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Best Career Options after ANM/ GNM: Career Scope, Job Profile, Courses

Rohan TyagiUpdated On: June 15, 2022 05:15 pm IST

Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery (ANM) and General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) are two popular nursing courses for 10th and 12th pass students. Here are some of the career options for those wishing to pursue the best career paths after ANM and GNM courses in India.

Best Career Options after ANM/GNM

When it comes to nursing education in India, there are numerous courses on offer, among them include the Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery (ANM) and General Nursing Midwifery (GNM). These are among the standard and trending nursing courses that you can choose that lead to a career path in the field of nursing. The ANM and GNM courses can be pursued right after class 12th.

However, while the courses may be basic, the career opportunities for a graduate can be high and variable. There are several reasons and trends witnessed when it comes to the purpose of pursuing a course, ANM and GNM courses also allow for good job opportunities and future prospects in the healthcare and medicine industry.

In this article, we will discuss the career options after completing ANM or GNM in India and its scope for you.

Career as a Nurse

About ANM or Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery

The Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery (ANM) is a short-term diploma in nursing that acts as the introduction stage for anyone who aspires to pursue a career in nursing in India. Candidates who pursue an ANM course in India open up their opportunities to not only pursue a career in the field of nursing but also to enhance their skills and knowledge of their profession.

The ANM course is practically a diploma program, that allows even the non-science stream students to pursue a career as a nursing practitioner. This is perfect for those who have the urge for making a difference in society, and serve the needy, while also contributing to a bigger picture of society, but were unable to enter the profession due to their academic background. Aspirants will have the opportunity to pursue the course right after clearing the class 10th board examination.

About GNM or General Nursing and Midwifery

General Nursing and Midwifery or GNM is another basic nursing course or specialization which produces professionals capable of carrying out day-to-day operations of a nurse in different settings. Like ANM, GNM opens up opportunities to all nursing aspirants to courses and training programs to enhance their knowledge and skill in the discipline.

However, unlike ANM, a General Nursing and Midwifery course has been designed to enroll students who have a science background or have cleared a 2-year ANM Course. Here, students who have cleared their class 12 board examinations in the stream of science are eligible for pursuing a career right after GNM. However, the career prospects of both an ANM and GNM graduate may be similar to a certain extent.

ANM vs GNM: Highlights

Check out the table below and learn about major highlights regarding the course, career options, and higher education prospects of both ANM and GNM courses in India.




Course Level



2 Years

3 Years + 6 Month Internship


10 / 10+2

10+2 Science Stream

Career Scope

Entry-Level Job Profile in Govt/Pvt Hospitals, and other employment areas.

Entry-Level Job Profile but makes the candidate eligible for better packages and growth prospects in Govt/Pvt Hospitals and other employment areas.

With better years of on-field training and skill development, career scope can improve

Higher Education Prospects

Graduates can pursue a GNM course.

Graduates can pursue either B.Sc Nursing (Basic) or Post Basic B.Sc Nursing

Fields of Service after ANM and GNM in India

There are several areas of service that open up for ANM and GNM graduates in India ranging from Government and Private hospitals to Clinics, Nursing Homes, and much more. Check out the list given below for the employment opportunities available for ANM and GNM graduates.




Areas of Employment

  • Government and Private Hospitals

  • Nursing Homes

  • Old Age Homes

  • Community Health Centres

  • Dispensaries

  • Government and Private Hospitals

  • Dispensaries

  • Old Age Homes

  • Nursing Homes

  • Community Health Centres

Job Profiles After ANM and GNM in India

As mentioned above, ANM and GNM graduates have the opportunity to pursue their career as a Nursing Professional/Nurse in India in different modes and areas of employment. In these areas of employment, a nurse may be required to carry out different tasks or pursue different job profiles. Here are some job profiles after ANM and GNM in India, that will apply to all graduates of the course.




Job Profile

  • Basic Community Health Worker

  • Certified Nursing Assistant

  • Midwife

  • Home Nurse

  • ICU Nurse

  • Military Nurse

  • Staff Nurse

  • Health Care Worker

  • School Nurse

  • Community Health Nurse

  • Home Nurse

  • Industrial Nurse

  • Ward Nurse

Note: Depending on the qualifications and skills of the graduate, a student will be able to pursue different job profiles. The ones that have been mentioned above are just a few of the profiles that have been offered to graduates of the courses.

Salary after ANM and GNM courses in India

Pursuing a career as a nurse has been lucrative for many students across India. However, this depends on the skills and qualifications of the students in the field, which includes the academic qualification, i.e. ANM or GNM certificates.

