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UPSC CDS (II) Selection Procedure 2022 - Check Here

Updated By Deepansh Sharma on 17 Aug, 2022 10:05

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UPSC CDS Selection Process 2022

UPSC CDS (II) 2022 is to be conducted on September 04, 2022. The admit cards have been released and the CDS exam is just few weeks away. Candidates who are hardcore defense aspirants might already be knowing the complete selection procedure followed by UPSC to induct potential candidates as officers in the Indian Armed Forces through CDS exam. But there may be some audience who will be appearing for this exam in a first and they might require to get an ample amount of knowledge regarding the UPSC CDS Selection Procedure. In this section, we will be providing complete information regarding the selection process of an officer through CDS. Please read the article to know in depth about each and every stage of the UPSC CDS selection process.

The Process starts with filling the application form. UPSC releases CDS Application Form twice in a year. Candidates who are eligible to give CDS exam and desire to join the tri-forces can fill the form. The first actual examination begins with a written test. The candidates, who opted for IMA, INA and AFA will have to appear for Mathematics along with English and GS paper while the candidates who wish to join the OTA need to appear only for the English and GS paper. Each paper is of 100 marks. Read more about the UPSC CDS Exam Pattern to get a clear view. The CDS Written exam result is announced generally after a month. The candidates who clear the written exam are shortlisted for further and the most important stage of selection i.e SSB.

SSB is a five day test which tests the personality and strength of character of an individual. It begins with the Screening Test on Day 1, followed by Psychology Test, Group tasks, Interview and Conference. Each activity is designed in a way that it brings your raw nature out of you. Therefore, sometimes it is said, people who had been practical and possess a good understanding find it easy to crack the SSB. Candidates, who qualify all the medical tests, had to wait for the merit list which is released about a month before the trainng is scheduled. Candidates, whose names appear in the UPSC CDS Final Merit List join the respective training academies, where they undergo an year of rigorous training. On completion of training, these cadets perform the "Passing Out Parade", where in they touch the "Antim Pag", which marks the end of their training and beginning of an adventurous career.  

UPSC CDS 2022 Written Test

The first stge of Selection Process is the UPSC CDS Written exam. The written exam consists of the 3 paper of 2 hours each.The candidates, who opted for IMA, INA and AFA will have to appear for Mathematics along with English and GS paper while the candidates who wish to join the OTA need to appear only for the English and GS paper. Each paper is of 100 marks. Read more about the UPSC CDS Exam Pattern to get a clear view.

Service Selection Board (SSB)

If we talk about a story, there happen to be a protagonist, who is the core of the story and around him/her the story revolves. In case of CDS exam, SSB is the protagonist. Service Selection Board, abbreviated as SSB, is a 5 day test, which examines the personality and strength of character of an individual. It cannot be specifically defined as a test of knowledge, neither strength nor any so-called misconceptions about must-physicallity for defense forces. Infact, it is the test of certain OLQ's (Officer Like Qualities), which the board seeks in each of candidate who show up in the SSB.

If we talk about the structure of the SSB, as already mentioned, it is a 5 day examination. The first day of SSB is designated as the "Screening Day." The Screening test is divided in two parts - OIR (Officer's Intelligence Rating Test) and PP & DT (Picture Perception & Description Test). The first test conducted is the OIR test. It tests the reasoning and mental ability of a candidate through 80 logical problems. Candidates are provided with a booklet containg these problems. Each problem has 4 options and the correct option is to be chosen by the candidate. After the OIR Process, it is time for the PP & DT. PPDT is a test of Imagination. Candidates are shown a hazy picture for 30 seconds and then, they are asked to write a story on that picture. Total time provided to write the story is 4 and a half minutes. Candidates had to use their faculty of imagination to describe whats going on in the picture. After writing the story, candidates are divided in groups of 8-10 people and each group is called separately to discuss their stories. After the PP&DT test, the results are announced and cadidates who are selected are refered to as "Screened in" candidates. Screened in candidates qualify for the next round of selection. 

The next four days involve a lot of hectic activities including the Psychology test, a series of Group Task and most importantly, the interview. Each test has a different accessor like the Psychology test is assessed by the Psychologist; Group tasks are assessed by the Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the interview is taken by the Interviewing Officer. Each of these activity test the OLQ's in the candidates and plays a crucial role in the recommendation. On the last day i.e Day 5, also known as the "Conference", each candidate has to appear infront of the three assessing officers individually, before the "President of the Board" announces the final result in the orientation hall, where the candidates are seated, hoping to the upper limit of their spirits for their Chest Numbers to be called out. It is a dream moment for every defense aspirant.

UPSC CDS Document Verification

Document Verification will be organised only after the candidate has qualified for Interview/Personality Test. Following is the list of documents to be submitted for verification:

  • Birth Certificate

  • Academic Degrees (HSC, SSC, Graduation etc)

  • Certificate of Eligibility for certain candidates

  • Passport size photograph

  • Identity proof

  • Residence proof etc.

  • Category or caste certificate (SC, ST, OBC, PH etc)

Medical Examination

  • Candidates who are recommended by the SSB Board are sent for the Medical Examination. Medical Examination is also an integral part of the UPSC CDS Selection Process. Many a times, it is seen that some of the recommended candidates do miss out some of the medical standards as prescribed by the board and ultimately they are Medically rejected.

  • The medical examination of all the shortlisted candidates will be done to check whether they are medically fit or not. The candidates recommended by the Services Selection Board undergo a medical examination by a Board of Service Medical Officers. Women candidates undergo Medical Examination by a Medical Board comprising of male/ female doctors/ specialists/ Gynaecologist. There will also be a Lady Medical Officer as a member of the Board. Only those candidates will be admitted to the Academy who are declared fit by the Medical Board.

  • For final recruitment, candidates have to clear all the verification formalities.

CDS Change in Communication Address

Candidates who have cleared the UPSC CDS exam are required to notify about the changed address soon after the result has been declared. Candidates need to notify at the following addresses along with the unstamped self-addressed envelope-


IHQ of MOD (Navy) DMPR (OI&R Section),

Room No. 204, 'C' Wing,

Sena Bhawan, New Delhi-110011


Army Headquarters,

A.G's Branch, Rtg. (CDSE Entry Section for males & SSC Women Entry Section for women candidates)

West Block-III, Ground Floor, Wing 1,

Ramakrishnapuram, New Delhi-110066


PO 3 (A) Air HQS. 'J' Block,

Room No. 17, Opp. Vayu Bhawan,

Motilal Nehru Marg, New Delhi-110011

CDS Disqualification Criteria

  • Candidates who have been removed from Air Force Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Indian Military Academy, Officers’ Training Academy, and National Defence Academy due to objectionable behaviour, will not be eligible for getting into the Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, Indian Military Academy, Short Service Commission in the Army.
  • Candidates who have been withdrawn from the IMA for the lack of Officer-Like Qualities (OLQ)will not be recruited in the Indian Military Academy.
  • Candidates who have been withdrawn from the IMA for the lack of Officer-Like Qualities (OLQ)will not be recruited in the SSC.
  • Candidates who were previously recruited as Special Entry Naval Cadets but have withdrawn from NDA or from the Naval Training Establishments becasue of Officer-like qualities, will not be eligible for recruitment to the INA.

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