Mechanical Engineering Syllabus and Subjects 2024

  • SaveSave
  • Request a callbackRequest a callback
  • AskAsk us
Jun 25, 2024 12:33PM IST

The core Mechanical Engineering syllabus includes subjects like engineering mechanics, thermodynamics, material science, fluid mechanics, etc. Some extra subjects such as robotics, nanotechnology, automotive engineering, etc. are also included as electives. 

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus and Subjects Overview

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus and Subjects focuses on using Physics and Math principles to build and maintain mechanical systems. After pursuing a Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering the next stage for applicants is the postgraduate program, also known as the MTech or Masters of Technology. The lectures, practicals, and workshops in the Mechanical syllabus are aimed at developing fundamental knowledge and core subject understanding. 

The Mechanical Engineering syllabus is structured so that students will gain both a theoretical and practical understanding of the various domains covered by the study of Mechanical Engineering. The major core ME subjects are Solid Mechanics, Kinematics and Dynamics of Machines, Fluid Mechanics, Manufacturing Processes, Mechanical Engineering Drawing, Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer, and CAD and Finite Element Analysis.

Mechanical Engineering1st year Syllabus consists of each branch typically comprising common disciplines like physics, chemistry, math, communication skills, environmental science, engineering mechanics, basic electrical engineering, engineering graphics, etc. in most engineering institutes. Specialization begins in the second year. The Mechanical Engineering1st year subjects are therefore the same for everyone.

The basic course structure for the Mechanical Engineering program is listed below.

  • The coursework consists of Classroom Lectures and Labs and Workshops.
  • The practical training consists of Internships, Industrial Visits, and Training.
  • The employment locations include Campus Placements in the Private Sector and placement in the Public Sector through GATE.

Every Mechanical Engineering college assigns internal and external papers a weightage of 75 and 25 percent, respectively. Throughout the course, candidates are subject to mandatory assessments based on their performance on assigned project work, internal practical exams, and theory exams.

Show Less

ME Syllabus and Subjects Highlights

Candidates can check the mechanical engineering syllabus and subjects highlights from the table below.

Particulars Details 
  • Diploma: 3 years
  • UG: 4 years
  • PG: 2 years
Core subjects Solid Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Engineering Metallurgy, Fluid Mechanics, Strength of Materials, Mechanical Measurement
Elective subjects Automotive Systems, Advanced Machining Processes, Mechatronic Applications in Manufacturing, 
Common subjects Mathematics, Basic physical sciences (including physics and chemistry), Statics and dynamics, Strength of materials and solid mechanics.
Lab subjects Graphics Laboratory, Manufacturing ProcessLaboratory, Electrical Machines Laboratory, Measurements and Instrumentation Laboratory, Manufacturing Technology Laboratory
Top collegesIIT Roorkee, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Madras, IIT Guwahati

Electrical Machinery and Transformers by I.L.Kosow, PHI,

Hydraulic and Compressible Flow Turbomachines by A.T.Sayers

Show Less

Semester Wise Mechanical Engineering Syllabus

The layout of the Mechanical Engineering course program covers a variety of topics in Mechanical Engineering. The Mechanical Engineering Syllabus and Subjects contain both domain-based and fundamental science subjects. According to UGC rules, the Mechanical Engineering Syllabus is organized into eight semesters to help students gradually and ultimately master the subject material. The Mechanical Engineering Syllabus by semester is shown below.

Mechanical Engineering 1st Year Syllabus

The Mechanical Engineering 1st year subjects are given below-

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus Semester IMechanical Engineering Syllabus Semester II
Mathematics IMathematics II
EnglishProgramming Languages)
Physics IPhysics II
Engineering Materials)Introduction to Information Tech
ChemistryEngineering Mechanics
Engineering GraphicsElectrical Technology
Environmental StudiesElectronics and Instrumentation
Value EducationElectronics & Instrumentation Practical
Workshop Practice IHR Environment
Chemistry PracticalPhysics Practical II
Physics Practical IElectrical Technology Practical
-Engineering Mechanics Practical
-Workshop Practice II

Mechanical Engineering 2nd Year Syllabus

Below is a list of the semester wise Mechanical Engineering subjects.

