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NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus (PDF Available): Download NEET 11th and 12th Weightage Here

RupsaUpdated On: June 24, 2022 01:00 pm IST | NEET

The NEET 2022 syllabus for Chemistry includes topics from the 11th and 12th Classes. But are you aware of the chapter-wise weightage that can fetch you high marks? Read the full article to stay updated on NEET 2022 Chemistry syllabus (available in PDF) and topic-wise weightage. 

NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus (PDF Available): Download NEET 11th and 12th Weightage Here

Students preparing for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) this year must be well-versed with the NEET 2022 syllabus to crack the entrance exam with flying colours. The NEET 2022  exam will be conducted on July 17, so there is hardly a month left to prepare for the same. At this point, students are concerned about what needs to be studied and how much time needs to be spent on each topic etc. One important section of the paper that accounts for 25% of the total weightage is the Chemistry section. In this article, we have listed all of the topics covered in the NEET Chemistry syllabus from both the Class 11 and 12 syllabi. Candidates who are applying for the exam must ensure that they have a proper understanding of the syllabus in order to secure a good score in NEET 2022.

NEET 2022 Syllabus Chemistry – Overview

The Chemistry syllabus for NEET is divided into three parts – Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. These three combined comprise 45 questions. Each question carries 4 marks. The topics included here have been picked up from the NCERT syllabus of Grades 11 & 12, which students have already studied during the Boards. The chapters involve fundamental concepts of chemistry, chemical reactions and formulae,  and a thorough understanding of the periodic table and so on. 

NEET 2022 Syllabus Chemistry - Class 11 

In the table below, you will find the detailed NEET Chemistry syllabus for Class 11: 

Units

Topics

Sub-topics

Unit 1

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • Nature of Matter

  • Laws of Chemical Combination

  • Dalton's Atomic Theory

  • Mole Concept

  • Empirical Formula and Molecular Formula

  • Stoichiometry and Stoichiometric Calculations

  • Some Important Concentration Terms

Unit 2

Structure of Atom

  • Discovery of Electron, Proton and Neutron

  • Sub-atomic Particles

  • Atomic models

  • Dual nature of Matter

  • Photoelectric Effect

  • Electromagnetic Radiations

  • Quantum Mechanical Model of Atoms

  • Electronic Configuration

Unit 3

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Atomic Radii, and its trend in periods and groups

  • Ionic Radius, isoelectronic species

  • Ionization Enthalpy and factors affecting ionization enthalpy

  • Electron Gain Enthalpy and Electron Affinity

  • Electronegativity and Electropositivity

  • Acids, Bases and Amphoteric Nature

  • Acidic Nature of Non-Metals Hydrides and Oxyacids

Unit 4

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Ionic bonding

  • Fazan’s rule

  • Coordinate bond and exceptions to the octet rule

  • Covalent bonding

  • Formal charge and Lewis dot structures

  • Bond energy, Bond length, Bond angle and dipole moment

  • Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory

  • Valence Bond Theory (VBT)

  • Hybridization and its types

  • Molecular Orbital Theory (MOT)

Unit 5

States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • Difference between solid, liquid and gas

