A Translator or Interpreter is a person who converts information from one language to another. Translators, though, have a new career, but in the current scenario of globalization with the Indian economy full of opportunities, multinationals coming to the Indian subcontinent and more and more companies are going abroad for joint ventures. The main work of these professionals is to translate the texts from one language to the desired language without having a rectangle of difference in its interpretation from the original text. The translator should be able to convert the text accurately and quickly in the desired language. In such a scenario, the job of a translator is increasingly seen as a career option by many. There is no dearth of economic opportunities for those applicants who want to take up translator as a full-time profession. In short, the main goal of a translator is to read the translations as if it were the original written content. To do this, the translator should be able to maintain the structure and style of the original text while keeping in mind the ideas and facts of the original material accurate.
Those who adopt translator as a profession, have to go for a diploma or degree course in the desired language after the 12th, various universities /institutions offering these courses. Candidates may have to fulfill certain conditions or may have to take an entrance test to take admission in some prestigious institutions of the desired language.
Subject Combination - There is no specific subject combination required in Class 12 to become a translator. They should possess fairly good knowledge of the desired language.
One has to follow the below-given steps to become a Translator:
There are 3 types of courses to pursue a career as a translator:
For a certificate or degree in the desired language, class 12 is the minimum requirement.
The eligibility for the diploma course is a certificate course in the desired language
Some institutions/universities, such as Jawaharlal Nehru University, require a candidate on the basis of entrance exam which they will be selected for the BA, MA and M. Phil courses in the desired language.
There are some popular languages, nowadays, applicants can mostly pick up, for that you have to take entrance exams such as
After obtaining the necessary skills and training, translators may be fit in different roles and positions that match their skills. Translators are required for diverse jobs. The different roles that translators can take up are listed below.
Health or Medical Translators and Interpreters: They usually work in health care settings and help patients communicate with doctors, nurses, technicians, and other medical employees. Translators must have knowledge of medical terminology in both languages.
Legal or Judicial Translators and Interpreters: They usually work in courts and other legal settings. In hearings, recording statements, depositions, and trials, they assist those people who have limited English proficiency. They must have a strong understanding of legal terminology.
Literary Translators: They are responsible for converting the books, poetry, short stories and journal articles from one language into the desired language. Whenever possible, literary translators work together with the intention of original publication, as well as authors to capture literary and cultural features.
Sign Language Translators/ Interpreters: They facilitate communication among those who are deaf or hard of hearing and people who can hear.
Conference Interpreters/ Translators: They work at conferences that have non-English-speaking audience. They usually work in international business conferences or diplomacy, for example, they translate Spanish language to French and then into English etc.
Translators have a good scope to get employment opportunities in the government and private sector. Many indulge in freelancing also. After attaining required skills and qualification, one can get employment in the following organisations. The list of employment opportunities for different areas given below, which can be opted by the candidates, include:
Many companies/organisations like the ones listed below are employing language experts:
Translators can expect to get anything between Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 15,000 as far as a starting salary is concerned. After receiving some on the job experience, one can earn as good as Rs. 25,000 per month and more. If someone goes for his own business, then he can get anywhere near Rs. 50,000 per assignment. Although it depends upon the assignment and the importance of it for which it has been taken up.
Here's a list of some of the top books to increase your skills and knowledge in the translator field:
Apart from the books mentioned above, there are several common books for a translator.
Confused on what to choose as your career?