Career as a Electrical Engineer
About Electrical Engineer
An electrical engineer is responsible for designing and developing new electrical systems, test equipment and finds solutions to electrical problems and devices. Electrical engineers usually work with large-scale electrical systems which include motor control and power transmission. Throughout their career, they work on a diverse range of technologies, from designing household appliances, electrical power stations, wiring and lighting of building and satellite communications. Being an electrical engineer requires one to obtain extensive training and to pursue electrical engineering specialisation.
Eligibility to become Electrical Engineer
- To become an electrical engineer, candidates can earn a B.E./B.Tech degree in electrical engineer. It is the first step to becoming an electrical systems engineer.
- Another career path through which one can become an electrical engineer is by pursuing an integrated degree in M.Tech (5 years).
Check out the complete eligibility criteria and career paths to become an electrical engineer below:
A candidate must have passed class 12th from a recognised board or equivalent examination with a minimum of 50% marks. However, the passing marks for different categories and from college to college.
Should have a valid score in the engineering entrance such as JEE Mains, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, VITEEE, CET etc. exam.
Few colleges also follow an age restriction for admission to engineering courses.
Types of Job Roles Electrical Engineer
After attaining required job academic qualification, there are a plethora of electrical engineering job profiles available for them on the basis of their knowledge and interests. These engineers work on multiple projects throughout their career which includes the computer, robots, cell phones, navigation among others.
There are many sub-disciplines of electrical engineering. Some of them specialise in one and others in a combination. The most popular electrical engineering job profiles are given below:
Micro Electrical Engineer: They deal with the design and microfabrication of tiny electronic circuit components.
Electrical Engineer: The electrical engineer work in function of the variety of functional groups that are involved in the production, development, and implementation of electrical production.
Power Engineer: The power engineer are responsible for the design of electrical designers such as transformers, power electronics, generators, motors etc.
Instrumentation Engineer: They deal with the design of measuring devices for pressure, temperature, and flow.
Telecommunications Engineer: Telecommunications engineer deal with the transmission of information through the optical fiber or via cable
Electrical Design Engineer: Electrical design engineer design a new electrical system for various applications. They are mainly responsible for developing system specifications and layouts.
Employment Opportunities for Electrical Engineer
Electrical engineers can find a number of employment opportunities in various different sectors. Some of the top sectors that hire electrical engineers are listed below:
- Engineering Services
- Electric power generating installations
- Indian Railways
- Aerospace Manufacture Industry
- Automobile Industry
- Airports Authority of India
- Electricity transmission and distribution organizations
- Government Electrical Works Department
- Navigational equipment manufacturing industries
- Architecture and Construction Firms
Top Recruiting Companies for Electrical Engineer
Some of the leading companies where electrical engineers can look for relevant job opportunities are listed below:
- Reliance Power
- Siemens Technology Services
- International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
- General Electric
- BMW Group
- Lockheed Martin Corporation
- The Boeing Company
- Shell Oil Company
Pay Scale/Salary of Electrical Engineer
The salary of an electrical engineer may vary as per their academic qualification and professional experience. The salary increases with time, experience and knowledge. Following are some relative salary figures for entry-level, mid-level and senior level electrical engineers:
Starting Level Salary per annum (INR)
Mid Level Salary per annum (INR)
Senior Level Salary per annum (INR)
Note: The above figures are an estimate and may vary from individual to individual and company to company.
Books & Study Material to Become Electrical Engineer
Candidates planning to make a career as an Electrical Engineer first need to take admission in a reputed and recognised engineering institution. For this, they will be required to appear in the engineering examination. To prepare for the entrance exams candidates can refer to electrical engineering recommended books and study material. Apart from these entrance exam books, candidates can also read some related books that will give them an insight into the subject and the course they are about to pursue. List of some of these books is given below for aspirants which will help them become an electrical engineer:
- The Art of Electronics from Horowitz and Hill
- Gray & Meyer’s Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits
- Microelectronic Circuits from Sedra and Smith
- Agarwal and Lang’s Foundations of Analog and Digital Electronic Circuits
Pros of becoming a Electrical Engineer
Electrical engineers are offered with some of the topmost salary packages as the job is highly skill based
Electrical engineers can choose to work in a variety of industries including telecommunications, computer, aerospace,etc.
With the right skill set and adequate professional experience, electrical engineering can escalate to management positions.
There is a lot of job flexibility, as one can easily shift to sub-disciplines.
Cons of becoming a Electrical Engineer
The jobs of the electrical engineers can be very stressful especially when the equipment or the design has the potential to impact human life.
It is a risk occupation. Due to the nature of job, electrical engineers at times may suffer personal injury.
Due to the advancement of technology, electrical engineers have to constantly update their knowledge. Electrical engineers have to update their license in specific fields from time to time.
There is limited job growth in the field of electrical engineering.
Top Colleges to pursue career as Electrical Engineer
Career path for Electrical Engineer
To become an electrical engineer aspirant can choose from career options. There are two career paths through which one can become an electrical engineer. Given below are some important points one must keep in mind if they are planning to become an electrical engineer. Candidates must have passed class 12th with a set of subjects and must have appeared for an entrance examination.