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IT Courses: After 12th, Details, Eligibility, Admission Process, Syllabus, Job Prospect

Updated By Falak Khan on 08 Jul, 2022
Average Duration
3 years
Average Fee
1.2 L-3 L INR semester
Exams Accepted
Study Mode
Regular,Part-time,Distance Learning

IT (Information Technology) Overview

IT course is the abridged form of Information Technology course is a two to four-year course that deals with the study of computers and networks to process, clean, and store information that can be useful to secure companies or any other professional purposes.

Some of the top institutes that conduct Information Technology courses are IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, IIT Kanpur, etc. Candidates willing to pursue IT courses can acquire the course as various degrees. IT courses are available as Diploma in Information Technology, BSc in Information Technology, BTech in Information Technology, MSc/ MTech/ MBA in Information Technology. Candidates can also pursue an Information Technology course in inline mode. There are many platforms that offer IT courses such as Coursera, Udemy, etc. In order to get admission into diploma courses, candidates need to score an aggregate mark of 50% in their class 12 with Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, and computer science as the main subjects. 

The salary of an IT graduate (fresher) ranges from INR 3 to INR 4 LPA, on the other hand, the salary of an IT professional with a handful of experience can range from INR 5 to INR 10 LPA.

To get an extensive idea of IT courses, keep reading the piece below.

IT Course Highlights

The IT course is one of the most demanded courses in Idia as well as aboard. Therefore, candidates need to check the highlights of the IT course before proceeding to the other topics of the course.



Course name

IT course

Full form

Information Technology


3 months to 3 years


  • Undergraduate
  • Postgraduate
  • Ph.D.


  • Data Science
  • Cloud computing
  • Cybersecurity
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Machine learning
  • Robotics
  • Software engineering  

Top institutes

  • IIT Delhi
  • IIT Bombay
  • IIT Kharagpur

Eligibility criteria

  • 50% in aggregate 
  • Entrance exam

Admission process

  • Entrance based: Candidates are given admission on the basis of national level or Institute level or state level entrance exam
  • Merit-based: Candidates are given admission on the basis of the marks scored in the qualifying exam

Average course fee

INR 2K to 2.5 Lakh

Average Salary

INR 3 to 9 LPA

Top IT jobs

  • Data Scientist
  • Big Data Engineer
  • Cloud Architect
  • Software Architect
  • Blockchain Engineer
  • Dev Ops Engineer
  • AI Engineer
  • Product Engineer

Why choose IT?

If you have a question on why one should choose an IT course in India or Abroad, here is the answer.

  • The demand for IT courses is increasing in India as well as abroad as seen in the statistics report of the course The diversity is huge and is beyond the myths about repairing computers and laptops. The career in IT courses range from professions such as technical writers to web developers, CTOs, etc.
  • Choosing an IT course will not only give economic benefits but mental too. 
  • IT course pursuers can be hired as computer network architects, programmers, computer system analysts, database administrators, information security analysts, information architects, web developers, etc.

Also read: Top IT Colleges in India

How many courses are there in IT?

There are several courses available under the domain IT courses. Candidates have been served with several choices such as 

Certification in IT courses by the top IITs

The selection of these certification courses is done on the basis of merit. Therefore a healthy percentage should be scored in class 12. The merit lists are published after class 12. Candidates from graduate, diploma backgrounds should make sure that they have mathematics as their main subject. Candidates have to attempt some basic entrance exams which include:


BHU UET is a national-based entrance examination which is conducted by Banaras Hindu University. It is operated for reviewing different candidates for various Undergraduate and certificate courses.


LPU NEST is a college entrance examination which is conducted by the Lovely Professional University. The exam is to choose students for different courses such as engineering, MBA, etc.

The table below highlights the top certifications of IT courses from the top institutes along with their duration.

IT Course Certificate Name

Top College for IT Courses

IT Course Duration 

Programming with Python

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Chennai

1 year

Data Science and Machine Learning

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi

6 months

Digital Marketing

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi

6 months

Diploma in IT courses

About: Candidates can join diploma courses after class 10 as well as class 12. There is no age limit for the candidates. The admission process usually ends in the month of April and May. some of the entrance exams that are required for admission into IT diploma courses are mentioned below: 

IT Course Top College

IT Course Duration 

IT Course Fee

Amity University

2 years

INR 1,20,000

Analytic square, Delhi

1 year

INR 29,000

OPJS University

3 years

INR 7,750

NIMS University

3 years

INR 8,304

Undergraduate IT Courses

About Candidates willing to pursue 50% marks in aggregate in class 10+2 with main subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics. To get admission into undergraduate courses in IT, candidates need to secure a valid score in the entrance exams too. Entrance exams include

