UPSC Civil Services Selection Process 2019

Nupur Kaushik Updated On: 25 Feb, 2019 14:39 IST

Want updates on UPSC Civil Services

UPSC Civil Services 2019 Selection Process

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Civil Services selection process comprises of three stages – Civil Services (Preliminary) examination (Objective Type), Civil Services (Main) examination (Written) and a Personality Test (Interview). 

Candidates qualifying in the UPSC Civil Services 2019 exams, will become eligible to appear for next round of selection process, and ultimately be selected for the recruitment in various posts of Indian Civil Services.

Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam

Civil Services (Preliminary) exam is the first stage to shortlist candidates for Mains exam. The highlights of the Civil Services (Preliminary) exam are given below:

  • This examination is conducted just as a screening test to shortlist eligible applicants for Mains exam.

  • Candidates who qualify preliminary exam will be eligible to take part in Civil Services (Main) exam.

  • The marks obtained in Civil Services (Preliminary) exam will not be considered in the final merit list.

Civil Services (Mains) Exam

The Civil Services (Main) exam consists of a Written exam & a Personal Interview. These 2 stages of Mains exam has been detailed below-

Written Exam

The applicants who score minimum qualifying marks in written part of the Mains exam will be selected for a personal interview test. The number of applicants selected for the personal interview will be just twice the number of vacancies to be filled.

Personal Interview

  • The personal interview will have 275 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks).

  • The applicants will be asked questions by the interviewers.

  • The main objective of the Interview is to assess the personal suitability of the applicant for a career in public service by a Board of competent & unbiased observers.

Final Selection Criteria for Recruitment

The marks obtained in Civil Services Mains exam and in the Interview Test are added up. The top 980 students are allotted a post in the Service or Cadre in order of availability and preference for the same. Thus, the top-ranked candidate will get his/her post of first preference, while the last candidate will get what is remaining.


I have qualified in UPSC Civil Services Prelims, however, I did not qualify in UPSC Civil Services Mains. Will I be selected?

No, for the selection process, it is mandatory for the candidates to qualify in both Prelims as well as in Main exam.

What is the number of vacancies in Civil Services for which the exam is conducted every year by UPSC?

The number of vacancies is reported by Union Public Service Commission in its advertisement/notification for the exam. The number of vacancies varies every year; the number of vacancies per year in the last 4 years has varied between 1000 and 1200.

Is change of preference of services once indicated permitted?

No change in preferences of services once indicated by a candidate is permitted.

What are the stages of UPSC Civil Services 2019 selection process?

UPSC Civil Services 2019 selection process has three stages:

  • Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam

  • Civil Services (Mains) Exam

  • Personality Test (Interview)

Want to know which colleges you can apply to with your UPSC Civil Services score ?

Get Free Counselling