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One of the crucial components of the medical industry is the medical laboratory technologists/technicians. Those who graduate from a Medical Laboratory Technology course are trained to handle laboratory equipment that is used to collect samples from the patients and analysed using different techniques, to provide specialists with the information, which further allows them to provide an apt solution to the patients.
Among the undergraduate courses that are offered to aspirants across India, it is easy to be confused between pursuing a Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) or a Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT). Being a paramedical course, the curriculum of BMLT and DMLT will purely focus on learning how to diagnose diseases, offer probable treatment options and provide steps on prevention of possible diseases or illness, based on the information gathered through laboratory tests.
DMLT Vs BMLT: What is Better?
Now to answer the question, “what is better, DMLT or BMLT?”, let us look at certain facts about each course.
Level of Education
10+2 in Science Stream
10+2 in Science Stream
Merit or Entrance Exam Based
Basic Human Anatomy
Basic/Advanced Lab Management
Basic Laboratory Functioning
Blood Banking and Immunology
Higher Education Prospects
Master of Medical Laboratory Technology
Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Master of Medical Laboratory Technology
Laboratory System Analysts
Specialised Lab Technicians
R&D Lab Technician/Assitant
Lab Information System Analysts
MRI & X-Ray Technician
As can be seen from the table above, the differences between the two degrees are almost negligible. However, one cannot assume that both the degree are the same. While the subjects taught to a student might remain similar, the experience and skills gained through each of the courses will differ. This will further affect the career opportunities available to aspirants.
BMLT Vs DMLT: What After Graduation?
While the difference between the two degrees might be slight, students who graduate from one or the other will begin to witness the difference when they start to choose their future path. For a course in Medical Laboratory Technology, it has been witnessed that pursuing higher education increases the career prospects of a student.
Like any other PG degree or higher education degree, candidates who wish to further enhance their knowledge in the field, they will be required to complete a full-fledged degree. The additional year of education in Bachelors will allow BMLT graduates to pursue MMLT and increase the scope of a career in Medical Laboratory Technology.
As shown in the table, the job profiles available to the students who graduate from DMLT will be similar to that of a BMLT graduate, the responsibilities that are assigned to BMLT graduates will be higher than those of a DMLT graduate. In a professional setting, the experience, knowledge and skills gained by the graduate will subsequently affect the career prospects of the candidate.
However, this is not to say that a DMLT graduate will never be able to receive the same amount of responsibilities. A DMLT graduate will also be able to carry out the same tasks and responsibilities, which will be assigned to a BMLT graduate. However, the career opportunities that will be available for a BMLT graduate will be higher than it would be for DMLT graduates, especially if the candidate wishes to pursue higher education.
The average initial salary or packages that are offered to both BMLT and DMLT graduates will heavily depend on the experience, skills and knowledge that the graduate has gained in the field. The initial salaries that are offered to an MLT graduate can range anywhere between ₹8,000 to ₹25,000 per month.
A host of parameters and factors come into play with regard to the pay scale offered to an MLT graduate. The place of employment, job profile, the specialization opted and the experience of the candidate, all affect the overall pay package of the candidate.
BMLT Vs DMLT: Eligibility Criteria
Here we have presented the difference between the BMLT and DMLT degree programmes for the convenience of the students.
BMLT Eligibility Criteria
Students need to pass higher secondary education from a recognized board/institution
The minimum aggregate marks of the aspirant must be 55% in their 10+2 level
It is mandatory that students need to study in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as core subjects
The minimum age of the candidate must be 17 years
Candidates need to pass entrance exams like NEET, KEM and MET
DMLT Eligibility Criteria
The minimum education requirement for DMLT is to pass higher secondary education
Students need to score at least 50% marks in aggregate
The minimum age of the applicant must be 17 years as of 31 December of that applying year
BMLT Vs DMLT: Admission Process
The admission process for BMLT and DMLT degree courses has been explained below for the convenience of the students:
BMLT Admission Process 2023
The admission process to the BMLT degree course includes passing the entrance examination that is conducted both at the state and national level
Candidates need to participate in the counselling process that is conducted at the end of the entrance exam
Colleges participating in the counselling process grant admission to students on a merit basis
DMLT Admission Process 2023
There is no specific entrance test for admission purpose to the DMLT degree course
Admission is done on the basis of marks secured by candidates in the higher secondary exam
The colleges release a cutoff list which consists of minimum marks requirement for admission to the DMLT course at the particular college
Top MLT Colleges in India
You can pick the best colleges for yourself from the list given below and get admission to the college of your choice by simply filling out our Common Application Form (CAF). Through this, our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process without you having to step out of your house.
If you have any queries regarding the same, leave us your questions in CollegeDekho QnA Zone.