Top College

IT Course Duration 

IT Course Fee

NIMS, Jaipur

3 years

INR 1,20,000

NID Ahmedabad

3 years

INR 3,32,000

Amity Mumbai

3 years

INR 1,36,000

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Chennai

3 years

INR 75,116

Postgradaute IT courses

About: To acquire postgraduate courses, candidates need to complete their BTech from a recognized institute. The most popular entrance exam that is considered in postgraduate admissions are GATE, TANCET, etc.

  • GATE is conducted by the Indian Institute of Technology every year for admission into master's courses in India.
  • TANCET is also a national level examination conducted by Anna University, Tamil Nadu
  • AP PGECET is an entrance exam conducted by Vishakapatnam Andhra Pradesh University.

Top College

IT Course Duration 

IT Course Fee

JMI, New Delhi

2 years

INR 18,350

NID, Ahmedabad

2 years

INR 3,27,400

NID, Ahmedabad

2 years

INR 3,27,400

List of Popular IT Specializations

There are several lists of specializations available under IT courses. These specializations include cloud computing, data science, blockchain, cyber security, DevOPs, etc. a detailed course description has been described in the pointers below.

Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing is to provide a computer system and program resources, especially data storage and computing capabilities without the need for users to directly control them actively and wisely. This term is generally used to describe data centres that many users can access through the internet connection. It is converting the hiring sample within the IT organization. In recent days, IT groups will update experts having cloud computing expertise.

The average earnings of Cloud Computing in India is Rs. 7,51,560 per annum. These facts turned into calculation through the means of reading 2828 salaries submitted to definitely the remaining 3 years.

Also read: Cloud Computing Colleges


This is a mixture of cultural practices, concepts, and gear that may glorify an organization's cap potential to supply programs and offering at excessive speed: expand and enhance merchandise quicker than agencies that use conventional software program development and infrastructure control processes. Serve users higher and complete extra correctively inside the market. This is the maximum traumatic era withinside the IT companies with the best annual package. Candidates who are professionals are gaining a properly gifted actively withinside the pinnacle MNCs. Through DevOps lifecycle and different technical talents which can be required for purchasing a selected active function like DevOps engineer, manager, architect, etc.

Data Science

Data Science is research that combines domain of expertise, programming skills, and knowledge of mathematics and statistics to extract important information from given data. In turn, these systems generate information that analysts and business users can translate into tangible business value. Data Science is a very profitable career option. Their different images require special experiencE. India is the second-largest hiring country in the IT stream with an average vacancy of fifty thousand. 

The annual package of an entry-level data scientist with 0 to 4 years of experience is roughly around Rs. 6,10,800 per annum. Currently, the opportunities for Indian analysts and data scientists are of the best.

Also read: Career as a Data Scientist 


Blockchain is an instrument for keeping records in a manner that makes it impossible or very hard to hack, change or change the gadget. It is largely a virtual leader of transactions that is duplicated and allocated throughout the whole community of laptop structures at the blockchain. Each block inside the chain includes some transactions, and every time a brand new transaction takes place at this. 

The revenue of a blockchain developer is on an average of Rs. 5 lakhs to 30 lakhs per annum. The profits programs of Blockchain jobs are relatively wide and dynamic in nature. experts with around 4 years experience, the yearly package may reach up to 45 lakhs per annum or maybe more.

Cyber Security

Cyber Security is a specialized stream in IT that’s seen as a sub-stream in computer science. Cybersecurity publications' objectives are to equip college students with the information and capabilities required to guard the working systems, networks, websites, and organization statistics from cyber attacks. With the increase in threats, the demand for cybersecurity work in all major departments is increasing. Candidates with a network security certificate are more popular than others. This kind of certification helps students to become network administrators, IT managers, security engineers, security consultants, security developers, etc. 

According to a report by PricewaterhouseCoopers, India’s cyber security market will grow from 1.97 billion dollars in 2019 to 3.05 billion dollars in 2022, which is one and a half times the global growth rate.

