Last Updated By Sumit Kumar on 25 Sep, 2023
Teaching is one of the largest professions across the globe as teachers are responsible for shaping one's career along with imparting good values in them. Attaining a degree from a recognised university is a crucial step towards becoming a teacher in India. Prospective teachers are required to complete a B.Ed course in addition to their undergraduate and graduate degrees in their chosen subject. For specialisation and teaching at higher levels, candidates can also opt for an M.Ed degree. Typically, there is no age limit to become a teacher, but candidates who have completed their graduation followed by B.Ed. courses are considered ideal for various teaching positions, with an optimal age range of 22 to 25 years.
To meet the qualifications for becoming a teacher in India, candidates must pursue various undergraduate and postgraduate teaching courses offered by reputable colleges and universities across the country. Additionally, they can choose education, English, science, or commerce courses according to their preferred subject and relevance to their career path.
A teacher is described as an expert capable of imparting knowledge to help learners develop, identify, and acquire skills necessary to face life's challenges. Additionally, teachers provide students with knowledge, skills, and values that foster growth.
In the lives of their students, teachers play crucial roles beyond education. They create a positive classroom environment, act as mentors and nurturers, serve as role models, and attentively observe for any signs of difficulties or concerns. Teachers hold various responsibilities, all contributing to the well-being and development of their students.
The primary objective of a teacher is to ensure students grasp the content and subjects effectively, preparing them to perform well by understanding the concepts. The essential steps listed here tell us about how to become a teacher in India:
Step 1 - Understand the Requirements and Set your Aim
Step 2 - Choose which Level to Teach
Step 3 - Prepare for Entrance Exams
Step 4 - Apply for Different Schools of Your Choice
Various entrance exams are administered by the National and State Governments for individuals pursuing a career as a teacher. The following are some of the entrance exams that candidates need to clear to become a teacher. These exams will also help us to understand how to become a government teacher.
For becoming a teacher in India, it is necessary for aspirants to have the required skillset along with the educational qualifications. Since teaching is a profession that moulds a student, it is imperative for teachers to cultivate certain interpersonal prowess. The essential skill required to become a teacher in India include:
Teaching abroad is a fulfilling profession that offers candidates the opportunity to travel and teach simultaneously. Aspiring teachers who wish to pursue a career abroad must meet the specific teaching requirements of the country, which may include degree qualifications, entrance exams, language proficiency tests, and other criteria.
Teaching is universally regarded as a highly respected and esteemed profession, with a demand for talented and inspirational educators worldwide. Each country sets its own eligibility criteria based on the subject one intends to teach, but some common requirements include educational certifications like B.Ed/ Diploma in Education/ M.Ed/ Masters Degrees (Science/ Arts), 10+2 qualifications, and academic records presented during interviews.
To be eligible for teaching abroad, candidates often need to provide verification letters signed by previous educational authorities such as the Principal, Director, or Registrar, stating the course duration (start and end dates). Language proficiency is essential, often measured through language certificates and good scores in exams like IELTS.
Additionally, candidates may be required to submit work experience certificates from previous organisations, detailing their work description, joining and leaving dates, subject specialisations, and other relevant information. Overall, teaching abroad is a highly regarded and rewarding profession that opens exciting opportunities for educators worldwide.
Various exams are required to become a teacher abroad. These include the following:
In order to have a successful teaching career abroad, individuals should possess the following skills:
Outlined below are some of the crucial steps to become a Teacher after completing Class 12th board exams in India. Candidates can begin teaching after completing their 10+2 exams or while pursuing them. However, to become a government teacher, they must clear entrance exams such as CTET, TET, STET, and others to pursue a B.Ed. Upon acquiring a B.Ed degree, candidates can start teaching in government schools. Candidates can start their career as a pre-primary or junior school teacher after class 12th without completing a UG degree.
To pursue a teaching career, candidates must clear various entrance exams, including:
Listed below are some important skills that candidates who want to become teachers after 12th must have:
In India, aspiring teachers are required to obtain a B.Ed Course upon completing their undergraduate degree to pursue a teaching career. With a B.Ed qualification, individuals can teach at the pre-primary and primary levels. To progress to higher grades and positions, candidates must pursue advanced degrees in education. M.Ed is often taken up by teachers after B.Ed course.
To embark on a teaching career, candidates need to successfully pass different entrance exams, which comprise:
Further, there are various integrated courses and diplomas available for individuals aspiring to become teachers in India:
Check out the list of skills required to become a teacher after graduation below. Effective teachers should showcase these skills in order to be successful in their field:
To pursue a teaching career in India, obtaining a suitable and pertinent degree is of utmost importance. As mentioned earlier, completing a B.Ed degree is a primary requirement, in addition to finishing Graduation and Postgraduation in relevant fields. Apart from B.Ed, aspiring teachers can also opt for an M.Ed degree.
After acquiring the necessary qualifications, students must take various National and State Level Teaching Entrance Exams to qualify for teaching positions in Government Schools such as SET and TET. These exams are essential steps towards becoming eligible to teach in the education sector.
Before deciding to pursue a teaching career, candidates should thoroughly understand the required skills and suitability for the profession. Aspirants must familiarize themselves with school subjects and develop expertise in their chosen area. The required teacher qualifications are mentioned below:
In India, individuals can embark on a teaching career immediately after finishing their graduation or post-graduation, followed by obtaining a compulsory B.Ed degree. Below, we have outlined the different types of teachers and teaching jobs available in the country.
A Pre-Primary School Teacher holds a vital position in students' lives, being among the first individuals they encounter after their parents and family members. They work with children aged 3 to 5 years, introducing them to fundamental concepts of the alphabet and early education. The salary of a teacher at pre primary level is up to INR 3,50,000 per annum.
Primary School Teachers interact with students aged 6 to 12 years, and their responsibilities involve teaching various new educational concepts, introducing subjects like computers, and imparting life skills. They play a pivotal role in building a solid educational foundation for students, which will have a lasting impact throughout their lives. The salary of a primary teacher ranges between INR 3,50,000 - INR 4,50,000.
Secondary School Teachers are tasked with educating students from classes 6th to 10th. They play a crucial role in understanding students' lives deeply and helping them recognise and pursue their dreams and passions. The salary of a B.Ed teacher at the secondary level may go up to INR 5,00,000 per annum.
Senior Secondary School Teachers typically hold post-graduate qualifications and possess extensive expertise in the subjects in which they specialise. They are capable of providing comprehensive information on their subjects and offering valuable guidance to students in their career choices. The salary of a B.Ed teacher at the senior secondary level is up to INR 5,50,000 per annum.
Special Educators are teachers who work with students who have diverse abilities and disabilities. These students may face challenges related to mental health, physical, emotional, or learning difficulties, among others. Special Educators receive specific training to effectively teach and support these differently-abled students in various schools.
Teaching is regarded as the most esteemed and prestigious profession in India. Government school teachers typically receive higher salary packages as compared to those in private schools. For freshers, the average salary package of a government school teacher ranges from INR 3,50,000 to INR 4,00,000 LPA, while private school teachers usually earn between INR 2,00,000 to INR 3,00,000 LPA.
B.Ed is the direct gateway for almost every teaching job available in the country. The salary of B.Ed teachers is given below depending upon the level.
Pre Primary Teacher
INR 2,50,000 - INR 3,50,000
INR 2,60,000 - INR 4,50.0000
INR 4,00,000 - INR 5,00,000
Senior Secondary Teacher
INR 5,00,000 - INR 5,50,000
INR 5,75,000 - INR 7,50,000
Various courses are available for individuals aspiring to become teachers in India, including integrated programmes and diplomas:
There are various colleges which provide courses to become a teacher. The list of the colleges is tabulated below.
Many universities in India offer courses to become teachers in India. These are mentioned below.
There is an ample number of teacher job profiles in India as per one's academic qualification and interest. Check out the popular teacher job profiles below:
Elementary School Teachers- Their job responsibility for elementary school teachers is to prepare material for the classroom and plan fun activities for young minds. They are also constantly in touch with the student's parents to address their concerns as these years are the most crucial and help in building one’s base.
Primary School Teachers- Primary school teachers usually teach all subjects and are specialised in teaching students from 6th-8th grade. Their job is to make lesson plans, undertake professional development and conduct extracurricular activities.
High School/ Secondary School Teachers- High school teachers teach grades 9th to 12th and they specialise in a specific subject like Maths or Biology. High School teachers are usually required to have a master’s degree to teach the respective subject. They play a vital role in influencing students’ lives since it is through that that students learn and make their most important academic choices.
Special Educators/ Teachers- These teachers usually work with students who have a wide range of learning, physical, mental or emotional disabilities. Their job role is to make general education lessons and teach various subjects such as reading and writing in a pattern and method that is easier for the students to understand. Apart from this, they also teach basic skills to students with severe disabilities.
Some of the popular employment opportunities for teachers are listed below:
Teaching in India is one of the most popular profession and some of the popular recruiters for teachers in India are listed below:
To become a teacher in India one has to appear in the various entrance exams for which it is very important to have the right set of books and study material. If you are planning to teach only in private schools then B.Ed degree is a must. For admission into B. Ed colleges one has to appear in the entrance examination. However, if you are aiming for government/central schools you are required to clear the CTET examination Listed below are some of the popular books and study material for teachers in India:
Apart from these, there are many sample papers by different publication houses available in the market for the preparation of the B.Ed entrance exams. One can choose as per their suitability.
Take our test and find out if it suits your strengths.
STEM teachers are demanded the most across India. STEM stands for science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Local language teachers are also in demand.
To qualify as a government teacher, you can take entrance exams like the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET), National Eligibility Test (NET), or Teacher Eligibility Test (TET).
To qualify as a private school teacher one needs to complete his or her graduation, post graduation, and B.Ed course.
The highest paid teachers are university and college professors.
In India, we have demand for teachers in subjects like english, mathematics, science and social science.
Yes, one can become a teacher after completing his or her B.Ed degree.
Mumbai leads in India by offering the highest salary to its teachers.
A Teacher is responsible to provide general education lessons and teach various subjects, such as reading, writing, and math, to students.
To become a Teacher, the candidates must pursue a degree in B.Ed or M.Ed.
Some of the top recruiters in India for Teachers are Kendriya Vidyalaya, Public and Private schools in your area under various like ICSE, IB etc., Technical Universities approved by AICTE (All India Council of Technical Education), Defence Schools like APS, Air Force School, Private Schools such as G.D. Goenka School, Tagore International School, etc.
The average pay scale of a teacher is INR 3,50,000 to 4,00,000.
The different job roles for a teacher include elementary school teacher, primary school teacher, educational consultant, special educators, etc.
Some of the top colleges in India to pursue B.Ed are Galgotias University, Lovely Professional University etc.
An experienced teacher in India can earn up to 8 LPA and above
The teachers are required to work in private or government schools among students of the class 1st to 12th.
The duration of a B.Ed course is two years.
B.Ed courses best for teaching. These days people are even opting for B.Ed integrated courses.
The first step to start your career in teaching is to begin with your undergraduate degree, followed by a B.Ed course.