Biology deals with the study of life and is a branch of natural sciences. It deals with living organisms and their interactions with the environment. Over the years, Biology has become one of the standard subjects of instruction in schools. All the higher learning institutes across the world offer courses in Biology. A popular career option in the field is that of a biologist who plays a vital role in examining the structure, origin, growth, function and distribution of living things. A biologist will also classify and describe organisms, their functions and the way these species come into existence. Biology has emerged as one of the dominating fields in modern science in the recent years. Therefore, a career in biology is a great choice for students.
Usually, higher-level jobs in Biology require higher-level educational qualifications. If you want to make a career in Biology, you should start from Class 12 itself. After Class 12, students can take up courses in associated fields of Biology like Zoology, Botany, Aquatic Biology, Biotechnology, Fishery Science, Marine Biology etc at Bachelor’s level. After the Bachelor’s degree level, students can take up Master’s followed by research courses in Biology. Students with at least a Master’s degree in Biology or associated fields will have chances to get better jobs.
Subjects Combination: For taking up Bachelor’s course in Biology, students must choose Science stream in Class 12 with Biology as one of the major subjects of study.
Biologists are required for diverse jobs. The following are some of the job profiles that Biologists can take up after obtaining the necessary skills.
Biomedical Engineer: The responsibility of the biomedical engineer is to figure out solutions for different medical problems by designing equipment or artificial organs to be replaced inside the body. For becoming a biomedical engineer, students need to pursue a four-year course in Biomedical engineering at UG level.
Environmental Scientist: These scientists study the environment in the interest of living beings, plants and animals and find probable ways to conserve these organisms. They also deal with pollution and other factors that are harmful to the well-being of the environment. They figure out solutions for solving such problems and propose eco-friendly techniques for the same.
Food Scientist: The responsibility of a food scientist is to deal with safety and processing of food products through a detailed study and research.
Forensic Scientist: The responsibility of a forensic scientist is to perform chemical and physical analysis to test and draw interferences for crime or other records.
Microbiologist: A microbiologist deals with the study of microbes for developing useful medicines such as vaccines.
Biotechnologist: Biotechnologists use technology to develop animal products such as leather. A career in this field needs extensive experience and research.
Researcher: A person with a higher qualification in Biology is required in various industries such as companies that manufacture medicines etc to carry out research and figure out the pros and cons of a specific product.
Lecturer: Biologists can also become lectures in universities and colleges after attaining the necessary qualifications.
Biologists have good scope to get employment opportunities in the government sector. However, there is a good scope for a career in the private sector too. Biologists are required in the following areas: -
Some of the top companies and industries require skilled Biologists for various positions. The list of top recruiting companies for Biologists can be checked below.
Apart from the above, Biologists have good scope to secure employment in the government sector.
Biologists in diverse sectors earn a satisfactory salary. Most companies pay more for highly skilled and experienced Biologists and researchers. The average salary structure of Biologists is detailed below.
Starting Salary per annum (in INR)
Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)
Senior Level Salary per annum (In INR)
Lecturer/ Professor/ Assistant Professor/ Associate Professor
Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.
Students preparing for various entrance exams for the admission to Biology courses or the candidates who are pursuing courses in Biology can refer the following books for enhancing knowledge.
Let alone successful, in order to become a biologist, one must have an in-depth understanding of chemistry as well.
Yes, biologists need to have a good knowledge of math especially statistics and calculus to help them perform scientific research.
Candidates must at least have a bachelor’s degree in Biology and/or its associated courses to become a biologist.
Sectors such as pharmaceutical, chemical, biotechnical etc hire biologists along with some government sectors.
Yes, biologists are also employed in hospitals in various positions such as nurses, physician’s assistants etc.
Biologists can easily become a lecturer, researcher, microbiologist, biomedical engineer etc.
Yes, anyone who dreams of becoming a biologist must study Biology at the 10+2 level.
A biologist in India is paid around INR 9 LPA on average.
A valid degree is mandatory to become a Biologist.
A biologist study plant life and organisms through which they learn about their habitats, behaviours and composition and how they interact with the rest of the organisms and their environment.