Also read: Cyber Security Colleges in India

IT Eligibility Criteria

To get admission into IT courses, candidates need to secure 50% marks for the general category and 45% marks for the reserved category in the relevant degrees. The scores of entrance exams also count. There are many institutes where only the pass percentage counts. Let's discuss the eligibility criteria based on various degrees-

  • Eligibility for BTech- A minimum mark of 50% is required in class 12 with PCM or PCB subjects from a recognized board. Computer science is the mandatory subject

  • Eligibility for BCA- Candidates are is required to pass with PCM or PCB subjects in class 12 from a recognized board. Computer science is the mandatory subject

  • Eligibility for MTech- Candidate must have completed BTech/ B.E/ BSc from a recognized university with an aggregate of 60% marks

  • Eligibility for MCA- Candidate must have completed BCA from a recognized institute with mathematics in graduation, class 10 and 12.

Difference between IT Courses and Software Engineering

Candidates are often confused between IT and software engineering. Both the domain related to computers system but there is a huge difference between them. To help you understand the difference between IT and Software Engineering we have provided information in the table below. 

Basis of Difference 

IT Courses

Software Engineering


Computers and networks are studied in information technology, or IT, courses in order to process, clean, store, and protect commercial information or any sort of information intended for professional reasons.

Software engineering is the process of developing, testing, and creating software applications with the goal of fulfilling certain criteria. Courses in software engineering assist in creating software that is dependable and cost-effective for use on machines.

Skills Required

Extensive programming language knowledge sound rationale approach nature of problem-solving a good team dynamic and communication Skills in analysis

Outstanding programming abilities logically sound and dynamic approach collaboration and communication


After pursuing an IT course a candidate can get up to INR 5 to INR 10 LPA

Candidates with a software engineering degree can earn up to INR 3 LPA to 14 LPA 


Students might pursue a rewarding career in IT. IT is without a doubt the engineering field's uncontested monarch, and it is expanding rapidly every year. 

Software engineers can find several positions in software firms. The public sector also has a demand for software developers. You can launch your own software company once you've gained some experience. You may also work for yourself.


How to get Admission to IT Courses?

The IT courses admission process depends upon what type of course (like bachelor’s, diploma, master's) you are pursuing. Each level of course has its own IT admission process. Check the details information on how to get admission to IT given below.

IT Admission Process for Certification Courses

The IT courses admission is done via the merit list. Candidates get admission based on their class 10+2 merits. The colleges publish the merit list. Candidates should perform good well in their class 10+2 to get admission in IT certification courses. 

IT Admission Process for Diploma Courses

The IT course's diploma admission process varies as per the university. However, candidates must have passed class 10th or 12th with the relevant scores required by the university of their choice for admission.

IT Admission Process for Bachelor’s Degree

Admission to the bachelor’s degree IT courses are done via the entrance exam. Candidates should sit for the entrance exam and score a rank to get admission to IT bachelor’s courses. 

IT Admission Process for Master’s Degree

The candidate's result on the entrance test determines whether they will be admitted to the MTech programme. A minimum GATE exam score is often accepted by colleges or institutions for admission to IT master’s degree programmes. 

IT Entrance Exams

There are several entrance exams that offer admission to candidates willing to pursue IT courses. These entrance exams include 

IT Top Colleges in India

There are several colleges in India that offer quality education to candidates. These institutes include the top Indian Institute of Technologies (IIT), 

Top Colleges offering IT Course in India:

College Names

Average IT Fee

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), New Delhi

Rs. 2,20,300

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur

Rs. 82,070

National Institute of Technology K, Surathkal

Rs. 1,52,730

Jadvapur University, Kolkata

Rs. 2,400

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Mumbai

Rs. 2,28,000

CEG, Anna University, Chennai

Rs. 50,000

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Dhanbad

Rs. 2,27,500

Study IT Abroad

Candidates can also opt to pursue an IT degree abroad. There are significant advantages of pursuing IT abroad like:

  • The abroad colleges degree are respected across the globe and you get a high level of preference in the recruitment process. If you study IT degree abroad and return to India for an International degree your degree will hold value

  • You will have access to some of the greatest programmes available if you decide to pursue an information technology degree overseas. Additionally, you may benefit from cutting-edge techniques and strategies that you would not have access to back home while honing your language abilities

  • By pursuing an IT degree from abroad colleges you get to enter a new level of education system where there is a focus on classes plus technical skills. You can get the advantage of the international university technical facilities and learn new skills

  • Along with education, you get global exposure to a different culture and people of different backgrounds this enhances your growth as a person

  • The other significant advantage of pursuing IT abroad is you can earn more salary with an international degree. The companies offer higher salary packages with many perks and allowances to students with international IT degrees. 

IT Abroad Top Colleges

There are several universities and IT colleges abroad that you can consider for your higher education. Check the list of IT abroad top colleges given below. 

