Career as Floriculturist

Career as a Floriculturist

About Floriculturist

Floriculture is regarded as the best career for those who are passionate about flowers. Floriculture, also known as flower farming is an interesting discipline of horticulture that deals with the study of growing flowering plants. Floriculture also includes farming of ornamental and flowering plants that can be used as raw materials in the pharmaceutical sector and perfume industry. In the recent years, the career scope in the field of floriculture has expanded. Cultivation of flowery plants can be done in greenhouses/ poly houses/ open fields. Some of the crops that come under floriculture are bedding plants, flowering garden, houseplants and pot plants. The people working in the field of floriculture are called as floriculturist. The major responsibility of the floriculturist is the cultivation of plants that produce beautiful flowers. They also focus on the farming of ornamental plants for floral industry and gardens.

Eligibility to become Floriculturist

Class 12. A wide range of courses available in the field of floriculture at Master’s level, UG level and Certificate level. Students can choose different coursed depending on their requirement. The following are some of the courses that students can take up in the field of floriculture: -

  • B.Sc Floriculture
  • B.Sc Floriculture and Landscaping
  • M.Sc Floriculture Business Management
  • M.Sc Floriculture and Landscaping
  • Certificate in Floriculture Technology
  • Certificate in Floriculture

The duration of certificate courses ranges from six months to one year. For admission in UG courses, students need to clear All India Entrance Exam conducted by ICAR. However, states also conduct state-level entrance exams for agriculture, fishery, horticulture and floriculture courses.

Subjects Combination: Students who wish to take up UG course in Floriculture must have passed Class 12 with Biology as one of the major subjects.

Eligibility -

  • Class 12 is the basic qualification required to take up Floriculture courses at UG level. For certificate courses, Class 10/ 12 is the major qualification required.
  • For master’s courses in Floriculture, Bachelor’s degree in the relevant field is required.

Types of Job Roles Floriculturist

Floriculturists are required in diverse jobs. Some of the important job profiles for floriculturists are elaborated below: -

Cultivator: The major responsibility of the cultivator is to grow plants that provide beautiful followers. They are associated with Wholesale Florist who buys their flowers and sells to retailers.

Floral Designers: Floral designers prepare and arrange flowers for businesses, weddings, hotels and other events. They take orders from clients or customers and provide necessary followers based on the occasion.

Interior Decorators: Usually, interior decorators or designers associated with floriculture play a vital role in decorating the house, function halls for occasions like festivals, marriages and other events.

Wholesale Florist: Whole florists provide floral design services. They work directly with cultivators to supply flowers and merchandise to retailers. Wholesale florists pitch their services to retail florists, who in turn sell the flowers to consumers.

Landscape Technician: Landscape technicians carry out various activities such as pruning, trimming, edging, mowing, fertilising and watering of plants. They spray trees, plants and grass with pesticides to control destructive insects and diseases.

Lecturer: A person with a degree in Floriculture/ Horticulture can become lecturer/ professor in Agriculture colleges after clearing UGC NET.

Employment Opportunities for Floriculturists:

Floriculturists have a wide range of employment options. After obtaining the necessary qualification and skills in the field of floriculture, floriculturists can find employment in: -

  • Farm Companies
  • Botanical Gardens
  • Nurseries
  • Agriculture Product Companies
  • Genetic Companies
  • Cosmetic and Perfume Manufacturing Companies
  • Outdoor Design Consultancy Firms
  • Agriculture Colleges/ Universities
  • Researcher

Apart from the above, floriculturists can also set up their own business in growing flowers for the export markets, running nurseries, providing gardening and landscaping for advisory services, growing ornamental plants etc.

Top Recruiting Agencies for Floriculturists:

Floriculturists can find employment in government and the private sector. Here is the list of agencies (government and private) that require the services of floriculturists: -

  • ICAR (Indian Council for Agricultural Research)
  • National Botanical Research Institute
  • Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research
  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute
  • Birla Floriculture, Pune
  • Turbo Industries Ltd, Punjab
  • Nagarjuna Agritech Ltd, Bangalore
  • Century Flowers, Pune
  • Eden Park Agro Products Ltd, Pune
  • Indus Floritech Ltd, Hyderabad

Pay Scale/Salary of Floriculturist

Floriculturist can earn a satisfactory salary in India depending on their experience and creativity.

Job Profile

Starting Salary per annum (in INR)

Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)

Senior Level Salary per annum (In INR)

Floriculturist

Rs. 1,50,000

Rs. 3,00,000

Rs. 4,00,000

Floral Designer

Rs. 1,50,000

Rs. 3,00,000

Rs. 4,00,000

Interior Decorator

Rs. 2,00,000

Rs. 3,00,000

Rs. 4,00,000

Wholesale Florist

Depends on Market Rates, Conditions and Business Sustainability

Depends on Market Rates, Conditions and Business Sustainability

Depends on Market Rates, Conditions and Business Sustainability

Lecturer/ Assistant Professor

Rs. 2,00,000

Rs. 4,50,000

Rs. 6,00,000

Books & Study Material to Become Floriculturist

Here are some of the important books that a person can refer to excel in the field of floriculture: -

  • Introduction to Floriculture by Roy A Larson
  • Floriculture in India by GS Randhawa
  • Commercial Floriculture by S. Prasad
  • Objective Floriculture, Desh Raj
  • Floriculture and Landscaping by TK Bose
  • Floriculture at Glance, Desh Raj
  • Indian Floriculture, Role of CSIR by Subhodh Kumar Datta
  • Commercial Floriculture by S. K. Chattopadhyay
  • Commercial Flower Cultivation by Dr. V. Shanmugam
  • Landscaping, Irrigation and Floriculture Terminology by Neeraj Pratap Singh

Pros of becoming a Floriculturist

  • Floriculture is an exciting career where a person can use his/ her creative skills to the full extent.
  • People working in the field of floriculture have more flexibility in work, and they get a lot of exposure to the prevailing market conditions.

Cons of becoming a Floriculturist

  • One of the major drawbacks for floriculturists in India is a highly competitive job market. Nowadays, people without qualification in the field of floriculture are setting up their own business and providing floral services to marriages and other events.

Paths for Being Floriculturist