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Career as Geneticist

Career as a Geneticist

About Geneticist

Geneticists are the professionals who study the inheritance traits in living body. They analyze the body at a molecular level to study genes of plants, animals and humans. They understand the evolution and duplication of cells.

A Geneticist is expected to work in laboratories to study genetic material. Advanced tools and technologies are used for the analysis of cell at a genetic level. These professionals are experts in applying their skills in research and development. Analysis of DNA, protein synthesis, exploring biological processes and finding nutrients in tissues are some of the job roles of a Geneticist.

Geneticists study genes of plants, animals and humans to determine how the genetic components interact with each other, evolve, and duplicate. They play an important role in treating people with genetic disorders. Some of them also analyze how the environmental factors are responsible for certain cause disease.

Eligibility to become Geneticist

The minimum requirements to become a Geneticist are explained below: -

  • To become a Geneticist, a candidate must hold a bachelors degree in medicine, genetics or any allied discipline.
  • Master’s degree in the relevant course/ stream is highly preferred for better opportunity and growth.
  • Those who wish to go for research work must go for a PhD degree.
  • Candidates with some years of experience are preferred for job role as a Geneticist

When and How to Start?

During the course intake and even after the completion of course, the candidate must keep refining their skills and knowledge that will best suit for their job role.

After acquiring the required degree course, the candidate should look for a job opening in various sectors and organizations. They can apply based on the area of interest and the sector in which they are willing to work.

Types of Job Roles Geneticist

Following are some of the job roles of a Geneticist: -

Genetic Counselors

A Genetic counsellor is an expert who counsels families, community and individuals about the genetic diseases and discussed with them the disease management options. They explain to them about the risks associated with a disease. 

Plant Breeder/ Geneticist

A plant breeder is a person who studies characteristics of seed and works to improve the characteristics of plants. They implement their knowledge of genetics for the crossing of plants. They ensure to keep the plants and crops disease-free and help them protect from pests and insects.

Research Scientist (Life Sciences)

They are the professionals who are responsible to collect scientific data and set up experiments to conduct scientific investigations in controlled environments. There are specializations in various disciplines like cancer studies, neurosciences, stem cell research, genomics, microbiology etc.

Clinical Scientist, Immunology

Clinical immunology scientist analyses the immune system to have an idea of disease, disorders and impact of any foreign particles on the body.  They are experts in handling patients with immunodeficiency, gastrointestinal disorders, asthma, allergic patients and immunologic disorders

Clinical Scientist, Genomics

A scientist working in genomics examines samples of patients' nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) to identify genetic and genomic disorders. They are responsible to deal with hereditary diseases or conditions. They are responsible to treat cancer or Cystic fibrosis patients.

Employment Sectors

Geneticists are professionals who play an important role in various sectors. Some of the sectors where they can find employment are as follows: -

  • Healthcare
  • Research Centres
  • Agriculture Sector
  • Laboratories 
  • Animal Care Centres 

Recruiting companies

Following is the list of some organizations that hire Geneticists: -

  • Institute for Stem Cell Science and Regenerative Medicine
  • Tata Institute for Genetics and Society
  • Centre for Human Genetics
  • Cancer Genetics Incorporation

Planning to choose Geneticist as your career?

Pay Scale/Salary of Geneticist

Payscale of a Geneticist varies depending on the job role. The following table shows the job roles of a Geneticist according to the job role: -

Job role

Initial Salary

Mid-level salary

High-level salary

Genetic Counselors

Rs 4.50 Lakhs p.a

Rs 5.50 Lakhs p.a

Rs 7.50 Lakhs p.a

Plant Breeder

Rs 5.50 Lakhs p.a

Rs 7.50 Lakhs p.a

Rs 9.50 Laksh p.a

Research Scientist (Life Sciences)

Rs 6.50 lakhs

Rs 8.00 Lakhs p.a

Rs 12.00 Lakhs p.a

Clinical Scientist, immunology

Rs 12 Lakhs p.a

Rs 18 Lakhs p.a

Rs 24 Lakhs p.a

Clinical Scientist, Genomics

Rs 12 Lakhs p.a

Rs 18 Lakhs p.a

Rs 24 Lakhs p.a

Books & Study Material to Become Geneticist

Following are some of the popular books related to Genetics: -

  •  Heredity Genetics and Genetical Diseases by R. N. Roy
  • Genetics & Genomics In Nursing by Sharma Suresh K
  • Genetics In Clinical Practice Symptoms, Diagnosis & Therapy by Sheth Jayesh
  • Molecular Genetic Epidemiology: A Laboratory Perspective (Principles and Practice) by Ian N.M. Day (Editor)
  • Genetics Analysis Of Genes and Genomes by Hartl DL

Pros of becoming a Geneticist

  • It is a prestigious job and good for someone who wants to have constant growth in career.
  • The salary scale of a Geneticist is high.
  • There is an opportunity to get self-employed

Cons of becoming a Geneticist

  • The profession demands long working hours
  •  Advanced skills, knowledge and experience is required to become a successful Geneticist
  •  It demands patience and good analytical skills.

Paths for Being Geneticist

FAQs about Geneticist

How to become a Geneticist?

Candidates who want to pursue a career as a Geneticist must first complete their intermediate studies in Science with Biology as one of the main subjects. He must then opt for higher education in a relevant discipline like genetics or medicine. The candidate must also have some work experience before applying for the post of a Geneticist.

What are the roles and responsibilities of a Geneticist?

A Geneticist studies the inheritance traits in the living body. They work in laboratories using advanced tools and technologies to analyse a cell at a molecular level. They understand the evolution and duplication of cells and determine how genetic components interact, evolve, and duplicate.

What are some of the good books to become a Geneticist?

Heredity Genetics and Genetic Diseases by R. N. Roy, Genetics & Genomics In Nursing by Sharma Suresh K, Genetics In Clinical Practice Symptoms, Diagnosis & Therapy by Sheth Jayesh, Molecular Genetic Epidemiology, Genetics Analysis Of Genes and Genomes by Hartl DL are some of the books related to Geneticist.

What is the pay scale of a Geneticist?

The pay scale of a Geneticist depends on the job roles chosen. The starting pay scale ranges from Rs 5.00 Lakhs to 12.00 lakh per Annum.

Which organisation in India hires a Geneticist?

Institute for Stem Cell Science and Regenerative Medicine, Tata Institute for Genetics and Society, Centre for Human Genetics, Cancer Genetics Incorporation are some of the organisations that hire a person as a Geneticist.

Where can a Geneticist get a job?

A Geneticist can get a job at Healthcare, Research Centres, Agriculture Sector, Laboratories or Animal Care Centres.

What are some of the job roles of a Geneticist?

Genetic Counselor, Plant Breeder/ Geneticist, Research Scientist (Life Sciences), Clinical Scientist, Immunology, Clinical Scientist, Genomics are some of the job roles of a Geneticist.

What is the qualification required to pursue a career as a Geneticist?

The candidate must hold a degree in genetics, medicine, or any allied discipline to pursue a career as a Geneticist. Research-based degree with some years of experience is preferred to pursue a career as a Geneticist.

Who is a Geneticist?

Geneticist is a professional who studies the inheritance traits in the living body. They work in laboratories to study genetic material and also use advanced tools and technologies to study things at a molecular level.

Do geneticists have to work for long hours?

Yes, the nature of the work done by a geneticist requires him/her to put in long hours at work.

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