College Name


River University 

Manchester, USA 

Kent State University 

Kent, US 

Fleming College

Peterborough, Canada

New Jersey Institute of Technology 

Newark, US 

Southern Arkansas University - Main Campus

Little Rock US

University of New South Wales

Sydney, Australia 

Monash University

Melbourne, Australia 

Southern New Hampshire University

Manchester, USA

University of Bridgeport

Hartford, US 

Valparaiso University


Top IT Colleges by City

The top IT colleges according in the cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore. Candidates can check them for better references. 

Top Colleges offering IT Course in Delhi:

The top IT colleges in Delhi are:

College Names

Average IT Fees

JMI, New Delhi

Rs. 16,150

IIITD, New Delhi

Rs. 3,60,000

IIT New Delhi

Rs. 2,20,300

DTU, New Delhi

Rs. 1,90,000

Top Colleges offering IT Course in Mumbai:

The top IT colleges in Mumbai are:

College Names

Average IT Fees

IIT Mumbai

Rs. 2,28,000

Atharva College of Engineering, Mumbai

Rs. 1,33,824

VJTI, Mumbai

Rs. 84,051

TCET, Mumbai

Rs. 1,47,500

Top Colleges offering IT Course in Bangalore:

The top IT colleges in Bangalore are:

College Names

Average IT Fees

RVCE, Bangalore

Rs. 3,00,000

BMSCE, Bangalore

Rs. 2,29,110

Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore

Rs. 86,266

CMRU, Bangalore

Rs. 1,75,000

What are IT Course Fees?

The IT course fees vary as per the level of programme you are pursuing and the university you are studying. If you opt to pursue IT courses at top-tier colleges like IIT colleges the fees will be high and if you consider pursuing IT from a private college it may be less depending on the university fee structure. To get a fair idea about IT course fees go through the table given below.



IT course fees for Diploma Programme 

Around 5,000 INR to 1.5 Lakhs INR

IT courses fees for bachelor’s degree

Around 75,000 INR to 3,50,000 LPA 

IT course fees for master’s degree

Around 20,000 INR to 4,00,000 LPA

Note- The IT course fees mentioned above can vary also. It is just an approx estimate. Each college has its own fee structure and if you opt for a scholarship the fee can be less. 

Required Skill Set for IT

Candidates who want to pursue IT courses should have certain interpersonal and technical skills that will help them understand and perform better in their studies and in their careers. Check the required skill set for IT given below. 

  • Organizational Skills
  • Comp Skills + Typing
  • Communication skills
  • Writing
  • Problem-Solving
  • Planning
  • Research
  • Word + Office

Course Curriculum for IT

The IT course curriculum is different for bachelor’s, master's, and diploma programme. However, all of these will give you specialized knowledge about information technology only. The bachelor’s programme in IT is of four years long and has 6 semesters and the master’s programme is of two years long and has 4 semesters.

An information technology bachelor's degree takes four years to complete and covers subjects including network design, coding, and ethical hacking. The course curriculum of a bachelor’s degree in IT consists of subjects like SAD, Software Quality Assurance & Testing, Programming with Java, C++, Object-oriented Programming, etc. You may use this degree to assist prepare you for a career in IT and computing. This degree can be used as a stepping stone for those who want to pursue a master's or PhD in technology.

A master's degree in information technology can enable students to pursue further employment in the tech sector by helping them upgrade their business, leadership, and IT abilities. The IT course curriculum of a master’s degree includes subjects like Object-Oriented Programming, Data and File Structure, Data Communication, Networking, etc. 

Different specialties are included in IT courses. You must learn all of the subjects well in order to have a solid comprehension of IT courses.

Also read: BTech Course

IT Course Syllabus

The IT syllabus has been divided into various specializations such as data science, cloud computing, cyber security, and DevOps.

IT syllabus for Data Science

Introduction to Data Science

Mathematical and Statistical Skills


Machine Learning

Algorithms used in Machine Learning

Scientific Computing

Scholastic Methods

Data Visualisation

Matrix Computation

Exploratory Data Analysis

IT syllabus for Cloud Computing

Virtualization Concepts

Cloud Fundamentals

Public Cloud Environment

Private Cloud Environment


Cloud as PaaS, SaaS

Cloud Computing Securitisation

Ethics and Standard of Clouds

IT syllabus for Cyber Security

Cyber Defence

Basic Data Analysis

Cyber Threats

Intro to Cryptography

Basic Scripting

IT Systems Components

IT syllabus for DevOps


Log Management

Performance Management

Infrastructure Automation

Deployment Automation

Configuration Management

IT Scope in India

Currently, one of the most active sectors both domestically and internationally is information technology. IT specialists are required in all facets of creating and running a business, from operations, logistics, and finance to administration, human resources, and security. As junior programmers, database administrators, junior network administrators, data analysts, software developers, software engineers, client-server system administrators, etc., IT professionals might begin their careers in businesses rather than government agencies.

