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Career as Meteorologist

Career as a Meteorologist

About Meteorologist

Meteorology is a sub-discipline of Atmospheric Science that majorly focuses on weather processes and forecasting. Meteorology includes both climate and weather and is concerned with the physical, chemical and dynamical state of the Earth’s atmosphere and its interactions between the Earth’s surface and atmosphere. The major responsibility of the meteorologist is to monitor and analyse its changes to make predictions and interpretations about weather conditions for the benefit of the man.

Eligibility to become Meteorologist

A student desiring to become a Meteorologist must take up Science stream in Class 12. After completing Class 12 in science stream, students can take up B.Tech course in Meteorology. In India, most IITs offer this course. Students can also take up Diploma in Engineering course in Meteorology in Class and get direct second-year admission in B.Tech Meteorology course through lateral entry.

After B.Tech, students can take up M.Tech or M.Sc in Meteorology for higher level jobs or research positions. Students can also appear for recruitment exam conducted by Staff Selection Commission or Government of India/ UPSC for the posts of meteorologists.

Subjects Combination: If students want to take up B.Sc or B.Tech in Meteorology, they should have passed Class 12 in Science stream.

Eligibility: -

  • For pursuing a Diploma in Meteorology, Class 10 is the major qualification.
  • For pursuing B.Sc or B.Tech on Meteorology, Class 12 in Science stream/ Diploma in Meteorology is the major qualification. Candidates need to quality national-level entrance tests like JEE Main/ JEE Advanced or state-level engineering entrance exams to get admission.
  • For M.Tech or M.Sc in Meteorology, B.Tech/ B.Sc in Meteorology is the major qualification.
  • For taking up M.Phil or Ph.D., M.Tech/ M.Sc is the major qualification.
  • Many institutes offer admission to M.Tech/ M.Sc through a valid GATE score.

Types of Job Roles Meteorologist

Meteorologists are required for diverse jobs. The following are some of the job profiles that Meteorologists can take up after obtaining the necessary skills.

Industrial Meteorologist:The major responsibility of the industrial meteorologist is to study and solve problems associated with industrial pollution and emissions.

Physical Meteorologist: The major responsibility of the physical meteorologist is to study the physical nature of the atmosphere, its chemical composition and optical, acoustical and electrical properties. They also study environmental problems and figure out solutions for the same.

Research Meteorologist: These meteorologists study the patterns of climate and weather. They analyse and interpret the data relating to precipitation, humidity, wind, temperature etc. They also study phenomena such as the greenhouse effect.    

Professor or Lecturer: After qualifying UGC NET, the eligible candidates can up teaching jobs in Meteorology at colleges that offer a course in Meteorology.

Employment Opportunities for Meteorologists

Meteorologists get employment mostly in the government sector, and there is limited to zero scope for employment in the private sector. A person with required skills and qualification can get employment in the following departments. However, they will have to clear a written test or recruitment process for jobs in these sectors or areas or departments: -

  • Meteorological Research Centre
  • Meteorology Department in States and Centre
  • Agricultural Planning Divisions
  • Air Crafts and Missile Manufacturers
  • Weather Consulting Organisations
  • Navy
  • Air Force

Top Recruiting Agencies for Meteorologists

Meteorologists can find employment in government sector after clearing a written test and interview: -

  • Indian Meteorology Department (IMD)
  • Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
  • National Remote Sensing Agency
  • Space Application Centre
  • Indian Air Force
  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • Department of Science and Technology
  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
  • Department of Agriculture Organisation
  • Universities and Colleges
  • Agricultural Universities

Planning to choose Meteorologist as your career?

Pay Scale/Salary of Meteorologist

Meteorologists in diverse sectors earn a satisfactory salary. Most companies pay more for highly skilled and experienced Meteorologists and researchers. The average salary structure of Meteorologists is detailed below.

Job Profile

Starting Salary per annum (in INR)

Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)

Senior Level Salary per annum (In INR)

Industrial Meteorologist

Rs. 1,50,000

Rs. 3,00,000

Rs. 5,00,000


Rs. 2,00,000

Rs. 4,00,000

Rs. 6,00,000

Physical Meteorologist

Rs. 2,00,000

Rs. 4,00,000

Rs. 5,00,000


Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual.

Books & Study Material to Become Meteorologist

Students preparing for entrance exams and for jobs in Meteorology can refer to the below books for enhancing knowledge: -

  • Fundamentals of Weather and Climate by Robin Mcllveen
  • Glossary of Meteorology by Todd S Glickman
  • The Atmosphere: An Introduction to Meteorology by Frederick K Lutgens
  • Meteorology Today: An Introduction to Weather, Climate, and the Environment by Donald Ahrens
  • Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey by John M Wallace

Pros of becoming a Meteorologist

  • Permanent jobs with fixed working hours and salary
  • Challenging career

Cons of becoming a Meteorologist

  • Work pressure during natural calamities
  • Meteorologists must be careful while forecasting or predicting the climatic and weather conditions

Paths for Being Meteorologist

FAQs about Meteorologist

What is the average salary of a meteorologist in India?

The average salary of a meteorologist is in India is between INR 1.5 LPA and 6 LPA.

What is the minimum education required to become a meteorologist?

To become a meteorologist, one must at least have a B.Tech or a B.Sc degree in meteorology.

Who is considered as the “Father of Meteorology”?

Englishman Luke Howard is considered as the “Father of Meteorology”.

Do all the IITs offer meteorology course?

IIT Delhi and IIT Kharagpur currently offer meteorology course along with some other institutions like the IISc Bangalore, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Cochin University of Science and Technology Kerala etc.

What do meteorologists study?

Meteorologists study how the atmosphere, atmospheric phenomena and atmospheric effects impact our weather.

What is the name of the most famous meteorologist?

The name of the most famous meteorologist is John Dalton.

Can I get a job in the Indian Air Force with a meteorology degree?

Yes, you can certainly get selected for the Indian Air Force with a meteorology degree.

Does a meteorologist have to be proficient in mathematics?

Yes, a meteorologist has to be pretty proficient in mathematics and physics.

What job profiles suit meteorologists?

Job profiles like a teacher, researcher, broadcaster etc suits meteorologists.

Do meteorologists get enough job opportunities?

Yes, meteorologists get enough job opportunities given the fact that there is very less competition for the jobs.

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