Career as a Fishery Officer
About Fishery Officer
A career in Fisheries Science offers lucrative employment. India stands in the seventh position in the export of fish in the world. The Fishery industry involves catching, processing, marketing and conservation of fish. One of the major occupations in this field is Fishery officer. The major responsibility of a fisheries officer is to monitor, manage and protect wild fish stocks, rivers, lakes and other habitats where they live. Most of the fisheries officers work for government agencies despite there are employment opportunities in the private sector too. They also work with environmental agencies and organizations. They also undertake investigative surveys of water quality and the health, movement of fish and spawning.
Eligibility to become Fishery Officer
In India, numerous institutes offer postgraduate and undergraduate courses in Fisheries science. For getting admission in these institutes, students need to appear for entrance exams conducted by central agency Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR). Several state governments also conduct entrance exams for the admission to Fisheries course in state-level universities/ colleges. In order to become a fishery officer, students need to start right from the Class 12.
Subjects Combination: Students must study Biology as one of the subjects in Class 12 to apply for higher studies in Fishery science courses.
- Class 12 with Biology as one of the subjects is the minimum qualification required to apply for 4-year Bachelor of Fisheries Science course/ B.Sc Industrial Fish and Fisheries (3 years)/ B.Sc Fisheries (3 years)/ B.Sc Aquaculture (3 years).
- After completing Bachelor’s degree in any of the courses mentioned above, students can take up 2-year Masters of Fisheries Science course/ M.Sc in Aquatic Biology/ Fishery Science and Aquaculture/ Industries Fisheries/ Limnology and Fisheries/ Marine Biology and Fisheries.
- Students can also appear for recruitment exams conducted by government agencies after Bachelor’s or Master’s degree.
Types of Job Roles Fishery Officer
A person with a necessary qualification in Fisheries Science courses can get employment in government and private agencies. Some of the important roles that Fisheries Officer can take up are given below.
Fisheries Extension Officer: Fisheries extension officers play a vital role in the promotion of fish rearing/ framing n the private and public ponds/ lakes. They figure out ways and solutions to increase the income of farmers. They also advise farmers on fish rearing.
Fisheries Biologist: Fisheries Biologists are regarded as scientists who study fish and their habitats. They mostly focus on observing the behaviour of fish in their natural surroundings.
Fishery Manager: Fishery Managers oversee the activities that take place at a fishery. Some of such activities include monitoring fish growth, prepping food, maintaining equipment, screening cultivation areas and coordinate with other managers in affiliated fisheries.
Fishery Observer: Fishery observer is an independent specialist, who serves in fishing processing plants. A fishery observer spends his time in collecting data for some types of at-sea information.
Fishery Technician: Fishery technicians are responsible for sampling and gathering data and support research & fisheries management. They also play a significant role in the conservation and protection of fisheries resources.
Fishery Officer: The major responsibility of a fisheries officer is to monitor, manage and protect wild fish stocks, rivers, lakes and other habitats where they live.
Other Roles: Assistant Fisheries Development Officer and District Fisheries Development Officer are some of the other roles that a Fishery Officer can take up. They work under the supervision of senior level fishery officers.
Employment Opportunities for Fishery Officer
A student with a degree in Fisheries science can find employment in both government and the private sector. They can get employment in diverse fields associated with fisheries sciences. Some of them are: -
- Fish Breeding Farms
- Food Processing and Technology
- Food Department
- Fisheries Development Board
- Environmental Agencies
Candidates can also take up their own fishery business after obtaining the necessary qualification in fishery sciences. They can engage themselves in the export and import business of fish, which is one of the popular businesses in India. India stands in the seventh position in the export of fish in the world.
Top Recruiting Agencies for Fishery Officer
Fishery officers mostly find employment in the following government departments: -
- Indian National Centre for Ocean and Information Sciences – Hyderabad
- National Institute of Oceanography
- Fisheries Survey of India
- Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
- Coastal Aquaculture Authority of India
- Export Inspection Agency
- Marine Product Export Development Authority
Pay Scale/Salary of Fishery Officer
Fishery Officers are paid the highest salaries in the government sector, and the scope for employment in the government sector is high. The monthly salary earned by Fishery Officer and others in the same field is listed below.
Salary Per Month
Fishery Officer/ Fishery Extension Officer
Livestock Development Officer
Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.
Books & Study Material to Become Fishery Officer
Students can refer to the following books to enhance knowledge in the field of fisheries science: -
- A Text Book to Fishery Science and Indian Fisheries by Dr. CBL Srivastava
- General and Applied Ichthyology by Gupta SK
- Post-Harvest Technology of Fish and Fish Products by KK Balachandran
- Aquaculture and Fisheries by N Arumugam
Pros of becoming a Fishery Officer
- The demand is high for students with a degree in Fisheries science
- The work is hands-on and practical, with plenty of outdoor work
Cons of becoming a Fishery Officer
- Irregular and long working hours
- A career in Fishery science is not suitable to all