Today, all daily activities outside of industrial and dangerous ones are controlled and carried out using information technology (IT). Contrary to popular belief, computer science is simply one aspect of information technology courses. Information technology permeates every aspect of our everyday lives, from developing spacecraft to using programmes to bring food to our doorsteps. A profession in IT is the most pertinent and lucrative choice for students in such a situation.

So, if you are planning to make your career in the IT industry it's going to be fruitful for you are there are several job opportunities with good pay.  

Also read: Career as a Software Engineer

What is the IT salary?

The IT salary for fresher is around INR 5 LPA to INR 10 LPA. But, once you gain the skills and experience it can hike up to 14 LPA or even more. Candidates can check the IT salary for various job profiles given below. 

Job Profile

Average Salary

Senior Software Engineer

INR 7 LPA and above

Software Engineer

INR 4 LPA and above

Team leader

INR 10 LPA and above 

Software Developer

INR 4 LPA and above

IT Consultant

INR 8 LPA and above

Project Manager, IT

INR 13 LPA and above 

Sr. Software Engineer/ Developer/ Programmer

INR 7 LPA and above

Note- The IT salary mentioned above may vary depending upon the candidate’s qualification, experience, skills and type of company they are working in. 

Also read: Career as a Management Consultant 

Skills That Make You The Best IT Engineer

If you want to stand out from the crowd and make yourself an expert IT engineer you need to have proficiency in technical skills, as these skills help you showcase yourself better in recruitment and at the same time make your job easy. Check the skills that will make you the best engineer given below. 

  • Social media management
  • Coding
  • Operating system knowledge
  • Database management
  • Security
  • Programming
  • Technical writing
  • DevOps
  • Cloud computing
  • Machine learning
  • Network configuration
  • Systems and networks
  • Data analysis
  • Hardware deployment

Also read: Career as a Web Analytics 

Career Options and Job Prospects after IT

Several career options are available under the IT courses from various domains. These career options have been explained in the table below. Candidates are advised to check them so that they are well aware of the job they will be hired into. 

Job Profile

Job Description

Software Engineer

A software engineer implements the principles of software engineering into the design, maintenance, development, testing, and evaluation of computer software.

Software Developer

Software developers design and develop software to meet users’ needs by analyzing their needs. Recommended software upgrades for users’ existing programs and systems.

Project Manager, IT

An IT project manager is a professional person who is charged with overseeing, executing, and delegating responsibilities around an organization’s technology goals.

IT Consultants

IT Consultants are the company's external analysts who evaluate an organization's IT systems and programs to meet its goals.

Senior Software Engineer

Senior software engineers are the persons who are experienced and would take the lead in any project-related software development and programming.

Senior Software Developer/Programmer

Senior Software developer/programmer will develop information systems by studying operations, developing and installing support, and designing and developing software requirements and goals..

Team Leader

A team leader is a person who guides instructs gives direction and leads a group of individuals for the purpose of achieving the assigned goals or group-aligned results.

FAQs about IT Courses

What is IT course?

Information Technology is a course that focuses on the study of the regulation and security of data through electronic devices and their related software. 


Which is the best specialization in IT?

Data Science is the most demanded course in the IT field. The field is diverse and requires special expertise.


What is the duration of the IT course?

The duration of the IT course varies for various levels of education. There are online courses whose duration is 6 months. It ranges from 2 years to 4 years.


Is Jee Main compulsory for admission in IT courses?

No, JEE Main is not compulsory for admissions into IT courses. There are other entrance exams that help candidates to take admission into IT Courses which include BITSAT, VITEEE, AP POLYCET, TS POLYCET, etc.


Is IT a good career?

Yes, IT Courses are one of the most popular courses in India and abroad. It has become one of the most demanding specializations chosen by the aspirants.


Can I do IT courses after class 12?

Yes you can do IT Course after class 12.


What is a qualification required for IT courses?

The minimum qualification required for admission into IT courses are class 10.


What is the full form of IT?

The full form of IT is information technology.

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