Journalism is a dynamic, fast-paced and very competitive field that includes skills such as writing, editing and researching. Journalists play a major role in the development of a nation. They gather information about business, politics, culture, arts, history, economics, entertainment and sports. They are professionally trained people who investigate and report events, issues and trends to the audiences through magazines, blogs newspapers, books, radio, television and social media.
Journalists have a number of roles and responsibilities that they must consider throughout the course of their entire career. The job of a journalist involves interviewing sources, attending events, conducting research to uncover interesting and significant news, interviewing key persons (witnesses, sources etc.) to obtain more information, maintaining notes and audio recordings, reading press releases, liaising with editors, sub–editors, designers and photographers and verifying statements and facts.
Journalism Courses at UG Level
Candidates must have completed higher secondary education in any stream from a recognised state or central board.
Candidates must have scored minimum of 50% marks (for general category candidates) and 45% marks (for reserved category candidates) in class 12.
Candidates must have cleared class 12 with English as one of the subjects. Some colleges also conduct entrance examination for admission.
Note: The eligibility criteria and other requirements for some colleges/universities offering journalism course may vary as per their norms and standards.
Journalism Courses at PG Level
For PG Diploma courses, candidates must have secured at least 45% marks in aggregate or any other equivalent qualification. Some colleges conduct entrance examination for admission into PG Diploma courses.
For masters, candidates must have a bachelor degree in Journalism and/or Mass Communication with a minimum of 50% marks. Few colleges conduct entrance examination for admission into masters.
There are several career choices and job profiles for journalists. Following are some of the job profiles for journalists that one can opt for:
The job of a photo-journalist involves taking photographs or film video segments, capturing images in an authentic and ethical manner and editing photographs or video for publication.
To be a researcher, one must be creative and inquisitive. The job of a researcher involves doing the research work for the channel or the website.
Copywriters are responsible for generating words, slogans and audio scripts that accompany advertising visuals. He/she is responsible for taking a client's advertising brief and generating original copy ideas that grab the attention of the target audience.
Public Relations Specialist
The role of public relations specialists involves creating and maintaining a favourable public image for the organizations they work for. They shape public perception and increase brand awareness.
Editors work on newspapers, magazines, and online media. The job of an editor is to work with writers to plan and edit content for publication. Editors have to ensure uniformity and continuity of the print media.
A newspaper, magazine, news agency, radio or television reporter has a job of informing the public about news and events. They work on tight deadlines in a fast-paced environment.
Social Media Specialist
A social media specialist is responsible to work for a brand or organization. He/she communicates with the public through social media platforms to build a favourable reputation.
There are plenty of career options that one can consider after pursuing a journalism course. Some of the top sectors/industries that require a journalist are mentioned below:
Journalism is one of a popular and fastest emerging career fields among today’s young generation. Few of the leading recruiting companies where a journalist can find employment opportunities are listed below:
India Today Group
The salary of a journalist is dependent on several factors such as, education, industry, experience etc. One can apply for various entertainment channels, news channels, newspapers and news agencies for jobs after completing journalism course. Following are some relative salary figures for various job profiles of journalists:
Starting Salary per annum (in INR)
Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)
Senior Level Salary per annum (INR)
Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.
Choosing right set of books will be useful to the candidates willing to pursue a course in journalism. Below are some of the best books and study material for career in the field of journalism:
How to Become a Good Journalist by Raza Elahi.
Arihant Mass Communication Journalism Entrance Examination by D. Mittal.
Sap Guide to Journalism Mass Communication Entrance Examination by Panel of Experts.
Issues in Mass Communication by J.S. Yadava & Pradeep Mathur.
Media Planning: A Practical Guide by Jim Surmanek.
Media/Impact: An Introduction to Mass Media by Shirley Biagi.
Being a journalist helps you to develop various skills such as writing, reporting, editing, headline writing, photography and page design.
One will become skilled at interviewing sources and will have an opportunity to write various kinds of news/stories about a variety of topics.
Journalism is an extremely competitive to get into and there is a low job security.
One will have to work on unsociable hours that includes late nights, weekends and holidays.
To become a journalist, one must attain the minimum academic benchmark if they are looking at how to become a journalist. The academic qualifications required for journalism course are mentioned below:
Subject Combination – Any Stream
Journalism is a successful career choice and is incredibly satisfying, but how well you fit into this role depends on you. Despite the growing numbers in mass media and communication channels, viewer numbers have also risen at a tremendous pace. This has allowed journalism to become a lucrative career path for many aspirants. Journalism is a demanding field and plays a key role in the nation's growth. So, Yes it's an excellent field to get into.
The biggest difference between a reporter and a journalist is that a reporter is someone who covers specific news stories for television or newspapers, while a journalist is a person who can report, write stories distribute the news and carry out a host of different mass media activities to facilitate the spread of information across different platforms.
In order to become a journalist in India, students may have to spend money in between INR 2 Lakhs to Rs 15 Lakhs.
Content writer, Staff writer, News producer, News editor, Social media planner, Content manager etc are some of the highest-paying jobs in journalism.
A journalist is usually hired with an annual salary package of INR 1.5 LPA to 2.5 LPA at the beginning of his or her career.
You must first obtain a Bachelor degree in Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC) after completing Class 12th examination in any stream from a recognized board. You can also pursue a Master's degree in Journalism and Mass Communication after graduation. As journalists who wish to advance in their profession, some choose to study even further by pursuing a PhD in journalism that usually lasts for five years.
Journalism as a broad career offers a wide range of profiles. They can work in different fields of media such as TV, radio, journals, magazines, etc. A journalist usually works on various tasks such as reporting, editing news, feature writing, photojournalism etc.
In order to become a successful journalist, you must possess excellent written communication skills, verbal communication skills, knowledge of media production and communication, analytical thinking, an ambition and a desire to push themselves and succeed.
A journalist is someone who investigates, gathers and presents information as a news story. Journalists can be seen in journals, newspapers, radio, TV and the internet.
You could become an Editor after studying BMM in Journalism (Media & Mass Communication).
Confused on what to choose as your career?