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus Semester IIIMechanical Engineering Syllabus Semester IV
Machine Drawing and Computer GraphicsDynamics of Machinery
Applied ThermodynamicsMechanical Engineering Design
Mechanics of SolidsFluid Mechanics
Theory of MachinesNumerical and Statistical Methods
Mathematics IIIElectrical Machines and Control
Mechanics of Solids PracticalNumerical and Statistical Methods
Theory of Machines PracticalFluid Mechanics Practical
Applied Thermodynamics PracticalNumerical and Statistical Methods Practical
-Dynamics of Machinery Practical

Mechanical Engineering Third Year Syllabus

Below is a list of semester wise Mechanical Engineering syllabus.

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus Semester VMechanical Engineering Syllabus Semester VI
Production Technology IComputer-Aided Design
Advanced Mechanical Engineering DesignInternal Combustion Engines
Heat and Mass TransferMechanical Vibration
Fluid MachinesAdvanced Solid Mechanics
Industrial Engineering and managementInternal Combustion Engines Practical Production Technology II
Fluid Machines PracticalMechanical Vibration Practical
Heat and Mass Transfer PracticalWorkshop Practice IV
Workshop Practice III

Mechanical Engineering Fourth Year Syllabus

Given below is a list of semester wise Mechanical Engineering subjects.

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus Semester VIIMechanical Engineering Syllabus Semester VIII
Measurement and InstrumentationComputer-Aided Manufacturing
Operations ResearchMechanical Handling Equipment
Energy Conversion EquipmentAdvanced Fluid Mechanics
Industrial Tribology Automobile Engineering
Refrigeration and Air ConditioningErgonomics
MechatronicsFinite Element Analysis
Utilization of Non-Conventional EnergyMaintenance Engineering
Waste Heat UtilizationComposite Materials
Fracture MechanicsAutomation and Robotics
Advanced Manufacturing SystemsHydraulic and Pneumatic System
Measurements and Instrumentation PracticalPower Plant Engineering
Energy Conversion Equipment PracticalEnvironmental Engineering

The common Mechanical Engineering syllabus used by leading colleges is mentioned here, but each college may have a slightly different specific syllabus.

Show Less

Detailed Mechanical Engineering Syllabus

The semester wise Mechanical Engineering syllabus varies depending on the institute. It means that the Mechanical Engineering syllabus at IIT, NIT, or any other public or private university can change. All institutions continue to provide the same basic Mechanical Engineering subjects and some options, nevertheless. The detailed list of semester wise Mechanical Engineering subjects is as follows:

SemesterCore/ElectiveMechanical Engineering subject title
  • Chemistry
  • Electrical Sciences
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Modern Biology
  • Introduction to Computing
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Mathematics- II
  • Mathematics-III 
  • Thermodynamics 
  • Solid Mechanics - I
  • Engineering Materials
  • Machine Drawing
  • Fluid Mechanics - I
  • Manufacturing Technology - I 
  •  Solid Mechanics - II
  • Kinematics of Machinery
  • Workshop
  • Fluid Mechanics - II 
  • Manufacturing Technology - II 
  • Dynamics of Machinery 
  • Design of Machine Elements
  • Applied Thermodynamics - I
  •  Machine Design
  •  Mechanical Measurements
  • Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Control Systems
  • Summer Training
  • Applied Thermodynamics - II
  • Advanced Engineering Mathematics
  • Mechatronics and Manufacturing Automation
  • Industrial Engineering and Operations Research
  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing
  • Aerodynamics

Also Check - NIT Placements 2024

Show Less

Specializations Offered in Mechanical Engineering

Students could decide to enroll in the MTech degree in Mechanical Engineering with a specialization in a relevant field after finishing their undergraduate Mechanical Engineering course. The following are the specializations available in Mechanical Engineering:

SpecializationMechanical Engineering SubjectDetails 
Manufacturing Engineering
  • Machining Processes
  • Welding Processes
  • Deformation Processes
  • Liquid Material Processing
Manufacturing Engineering concentrates on the procedures concerned in manufacturing, and the various stages implicated in the processes.
Solid Mechanics and Design Engineering
  • Stress Analysis
  • Kinematics and Dynamics of Machinery
Solid Mechanics and Design Engineering is concerned with the concepts associated with solid mechanics and design, such as robotics, dynamics, and CAD usage to make designs.
Thermal and Fluids Engineering
  • Fluid Dynamics
  • Advanced Heat transfer Advanced Thermodynamics and Combustion
Heat pipes, Experimental fluid dynamics, electrochemical energy conversion, computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer, boiling heat transfer, condensation, thermal management.

