Career as Electrical Engineer

Career as a Electrical Engineer

About Electrical Engineer

An electrical engineer is responsible for designing and developing new electrical systems, test equipment and finds solutions to electrical problems and devices. Electrical engineers usually work with large-scale electrical systems which include motor control and power transmission. Throughout their career, they work on a diverse range of technologies, from designing household appliances, electrical power stations, wiring and lighting of building and satellite communications. Being an electrical engineer requires one to obtain extensive training and to pursue electrical engineering specialisation.

Eligibility to become Electrical Engineer

Option 1: 

  • To become an electrical engineer, candidates can earn a B.E./B.Tech degree in electrical engineer. It is the first step to becoming an electrical systems engineer.

Option 2:

  • Another career path through which one can become an electrical engineer is by pursuing an integrated degree in M.Tech (5 years).

Check out the complete eligibility criteria and career paths to become an electrical engineer below:

  • A candidate must have passed class 12th from a recognised board or equivalent examination with a minimum of 50% marks. However, the passing marks for different categories and from college to college.

  • Should have a valid score in the engineering entrance such as JEE Mains, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, VITEEE, CET etc. exam.

  • Few colleges also follow an age restriction for admission to engineering courses.

Types of Job Roles Electrical Engineer

After attaining required job academic qualification, there are a plethora of electrical engineering job profiles available for them on the basis of their knowledge and interests. These engineers work on multiple projects throughout their career which includes the computer, robots, cell phones, navigation among others.

There are many sub-disciplines of electrical engineering. Some of them specialise in one and others in a combination. The most popular electrical engineering job profiles are given below:

  • Micro Electrical Engineer: They deal with the design and microfabrication of tiny electronic circuit components.

  • Electrical Engineer:  The electrical engineer work in function of the variety of functional groups that are involved in the production, development, and implementation of electrical production.

  • Power Engineer: The power engineer are responsible for the design of electrical designers such as transformers, power electronics, generators, motors etc.

  • Instrumentation Engineer: They deal with the design of measuring devices for pressure, temperature, and flow.

  • Telecommunications Engineer: Telecommunications engineer deal with the transmission of information through the optical fiber or via cable

  • Electrical Design Engineer: Electrical design engineer design a new electrical system for various applications. They are mainly responsible for developing system specifications and layouts.

Employment Sector/Industry for Electrical Engineer

Electrical engineers can find a number of employment opportunities in various different sectors. Some of the top sectors that hire electrical engineers are listed below:

  • Engineering Services

  • Electric power generating installations

  • Indian Railways

  • Aerospace Manufacture Industry

  • Automobile Industry

  • Airports Authority of India

  • Electricity transmission and distribution organizations

  • Government Electrical Works Department

  • Navigational equipment manufacturing industries

  • Architecture and Construction Firms

Top Recruiting Companies for Electrical Engineers

Some of the leading companies where electrical engineers can look for relevant job opportunities are listed below:

  • Reliance Power

  • Siemens Technology Services

  • RITES

  • International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)

  • Google

  • Apple

  • General Electric

  • BMW Group

  • Lockheed Martin Corporation

  • The Boeing Company

  • Shell Oil Company

Pay Scale/Salary of Electrical Engineer

The salary of an electrical engineer may vary as per their academic qualification and professional experience. The salary increases with time, experience and knowledge. Following are some relative salary figures for entry-level, mid-level and senior level electrical engineers:

Job Profile

Starting Level Salary per annum (INR)

Mid Level Salary per annum (INR)

Senior Level Salary per annum (INR)

Electrical Engineer

Rs.3,50,000

Rs. 7,00,000

Rs 15,00,000

Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.

Books & Study Material to Become Electrical Engineer

To secure a seat in one of the top engineering colleges in India, it is very important to be well prepared for the engineering entrance exams such as JEE, VITEEE, BITSAT. These engineering exams are the gateway to all the top engineering exams in India. The successful preparation for any entrance comprises of some important elements such as the right study material, test papers, planning, execution, and hard work. Some of the best books and study materials for candidates planning to pursue electrical engineering are as follows:

  • Arihant Math Series by S.K. Goyal

  • NCERT Maths Books Class XI & Class XII

  • The concept of Physics 1 & 2 by HC Verma

  • Inorganic Chemistry by OP Tandon

  • Arihant Series DC Pandey

  • Objective Mathematics by R.D. Sharma

  • MCQ Question Bank by D. Mukherjee

Pros of becoming a Electrical Engineer

  • Electrical engineers are offered with some of the topmost salary packages as the job is highly skill based

  • Electrical engineers can choose to work in a variety of industries including telecommunications, computer, aerospace,etc.

  • With the right skill set and adequate professional experience, electrical engineering can escalate to management positions.

  • There is a lot of job flexibility, as one can easily shift to sub-disciplines.

Cons of becoming a Electrical Engineer

  • The jobs of the electrical engineers can be very stressful especially when the equipment or the design has the potential to impact human life.

  • It is a risk occupation. Due to the nature of job, electrical engineers at times may suffer personal injury.

  • Due to the advancement of technology, electrical engineers have to constantly update their knowledge. Electrical engineers have to update their license in specific fields from time to time.

  • There is limited job growth in the field of electrical engineering.

Career path for Electrical Engineer

To become an electrical engineer aspirant can choose from career options. There are two career paths through which one can become an electrical engineer. Given below are some important points one must keep in mind if they are planning to become an electrical engineer. Candidates must have passed class 12th with a set of subjects and must have appeared for an entrance examination.

Paths for Being Electrical Engineer