The salary prospects of an ANM graduate in India can range anywhere from ₹10,000 per month to ₹25,000 per month initially. As is the case in any profession, better experience and skills result in better career prospects and packages. However, the career prospects of a candidate can also improve with higher education as well. Pursuing GNM and, subsequently, a B.Sc Nursing or Post Basic B.Sc Nursing course can help improve the career prospects drastically.

Being a step higher, the salary prospects of a GNM certified professional in India, though similar to that of an ANM graduate, are just slightly better. However, it is variable and can depend on several parameters. On average, the monthly salary of a GNM graduate can range anywhere from ₹10,000 - ₹30,000. The major difference between the two courses can be seen in the future growth prospects of the candidate. A GNM candidate will grab career opportunities more frequently than an ANM graduate.

Thus, the career options and prospects of an ANM and GNM graduate in India are immense, with employment opportunities across different sectors. These are some of the best courses if you wish to begin your career in the field.

State-wise ANM/ GNM Admissions 2022

Chhattisgarh ANM/ GNM AdmissionUP ANM/ GNM Admission
Maharashtra ANM/ GNM AdmissionGujarat ANM/ GNM Admission
West Bengal ANM/ GNM AdmissionTelangana GNM Admission
Kerala GNM AdmissionRajasthan GNM Admission
Andhra Pradesh GNM AdmissionTamil Nadu GNM Admission
Karnataka GNM Admission

Top Colleges for ANM and GNM in India

If you are interested in pursuing an ANM or GNM course in India, then check out this list of top colleges for ANM and GNM in India. You can also learn about the courses offered by the institutions and their respective fees.

Name of College

Course Offered

Annual Course Fee

Mansarover Group of Institutions Bhopal





Teerthanker Mahaveer University Moradabad





Noida International University Greater Noida





GCRG Group of Institutions Lucknow





Bhai Gurudas Group of Institutions Sangrur





Sankalchand Patel University Visnagar





IIMT University Meerut





Yamuna Group of Institutions Yamunanagar





Universal Group of Institutions Mohali





These are some of the few ANM and GNM colleges and universities in the country if you choose to pursue the course. If you are interested in taking admission to any one of the courses in India, then fill out the Common Application Form available on our website. 

Related Articles

Click on the links given below to know more information about nursing:-

Check out the Job Opportunities for Nurse

Learn More About the Highest Paying Nursing Jobs in India

Here are Some Government Jobs for Nurses

Understand The Difference Between ANM, GNM and B.Sc Nursing


What are the job opportunities after ANM and GNM in India?

An individual having an ANM/ GNM certificate can easily get a job as a primary health worker, Nursing Assistant, Lab Assistant, or ICU Nursing Assistant in any Government or private hospital.


Are ANM and GNM the same?

ANM and GNM are two nursing courses having similar fields of service. However, both the courses are different. The ANM is a 2-year focused nursing program having minimum eligibility criteria of class 10th whereas GNM is a general nursing diploma course of the duration of 3 years and a minimum of class 12th as eligibility criteria.


Are ANM and GNM a degree?

No. the ANM (Auxillary Nursing and Midwifery) and GNM (General Nursing and Midwifery) are short-term diploma courses of 2 years and 3 years of duration respectively. The courses are not awarded as degrees but the courses are professional and have bright career opportunities in the Nursing sector.


Can an ANM get a government job?

The government hospitals are under the aegis of state governments who keep opening various job entries including Primary Health workers, Rural Health workers, Health visitors, and many more. The ANM diploma personnel can apply for these positions on both a permanent and contractual basis.


How much salary does ANM get?

If done properly, an ANM-certified professional can easily get up to INR 1.5 Lacs to INR 3 lacs annually working in any government or private hospital as a nursing assistant.


Is GNM a good career?

The professionals having a GNM diploma are eligible for vas opportunities in the nursing domain. A GNM can work as a Community Health Worker, Home Nurse, Rural Health Worker, and Basic Health Worker in both government and private domains.


What is the duration of ANM and GNM?

Although the areas of service are similar, An ANM and GNM course differ in some parameters. The duration of both the courses is different. An ANM course is completed in 2 years. However, it takes 3 years to complete the GNM course in Nursing in India.


Can I have a job outside India after doing ANM?

An ANM can have a number of job opportunities in Canada and Europe more than in India. Additionally, the salary packages offered to ANMs in India is much lesser than that offered in Canada and Europe.


Can I work in Canada after doing ANM from India?

The nursing assistants having ANM and GNM certificates are eligible to work in Canada. However, they are required to complete some short-term courses like Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) and Registered Practical Nurse (RPN) to continue their service.


Can I become a doctor after GNM?

The ANM and GNM certified individuals are eligible to become MBBS doctors if they fulfil the minimum requirements to apply for the NEET examination. One needs to clear the NEET-UG examination in order to get a seat in any of the colleges for pursuing an MBBS.


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