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Career as Economist

Career as a Economist

About Economist

Economists are professionals who study the demand and supply of resources, goods, and services by collecting and analyzing data, researching trends, and evaluating economic issues. Economists apply both qualitative and quantitative economic analysis to topics within a variety of fields, such as education, health, development, and the environment.

Some economists study the cost of products, healthcare, or energy, while others examine employment levels, business cycles, exchange rates, taxes, inflation, or interest rates to calculate the national income of the country.

    Eligibility to become Economist

    In order to become an economist, you will have to meet certain criteria that are mentioned below. 

    Entrance Exam: Candidates who want to become an economist in the Indian government have to appear in the Indian Economic service examination. The exam is conducted by UPSC.  It is an organized Group ‘A’ Central Service which is involved in economic planning and analysis through state boards, planning commissions, financial organisations and government bodies for the country.

    Age Criteria: The candidate should be between the age of 21-30 years.

    Eligibility Criteria:

    • Most of the renowned and multinational banks/ companies require a PhD degree in economics.  

    • Some MNCs also ask for an internship and a few years of professional experience in the respective field of economics. 

    • To become an economist in Reserve Bank of India candidates have to apply for Department of Economic Analysis and Policy.

    Key Skills: 

    To establish yourself as a successful economist it is very important for an economist to have the skills listed below:

    • Good at the numerical ability and analytical skills
    • Mathematical and logical acumen
    • Ability to Interpret graphs, charts and tables
    • Interest in Current Affairs, finances and monetary policies
    • Good communication and interpretation skills

    Types of Job Roles Economist

    Some of the popular job profiles available for economists in government and private sector are listed below:

    Research Economists:  Their job is to develop mathematical models to explain and interpret business cycles, inflation, demand, supply effects of tax policies or unemployment Use Mathematics and Statistics to the theory and principles of Economics. They apply econometrics for analysis and prediction of all economic activity

    Industrial Economists: They study the organizational structure of a company or a business to maximise the use of assets to increase the profits. Apart from this, they also investigate the methods of costs, analyse market trends, study demand and supply in relation to industrial policies.

    International Economists:  They study, collect, and analyze the data related to foreign trade and how can it be profitable for the home country. They work and establish international trade policies, exchange control and operation of foreign exchange.he also analyse global financial markets and exchange rates.

    Econometricians: They develop models and make use of mathematical analyses to study and test economic relationships. To study the same use techniques like calculus, regression analysis, game theory among others.

    Financial Economists: Their job role is to develop monetary policies, predict future financial activity. The financial economist also studies banking methods, credit structures etc.

    Business Economists: They are economists who work as the company’s administrators. They make decisions about company policies, plan future business activities in relation to general business conditions, national and international trade policies, governmental regulations and directives

    Labour Economists: They study the supply of workers and the demand for labour by employers. They also study research on employment levels and how wages are set. They also analyze the effects of labour-related policies—such as minimum wage laws—and institutions, such as unions.

    Employment Opportunities for an Economist

    Check out the popular employment opportunities for an economist here: 

    • Banks
    • Business journals and newspapers
    • Census organization
    • Employment organizations
    • Finance and investment firms
    • Government and public enterprises
    • Labour departments
    • Labour tribunals
    • Market research organisations
    • Stock Exchanges
    • Media Houses
    • Research organizations

    Top Recruiting Companies for an Economist

    Business and companies across many industries use economic analysis and quantitative methods to analyze and forecast business, sales, and other economic trends. Demand for economists is increasing globally as the market trends are also changing rapidly. Some of the top recruiting companies for economist are as follows

    • Economic Times
    • Business India
    • HSBC
    • Citibank
    • American Express
    • LIC
    • SEBI
    • Reserve Bank of India
    • CNBC 

    Employment Sector/Industry for Economist

    An Economist has to hold certain responsibilities as a part of her/ his work description. Most of the economists work full-time, although some economists prefer working part-time Their job may be stressful, especially as deadlines for reports approach. The majority of economists conduct their research independently in an office setting or work from home. Some of the responsibilities of an economist are mentioned below.

    • Conducting Surveys 

    • Collecting Data

    • Suggesting and Introducing Measures to Increase National Income and Gross Domestic Product

    • Interpreting and Forecasting Market Trends (Demand & Supply)

    • Advising Business, Government and Companies Regarding Economic Trends

    • Analysing Global Financial Markets and Exchange Rates

    Planning to choose Economist as your career?

    Pay Scale/Salary of Economist

    • The salary of an economist typically depends upon the type of industry they are working for.

    • An economist working with multinational banks like HSBC, Citibank enjoy great salary packages. The average salary of an economist in a multinational bank is between Rs.10,00,000 per annum and Rs.15,00,000 per annum.

    • Once the economist has gained sufficient professional experience their salary can go up to Rs.25,00,000 per annum.

    • Whereas economist working with government agencies/ research departments/ newspapers have comparatively less salary.

    • At the start of the career, these economists earn between Rs.3,00,000 to Rs.4,00,000 per annum.

    • An economist who conducts independent research has varied income.


    Books & Study Material to Become Economist

    One of the best ways to enhance your knowledge in the field of economics and in its related field is to read a range of economy books. This list contains a mix of classic and contemporary works that will give you a historical understanding of economics as well as an idea of how modern economics are applied today. 

    • The Rise and Fall of American Growth by Robert Gordon

    • The End of Alchemy: Money, Banking and the Future of the Global Economy by Mervyn King

    • Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty

    • Between Debt and the Devil by Adair Turner

    • Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman 

    • The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith

    Pros of becoming a Economist

    • Economics can choose from a broad range of specialized fields. From behavioural economics to macroeconomics to microeconomics. This field has something for everyone.
    • An economist can be found anywhere. They can be in colleges & universities, banks, the rating agency, securities firms etc. Some of these pay an experienced Economist up to 5 figures.
    • Economists have great social skills. Therefore, they can become very prominent businessmen or influential politician that talks about economics, interest rates, oil price etc all the time
    • If you are an experienced & knowledgeable Economist, you can talk your way out & gain respect from people from all walks of life.

    Cons of becoming a Economist

    • Economist sometimes makes mistakes that can impact monetary policies. This is largely due to too much of assumptions & oversimplifying
    • Job opportunities for economists are only projected to grow by 6 per cent through 2020 which is very less as compared to other jobs.
    • The educational requirement to be an economist, at the very least is a master/Ph.D. degree in economics. It is a type of a career which requires you to put in years of study.
    • Also, this career is not for those who don’t like math, since statistics, calculus and other advanced math subjects are used to perform economic analyses. Economists must also be detail-oriented and analytical, and they need excellent oral and written skills to explain and present their findings.

    Paths for Being Economist

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