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Updated By Sukriti Vajpayee on 06 Jul, 2022
Average Duration
3 months-1 years
Average Fee
10 K-1 L INR one time
Study Mode
Regular,Part-time,Distance Learning

Overview of Vocational Courses

Vocational Courses are certain training based courses which enable individuals to acquire skills that are traditionally non-academic and totally related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation. They are also known as Technical Education, Career and Technical Education (CTE) or Vocational Education and Training (VET) as they directly develop expertise in a particular group of techniques or technology through manual or practical activities. Vocational Courses aim at preparing students for a particular career, skill, or trade. Unlike traditional courses like BE/ BTech/ MBBS, Vocational Courses focus on practical skills and on-site training, thus offering better and quicker job opportunities. There are thousands of Vocational Courses available in different fields. Among the Vocational Courses list, telecommunication, photography, foreign languages, information technology (IT), beautician, and hotel management are the top choices of students.

About Vocational Courses

A Vocational Course is an educational discipline that assists an individual in acquiring the skills required for a certain trade. Vocational Courses are intended to provide application-based learning in which theoretical parts are not covered separately.
Students interested in Vocational Courses can also pursue a BVoc (Bachelor of Vocational Studies) degree, which is an undergraduate Vocational Course offered by several reputed colleges. Recently, AICTE released a list of renowned institutions that offer the BVoc Programme. Some of the Top Vocational Institutes include Loyola Institute of Technology & Sciences (BVoc Graphics & Multimedia), Meerabai Institute of Technology (BVoc Interior Design), and Jamia Hamdard (BVoc Food Processing) etc. The following are some examples of Top Vocational Training programmes in India:

Advantages of Vocational Courses

Following are some of the merits of pursuing Vocational Courses.

  • Vocational courses provide the benefit of both theoretical knowledge and vocational skills.
  • Vocational Courses emphasise specialised knowledge rather than a broad understanding of several fields.
  • Vocational Courses provide a genuine insight into the requirements of a specific work or job.
  • Current trends in the global employment market favour Specialised Learners in all fields and at all levels, while others are unable to adjust to the competitive realities. In this regard, a Vocational Course can help those who have had specialised training.
  • Vocational Courses train competent workers through a variety of programmes to fulfil the needs of the unorganised sector. People's self-employment abilities are being developed since a big number of courses are self-employment oriented. They are crossing the gap between the skilled labour needed and the skilled labour available.

Scope of Vocational Courses

After completing Class- XII, the following types of vocational courses are available for students to pursue and enhance their chances of building a secured future.

  • Audio Engineers / Electrical Engineers
  • Foreign Language Expert 
  • Commercial Pilot Trainer
  • Air Hostess Trainer


Vocational Courses Types & Eligibility Criteria

Given below are the different types of Vocational Courses & their eligibility criteria. Students interested in pursuing these Vocational Courses must be aware of the eligibility norms beforehand.

  • Certificate Vocational Courses: Students must have a minimum of 45-50% aggregate marks or an equivalent CGPA in their Class 12th board examinations to be eligible for these courses.
  • Diploma Vocational Courses: To pursue PG Diploma in Vocational Courses, students must have completed their Graduation Degree in any field with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks or equivalent CGPA from a recognised university.
  • Undergraduate Vocational Courses: Admission to Undergraduate Courses in Vocational Course is based on merit and admission tests. Students must pass their Class 12th board exam with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks from a recognised board.
  • Post Graduate Vocational Courses: To pursue a Post Graduate degree in Vocational Courses, students must have a graduating grade point average of at least 60% or an equivalent CGPA. This will be followed by admission tests for the colleges to which they are applying for their desired course.

Following are some of the Top Vocational Training Programmes offered at all levels-UG, PG, Diploma & Certificate. These include:


  • Draftsmanship in Architecture
  • Dressmaking and Cutting/Tailoring
  • Computer Operator and Programming Assistant
  • Desk Publishing
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Electronics (Mechanic for Radio/TV/Tape Recorders)
  • Programs for Fruit and Vegetable Preservation
  • Hair and Skincare
  • Library Assistant 
  • Plumbing
  • Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
  • Secretarial Procedures
  • Stenography
  • Typewriting

Top Vocational Certificate Colleges

Several institutes offer Vocational Certificate Courses to students in different fields. Some of the Top Vocational Certificate Colleges with their Vocational Courses Fees are mentioned below. They are best in terms of pedagogy, faculty, ranking, placements, infrastructure etc.

Name of the College

Vocational Courses Fees

St. Xavier's College, Kolkata  

INR 18,200-20,000

Fergusson College, Pune

INR 18,000-25,000 

Jesus & Mary College, New Delhi

INR 15,000-20,000

Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi  

INR 5,000-6,000

Also Read: Vocational Courses after Class 10: Fees, Colleges, Admission Procedures.


