Cardiologists are physicians who diagnose and treat heart diseases and cardiovascular ailments. It usually takes 10-13 years to become a cardiologist. They specialise in treating diseases like congenital heart defects, heart failure, coronary artery diseases and valvular heart diseases. They only work with people who need special heart-related care or have had heart-related conditions earlier. A cardiologist will often focus on one type of patient. An adult cardiologist sees only adult patients. Likewise, a pediatric cardiologist sees the only infant, child, or teen patients. Cardiology is one of the most complex fields in medicine, therefore many cardiologists specialize in different areas. All cardiologists are clinical cardiologists who focus on the diagnosis, medical management and prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
If you are planning to be a cardiologist and the question 'How to Become a Cardiologist?' always comes to your mind then you will be required to get an MBBS degree from any medical institute recognized by the Medical Council of India. After that, a master's degree in cardiology is a must to begin your career as a cardiologist. Given below is the step-by-step process to become a Cardiologist:
MBBS is the basic degree required to enter the field of Medicine and is the first step towards becoming a cardiologist. It is a five and a half year degree which includes one year of compulsory internship.
It is mandatory to have a master's degree in cardiology to practice as a cardiologist. There are many postgraduation medical entrance exams in India which include All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Exam, BHU MD/MS entrance test and others
Once you have completed your DM and have the license from the Medical Council of India, you are eligible to apply for cardiologist jobs in different sectors.
After completing the required academic qualification in the field of cardiology, there is an ample number of cardiologists job profiles. Some of the popular cardiologist's job profiles are given below:
Cardiology Surgeon: Cardiology surgeons are physicians who perform surgeries on the heart and blood vessels of the chest cavity. Becoming a cardiology surgeon requires extensive education and training, including an undergraduate degree, medical school, residency and internship. A state-issued medical license is also required for the same.
ECG (electrocardiographic) Technologist: Cardiographic/ Electrocardiographic technicians are responsible for working with patients to assist doctors in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac diseases, such as irregular heartbeats and arrhythmias.
Interventional Cardiologist: Interventional cardiologists are responsible for treating a range of heart and vascular diseases through a treatment known as catheterization.
Cardiac Catheterization Technologist: Their job role is to perform diagnostic and interventional cardiac catheterizations and other cardiac-related procedures. They insert small catheters through a needle into the patient's blood vessels and hears to determine X-rays and other recordings to determine the heart’s structure and function.
Nuclear Cardiologist: The nuclear cardiologist is responsible for conducting tests for specific clinical indications, supervising cardiac stress tests and helping patient management.
Cardiology Director: Cardiology director is the head of the cardiology department and is the senior post in the respective department. His job role is to lead and direct the programs and the staff of the cardiology department. He ensures the smooth functioning of the department to meet the current needs and also addresses the future needs of patients by introducing new services, procedures and technologies.
Interventional Cardiologists: Their job is to perform more advanced procedures than the invasive and non-invasive cardiologist.
Invasive Cardiologists: They carry out a diagnostic procedure such as cardiac catheterization to find blockages of the arteries.
When working as a Cardiologist, you will be subjected to the following responsibilities.
Examining patients for assessing their condition
Providing patients with health advice
Explaining the risk of prohibited activities to the patients
Commanding lab research
Tracking and measuring the improvement in a patient's health
Ensuring adherence to the relevant laws and regulations
Performing surgeries on patients with heart-related problems
Cardiologists can find a wide variety of employment opportunities and it is regarded as one of the most employable and respected job profiles in the medical and healthcare sector Listed below are the top sectors and industries that hire cardiologists:
Some of the leading super speciality hospitals that hire Cardiologist are as follows:
Salary of a Cardiologist at different levels is given below.
|Entry-level Cardiologist in India||INR 10 LPA|
|Cardiologists With 5 - 10 Years of Experience||INR 16 LPA|
|Experienced Surgeon||INR 28 LPA|
|Cardiologists With 20 Years of Experience||INR 37 LPA|
Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.
Cardiology is a complex field and it will require you to update your knowledge and technique from time to time. Therefore to enhance your knowledge aspiring cardiologists can go through the following books and study material:
The ESC Textbook of Incentive and Acute Cardiovascular Care
The Cleveland Clinic Cardiology Board Review
Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty