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Career as Sociologist

Career as a Sociologist

About Sociologist

Have you ever wondered how do the society and its dynamics work? People who study about society and social behavior by examining the groups, cultures, organizations, social institutions, and processes that develop when people interact, work and live together are the sociologists. As a sociologist, one will work and conduct many research projects to test theories and study social issues. They collect data through survey, observations, interviews and then tend to analyse them. They often use both quantitative and qualitative methods when conducting research, and they frequently use statistical analysis programs during the research process.

Eligibility to become Sociologist

If you are planning to pursue a career in Sociology, you can opt for B.A. programme at the undergraduate level and then later pursue post graduation in Sociology or related field, which is offered by most of the universities and colleges.

In order to pursue undergraduate (B.A.) in Sociology or its related fields, the candidate needs to have completed his/her 10+2 in preferable social sciences. The course lasts for three years.

Subject Combination - Any


For Undergraduate Courses:

In order to pursue undergraduate (B.A.) in Sociology or its related fields, the candidate must have passed class 12th with social science as one of the subjects.

For Postgraduate Courses:

Candidate must have completed their undergraduate studies in sociology with 60% as minimum aggregate.

Types of Job Roles Sociologist

Sociologists undertake many research projects in the field. Listed below are some of the popular sociologist job profiles:

Teacher/Professor: Sociologists after completing their Ph.D. degree can start teaching in schools/ colleges/ universities as teachers and lecturers.

Psychologists/Guidance Counselor: The guidance counselors use their knowledge regarding the society to provide students with academic assistance and guidance. They are also in touch with families to devise strategies to support the achievements of their students. Guidance counselors utilize their interview and counseling techniques to help students make the right academic and career choices.

Management Consultant: Many sociologists, after completing their formal education, become management consultants. They analyse business issues and look for possible remedies and present solutions by making use of qualitative and quantitative sociology skills.

Market Research Analyst: Their job responsibility is to test products and services and evaluate the effectiveness of marketing campaigns. They utilize social science research techniques, including interviews, surveys, and focus groups, to gather data.

Social Worker: They utilize the knowledge of social dynamics and social institutions learned as a sociology major to assess client issues and help resolve problems. They make referrals to appropriate community agencies to leverage resources on behalf of individuals and families.

Employment Opportunities for Sociologists

Sociologists can be found in a surprising array of fields and careers. From management to public sector to corporates to MNCs, their social skills are needed in almost all the sectors. Listed below are some of the popular employment opportunities for sociologists:

  • Rural and Child Welfare
  • Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Advertising Agencies
  • Management Consultancy
  • Hospitals
  • Schools/ Colleges/ Universities
  • Government and Political Action Groups
  • Journalism & Media
  • Media Research
  • NGOs
  • Medical Aid Institutions
  • Public Sector Undertaking (PSUs)
  • Education and Child Welfare

Top Recruiting Companies for Sociologists

Top companies and organizations that recruit sociologists are as follows:

  • WHO
  • KPMG
  • Deloitte
  • Central and State Government Agencies

Planning to choose Sociologist as your career?

Pay Scale/Salary of Sociologist

The salary of Sociologists depends on the level of qualification in education, professional experience and the industry type where they are working. The salary of a Sociologist will increase with professional experience and the nature of the job they do. Sociologists can expect higher salaries from corporate houses as compared to the government sector. The salary packages of the sociologists are listed below:


Job Profile

Starting Salary per annum (in INR)

Mid- Level Salary per annum (in INR)

Senior-Level Salary per annum (in INR)


Rs. 2,00,000 - Rs. 4,00,0000

Rs. 4,00,000 - Rs. 6,00,000

Rs. 6,00,000 and above


Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.

Books & Study Material to Become Sociologist

Candidates who are planning to pursue a career in sociology must have access to the right books and study material. To become a sociologist, it is very important for candidates to study both textual and non-textual books to enhance their knowledge and intellectual growth. Listed below are some of the popular sociology reads that can help you build a career in the field.

  • Sociology Theory by George Ritzer
  • Indian Sociological Thought by B K Nagla
  • Sociology - Anthony Giddens
  • Handbook of Indian Sociology by Veena Das
  • Social Background of Indian Nationalism by A.R. Desai
  • Sociological Thought by Francis Abraham and John Henry Morgan
  • Modernization of Indian Tradition by Yogendra Singh

Pros of becoming a Sociologist

  • Being a Sociologist helps one in constant intellectual growth which is not usually offered in other job profiles.
  • Sociologists examine human society within larger social, political and economic contexts. One of the major benefits of being a Sociologist is the chance to influence efforts to solve social problems.
  • Although most sociologists are not wealthy, they do earn healthy and stable incomes. The annual incomes of sociologists do not fluctuate from year to year, and they often have a lot of time off. This provides them with ample time to spend with their family and friends.

Cons of becoming a Sociologist

  • Sociologists spend a lot of their time interacting with strangers and conducting surveys which require a lot of patience and public relation skills at their end.
  • To have a stable career as a sociologist, it is very important for one to pursue Ph.D. in the respective field as the competition is very high.

Paths for Being Sociologist

FAQs about Sociologist

What are the working conditions for a Sociologist?

Sociologist work in a society where they have to interact with strangers and conduct a survey.

Where can one get employed after completing Sociology?

After completing Sociology, the candidates can get employed in the Rural and Child Welfare, Criminology and Criminal Justice, Advertising Agencies, Management Consultancy, Hospitals, NGOs, etc.

How much does an experienced Sociologist get paid?

An experienced Sociologist gets paid up to INR 6,00,000 to Rs. 10,00,000 per annum depending on the experience level.

What are some of the top colleges in India to study Sociology?

Some of the top colleges in India for Sociologist are Loyola College, Kirori Mal College, Punjabi University, VMOU, etc.

What are different job roles for a Sociologist?

The different job roles of a Sociologist include Teacher, Management Consultant, Psychologist, Social Worker, etc.

Is there any entrance exam to pursue Sociology in India?

Most of the admission to Sociology in India is done directly on the basis of merit obtained in the qualifying examination.

What is the average pay scale of a Sociologist?

The average pay scale of a Sociologist is INR 2,00,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 (per annum).

What are the top recruiters in India for Sociologist?

Some of the top recruiters in India for Sociologist are WHO, UNICEF, KPMG, Deloitte, UNESCO, Central and State Government Agencies, etc.

What is the educational qualification required to become a Sociologist?

The candidates who wish to pursue their career as a Sociologist must pass 10+2 in Social Science or equivalent stream.

What are the responsibilities of a Sociologist?

The major responsibility of a Sociologist is to work and conduct many research projects to test theories and study social issues. They collect data through survey, observations, interviews and analyse them.

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