  • Boyle's law

  • Charles' law

  • Gay Lussac's law

  • Avogadro's law

  • Ideal gas equation

  • Dalton's law of partial pressure

  • Graham's law of diffusion

  • Kinetic theory of gases

  • Vrms, Vavg, Vmp values

  • Real gas equation

  • Compressibility factor

  • Liquefaction of gases

Unit 6

Thermodynamics

  • Basic Terminology

  • Internal Energy

  • First Law of Thermodynamics

  • Work

  • Heat Capacity

  • Enthalpies for different types of reactions

  • Spontaneity

  • Gibbs Energy

Unit 7

Equilibrium

  • What is Equilibrium

  • EQUILIBRIUM IN PHYSICAL PROCESS

  • Applications of Equilibrium Constant

  • Factors affecting chemical equilibrium

  • Ionic Equilibrium in Solution

  • Ionization of Acids and Bases

  • Ionic Product of Water

  • The pH Scale

  • Buffer Solutions

Unit 8

Redox Reactions

  • Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number

  • Balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers

Unit 9

Hydrogen

  • The position of Hydrogen in the periodic table

  • Isotopes of Hydrogen

  • Dihydrogen

  • Hydrides

  • Water

  • Hydrogen Peroxide

  • Dihydrogen as a fuel

Unit 10

s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

  • Group 1 element- Alkali Metals

  • Physical Properties

  • Chemical Properties

  • General characteristics of the compounds of the Alkali Metals

  • Anomalous properties of Lithium

  • Some important compounds of Sodium

  • Biological Importance of Sodium and Potassium

  • Group 2 elements: Alkaline Earth Metals

  • Physical Properties

  • Chemical Properties

  • General characteristics of the compounds of the Alkaline Earth Metals

  • Anomalous behaviour of Beryllium

  • Some important compounds of Calcium

  • Biological importance of Magnesium and Calcium

Unit 11

Some p-Block Elements

  • Electronic Configuration

  • Metallic Character

  • Atomic Radii

  • Ionization Enthalpy

  • Electronegativity

  • Melting and Boiling Points

  • Oxidation States

  • Colour

Unit 12

Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques

  • Tetravalence of carbon

  • Structural representations of Organic Compounds

  • Classification of Organic Compounds

  • Nomenclature

  • Isomerism

  • Fundamental concepts in organic chemistry

Unit 13

Hydrocarbons

  • Classification of hydrocarbons

  • Alkanes

  • Alkenes

  • Alkynes

  • Aromatic 

Unit 14

Environmental Chemistry

  • Environment

  • Environmental pollution

  • Atmospheric pollution

  • Water pollution

  • Soil pollution

  • Industrial waste

  • Green chemistry

  • Important questions

Also Read: NEET 2022 Study Plan and Preparation Strategy

NEET 2022 Syllabus Chemistry - Class 12 

Check the Chemistry NEET 2022 syllabus for Class 12 in the table below: 

Units

Topics

Sub-topics

Unit 1

Solid State

  • Classification of solids 

  • Molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids 

  • Two-dimensional and three-dimensional lattices

  • Point defects

  • Electrical and magnetic properties

  • Band theory of metals

  • Conductors, Semiconductors and Insulators

Unit 2

Solutions

  • Types of solutions

  • Solubility

  • Vapour pressure of liquid solutions

  • Raoult's law

  • Ideal and non-ideal solutions

  • Colligative properties

  • Abnormal molar mass

Unit 3

Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions, 

  • Conductance in electrolytic solutions

  • Kohlrausch’s Law, 

  • electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), 

  • dry cell- electrolytic cells and 

  • Galvanic cells

  • Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.

Unit 4

Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of chemical reaction

  • Factors influencing the rate of reaction

  • Order of a reaction

  • Zero-order reactions

  • First-order reactions

  • Second-order reactions

  • Pseudo-first-order reactions

  • Arrhenius equation, Activation energy and its determination

  • Collision theory of reactions

Unit 5

Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption

  • Catalysis

  • Colloids

  • Emulsions

Unit 6

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Occurrence of Metals

  • Hydraulic Washing

  • Magnetic Separation

  • Froth Floatation Method

  • Leaching

  • Extraction of crude metal from Concentrated Ore

  • Refining

  • Uses of Aluminium, Copper, Zinc and Iron

Unit 7

p-Block Elements

  • Electronic Configuration

  • Metallic Character

  • Atomic Radii

  • Ionization Enthalpy

  • Electronegativity

  • Melting and Boiling Points

  • Oxidation States

  • Colour

Unit 8

D and F Block Elements

  • Position in the Periodic Table

  • General properties of the d-block elements

  • Some important compounds of d-block elements

  • The Lanthanoids

  • The Actinoids

  • Some applications of d- and f-block elements

Unit 9

Coordination Compounds

  • Werner's theory of coordination compounds

  • Some important terms in coordination compounds

  • Isomerism in coordination compounds

  • Valence Bond Theory

  • Crystal Field Theory

  • Bonding in metal carbonyls

  • Importance and applications of coordination compounds

Unit 10

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Classification

  • Nomenclature

  • Physical Properties

  • Chemical Reactions

  • Polyhalogen compounds

Unit 11

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Nomenclature

  • Methods of preparation

  • Physical and chemical properties

Unit 12

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition,

  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses

Unit 13

Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • Classification of Amines

  • Nomenclature

  • Preparation of Amines

  • Physical Properties

  • Chemical Reactions

  • Diazonium Salts

Unit 14

Biomolecules, Polymers and Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Carbohydrates

  • Proteins

  • Hormones

  • Vitamins- Classification and function

  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

Unit 15

Polymers

  • Classification- Natural and synthetic, 

  • Methods of polymerization 

  • Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers

Unit 16

Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines

  • Chemicals in food 

  • Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action

NEET 2022 Syllabus Chemistry - PDF Download

Candidates can use the link below to download a hard copy of the syllabus for their studies. The syllabus will be in PDF format. Take the printout of the syllabus whenever it is convenient for you.

NEET 2022 Syllabus Chemistry – Chapter-wise Weightage

Once you have covered the full syllabus, focus on the chapter-wise weightage and study accordingly. There are a few topics that are likely to be more important than others and are sure to fetch you good marks if prepared well. Find the chapter-wise weightage for the NEET 2022 Chemistry syllabus tabulated below:

Physical Chemistry

Chapters

Average No. of Questions (Expected)

Weightage of Chapter

Solid State

2

3%

States of Matter

2

6%

Electrochemistry

2

3%

Solutions

2

4%

Chemical Kinetics

2

4%

Inorganic Chemistry

Chapters

Average No. of Questions (Expected)

Weightage of Chapter

Periodic Table and Periodicity in Properties

2

4%

Chemical Bonding

5

22%

P- Block

3

7%

Coordination Compounds

3

6%

D-Block and F-Block elements

2

4%

Organic Chemistry

Chapters

Average No. of Questions (Expected)

Weightage of Chapter

Hydrocarbons

4

4%

Carbonyl Compounds

3

4%

Aromatic Compounds

3

6%

General Organic Chemistry

2

5%

IUPAC and Isomerism

2

4%

The data in the table is based on NEET previous question paper analysis. This is likely to change every year and does not guarantee the exact number of questions in the examination. Nevertheless, students can get an idea of the approximate number of questions and average weightage they carry. 