Specializations Offered in Mechanical Engineering

Show Less

Mechanical Engineering Core and Elective Subjects

Mechanical Engineering core subjects involve the design, production, and maintenance of solid and fluid machines and systems. The subjects covered in Mechanical Engineering include understanding how fluids and solids behave, how machines function, how materials can be processed, the principles of thermodynamics, and the use of computer-aided design. Mechanical Engineering also offers specialized courses, such as the study of nanotechnology in mechanical systems, designing cars, and managing supply chains. To learn more about the subjects covered in Mechanical Engineering, you can refer to the list of core and elective subjects provided below.

Core Mechanical Engineering SubjectsElective Mechanical Engineering Subjects 
Solid MechanicsAutomotive Systems
ThermodynamicsAdvanced Machining Processes
Engineering MetallurgyMechatronic Applications in Manufacturing
Fluid MechanicsThermal Management of Electronics
Strength of MaterialsQuality and Reliability Engineering
Mechanical MeasurementElectrochemical Energy Systems
Manufacturing ProcessesNanomechanics
Numerical AnalysisAutomotive Design
Heat TransferSupply Chain Management
Kinematics and Dynamics of MachinesSurface Engineering
Machine Design-
CAD and Finite Element Analysis-
Show Less

Mechanical Engineering Lab Subject

The main practical papers listed below are some of the Mechanical Engineering subjects found in the syllabus, but there may be many more depending on the academic institution.

  • Graphics Laboratory 
  • Manufacturing ProcessLaboratory 
  • Electrical Machines Laboratory 
  • Measurements and Instrumentation Laboratory
  • Manufacturing Technology Laboratory
  • Thermal Engineering Laboratory 
  • Manufacturing Technology Laboratory 
  • Strength of Materials Laboratory 
  • Mechatronics and ModernControl Laboratory
  • Design Practice
  • Dynamics of Machines Laboratory
  • CAD – CAM Laboratory 
  • Industrial Engineering Laboratory
Show Less

Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering Distance Programs

Students can choose from Mechanical Engineering distance diplomas or certification programs that have been authorized by the UGC. These programs provide online or distance learning for students who don't wish to physically attend college or study in a normal program. According to AICTE, Mechanical Engineering BTech programs offered online or remotely are invalid in India. Despite the fact that certain private institutions provide distance-learning BTech programs, the degrees obtained from these universities are void.

A part-time degree option is provided for Mechanical Engineering postgraduate programs. After finishing the BTech degree, students can choose a part-time MTech Mechanical Engineering program. The MTech Mechanical Engineering syllabus for both part-time and full-time is similar with minor changes. While the fee for part-time courses is less than that of full-time MTech Mechanical Engineering. A valid GATE score is essential to pursue an MTech in Mechanical Engineering from NITs, IITs, and other valuable institutions. The table below highlights the Mechanical Engineering 1st year subjects for all the semesters in the following table.

Mechanical Engineering Semester 1 SyllabusMechanical Engineering Semester 2 Syllabus  
PhysicsProgramming Language
ChemistryElectrical Technology
Engineering GraphicsElectronics and Communication
Value Education
Mechanical Engineering Semester 3 subjectsMechanical Engineering Semester 4 subjects
Mechanics of SolidsFluid Dynamics
Applied ThermodynamicsDynamics of Machinery
Theory of MechanicsMechanical Engineering Design
Machine DrawingElectrical Machines and Control
Computer GraphicsNumerical and statistical methods
Mechanics of Solid Particles
Mechanical Engineering Semester 5 subjectsMechanical Engineering Semester 6 subjects
Fluid MachinesInternal Combustion Engines
Heat and Mass TransferMechanical Vibrations
Advanced Mechanical Engineering DesignProduction Technology
Industrial Engineering and ManagementComputer-Aided Design
Advanced Solid Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering Semester 7 Syllabus  Mechanical Engineering Semester 8 Syllabus  
Measurement and InstructionsAdvanced Fluid Mechanics
Energy Conservation EquipmentsComputer-aided manufacturing
Operations ResearchAutomobile Engineering
Industrial TribologyFinite element manufacturing
Waste Heat UtilizationComposite materials
Noise EngineeringPower Plant Engineering
Refrigeration and air conditioningEnvironmental Engineering
Utilization of non-conventional energy
Fracture Mechanics
Advanced Mechanics
Show Less

Mechanical Engineering Entrance Exam Syllabus

The Mechanical Engineering subjects covered in the entrance exam syllabus are primarily Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, English, and Aptitude. The following list of the syllabus's broad outline will give you an idea of the Mechanical Engineering subjects it covers.

