Agricultural engineers are those professionals who develop and design new processes, systems and equipment for agricultural products and operations. Basically, agricultural engineers are required to go for field visits so that they can observe/ examine whether the tools or processes are working properly or not. Agricultural engineering is a combination of principles of engineering and biological sciences. It is also known as biological engineering. It combines other areas such as animal biology, plant biology, mechanical engineering, civil engineering and chemical engineering. The key role of agricultural engineers is to improve agricultural production through better engineering methods, inventions, technology and equipment for which there is a desire to make a good intellectual and future difference in farming. Also, they are involved in improving the agricultural farm machinery, farm structures, rural electrification, bio-gas, new technologies in the design and manufacture of agricultural products. Agricultural engineers have opportunities for bright career, especially in India.
Students who wish to become agricultural engineers must take science stream in class XII. After completing class XII with compulsory subjects of physics, chemistry, mathematics and preferably Biology, students can take up B.Tech/ B.E. course in Agricultural Engineering. After this, students can take up M.Tech or Diploma in agricultural engineering for higher level jobs or research positions. The admission to the most of engineering colleges/ institutes/ universities is done on the basis of marks secured in the entrance examination organised by the concerned authority.
Subject Combination – Students must have a Science stream in Class 12 with the mandatory subjects Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics (PCM)and preferably Biology (PCB).
Entrance Exams –
For Undergraduate Level: JEE Main, GUJCET, AP EAMCET, CG PAT, ICAR-AIEEA UG, BCECE, GBPUAT, CET GADVASU, AIEEE, KCET, SEE UPTU, etc.
For Postgraduate Level: ICAR-AIEEA PG, GATE, etc.
Note: The Indian Institute of Management (Ahmedabad) offers Postgraduate Diploma in Agribusiness Management.
After obtaining the required educational qualification and skills to become an agricultural engineer, there are varieties of job profiles available in this field that you can target based on your interest. The following are some of the job profiles available in the field of agricultural engineering:
Agricultural Engineer: The key role of an agricultural engineer is to design agricultural machinery components and tools, using computer-aided design (CAD) technology. Also, they test agricultural machinery and equipment to ensure that they perform properly and design food-processing plants and monitor manufacturing operations.
Agricultural Inspector: The responsibility of agricultural inspectors is to ensure that businesses comply with federal and state laws and regulations that control the health, quality, and safety of meat, poultry, egg products, fruits, and vegetables. They also inspect food- and meat-processing plants to ensure that the facilities meet quality standards.
Agricultural Specialist: The agricultural specialist is a special type of Border Protection (CBP) officer who is in charge of knowing and implementing rules and regulations of transferring various agricultural commodities in borders.
Farm Shop Manager: The role of the farm (agricultural) shop manager is to make a plan for finance and production to maintain farm progress against budget standards and to make practical activities, such as driving tractors, operating machinery, feeding livestock or spraying fields. They are also responsible for the repair of farm buildings, machinery and equipment.
Food and Beverage Supervisor: They are usually responsible for all business operations of a dining establishment. Their duty generally includes interviews, recruitment, training, scheduling and managing of the staff, as well as monitoring the list of food and beverage, supplies and other restaurant equipment.
Survey Research Agricultural Engineer: They are responsible for assessing the environmental impact of agricultural production methods and supervising construction projects such as land drainage, reclamation and irrigation and solving engineering problems such designing vehicles to move in different weather conditions.
Agronomist: An agronomist deals with the science of utilizing plants for food, fuel, feed and fiber. They are specializing in areas such as crop rotation, irrigation & drainage, planet breeding, soil science, weed control & disease & pest control.
The employment opportunities in this area are challenging and very interesting. This field is suitable for those who are interested in agriculture. There is a lot of potential for agricultural engineers, they can work as technical experts on engineering projects in banks and financial corporations. After becoming an engineer they can also establish their own small unit or consultancy. There is a good scope for getting employment opportunities in the government and private sector. Agricultural Engineers are required in the following sectors:
Take a look at these organisations/ companies which hire Agricultural Engineers:
Agricultural Engineers in diverse sectors earn a satisfactory salary. Most companies/ organisations pay more for highly skilled and experienced agricultural engineers. The salary of an agricultural engineer may differ according to their knowledge, skills and experience. The average salary structure of agricultural engineers is detailed below.
Starting Salary per annum (in INR)
Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)
Senior Level Salary per annum (INR)
Farm Shop Manager
Food And Beverage Supervisor
Survey Research Agricultural Engineer
Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.
In order to pursue a career as an agricultural engineer, one must take engineering entrance exams in India. To take these entrance exams, it requires a great deal of preparation and books are the best sources to cover the syllabus. Therefore, we've compiled a list of some of the best books that you must examine to crack engineering entrance exams in India.
Best Books for Undergraduate Level:
Note: NCERT & NCERT Exemplar is a must, especially for Physics and Chemistry.
Best Books for Postgraduate Level:
Being an agriculture engineer is not a stressful career. It depends on how much you love your work.
National Dairy Development Board, Food Corporation of India, NABARD, Nestle India, ITC etc hire agriculture engineers on a regular basis.
Yes, science stream students irrespective of the subject combinations they had in their 10+2 level studies can become an agriculture engineer. But students who have studied Biology at the +2 level are preferred more.
Yes, becoming an agriculture engineer is a good career choice for girls if they pursue their studies seriously.
Agriculture engineers work both at offices and outdoor locations. In most cases, there isn't much scope for travelling.
No, although the agriculture engineers are paid a relatively good salary package yet it does not constitute among the highest paying engineers in India.
Compared to all other engineers, becoming an agriculture engineer is relatively a bit easy. One of the major reasons is the practical learning scope.
An M.E/M. Tech degree in agriculture engineering can open up a wide array of opportunities for the candidates along with a higher pay scale.
On average, an agriculture engineer is paid around INR 2 LPA and INR 6 LPA in India which varies from organisation to organisation.
Yes, you can surely become a researcher after you have become an agriculture engineer provided you have opted for the right qualifications like a master’s degree followed by a doctorate in the same field.
Confused on what to choose as your career?