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Career as Statistician

Career as a Statistician

About Statistician

A Statistician is someone who deals with gathering data that is relevant and necessary to their research. Statisticians have been playing a long and important role in the field of research and academia. Due to the proliferation of data generation, there has been witnessed a spike in the demand for statisticians in the business world. The professionals in the field apply statistical models and methods to real-world problems. They analyse, gather and interpret data to help business in making decisions. 

Eligibility to become Statistician

To get into this career, it is important for candidates to know ‘How to Become a Statistician?’. For that, they will be required to meet the following eligibility criteria.

Subject Combination: No specific requirements as such but, subjects like Mathematics, Statistics, Economics, etc help in the career. 

Minimum Age Required: 20 Years

Educational Qualification: 

  • There are no specific educational requirements to become a Statistician but, there are certain degree programmes that help in making big in this career. 

  • Candidates should either have a bachelor’s degree or master’s degree which provide a good foundation in mathematics/ statistics/ computer science/ economics/ econometrics/ material science.

  • The degree/s must have been issued by a recognised university.

Soft Key Skills:

  • Technical skills

  • Leadership skills

  • Analytical skills

  • Communication skills

  • Problem-solving skills

  • Speaking skills

  • Critical thinking skills

  • Writing skills

Technical Skills:

Technical skills that a statistician must possess are:

  • Expertise in theoretical and applied statistics, summary statistics and hypothesis testing

  • Machine learning

  • Mathematics which should include linear algebra, calculus and probability

  • Proficiency in languages like R, SAS, C, C++, Python, Perl, Java

  • Databases such as cloud computing and NoSQL

  • Data mining, visualisation and cleaning

  • Expertise in technical programmes

  • Hadoop-based analytics like Pig, Hive, big data, etc.

How to Become a Statistician?

  • To become a statistician, candidates must have a relevant degree. 

  • It could be a bachelor’s degree or master’s degree. 

  • Many firms or organisations usually hire people with experience in the filed. 

  • So, it is helpful for candidates to first gain work experience and learn the workings of the field. 

Employment Sector/Industry for Statistician

A statistician can get employment opportunities in many fields. Some of the employment areas are mentioned below. 

  • Education

  • Sports

  • Research and Development

  • Psychology

  • Data Analysis

  • Private Companies

  • Healthcare

  • Government Sectors

  • Financial Firms

Duties and Work Description of a Statistician

As a statistician, a professional gets involved in various roles which are defined below. 

  • Choosing correct methods to procure data 

  • Designing new data collection tools

  • Determining problems related to data that need to be solved

  • Carrying out procedures to collect data 

  • Training others in collecting data using appropriate processes

  • Analysing data to monitor its quality and finding new ways to improve the collection of data

  • Analysing future projects

  • Identifying trends in the data with the help of the combination of business understanding and technical skills 

  • Reporting conclusions through data visualisation to the shareholders, which often includes non-technical audiences

Planning to choose Statistician as your career?

Pay Scale/Salary of Statistician

  • A statistician can earn anywhere between INR 2.3 LPA to INR 20 LPA in India. 

  • The salary differs for people with different experiences and working in different locations. 

  • A highly experienced statistician in the USA can earn up to INR 75 LPA.

Candidates can check out the different salary package at different cities in India.

City Name

Salary Package




INR 3.9 LPA - INR 10 LPA




INR 4.8 LPA - INR 10 LPA


INR 4.2 LPA (average)


INR 6.5 LPA (average)

Source: Payscale

Books & Study Material to Become Statistician

Here are the top 10 must-read books for statistics that will help aspiring statisticians. 


Book Name 

Author/ Publisher


Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread From the Data

Charles Wheelan


The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail – But Some Don’t

Nate Silver


Statistics 10th Edition

Robert S. Witte and John S. Witte


Statistics in Plain English

Timothy C. Urdan


All of Statistics: A Concise Course in Statistical Inference

Larry Wasserman


Barron’s AP Statistics, 8th Edition 

Martin Sternstein PhD.


OpenIntro Statistics

David M Diez, Christopher D Barr, and Mine Çetinkaya-Rundel 


Head First Statistics: A Brain-Friendly Guide

Dawn Griffiths


The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Statistics, 2nd Edition (Idiot’s Guides) 

Robert A. Donnelly Jr. PhD.


Statistics for Business and Economics

James T. McClave, P. George Benson and Terry T Sincich 

Pros of becoming a Statistician

  • High salary

  • Technical advancement, at times, comes handy to increase efficiency at work and ease it out

  • Different areas of focus, hence more scope

Cons of becoming a Statistician

  • Long working hours

  • Some projects may require staying away from home

  • High usage of computer screens may lead to eye or wrist strain

  • Positions including independent research require a PhD

Paths for Being Statistician

Confused on what to choose as your career?