Career as Pharmacist

Career as a Pharmacist

About Pharmacist

Pharmacists are health professionals who dispense medications, advise patients regarding the use of prescriptions and over-the-counter medications. They are also commonly known as druggists or chemists. They play a significant role in helping people get the best results from their medications as they are familiar with the medicine ingredients and cautions. People approach pharmacists for any health-related queries, what to do in case of a missed dose and what food, drinks, drugs or activities can have an effect on the medication. Basically, they are the experts in medicine and everything related to the use of medicines. If this is something that excites you then pursuing a course in Pharmacy is a good option for the Science students.

Eligibility to become Pharmacist

The pharmaceutical education includes a mix of theory, practical classes, exams and compulsory industrial/hospital training depending on the course selected. Science in 10+2 is mandatory to pursue further studies in pharmacy.


For those who wish to open their drug store, a diploma in pharmacy, which is of 2-year duration is required. Also, those pursuing diploma can get lateral entry to the 2nd year in Bachelor of Pharmacy on merit basis.

B. Pharm

A bachelor’s degree or B. Pharm is required for those who wish to work in the pharmaceutical industries. The course includes academic and practical training. After pursuing B.Pharm, a student can appear for the GPAT exam which is usually conducted every year in January. To be eligible for B.Pharm, students have to get a minimum of 50 percent marks in the qualifying exam.


The duration of M.Pharma or Masters in Pharmacy is 2 years and it is divided into a number of semesters.


One can also opt for Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D). It is a 6-year doctorate level course with five years of academic study and one year of internship or residency.


  • To be eligible for Diploma, one needs to pass 10+2
  • To be eligible for B.Pharm, students have to get a minimum of 50 percent marks in the qualifying exam.
  • To pursue M.Pharm, a recommended minimum score of 50 percent in B.Pharm from any recognized university or equivalent is required.
  • For Pharm.D, minimum 17 years of age and maximum 23 years on or before 31st December. Pass in plus two exams with 50 percent in Physics and Chemistry as compulsory subjects along with Mathematics or Biology. The student must also have completed the D.Pharm course from a PCI-approved institution.

Entrance Exams

  • Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) exam
  • B.Sc Pharma Entrance Exam in Punjab
  • UPSEE Pharmacy

Types of Job Roles Pharmacist

Once you are qualified to work as a pharmacist, there are plenty of Pharmacist job profiles that you can explore:

Hospital Pharmacists-They are in charge of monitoring the supply of medicine and are responsible for purchasing, dispensing and quality testing their medication stock.

Drug Inspector-Drug Inspector is an expert at monitoring the utility, quality, and safety of a drug from its manufacturing till its sale. They inspect medical shops and take samples to check if there are any spurious drugs.

Clinical Research Associate-Clinical Research Associates help in organizing and monitoring clinical trials of new drugs to evaluate the benefits and risks associated with them.

Research Officer (Life Sciences)-As a Research Officer, you will be mainly involved in conducting experiments and analyzing the results, with an aim to develop new products and for broadening the horizon of scientific understanding.

Medical Sales Representative-Medical Sales representatives (also known as reps) are responsible for selling a company’s products, including medicines, prescription drugs, and medical equipment to customers, doctors, pharmacists, and nurses.

Regulatory Affairs Officer-They work for medical, pharmaceutical, research organisations and other medicine manufacturers to make sure that their company’s products comply with the regulatory norms. They conduct product trials, get licenses for the products and then write the product labels and accompanying information.

Employment Opportunities for Pharmacists

Pharmacists can choose to work in the following areas:

  • Retail Sector
  • Hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Pharmaceutical sales and Marketing
  • Drug Research and Development
  • Medical Underwriting

Top Recruiting Companies for Pharmacists

Some of the leading companies where one can find employment opportunities are

  • Cipla
  • Lupin
  • Aurobindo Pharma
  • Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories
  • Glenmark
  • Sun Pharma
  • Cadila Health
  • Alkem Lab
  • Torrent Pharma
  • Abbott India
  • Piramal Enterprises

Pay Scale/Salary of Pharmacist

A Pharmacist gets an average salary of Rs.199, 692 per year. The starting salary ranges from Rs. 15,000-Rs. 25,000 and it goes up as you gain more experience with time. It also depends on the institute you have graduated from. Those who own medicine shops will be able to make more.

Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.

Books & Study Material to Become Pharmacist

In order to clear the entrance exams, it is important to prepare well. For that, one needs to study thoroughly. Below are some of the best books and study materials for aspiring physicists

  • KD Tripathi
  • Rang & Dale
  • Lippincott

Pros of becoming a Pharmacist

  • Pharmacists have job flexibility as they can choose to work in a variety of work settings such as retail stores, nursing homes, hospitals and pharmaceutical companies
  • Since technology is constantly evolving and new medicines are being discovered, demand for pharmacists will only continue to increase with time. This can lead to more jobs in this field.

Cons of becoming a Pharmacist

  • Customer service can be a tough line to work as the job of a pharmacist especially the retail pharmacists involves dealing with customers directly. This can lead to unpleasant situations at times as pharmacists will have to learn to deal with all kinds of people.
  • Many pharmacists work long hours and their shift is not just restricted to the usual 9-5.

Paths for Being Pharmacist