NEET 2022 Syllabus Chemistry – Most Important Topics 

Here are some of the important topics from the NEET Chemistry syllabus that you can focus on. However, we advise you to focus equally on each topic as questions from any topics may be asked. 

Important Topics from Class 11

Important Topics from Class 12

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Solid State

Structure of Atom

Solutions

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Electrochemistry

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Chemical Kinetics

States of Matter: Gases and Liquid

Surface Chemistry

Thermodynamics

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

Equilibrium

p-Block Elements

Redox Reactions

D and f Block Elements

Hydrogen

Coordination Compounds

s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Some p-Block Elements

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles and Techniques

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Hydrocarbons

Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Environmental Chemistry

Biomolecules

Chemistry in Everyday Life

Polymers

Most Scoring Chapters from NEET Chemistry 2022 Syllabus

Chemistry is one of the most scoring sections of the NTA NEET paper. It is all about conceptual clarity, application of the formulae, and memorizing the tables and chemical reactions. If candidates spend their time and effort learning these by heart, scoring 130+ out of 180 in NEET 2022 Chemistry should be easy. Listed below are some of the chapters that are highly scorable

  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Equilibrium

  • Chemical Kinetics

  • Electrochemistry

  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Coordination Compounds

  • Hydrocarbons

  • S, P, D and F Block Elements

NEET 2022 Chemistry – Exam Pattern and Marks Distribution 

Take a look at the NEET 2022 Chemistry sectional marks distribution and marking scheme for a better understanding of the exam paper:

Subject

Section

Total Questions

Total Marks

Marking Scheme

Chemistry

Section A

35

35 x 4 = 140

+4 for each correct answer

-1 for each incorrect answer

0 marks for unattempted questions

Section B

10 (out of 15)

10 x 40 = 40

Total

45

180

NEET 2022 Syllabus – Best Books for Chemistry Preparation

To score the maximum marks in NEET 2022 Chemistry, aspirants must prioritize learning all the chapters from NCERT books. The concepts and theories are very well explained in simple language in these books, so students can easily grasp each topic. Also, since the majority of the questions are asked from NCERT books, it would be wise to stick to these. Apart from that, students can refer to a few more books for solving MCQs and formulae-based problems. These are listed as follows:

  • NCERT Chemistry textbooks for Class XI and XII

  • Dinesh Chemistry Guide

  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee

  • ABC of Chemistry for Classes 11 and 12 by Modern

  • Practice books by VK Jaiswal (Inorganic), MS Chauhan (Organic) and N Awasthi (Physical)

Tips and Tricks for NEET 2022 Chemistry Preparation

Students looking for some smart NEET 2022 Chemistry preparation strategy should follow these tips and tricks:

  • Be clear about all the concepts you study and revise on a regular basis

  • Take free guidance from online tutorials if you have any last-minute confusion regarding any topic

  • Prioritize sections that are more scoring and relatively easy – for instance, many students may find Organic Chemistry easier since it is largely based on formulas. In such cases, they should focus on learning that particular section by heart so that they can easily score well.

  • Stick to NCERT and other recommended books 

  • Prepare notes, break down large sections into smaller points to memorize better; use markers and colour codes if needed

  • Practice question sets and refer to NEET sample papers to hone your skills and work on the weaker sections as required

  • Attempt mock tests regularly to analyze your performance and improve your speed

  • Take short breaks in between long study hours to unwind 

To learn more about the exam format, candidates can go through the previous years' question paper and exam pattern of NEET

Stay tuned to CollegeDekho for more such informative articles and the latest news regarding NEET 2022. 

Related Articles

FAQs

What are the most important chapters to study from NEET Chemistry syllabus?


While it is essential to study the complete NEET 2022 syllabus, some of the chapters in Chemistry that students should focus on include Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids, Hydrocarbons, Coordination Compounds, Electrochemistry, Chemical Kinetics and Equilibrium etc.

How many questions can I expect from NEET 2022 Physical Chemistry?


Based on previous question paper analysis, candidates can expect approximately 7-8 questions from the Physical Chemistry syllabus of NEET 2022.

Is NCERT sufficient for NEET Chemistry syllabus?

 

NCERT is undoubtedly the go-to source when it comes to NEET preparation since an estimated 90% of the questions are based on chapters from these books alone. However, it would be wise to refer to some of the recommended books and materials to ensure higher marks in NEET 2022 Chemistry.

 

Are questions repeated in NEET Chemistry?


Chemistry questions usually do not repeat in the consecutive years of NEET paper, but candidates can sometimes find similar questions based on a particular concept.

Are Chemistry questions tough in NEET?


Contrary to what many students think, Chemistry is an easy subject to score in NEET provided candidates follow the right study materials and a smart preparation strategy.

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