Marks Nahi, Haal Poocho
Learn More
Career as Government Lawyer

Career as a Government Lawyer

About Government Lawyer

Government Lawyers are lawyers who work for the government, typically as employees in various departments. They are qualified solicitors and barristers who act on behalf of government ministers and administrative staff and also give legal advice to them. Some Government Lawyers represent the government in court, such as prosecutors or attorneys working in a solicitor general’s office. Other lawyers are paid by the government to provide legal services in the public interest, such as a public defender. There are some Government Lawyers who are employed by the government to provide a specific type of legal service like working for large agencies like the EPA or IRS or working for a state university/ municipal school system.

Responsibilities of a Government Lawyer

Government Lawyers have to fulfil certain duties as per their job profile. Some important responsibilities of a Government Lawyer have been listed here.

  • Advising government members on a variety of legal issues including legislation on tax, environment, discrimination, employment and justice.
  • Researching and preparing legislation.
  • Directing senior government staff in the preparation of proposed bills and debates.
  • Drafting subordinate legislation.
  • Writing legal documents.
  • Handling civil and criminal litigation.
  • Defending or prosecuting cases in court.
  • Representing the government in national and international meetings.

Eligibility to become Government Lawyer

Becoming a Government Lawyer requires some basic conditions to be met by the candidates. Anyone who does not fulfil all the conditions will not be hired for the position of a Government Lawyer. Go through the table given below to know the eligibility criteria for becoming a Government Lawyer.

Educational Qualification

  • In order to become a Government Lawyer, the candidate must have completed at least an undergraduate degree in law.
  • Those who have a postgraduate degree in law are also hired for the job as an LLM degree offers candidates deeper insight into the subject.
  • The candidate must have cleared all the exams of his/ her degree and should have an aggregate score of at least 50-55%.

Skill Set

  • Excellent communication skills
  • Applied intellectual ability
  • Ability to absorb, understand, and analyse large amounts of information
  • Good presentation skills
  • Ability to handle pressure, long hours, demanding deadlines and great responsibility
  • Clear and concise writing and drafting skills
  • Attention to details
  • Good knowledge of law
  • Litigation and transaction skills
  • Updated with the latest events and news
  • Creative problem-solving ability
  • Good proofreading skills
  • Rational approach

Work Experience

  • Having some work experience in the form of internships is mandatory for the job of a Government Lawyer. Candidates should have done some internships under government agencies in similar roles while completing their degree. If the work experience is in the job profile in which the candidate wishes to make his career, that would assist him/ her in getting better job opportunities.

Courses to Become a Government Lawyer

Some popular courses for becoming a Government Lawyer have been listed in the table given below.


Average Fee per Year

Integrated Law Courses

Rs. 70,000 - 4 lacs

Bachelor of Law (LL.B)

Rs. 50,000 - 3.5 lacs

Master of Law (LL.M)

Rs. 70,000 - 2 lacs

M.Phil in Law

Rs. 1.5 - 3 lacs

To find the best law college in India for yourself, fill our Common Application Form (CAF) or call on our helpline number 1800-572-9877.

Types of Job Roles Government Lawyer

The job role of a Government Lawyer is not limited to just one profile. Candidates are hired at differed levels and positions under the job of a Government Lawyer. Some popular profiles have been listed below.

  • Government Lawyer
  • Government Attorney
  • Legal Counsel
  • Legal Representative
  • In-house Attorney
  • Litigation Attorney

Employment Sector for Government Lawyer

Government Lawyers are hired in many sectors that are run either by the central government or a state government. Check the list given below to know the sectors in which Government Lawyers can easily find a job.

  • Public Infrastructure
  • Municipal Corporations
  • Railways
  • Roadways
  • Public Transit
  • Military
  • Public Education
  • Health Care
  • Political Parties
  • Agriculture
  • Manufacturing
  • Construction
  • Judiciary
  • Law Enforcement
  • PSUs
  • Real Estate 

Planning to choose Government Lawyer as your career?

Pay Scale/Salary of Government Lawyer

The salary details of a Government Lawyer can be checked in the table given below. Several factors determine the salary of a Government Lawyer. These include the candidate's prior work experience, sector of employment, company, designation, etc.

