A veterinarian is a medical professional who provides treatment to animals. Veterinarians fulfil the healthcare requirements of pets, zoo, livestock and laboratory animals. There are various types of veterinary doctors such as those who work with small animals like dogs, cats, cattle, etc., those who work with large farm animals such as horse, cow, goat, etc., and those who work with wild animals such as wolf, lion, giraffe, etc. While veterinary doctors learn to treat all kinds of animals, some choose to take up the treatment of small animals while some become experts in looking after animals of farms and forests. Most of the veterinary practitioners work in private hospitals and clinics, laboratories or classrooms, but there are many who have to travel to farms and forests for the welfare of animals.
Performing surgery on animals
Examining animals to diagnose health problems
Treating and dressing wounds
Operating medical equipment like x-ray machines on animals
Testing for vaccines against diseases
Advising animal owners about their pets’ medical conditions, treatments and general care
Subjects Required: Science - Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Some colleges may also require English as one of the compulsory subjects.
In order to be eligible for pursuing a bachelor's degree in veterinary science, candidates must have completed their class 12 from a recognised board with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as compulsory subjects.
Those who wish to pursue a master's degree in veterinary science should've completed a bachelor’s degree with a good percentage of marks in the respective branch.
Candidates are required to qualify entrance exams such as AP EAMCET, UP VETERINARY Entrance Exam, AAU VET, UPCATET, AIPVT, RPVT, OUAT, etc. admission to a degree in veterinary science.
A solid grounding in Medical Science
Diagnostic skills (with no verbal interaction)
Lab research skills
Must possess soft skills to deal with upset pet owners
Understanding of the scientific literature
Team player (Vet Surgeons work with support staff)
Keen to learn modern practices and advanced research and technology facilities
Most of the institutes/ universities/colleges have their own eligibility criteria for admission to their undergraduate programmes. While some ask for a minimum of 50% in class 12, some institutions/universities/colleges ask for a minimum of 60%.
Some colleges/universities also have age limit criteria.
After attaining the required qualification, skills, and training, there are various job profiles in this field that you can target based on your interest. Following are some of the popular job profiles for Veterinarians:
Companion Animal Veterinarians: Companion animal veterinarians work in private hospitals or clinics and provide treatment to pets such as dogs, cats, birds, etc.
Equine Veterinarian: Equine veterinarian is a horse veterinary and provides medical treatment to horses.
Food safety and Inspection Veterinarians: They provide inspection for major animal diseases and, vaccines for the treatment of animals, test livestock, increase animal welfare, do research to improve animal health, and provide government food safety rules.
Food Animal Veterinarians: Food animal veterinarians treat diseases and injuries of farm animals such as cattle, pig, ships, livestock, and educate people about food and other health practices.
Research Veterinarians: Research veterinarians usually work in laboratories and are always involved in research to find new surgical techniques.
Veterinary Dermatologist: The duty of the veterinary dermatologist is to diagnose any skin disease that an animal may have and perform biopsies, cultures and skin scrapings.
Veterinary Pharmacologist: The duty of the veterinary pharmacologist is monitoring an animal's progress in veterinary hospitals kept under care.
Employment opportunities for veterinary doctors are available in both government and private hospitals. They can also start their own clinic/hospitals by proving medical treatment for animals. Veterinary doctors can be employed with:
Farms and ranches
Social advocacy organizations
Animal Nutritional Center
Food supplement industries
Some of the popular recruitment hospitals for veterinary doctors have been mentioned below:
Pets care center, Akola
Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad
Dog and Cat Clinic, Noida
ARK Veterinary Clinic, Chennai
Veterinary Dispensary Blue Cross of India, Chennai
Veterinary Hospital, Khurda
The Salvation Army Catherine Booth Hospital, Kanyakumari
Centre for Advancement of Higher Education, Paschim Medinipur
Sant Dnyaneshwar Medical Education Research Centre, Pune
Canwad Dog and Cats Clinic, Gurgaon
Dog Clinic- Faridabad, Faridabad
A veterinary doctor's pay level may depend on the type of expertise, experience and the organisation where he/she is working. Mentioned below is a salary break-up for different types of veterinarians:
Starting Salary per annum (in INR)
Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)
Senior Level Salary per annum (INR)
Veterinary Technologist / Technician
Note: The above-mentioned figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.
Here's a list of some of the top books to increase your skills and knowledge in the Veterinary field.
Pradeep's Class 11th and 12th Biology
P. Bahadur's Physical Chemistry
Previous years sample papers by Arihant
J.D Lee's Inorganic Chemistry
Morrison Boyd's Organic Chemistry
Truemen’s Elementary Biology
Previous years sample papers by Arihant
Objective Biology by Pradeep
Pradeep's Physics of 11th and 12th
DC Pandey's Physics
Arihant’s Objective Biology
O.P Tondon's Inorganic Chemistry
H.C Verma's Physics for Class 11 and Class 12
I.E Irodov's Physics (For morin-depthth practicing)
Some other books recommended for the preparation of veterinary medicine are:
Dawn E. Christenson's Veterinary Medical Terminology
William R. Fenner's Quick Reference to Veterinary Medicine
Abdel Khalek El – Sheikh, Hamed Attia, Hatem Selim's Text Book of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Janet Amundson Romich's An illustrated guide to Veterinary Medical terminology fourth edition
Andrea J. Fascetti's Applied Veterinary Clinical Nutrition
For Veterinary Medicine: Otto M. Radostits' A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs, and Goats
For Veterinary Microbiology: J. Glenn Songerby's Bacterial and Fungal Agents of Animal Disease first edition
A veterinary doctor has the flexibility to work in a diverse set of environments.
A highly experienced and skilled veterinary doctor is paid well in India.
The number of job opportunities is very high.
The nobility of the work provides self-satisfaction and mental peace.
Flexible working hours
Hazardous working conditions, in some cases.
Dealing with difficult pets often tests your patience.
May involve long working hours.
In order to become a Veterinary Doctor, a student must plan his/her career from the 12th standard. For this, a student should have a strong background in class 12 with subjects including Chemistry, Biology, and Physics. The admission to most veterinary colleges/institutes is solely done on the basis of marks secured in the entrance examination organised by the concerned authority.
Confused on what to choose as your career?