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DMLT vs BMLT: Which is Better?

Cyril Titus Zachariah
Cyril Titus ZachariahPublished On: May 05, 2021

Confused between DMLT and BMLT? Here are certain facts and figures surrounding the two Medical Laboratory Technology Course on offer in the paramedical colleges of India. The difference between the two degrees is far more than just the duration and degree of the course.

Difference Between DMLT & BMLT

One of the crucial components of the medical industry is the medical laboratory technologists/technicians. Those who graduate from a Medical Laboratory Technology course are trained to handle laboratory equipment that is used to collect samples from the patients and analysed using different techniques, to provide specialists with the information, which further allows them to provide an apt solution to the patients.

Among the undergraduate courses that are offered to aspirants across India, it is easy to be confused between pursuing a Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) or a Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT). Being a paramedical course, the curriculum of BMLT and DMLT will purely focus on learning how to diagnose diseases, offer probable treatment options and provide steps on prevention of possible diseases or illness, based on the information gathered through laboratory tests.

DMLT Vs BMLT: What is Better?

Now to answer the question, “what is better, DMLT or BMLT?”, let us look at certain facts about each course.





3 Years

2 Years

Level of Education




10+2 in Science Stream

10+2 in Science Stream

Admission Process

Merit or Entrance Exam Based



Basic Human Anatomy



Communication Skills

Computer Skills

Basic/Advanced Lab Management

Basic Laboratory Functioning


Blood Banking and Immunology



Clinical Biochemistry

Higher Education Prospects

Master of Medical Laboratory Technology

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology

Master of Medical Laboratory Technology

Career Prospects

Medical Technician

Lab Consultant/Supervisor

Laboratory System Analysts

Laboratory Technician

Specialised Lab Technicians

R&D Lab Technician/Assitant

Lab Technicians

Lab Assistants

Lab Information System Analysts

MRI & X-Ray Technician

Pathology Technician

Employment Areas

Govt/Pvt Hospitals

Public/Pvt Clinics

Crime Laboratories

Blood banks

Nursing Homes


Research Clinics

Pharmaceutical Companies

Govt/Pvt Hospitals

Medical Laboratories

Public/Private Clinics



Pharmaceutical Companies

As can be seen from the table above, the differences between the two degrees are almost negligible. However, one cannot assume that both the degree are the same. While the subjects taught to a student might remain similar, the experience and skills gained through each of the courses will differ. This will further affect the career opportunities available to aspirants.

BMLT Vs DMLT: What After Graduation?

While the difference between the two degrees might be slight, students who graduate from one or the other will begin to witness the difference when they start to choose their future path. For a course in Medical Laboratory Technology, it has been witnessed that pursuing higher education increases the career prospects of a student.

Like any other PG degree or higher education degree, candidates who wish to further enhance their knowledge in the field, they will be required to complete a full-fledged degree. The additional year of education in Bachelors will allow BMLT graduates to pursue MMLT and increase the scope of a career in Medical Laboratory Technology.

As shown in the table, the job profiles available to the students who graduate from DMLT will be similar to that of a BMLT graduate, the responsibilities that are assigned to BMLT graduate will be higher than that of a DMLT graduate. In a professional setting, the experience, knowledge and skills gained by the graduate will subsequently affect the career prospects of the candidate.

However, this is not to say that a DMLT graduate will never be able to receive the same amount of responsibilities. A DMLT graduate will also be able to carry out the same tasks and responsibilities, which will be assigned to a BMLT graduate. But, the career opportunities that will be available for a BMLT graduate will be higher than it would be for DMLT graduates, especially if the candidate wishes to pursue higher education.

The average initial salary or packages that are offered to both BMLT and DMLT graduates will heavily depend on the experience, skills and knowledge that the graduate has gained in the field. The initial salaries that are offered to an MLT graduate can range anywhere between ₹8,000 to ₹25,000 per month.

A host of parameters and factors come into play with regards to the pay scale offered to an MLT graduate. The place of employment, job profile, the specialisation opted and the experience of the candidate, all affect the overall pay package of the candidate.

Top MLT Colleges in India

You can pick the best colleges for yourself from the list given below and get admission to the college of your choice by simply filling out our Common Application Form (CAF). Through this, our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process without you having to step out of your house.

Teerthanker Mahaveer University (TMU), MoradabadNoida International University - NIU, Greater Noida
Jaipur National University, JNU, JaipurMansarovar Global University (MGU), Sehore
Garden City University - (GCU), BangaloreAmity University Manesar, Gurgaon
Centurion University of Technology and Management (CUTM), VizianagaramPeople'S University (PU), Bhopal
Raffles University (RU ), NeemranaSwami Rama Himalayan University (SRHU), Dehradun

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