Job Profile

Average Salary (per annum)

Entry-Level Salary (per annum)

Mid-Level Salary (per annum)

Senior-Level Salary (per annum)

Government Lawyer

Rs. 3,60,000

Rs. 1,00,000

Rs. 7,50,000

Rs. 45,00,000

Legal Representative

Rs. 3,20,000Rs. 2,00,000Rs. 8,00,000Rs. 14,50,000

Legal Counsel

Rs. 4,80,000Rs. 3,60,000Rs. 9,50,000Rs. 15,00,000

Government Attorney

Rs. 2,50,000Rs. 1,00,000Rs. 8,20,000Rs. 12,80,000

In-house Attorney

Rs. 2,70,000Rs. 1,20,000Rs. 6,40,000Rs. 10,40,000

Litigation Attorney

Rs. 3,10,000Rs. 1,75,000Rs. 7,20,000Rs. 12,50,000

Books & Study Material to Become Government Lawyer

Given below are some of the best books that every Government Lawyer must read.

  • 'Government Lawyers: The Federal Legal Bureaucracy and Presidential Politics' by Cornell W. Clayton
  • 'The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of A Nation' by Austin Granville
  • 'Working in a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience' by Austin Granville
  • 'Government Lawyering: Duties and Ethical Challenges of Government Lawyers' by Elizabeth A. L. Sanderson
  • 'Public Law and Public Administration' by Philip J Cooper

Pros of becoming a Government Lawyer

  • The work pressure on a Government Lawyer is not as much as a private lawyer. Their job is not as hectic and they have a flexible work schedule.
  • Government Lawyers have fixed working hours which are usually between 9 to 5.
  • Working as a Government Lawyer provides many additional benefits that are offered by the government.
  • Government Lawyers enjoy much better job security as compared to lawyers in other sectors.

Cons of becoming a Government Lawyer

  • The job of a Government Lawyer can sometimes get redundant and boring.
  • The surge in the salary of a Government Lawyer might not be as high as that of a successful private lawyer.
  • Switching sectors is not an easy task for Government Lawyers. They are usually hired for job roles similar to the one at which they have worked.

Paths for Being Government Lawyer

FAQs about Government Lawyer

Is it mandatory to do internships before becoming a Government Lawyer?

Yes, internships are mandatory for becoming a Government Lawyer.

How much can I earn if I want to become a Government Lawyer after graduation?

The starting salary of candidates who begin their career as a Government Lawyer right after graduation is between Rs. 1 - 2.5 lacs per annum.

Which are the highest recruiting sectors of Government Lawyers?

The sectors which hire Government Lawyers the most include Public Education, Municipal Corporations, Railways, Construction, Roadways, Public Transit, Health Care, Manufacturing, and PSUs.

What is the average salary of a Government Lawyer?

The average salary of a Government Lawyer is approximately Rs. 3.6 lakh per annum.

Which are the best colleges for becoming a Government Lawyer?

The best colleges in which you can enrol to get a law degree for becoming a Government Lawyer include Symbiosis Law School, OP Jindal Law School, ICFAI Law School, National Law Universities, Lovely Professional University, etc.

Is it necessary to do LLM in order to become a Government Lawyer?

No, it is not mandatory to complete an LLM degree in order to become a Government Lawyer. You can apply for the job after completing a bachelor's degree in law.

Do I have to appear for an entrance test to become a Government Lawyer?

Depending upon the job role and the sector in which you seek employment, you might have to appear for an entrance exam to become a Government Lawyer. These entrance tests are organised by the respective state/ central government for hiring purposes.

Can I become a Government Lawyer after graduation?

If you have completed your graduation with a degree in law, you are eligible to become a Government Lawyer. However, a UG degree in any other stream will not be accepted.

What does a Government Lawyer do?

The role of a Government Lawyer is quite diverse. He/ she takes care of the legal aspects of the sector in which they are employed. Government Lawyers play several roles ranging from being courtroom lawyers and legal representatives to solicitors and attorneys.

How is a Government Lawyer different from a Private Lawyer?

A Government Lawyer is hired in the sectors that are run by the government. Their job is funded either by the central or a state government. Private Lawyers, on the other hand, work only in the companies of the private sector and do not enjoy the benefits of a government job.

View More

Confused on what to choose as your career?