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    About Astrophysics

    A course in Astrophysics can be pursued at an undergraduate, postgraduate or diploma level. The program introduces students to the basics of physics and teaches them how to apply physics in the field of astronomy. With various recent astronomical discoveries, astrophysics has become a widely popular course among aspirants these days.

    During the program, students are given the knowledge about the various chemical and physical properties of different celestial bodies and are introduced to a wide range of physics subjects, math courses, quantum mechanics and university laboratory work. Students are taught in a combination of classroom teaching, practicals sessions, tutorials, that introduce them to new discoveries and technologies and develops their problem-solving abilities.

    Candidates who plan to pursue their career in astrophysics must possess advance problem skills abilities and how to logically think during complex situations. Also, candidates must possess a high level of mathematical ability, computer knowledge and good communication skills for a bright future in the field.

    Astrophysics Course Highlights

    Some of the major highlights of Astrophysics course are given below:

    Name of the Course



    Can be pursued at Diploma UG and PG level

    Minimum Eligibility

    The candidate must have passed class 12th in Science with 50%-60% minimum aggregate.

    Top Colleges

    Admission Process

    Merit-based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of merit obtained in the qualifying exam.

    Entrance based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of a national level, Institute level or a state level entrance exam.

    Course Fee

    Rs. 30,000 to 50,000 (depends on institute)


    • Candidates belonging to reserved categories and economically weaker sections are eligible for state government scholarship schemes. 

    • Deemed or private universities offer merit scholarships  (based on marks in entrance exam or Class 12th)


    The scope for internships is less for students pursuing Astrophysics. However, he/ she can immediately get government jobs after graduation if they clear the recruitment exam. 

    Average starting salary

    Rs. 4 to 10 LPA

    Career Options

    • Astrophysicists

    • Stellar Astronomers

    • Observational Astronomers

    • Solar Astronomers

    • Technicians

    • Research Assistants

    Astrophysics Course Benefits

    • The study of Astrophysics introduces us to celestial objects and helps us to know physics in a better way.
    • After pursuing the bachelor’s degree course in Astrophysics, one can opt for M.Sc courses to expand their knowledge
    • Those who want to engage in research work need to choose PhD courses
    • There are numerous short-term Astrophysics courses that help to enhance the expertise in the stream
    • Higher studies in Astrophysics can lead a candidate to land in the career of an astrophysicist.
    • Even after pursuing the degree course, a candidate may get employed in some prestigious job positions like science instructors, teachers, cosmologists etc.

    Who Can Enroll to Astrophysics Course?

    • Those who have an interest in space science and want to gain an in-depth understanding in the same can pursue the Astrophysics course.
    • If the involvement of physics and chemistry in planets, stars, and cosmic systems arouse interest in students’ minds, then they can go for a course in Astrophysics.
    • If Quantum Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Physics, and Mathematics are someone’s interest areas then pursuing a course in astrophysics would be beneficial for them.

    Astrophysics Skills Required

    The potential of the candidates is assessed by the skills they possess. Candidates interested to pursue the Astrophysics course are expected to have the following skillsets:

    • Excellent skills in handling the mathematical concepts
    • Ability to use software for mathematical calculation
    • Expertise in problem-solving
    • Ability to perform critical analysis
    • In-depth research ability
    • Skills of data scanning and interpretation

    Astrophysics Eligibility Criteria

    In order to pursue the Astrophysics course, the candidates will have to fulfil the given below eligibility criteria:

    • The candidate must have passed class 12th or equivalent from a recognized board.

    • The candidate must have studied Mathematics and Physics as the main subjects in class 12th.

    • The candidate must have acquired a minimum aggregate of 50%-60% in the qualifying examination.

    Eligibility Criteria of B.Sc Astrophysics

    • Candidates must be qualified for the class 12 exam from a recognized board
    • Minimum 50%-60% score in aggregate need to be acquired for admission to the undergraduate level Astrophysics course
    • Mathematics and Physics should be studied as the compulsory subject in class 12.

    Eligibility Criteria of M.Sc Astrophysics

    • Candidates must be a graduate of the science stream
    • Having 50% in aggregate marks of the previous qualifying examination is essential
    • In the entrance exam, candidates need to score high to secure their admission

    Astrophysics Admission Process

    The admission to Astrophysics course is done in two ways: -

    Entrance-Based Admission Process

    The entrance-based admission to the course is done on the basis of scores obtained by the candidate at a national level, state level or college level entrance exams. The admission is done through the counselling process. The following points must be considered for the entrance-based admission process:

    • The college/university releases the application form for Astrophysics on their websites
    • Often the dates of the entrance exams are announced along with the application form
    • Candidates are asked to fill up the application form within the deadline
    • The candidates whose applications are successfully received are allowed to seat on the entrance test
    • After the declaration of the results, the college prepares a merit list, and candidates are selected based on their performance in the exam
    • Apart from the entrance exam scores, the other eligibility criteria are also taken under consideration

    Merit-Based Admission Process

    • In this type of admission process, candidates’ marks in the previous qualifying examination are given utmost importance
    • A merit list is also prepared here where the names of the selected candidates are displayed
    • The colleges/institutes intake students according to the merit list and the admission rules
    • For Astrophysics, chances of getting direct admission is not possible, as the entrance exam is mandatory.

