In the recent years, Microbiology has created a lot of buzz and gained popularity leading to a rush in the number of students who are looking forward to pursuing microbiology as a career. A person who specialises in the field of microbiology is called as a microbiologist. Microbiologists are regarded as scientists who play a vital role in studying organisms and infectious agents that cannot be seen with the unprotected eye. They also study the interactions of microorganisms with humans and other organisms that exist and affect our lives. Microbiologists also check the food whether it is safe or not, develop green technologies and track the role of microbes in the climate change.
In order to start a career in Microbiology, students must choose PCB (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) stream in Class 12. The students must score at least 50% marks in Class 12 to take up higher level education in the field of microbiology. Usually, there will be no entrance test for UG level courses in microbiology or biology.
Subjects Combination: Science stream with Biology as the major subject in Class 12 is mandatory to take up Microbiology course.
Microbiologists are required for diverse jobs. The following are some of the job profiles that Microbiologists can take up after obtaining the necessary skills.
Research Assistant: These microbiologists engage in research activities associated with microorganisms, causes for the diseases, figuring out solutions or treatment for diseases etc. They assist higher-level researchers in varied activities in the field of science.
Biomedical Scientists: Biomedical Scientists carry out a wide range of scientific and laboratory tests to support the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
Food Technologist: The major responsibility of the food technologist is to ensure safe and efficient development, manufacture and modification of food products and processes.
Pharmacologist: Usually, pharmacologists specialise in a specific field of research such as pharmacokinetics, toxicology etc. Microbiologists can choose pharmacology as one of the subjects at the Ph.D. level.
Clinical & Veterinary Microbiologists: Veterinary microbiologists are veterinarians who specialise in the study of microorganisms that cause infectious diseases to animals.
Industrial Microbiologist: These microbiologists apply engineering and scientific principles to the processing of materials by microorganisms, plant and animal cells to create useful products or processes.
Environmental Microbiologist: The major responsibility of the environmental microbiologist is to study the microorganisms that exist in artificial environments such as bioreactors.
Microbiologists are required in diverse domains in the field of Science. A qualified microbiologist can get employment in the following sectors/ domains/ areas: -
Students can also look for employment opportunities in government sector. For this purpose, the students must clear the recruitment exams conducted by various bodies.
Here are some of the top recruiting agencies for microbiologists in India: -
Microbiologists in diverse sectors earn a satisfactory salary. Most companies pay more for highly skilled and experienced Microbiologists and researchers. The average salary structure of Microbiologists is detailed below.
Starting Salary per annum (in INR)
Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)
Senior Level Salary per annum (In INR)
Rs. 4,00,000 – Rs. 8,00,000
Rs. 2,00,000 – Rs. 3,00,000
Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.
Students pursuing courses in Microbiology can refer the following books for enhancing the knowledge and for entrance exams.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is regarded as the “Father of Bacteria”.
Companies such as Mascot International, Krauter Healthcare Ltd, Pfizer, Siren Technology Pvt Ltd etc hire microbiologists in various job roles.
COVID-19 is caused by a virus named SARS-CoV-2 that belongs to the family of coronaviruses.
No, to become a microbiologist, the students need not necessarily have to study mathematics.
Yes, microbiologists do sometimes get exposed to hazardous microbes and infectious agents which lead to their death sometimes.
On average, microbiologists make in the range of INR 1.5 LPA and INR 8 LPA in India.
The period between 1850 and 1915 is regarded as the “Golden Age of Microbiology”.
Countries like the United Kingdom, USA, Canada, Australia etc are the best countries to study microbiology from.
It takes around 3 to 5 years to become a successful microbiologist.
Microbiologists are those who study infectious agents or organisms that are not visible to the naked eyes of human beings.
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