Mechanical Engineering SubjectsMechanical Engineering Syllabus 
General English
  • Subject-verb concord
  • Pronouns
  • Sentence structure
  • Commands and requests
  • Statements, Questions
  • Noun clauses
  • Adverb clauses of condition and time, Relative clauses
  • Determiners/ Use of proper articles
  • Prepositions
  • Vocabulary: Synonyms, Antonyms, Spellings, One-word substitutions
Logical Reasoning and General Awareness
  • Data Interpretation
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Syllogism
  • Number Series, Coding and Decoding
  • Clocks, Calendars and Directors
  • Vectors
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Probability
  • Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Theory of Equations
  • Sets and Functions
  • Complex Numbers
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Limit and Continuity
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Current Electricity
  • Heat and Thermodynamics
  • Electrostatics
  • Wave Motion
  • Simple Harmonic Motion
  • Laws of Motion
  • Ray Optics
  • Vector Motion
  • Motion in 2D
  • Fluids
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Chemical Bonding
  • Ionic Equilibrium
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Gaseous State
  • Polymers
  • Alcohol Phenol and Ether
  • Redox Reactions
  • Atomic Structure
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Biosystematics
  • Cell Biology
  • Chromosomes
  • Cell Reproduction
  • Introduction to Biology
  • Biomolecules
  • Origin of life and organic evolution
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Biodiversity
  • Man in health and diseases
  • Continuity of life.
Show Less

Institute Wise Mechanical Engineering Syllabus

Candidates can find the institute wise mechanical engineering syllabus from the following content.

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus at IITs

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) is considered to be one of the top technical institutes in India, offering both undergraduate and graduate courses in Mechanical Engineering. The curriculum at IITs typically covers foundational subjects, as well as interdisciplinary subjects, before moving on to core Mechanical Engineering topics.

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus at NITs

NITs are public technical universities that provide great technical education. If you're interested in Mechanical Engineering, you'll take a mix of core and elective classes, and get hands-on experience through lab work and projects. The NIT syllabus for mechanical engineering has been listed below.

Show Less

Mechanical Engineering Important Books

Given below are the list of important books for Mechanical Engineering along with the authors’ names -

Book TitleAuthor Name
Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid MachinesS.K.Som and G.Biswas.
Fundamentals of Classical ThermodynamicVan Wylen and Sonntag
Higher Engineering MathematicsDr. B. S. Grewal 
Introduction to the Mechanics of SolidsS.H.Crandall, N.C.Dahl and T.J.Lardner
Electrical Machinery and Transformers I.L.Kosow, PHI,
Hydraulic and Compressible Flow Turbomachines A.T.Sayers
Fundamentals of Classical ThermodynamicsVan Wylee and Sonntag. 
Experimental Methods for Engineers J.Holman
Measurement Systems - Application and Design E.O.Doeblin
Instrumentation, Measurement and AnalysisB.C.Nakra and K.K.Chaudhary,
Theory of Machines and Mechanisms J.J.Shigley and J.J.Uicke
Material Science and Engineering V.Raghavan
Manufacturing Engineering TechnologyK. Jain, Pearson Education 
Fundamentals of Heat and Mass TransferF.P.Incropera and D.P.Dewitt
Principles of Metal Cutting/Principles of Machine ToolsG.C.Sen and A.Bhattacharya

Also Check - Best Career Options after Polytechnic

Show Less

Mechanical Engineering Course Structure

Candidates willing to take up this course should be aware of the basic course structure for preparatory purposes. The course structure for Mechanical Engineering is given below-

Course NameMechanical Engineering
Course Duration4 Years
No of Semesters8
Total No. of Mechanical Engineering subjects 51 subjects including electives and core subjects
Practical/ Lab Classes13 (May vary from institute to institute)
ProjectsMajor and Minor Projects
Show Less

FAQs about Mechanical Engineering Courses Syllabus

Is mechanical engineering difficult?

ME requires extensive knowledge of physics, chemistry, applied math, computers, and other problem-solving skills. Therefore, it can be considered as moderate to difficult.   

