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DMLT vs BMLT: Which is Better?

Cyril Titus Zachariah
Cyril Titus ZachariahUpdated On: August 31, 2023 06:49 pm IST

Confused between DMLT and BMLT? Here are certain facts and figures surrounding the two Medical Laboratory Technology Course on offer in the paramedical colleges of India. The difference between the two degrees is far more than just the duration and degree of the course.

Difference Between DMLT & BMLT

One of the crucial components of the medical industry is the medical laboratory technologists/technicians. Those who graduate from a Medical Laboratory Technology course are trained to handle laboratory equipment that is used to collect samples from the patients and analysed using different techniques, to provide specialists with the information, which further allows them to provide an apt solution to the patients.

Among the undergraduate courses that are offered to aspirants across India, it is easy to be confused between pursuing a Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) or a Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT). Being a paramedical course, the curriculum of BMLT and DMLT will purely focus on learning how to diagnose diseases, offer probable treatment options and provide steps on prevention of possible diseases or illness, based on the information gathered through laboratory tests.

DMLT Vs BMLT: What is Better?

Now to answer the question, “what is better, DMLT or BMLT?”, let us look at certain facts about each course.





3 Years

2 Years

Level of Education




10+2 in Science Stream

10+2 in Science Stream

Admission Process

Merit or Entrance Exam Based



Basic Human Anatomy



Communication Skills

Computer Skills

Basic/Advanced Lab Management

Basic Laboratory Functioning


Blood Banking and Immunology



Clinical Biochemistry

Higher Education Prospects

Master of Medical Laboratory Technology

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology

Master of Medical Laboratory Technology

Career Prospects

Medical Technician

Lab Consultant/Supervisor

Laboratory System Analysts

Laboratory Technician

Specialised Lab Technicians

R&D Lab Technician/Assitant

Lab Technicians

Lab Assistants

Lab Information System Analysts

MRI & X-Ray Technician

Pathology Technician

Employment Areas

Govt/Pvt Hospitals

Public/Pvt Clinics

Crime Laboratories

Blood banks

Nursing Homes


Research Clinics

Pharmaceutical Companies

Govt/Pvt Hospitals

Medical Laboratories

Public/Private Clinics



Pharmaceutical Companies

As can be seen from the table above, the differences between the two degrees are almost negligible. However, one cannot assume that both the degree are the same. While the subjects taught to a student might remain similar, the experience and skills gained through each of the courses will differ. This will further affect the career opportunities available to aspirants.

BMLT Vs DMLT: What After Graduation?

While the difference between the two degrees might be slight, students who graduate from one or the other will begin to witness the difference when they start to choose their future path. For a course in Medical Laboratory Technology, it has been witnessed that pursuing higher education increases the career prospects of a student.

Like any other PG degree or higher education degree, candidates who wish to further enhance their knowledge in the field, they will be required to complete a full-fledged degree. The additional year of education in Bachelors will allow BMLT graduates to pursue MMLT and increase the scope of a career in Medical Laboratory Technology.

As shown in the table, the job profiles available to the students who graduate from DMLT will be similar to that of a BMLT graduate, the responsibilities that are assigned to BMLT graduates will be higher than those of a DMLT graduate. In a professional setting, the experience, knowledge and skills gained by the graduate will subsequently affect the career prospects of the candidate.

However, this is not to say that a DMLT graduate will never be able to receive the same amount of responsibilities. A DMLT graduate will also be able to carry out the same tasks and responsibilities, which will be assigned to a BMLT graduate. However, the career opportunities that will be available for a BMLT graduate will be higher than it would be for DMLT graduates, especially if the candidate wishes to pursue higher education.

The average initial salary or packages that are offered to both BMLT and DMLT graduates will heavily depend on the experience, skills and knowledge that the graduate has gained in the field. The initial salaries that are offered to an MLT graduate can range anywhere between ₹8,000 to ₹25,000 per month.

A host of parameters and factors come into play with regard to the pay scale offered to an MLT graduate. The place of employment, job profile, the specialization opted and the experience of the candidate, all affect the overall pay package of the candidate.

BMLT Vs DMLT: Eligibility Criteria

Here we have presented the difference between the BMLT and DMLT degree programmes for the convenience of the students.

BMLT Eligibility Criteria

  • Students need to pass higher secondary education from a recognized board/institution

  • The minimum aggregate marks of the aspirant must be 55% in their 10+2 level

  • It is mandatory that students need to study in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as core subjects

  • The minimum age of the candidate must be 17 years

  • Candidates need to pass entrance exams like NEET, KEM and MET

DMLT Eligibility Criteria

  • The minimum education requirement for DMLT is to pass higher secondary education

  • Students need to score at least 50% marks in aggregate

  • The minimum age of the applicant must be 17 years as of 31 December of that applying year

BMLT Vs DMLT: Admission Process

The admission process for BMLT and DMLT degree courses has been explained below for the convenience of the students:

BMLT Admission Process 2023

  • The admission process to the BMLT degree course includes passing the entrance examination that is conducted both at the state and national level

  • Candidates need to participate in the counselling process that is conducted at the end of the entrance exam

  • Colleges participating in the counselling process grant admission to students on a merit basis

DMLT Admission Process 2023

  • There is no specific entrance test for admission purpose to the DMLT degree course

  • Admission is done on the basis of marks secured by candidates in the higher secondary exam

  • The colleges release a cutoff list which consists of minimum marks requirement for admission to the DMLT course at the particular college

Top MLT Colleges in India

You can pick the best colleges for yourself from the list given below and get admission to the college of your choice by simply filling out our Common Application Form (CAF). Through this, our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process without you having to step out of your house.

Teerthanker Mahaveer University (TMU), Moradabad

Noida International University - NIU, Greater Noida

Jaipur National University, JNU, Jaipur

Mansarovar Global University (MGU), Sehore

Garden City University - (GCU), Bangalore

Amity University Manesar, Gurgaon

Centurion University of Technology and Management (CUTM), Vizianagaram

People'S University (PU), Bhopal

Raffles University (RU ), Neemrana

Swami Rama Himalayan University (SRHU), Dehradun

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