Meteorology is a sub-discipline of Atmospheric Science that majorly focuses on weather processes and forecasting. Meteorology includes both climate and weather and is concerned with the physical, chemical and dynamical state of the Earth’s atmosphere and its interactions between the Earth’s surface and atmosphere. The major responsibility of the meteorologist is to monitor and analyse its changes to make predictions and interpretations about weather conditions for the benefit of the man.
A student desiring to become a Meteorologist must take up Science stream in Class 12. After completing Class 12 in science stream, students can take up B.Tech course in Meteorology. In India, most IITs offer this course. Students can also take up Diploma in Engineering course in Meteorology in Class and get direct second-year admission in B.Tech Meteorology course through lateral entry.
After B.Tech, students can take up M.Tech or M.Sc in Meteorology for higher level jobs or research positions. Students can also appear for recruitment exam conducted by Staff Selection Commission or Government of India/ UPSC for the posts of meteorologists.
Subjects Combination: If students want to take up B.Sc or B.Tech in Meteorology, they should have passed Class 12 in Science stream.
Meteorologists are required for diverse jobs. The following are some of the job profiles that Meteorologists can take up after obtaining the necessary skills.
Industrial Meteorologist:The major responsibility of the industrial meteorologist is to study and solve problems associated with industrial pollution and emissions.
Physical Meteorologist: The major responsibility of the physical meteorologist is to study the physical nature of the atmosphere, its chemical composition and optical, acoustical and electrical properties. They also study environmental problems and figure out solutions for the same.
Research Meteorologist: These meteorologists study the patterns of climate and weather. They analyse and interpret the data relating to precipitation, humidity, wind, temperature etc. They also study phenomena such as the greenhouse effect.
Professor or Lecturer: After qualifying UGC NET, the eligible candidates can up teaching jobs in Meteorology at colleges that offer a course in Meteorology.
Meteorologists get employment mostly in the government sector, and there is limited to zero scope for employment in the private sector. A person with required skills and qualification can get employment in the following departments. However, they will have to clear a written test or recruitment process for jobs in these sectors or areas or departments: -
Meteorologists can find employment in government sector after clearing a written test and interview: -
Meteorologists in diverse sectors earn a satisfactory salary. Most companies pay more for highly skilled and experienced Meteorologists and researchers. The average salary structure of Meteorologists is detailed below.
Starting Salary per annum (in INR)
Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)
Senior Level Salary per annum (In INR)
Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual.
Students preparing for entrance exams and for jobs in Meteorology can refer to the below books for enhancing knowledge: -
The average salary of a meteorologist is in India is between INR 1.5 LPA and 6 LPA.
To become a meteorologist, one must at least have a B.Tech or a B.Sc degree in meteorology.
Englishman Luke Howard is considered as the “Father of Meteorology”.
IIT Delhi and IIT Kharagpur currently offer meteorology course along with some other institutions like the IISc Bangalore, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Cochin University of Science and Technology Kerala etc.
Meteorologists study how the atmosphere, atmospheric phenomena and atmospheric effects impact our weather.
The name of the most famous meteorologist is John Dalton.
Yes, you can certainly get selected for the Indian Air Force with a meteorology degree.
Yes, a meteorologist has to be pretty proficient in mathematics and physics.
Job profiles like a teacher, researcher, broadcaster etc suits meteorologists.
Yes, meteorologists get enough job opportunities given the fact that there is very less competition for the jobs.