

Correct Answer for Descriptive Type

+ 25 Marks

Incorrect Answer

- 0.25 Mark

Unanswered/ Unaemptted Question

0 Mark

In order to get well-versed with the CLAT exam pattern, interested applicants must also practice CLAT Mock Test and CLAT Previous Years Questions here. 

Want to know more about CLAT

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Related Questions

Need to apply for clat how it is

-VighneshwaranUpdated on April 07, 2022 09:28 AM
  • 3 Answers
Sukriti Vajpayee, CollegeDekho Expert

Dear Student,

The application process for CLAT exam usually begins in the month of January every year. You may start by checking the CLAT 2020 eligibility criteria and then apply. See the detailed CLAT 2020 application process here.

Please write back to us or call on the CollegeDekho student helpline number 1800-572-9877 in case of further queries.


Sir if I not clear clat exam then any other option to do ba llb course in better college

-Satyam kumarUpdated on March 21, 2022 09:19 AM
  • 5 Answers
Sukriti Vajpayee, CollegeDekho Expert

Dear Student,

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is the entrance exam basically conducted for admission National Law Universities (NLUs) in India.

While CLAT scores are also accepted for admission by many other law colleges in India, it is not necessary to appear for CLAT for BA LLB admissions.

There are many colleges and universities that either conduct their own law entrance exams or accept admissions to BA LLB programme on the basis of class 12th merit. Here is a list of top law colleges in India. You may have to check the requirement for individual universities to find out the entry …


Hey. Can I study for AILET and CLAT from the same books?

-Kounane JeelaniUpdated on January 29, 2022 11:42 AM
  • 4 Answers
Samiksha Rautela, Student / Alumni

Dear Student,

Since the syllabus of AILET and CLAT are almost the same, you can study from the same books for both exams. However, while preparing make sure to solve the last year's question papers, sample papers and mock tests for both the exams separately. It would strengthen your preparation and make you understand both the exams better. Go through the link below to make your preparation easy.



How to Prepare for CLAT

How to Prepare for AILET

Best Books for CLAT

Best Books for AILET

Entire Syllabus of CLAT

Entire Syllabus of AILET

Sample Papers of CLAT …


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FAQs about CLAT Exam Pattern

How many exam centres are available for the CLAT exam?

Around 203 exam centres are available across 67 locations for the CLAT exam.

How many subjects should I study for the CLAT UG exam?

For the CLAT UG exam, candidates must go through five subjects including the English Language, Logical Reasoning, Legal Reasoning, Current Affairs & General Knowledge and Quantitative Techniques.

How many marks does each correct answer carry in CLAT?

Each answer carries one mark in CLAT.

How many marks will be deducted for unanswered questions in CLAT?

For unanswered questions, no marks are deducted in CLAT.

Does CLAT follow the negative marking scheme?

Yes, CLAT follows a negative marking scheme where 0.25 marks are deducted for each incorrect answer.

In what mode is the CLAT exam conducted?

CLAT exam is generally conducted in an offline mode.

Did the exam pattern of CLAT change for the year 2022?

The exam pattern for CLAT 2022 is similar to that of last year.

What are the maximum marks for the CLAT exam?

The UG exam has 150 as the maximum marks while the PG exam has 120 as the maximum marks.

Is the exam pattern for CLAT UG and CLAT PG different?

No, the exam pattern for CLAT UG and CLAT PG is different. UG exam comprises 150 questions while the PG exam consists of 120 questions. Also, the syllabus for both the exams is different.

What is the total duration of the CLAT exam?

The total duration of the CLAT exam is 2 hours or 120 minutes.

From which date CLAT Admit card will be available?

The CLAT admit card release date is yet to be announced.

What is the mode of application for CLAT ?

Candidates can apply in online mode only on the official website of CLAT Consortium.

What is the mode of CLAT exam ?

The CLAT 2022 examination will be held in offline mode i.e. pen-paper based format.

What will be the medium of CLAT Exam?

Like previous years, the medium of the Common Law Admission Test will be English only.

Will I be provided with any scratch paper for rough work and calculations during the test?

At the test centre, each candidate will be seated at a desk with a computer terminal and he/she will be provided with a scratch paper for calculations. Rough work cannot be done on any other paper/sheet, as nothing will be allowed inside the testing room. On completion of the test, candidates will have to hand over the scratch paper to the administrator.

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