Last Updated On 02 Aug, 2021
A career as a Police Officer is regarded as one of the most prestigious positions in society. If you have a passion for serving society, the police officer is the right career to pick. There are numerous designations for police officers in India. Some of the major responsibilities of the police officer are promoting and preserving public order, investigating crimes, identifying the problems and situations that could potentially lead to crimes, maintaining law & order and much more. In order to become a police officer, aspirants need to maintain a good physique and a healthy body. However, It is not an easy task to become a police officer in India, as the selection process involves both written and physical tests. Police officers enjoy ultimate respect in society and it is one of the lucrative career options in the public sector.
'How to Become a Police Officer?' is a question that is in every aspirants' mind. But first, an aspirant must decide which designation she/ he is targeting. The eligibility and recruitment process of various designations under the police department. is different. If you are targeting SP/ ASP/ DSP, you must clear the IPS examination. Meanwhile, For other posts, state governments hold separate recruitment exams. The recruitment exam will comprise both a written and physical test. The candidates must meet the proper height and weight description, depending on the post. The details regarding physique will be specified in the recruitment notifications. Staff Selection Commission (SSC) is another authority that conducts the recruitment exam for Sub-Inspector of Police in several states.
Completed your Class 12 level of education and hoping to become a Police Officer? Well, congratulations because you are eligible to apply for some posts in the police force. Irrespective of your subject background in 10+2, once you have passed your examinations, you become eligible to apply for the post of Constable or Police Head Constable. Check out the table below to know more.
Name of the Post
Police Head Constable
State-Level Recruitment Exam
Class 12 and lower age limit is 18, while, the upper age limit is 25.
State-Level Recruitment Exam
After you get a bachelor's degree, multiple options in the Police Force open for you. You become eligible to apply for various Police Officer's recruitment exams. Here are some of the roles you will be eligible for:
Name of the Post
Bachelor’s Degree with a lower age limit of 21 years.
Assistant Commissioner or DSP
Bachelor’s Degree with a lower age limit of 21 years
Circle Inspector and Sub-Inspector
Staff Selection Commission (SSC)
Head Constable with at least 5-7 years of experience are often promoted as Assistant Sub-Inspector
State-Level Recruitment Exam or SSC
If you have just cleared your 10th grade and are determined to become a Police Officer then you are on the right track. Unfortunately, becoming a police officer after completing only 10th grade is not possible. You need to complete at least 12th grade to be eligible for various posts in the police force. So, after passing your Class 10, take up any of the Science, Commerce and Arts streams and prepare for your goal. Participating in sports or NCC/ Scout and Guide would also be helpful for your career.
There are several designations in Indian Police Service/ Department, and the recruitment for various posts varies from each other. All the designations of a police officer are listed below: -
Superintendent of Police (SP)/ Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP): ASP and SP are in-charge of a large urban area within the district or Deputy Commander of an Armed Police or Special Commando Battalion.
Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)/ Assistant Commissioner: Deputy Superintendent of Police is a state police officer who belongs to provincial police forces.
Inspector of Police/ Circle Inspector: Inspector of Police is the officer-in-charge of a police station in a particular region or locality. Inspector’s post is higher than a sub inspector’s post.
Assistant Inspector of Police: Assistant Inspector of Police is the assistant officer-in-charge of a police station in a particular region or locality. Inspector’s post is higher than a sub inspector’s post. They take the responsibility of the police station in case of absence of Inspector of Police.
Sub-Inspector of Police: Sub-Inspector of Police is the lowest-ranking officer who under Indian Police rules and regulations can file a charge sheet in court, and is usually the first investigating officer.
Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police: An Assistant sub-inspector is a non-gazetted police officer ranking above a police head constable and below a sub-inspector.
Police Head Constable: Police Head Constable assists Sub-Inspector of Office in carrying out day-to-day activities of the police station.
Police Constable: It is the lowest rank in the Department of Police in India. The major responsibility of the police constable is to follow the orders of the head of the police stations and head constables. They should carry out the responsibility given by the superiors.
In India, jobs in the police department come under the government sector. The recruitment of candidates for the highest posts such as SP/ ASP/ DSP is based on IPS (Indian Police Service) exams. Recruitment to the other posts is based on the state-level recruitment exams conducted by the State Public Service Commission (SPSC).
The Central and State Government are the only authorities that can recruit police officers in India. No private agencies in India can recruit eligible candidates as police officers. The government (central or state) is responsible for releasing the official notification for the recruitment of police officers for different designations. The recruitment notifications will either be published in newspapers, websites and/or on different verified news channels of India. Therefore, the aspirants must keep themselves updated with the latest notifications of the government through these mediums of communication.
The salary of a Police Officer varies with the post one is assigned. Listed below is the salary structure of a Police Officer.
Salary Per Month
Rs. 70,000 - Rs. 1,09203
DSP/ Assistant Commissioner
Rs. 15,600 - Rs. 39,300
Rs. 15,600 – Rs. 39,100
Sub-Inspector/ Assistant Sub-Inspector
Rs. 9,300 to Rs. 34,800
Rs. 5,200 to Rs. 20,200
Here are some of the important books that a person can refer to clear police officer recruitment exam: -
Apart from the above, students need to refer state-level police recruitment exam books. Several publications have made these books available in local languages.