    Astrophysics Syllabus

    Popular Subjects:


    Properties of Matter



    Laboratory Work

    Stars & Planets, Galaxies & Universe

    Special Relativity

    Oscillations and Waves

    Practical Laboratory

    Quantum Mechanics Thermal Physics Cosmology
    Electromagnetism  Optics and Quantum Mechanics  High Energy Astrophysics 

    Astrophysics Course Options

    Undergraduate and postgraduate courses are offered in Astrophysics. Different course options are there at both levels. The Astrophysics course objective for the undergraduate level is to discover the composition of the universe and to invent new technologies for a better understanding of the solar system. On the other hand, the postgraduate level focuses on the study of the innate science of Astronomy.

    Following are the course options available for the Astronomy Courses:



                                                                                                        Undergraduate Astrophysics Courses

    B.Sc in Astrophysics

    Osmania University

    Andhra University

    B.Tech in Space Technology

    IIT Kanpur

    IIT Madras

    IIT Kharagpur

                                                                                                  Postgraduate Astrophysics Courses

    M.Tech in Astronomical Instruction

    IIA Bangalore

    M.Tech in Astrophysics

    IIA Bangalore

    M.Sc in Astrophysics

    Osmania University, Andhra University, NIT Rourkela

    M.Sc in Astronomy and Astrophysics


    Astrophysics Certificate Courses

    The keen on learning about modern physics often choose certification courses. Some of the popular online certifications of Astrophysics courses are listed below:

     Name of Course



    10 months

    Introduction to Astrophysics

    7 weeks

    Astrophysics Career Options and Job Prospects

    A number of students pursue further studies such as M.Sc, Ph.D. and research work in Astrophysics. Ph.D holders can start their own projects or may work under the projects headed by experienced physicists. Aspirants can find lucrative job opportunities in the following organizations:

    • Indian Space Research Organization, ISRO
    • Space Physics Laboratories
    • The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, VSSC
    • Space Applications Centres
    • Association of Bangalore Amateur Astronomers, ABBA

    The entry-level salary of an astrophysicist is Rs. 4 lakh to Rs. 10 lakh, depending upon the type of organization and relevant work experience. Some of the international employers of astrophysics graduates include The Naval Research Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA, Space Telescope Science Institute, etc.

    Listed below are some of the popular job roles for successful graduates are: -

    • Astrophysicists
    • Stellar Astronomers
    • Observational Astronomers
    • Solar Astronomers
    • Technicians
    • Research Assistants

    Astrophysics Job Descriptions

    Astrophysicist- An Astrophysicist’s aim is to develop theories and experiments on them to gain a better insight into the universe. He observes, analyses, and performs research on the celestial bodies for the same.

    Steller Astronomers- The job responsibility of steller astronomers is to study the stellar phenomena like supernovas, blackholes etc. Besides that, they also study the life series of stars.

    Observational Astronomers- Creating research propositions, analyzing crucial information and developing logical papers in order to bring forth new discoveries are the key job role of an Observational Astronomer.

    Solar Astronomers- Solar astronomers study the system and characteristics of the Sun and its related aspects like a magnetic field, atmosphere etc.

    Technicians- Technicians perform mechanical as well as analytical experiments. They possess the expertise to work in a complicated situation.

    Research Assistant- A research assistant provides support to the project researcher by maintaining files and performing data management.

    Astrophysics Top Recruiters

    One can start a career in Astrophysics by working with some top organizations. Some of the names of top recruiters in the sphere of astrophysics are mentioned below:

    Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune

    Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore

    Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, Uttarakhand

    Astrophysics India Private Ltd. Pasay

    Indian Space Research Organization, Bangalore

    Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune

    IISER, Pune

    TIFR, Pune

    Astrophysics Scopes in India and Aboard

    The field of Astrophysics has experienced a significant development due to the increasing number of spacecraft missions. Consequently, employment opportunities are also increasing. A candidate with graduates in Astrophysics is often appointed to a research team to support the existing projects.

    In India, opportunities are there to work with some big organizations like ISRO, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre etc. One can join any non-profit establishment like the Association of Bangalore Amateur Astronomers as well.

    The job scopes of Astrophysics are not restricted to India only. There are opportunities of working with organizations based abroad also. Organizations like Naval Research Laboratory, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Space Telescope Science Institute offer great scopes to then talented professionals of this field.

    FAQs about Astrophysics

    Is there any scholarship available for students enrolled in an Astrophysics course?

    Reserved category candidates or candidates under EWS section are eligible for state government scholarship schemes. In private and deemed universities, merit based scholarship is scholarship.

    What is the salary offered to Astrophysics graduates in India?

    Depending upon the type of organization, the entry-level salary of an astrophysicist in India is Rs. 4 lakh to Rs. 10 lakh,

    What is the scope of an Astrophysics course?

    A candidate with a degree in Astrophysics can apply at ISRO, Space Physics Laboratories, The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Space Applications Centres, Association of Bangalore Amateur Astronomers. They can even get an opportunity to work at NASA, Naval Research Laboratory,Space Telescope Science Institute, etc.

    What is the eligibility criteria to take admission in an Astrophysics course?

    The candidate must have studied Physics and Mathematics in the qualifying exam(12th or graduation) for admission in Astrophysics course.

    What are the job roles of a candidate with a degree in Astrophysics?

    Astrophysicists, Stellar Astronomers, Solar Astronomers, Observational Astronomers are some of the job roles of a candidate with a degree in Astrophysics.
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