Is there maths in mechanical engineering?

Yes, there is mathematics in mechanical engineering.

What are the subjects of mechanical engineering?

Some of the Mechanical engineering subjects include Mathematics and Calculus, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, and Mechanics of Materials.

What are topics in mechanical engineering?

Mechanics, thermodynamics, dynamics, materials science, structural analysis, design, and electricity are the topics covered in mechanical engineering.

What subjects are used in mechanical engineering?

Some of the subjects used in mechanical engineering are Engineering Economy, Engineering Service and Statistics, Technical Writing, Materials Science, Design & Automation, Mathematics, Engineering Analysis, Thermodynamics, etc

What are the subjects in mechanical BTech?

The main Mechanical Engineering subjects include Thermodynamics, IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, Fluid Mechanics, Automobile Engineering, etc. 

Which subject is best for mechanical?

Maths and physics are the best mechanical engineering subjects to have a thorough knowledge of.

What are the 4 main branches of mechanical engineering?

System Dynamics and Control, Manufacturing, Transportation Systems, and Mechanical Design, are the main four branches of mechanical engineering.

Which are the mechanical engineering core subjects?

Thermodynamics, Solid Mechanics, Engineering Metallurgy, Strength of Materials, Fluid Mechanics, and Mechanical Measurement are some of the core mechanical engineering subjects.

Which are the mechanical engineering elective subjects?

Some of the elective mechanical engineering subjects are Automotive Systems, Advanced Machining Processes, Mechatronic Applications in Manufacturing, Thermal Management of Electronics, and Quality and Reliability Engineering.

Which are the mechanical engineering lab subjects?

Manufacturing Process, Laboratory, Graphics Laboratory, Measurements and Instrumentation Laboratory, Electrical Machines Laboratory, and Manufacturing Technology Laboratory are some of the lab mechanical engineering subjects.

Which are the best mechanical engineering books?

Electrical Machinery and Transformers by I.L.Kosow, PHI, Hydraulic, and Compressible Flow Turbomachines by A.T. Sayers, and Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics by Van Wylee and Sonntag are some of the best mechanical engineering books.

Which are the 1st year mechanical engineering core subjects?

Modern Biology, Introduction to Computing, Electrical Sciences, and Mathematics are some of the 1st year mechanical engineering core subjects.

Show More

Popular Courses

Biotechnology EngineeringMasters in Engineering B.Tech Information TechnologyIndustrial DesignB Tech Food TechnologyCeramic DesignB.Tech Artificial IntelligenceB.Tech Data ScienceDiploma in Metallurgical EngineeringB.Tech Electronics and Communications EngineeringB.Tech Plastic EngineeringB.Tech Chemical EngineeringB.Tech Industrial EngineeringB.Tech Agricultural EngineeringB.Tech Biomedical Engineering/ TechnologyDiploma in Textile EngineeringB.Tech - Biochemical EngineeringB Tech Textile EngineeringB.Tech - Instrumentation EngineeringB.Tech - Mechatronics EngineeringB.Tech - Telecommunication EngineeringB.Tech - Automobile EngineeringB.Tech - Production EngineeringB.Tech - Mining EngineeringB.Tech - Genetic EngineeringB.Tech - Electrical EngineeringB.Tech in Computer ScienceBachelor of TechnologyBachelor of Technology in Railway EngineeringBachelor of Technology Thermal EngineeringBachelor of Technology Dairy TechnologyComputer Science Engineering CoursesElectronics and Communication EngineeringTextile Engineering CoursesAerospace Engineering CoursesAgricultureData ScienceAutomobile EngineeringAeronautical EngineeringMarine EngineeringCeramic EngineeringTelecommunication Engineering CoursesElectronics Engineering CourseElectrical EngineeringBiomedical EngineeringComputer EngineeringPetroleum EngineeringGenetic EngineeringEnvironmental EngineeringIndustrial EngineeringInstrumentation EngineeringStructural EngineeringMetallurgical EngineeringElectrical and Electronics EngineeringAgricultural EngineeringElectronics and Telecommunication EngineeringArchitecture EngineeringManufacturing EngineeringInfrastructure EngineeringEnergy EngineeringFood EngineeringAvionics EngineeringIndustrial and Production EngineeringDesign EngineeringRobotics Engineering
Show Less