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Career as Mathematician

Career as a Mathematician

About Mathematician

A Mathematician is a professional who has adequate knowledge and expertise in the field of Mathematics. The main responsibilities of a Mathematician are to gather the data, analyse it and extract the solutions to solve the real-world Mathematics problems. A Mathematician is a professional who utilises his knowledge in the field of Mathematics by developing new theories or making advancements in the present theories. The different duties, which a Mathematician performs, include developing statistical data to gather information, interpret the gathered data and create a feasible solution for improvement.

Eligibility to become Mathematician

The eligibility requirement, which must be met to become a Mathematician, is given below: -

  • The candidates must have pursued a Bachelor’s or a Master’s degree in Mathematics in any specialization from a recognized institution.
  • The candidate must have studied Mathematics at the High School level.
  • The candidates can also for a doctorate or a certificate level degree in Mathematics to avail more career options in Research.

How and When to Start?

  • After completing 12th in Science stream, the candidates can go for a Bachelors in Mathematics.
  • After completing the bachelor’s degree, the candidate can go for a Master’s degree in Mathematics. During the Master’s degree, the candidate can opt for any specialization in Mathematics such as Algorithm, Statistics, etc.
  • After completing the education in Mathematics candidates can either go for campus placement or direct interviews for a job. The candidates can also go for a doctorate degree in order to avail a research job in the field.


Types of Job Roles Mathematician

Different job roles for a Mathematician are given below:

Mathematician: They are the professionals who use the current Mathematical theories and practices to gather the data, analyse, and interpret it to derive a solution for real-world problems.

Actuary: An Actuary is a professional who takes the Mathematical data to analyse the risks and vulnerabilities along with the mitigation.

Operations Research Analysts: Operational Research Analysts are the professionals who use advanced level Mathematical computations and modelling techniques to analyse the functioning of industries and provide a solution to make the process more cost-effective and efficient.

Statistician: They are the professionals who gather the statistical data and analyse it to make the required profitable changes in companies’ policy.

Teachers/Professors: They are the professionals who use their knowledge and expertise in the field of Mathematics to educate the students at school or university level.

Employment Sector or Industries

The different employment sector or industries for a Mathematician are given below: -

  • Government based/private based schools
  • Government based/private based Universities
  • IT Companies
  • Nuclear Energy Based Industries
  • Space Industries
  • Research-based companies

Top Recruiting Companies/ Agencies/ Organizations

Top recruiting companies/agencies/organizations for a Mathematician is given below: -

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)
  •  Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO)
  • Amazon
  • Indian Navy

Planning to choose Mathematician as your career?

Pay Scale/Salary of Mathematician

The pay scale for a Mathematician depends upon the expertise and experience of the professional. The average pay scale for a Mathematician on the basis of experience level is given in the table below: -

Job Role

Starting Salary Package (INR) - Per Month

Mid Level Salary Package (INR)- Per Month

Senior Level Salary Package (INR)- Per Month





Operations Research Analysts
















Note: The above-specified payscale is an estimated average package and may vary depending on the expertise of the person and different organisation.

Books & Study Material to Become Mathematician

Some books and study materials for a Mathematician are given below: -

  • Contemporary Abstract Algebra by Joseph Gallian
  • Introduction to Algorithms, Third Edition by Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson and Ronald L. Rivest
  • Abstract Algebra by David S. Dummit and Richard M. Foote
  • The Calculus Lifesaver: All the Tools You Need to Excel at Calculus by Adrian Banner
  • Principles and Techniques in Combinatorics by Chen Chuan-Chong and Koh Khee-Meng

Pros of becoming a Mathematician

  • Opportunity to use self-created theories to solve problems
  •  Constant learning
  • Higher job pay

Cons of becoming a Mathematician

  • Require a higher level of expertise in the field for a high paying job
  •  Very High competition

Paths for Being Mathematician

Confused on what to choose as your career?