Best Vocational Diploma Courses


  • Depending on the extent of study, a Vocational Diploma or PG Diploma may be a 1-2 year course. A Vocational Course Diploma is a one-year study that can be followed after finishing 10+2 or even after 10th in some situations. 
  • Candidates who leave B.Voc courses after a year are also awarded a Diploma Degree, whereas those who leave after two years are awarded a complex Diploma. 
  • A PG Diploma in Vocational Course may be a 1-2 year study completed by candidates with a baccalaureate or a B.Voc degree. Candidates who complete the course in one year receive a PG Diploma as well. The course expenses range from INR 5,500 to INR 55,000. 
  • A PG Diploma in Vocational Courses usually allows a candidate to focus on a very particular expertise. Those who want to learn a specialised talent in their field of study should enrol in this course. 
  • For example, a BVoc in Computing may want to pursue a PG Diploma in Web Designing. The typical starting wage for students after completing a vocational diploma course is usually between INR 7,000 and 10,000.

Also Read: B.Voc Vocational Colleges in India 2022

India's Best Vocational Diploma Courses

The following are some of the best undergraduate vocational diploma courses.

Vocational Course Name

Offering Institution

Vocational Course Fees

Counselling Psychology Diploma

St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai


Goa University Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Goa

INR 60,000

Diploma in Multimedia & Animation 

St. Xaviers College, Kolkata

IINR 30,000

Diploma in Cinematography

Rayat Bahra University, Punjab

INR 30,000 – INR 1,25,000

Diploma in Public Translation

Gujarat University, Ahmedabad


Delhi College of Arts & Commerce, New Delhi

INR 3,000 -  INR 5,00,00

Diploma in Public Administration

Chandigarh University, Mohali

Fergusson College, Pune

INR 3,000 -  INR 5,00,00


Best Postgraduate Vocational Diploma Courses in India

Tabulated below is the list of top institutions offering PG Diploma in Vocational Courses along with their fee structure and college location.

PG Vocational Diploma Courses

Offering Institutions

Vocational Course Fees

PG Diploma in Translation

St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai


Cochin University of Science & Technology, Kochi


Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 

INR 6,000-30,000

PG Diploma in Psychological Counselling

St. Francis College for Women, Hyderabad


Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad 


BHU, Varanasi 

INR 10,400-50,000

PG Diploma in Computer Application

Bharathiar University, Tamil Nadu


Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra

INR 7,700-12,000

PG Diploma in Hospital Administration & Management

Alagappa University, 



Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad

INR 5,500-20,231

PG Diploma in Yoga

Alagappa University, Kadaikudi


Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi

INR 5,500

PG Diploma in Fashion Designing

University of Alagappa, Kadaikudi

INR 10,000

Also Read: Vocational Colleges in India 2022 with Rankings



Best Online Vocational Certificate Programs

These days Vocational Courses are also offered in an online mode by several universities, institutions and web study platforms. Online Vocational Courses are mostly preferred by working professionals to upgrade their skills. 

Name of Online Vocational Courses

Offering Institutions

Vocational Course Fees

Media Vocational Studies

Jesus & Mary College, University of Delhi, New Delhi

INR 15,000-20,000

Camera & Photography

Jesus & Mary College, New Delhi, 


Fergusson College, Pune

INR 15,000-20,000

Financial Management

Jesus & Mary College, University of Delhi, New Delhi

INR 15,000-20,000

Tax Practice and Procedure

St.Xavier’s College, Kolkata 

INR 18,200-20,000

Foreign Trade Practises and Management

St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata 

INR 15,000-20,200

Also Read: Vocational Courses After Class 12th

Best Online Vocational Courses

Some of the popular online vocational institutions and web study platforms with their Vocational Course details are mentioned below. Interested students can go through the entire information to gain knowledge about some of the top Online Vocational Courses which can help them upgrade their skills and get good salary packages and good job positions. Most of these platforms offer self-paced or 3-6 months courses which are quite affordable and sometimes even free of cost.

IGNOU:  The Gandhi National Open University, IGNOU New Delhi, is well-known throughout the country for its distance and vocational education programmes. IGNOU courses are available in a variety of dimensions, with MBA being one of the most popular. Lately. IGNOU Vocational Courses are now available online. 

Name of Courses 

Time Span 

Average Course Fee

Fashion Design

6 months-2 years

INR 5,000

Communication and IT Skills

6 months-2 years

INR 5,400



Name of Courses 

Time Span 

Course Fees

Programming Languages

30 hours


Python Programming

18 hours


Introduction to Programming in C Specialization

5 months




Name of Courses

Time Span 

Course Fees

Java Programming Master Class for Software Developer

80 hours

INR 8,640

Beginning C++ Programming

41.5 hours

INR 8,640


LinkedIn Learning

Name of Course

Time Span

Course Fee

Learning PHP

4 hour 25 min




Vocational Course Syllabus

Vocational Course Syllabus Varies across streams. Some of the course content is given below.

Principles of Vocational Course

Consumer Behaviour and Brand Management

Hotel Management


Web Design

Fashion Design

Food Safety


Lab Technician


Comparisons of Streams- Vocational Courses v/s Traditional Courses

Comparisons of Streams- Vocational Courses v/s Traditional Courses:

Comparison Parameter

Vocational Courses

Traditional Courses

Style of Delivery

The emphasis is on skill development rather than academic knowledge.

Concentrate more on theory and case studies in vocational studies.


Workshops are offered in addition to the practical on-site experience.

Theory classes, labs, and case studies are all available.

Practical Exposure

Constant exposure to a variety of activities aids overall learning.

Practical experience is only available if students pursue an internship.

Degree Offered

Certificate, Diploma, Advanced Diploma, and Vocational Degree

Full-fledged Master's and Bachelor's degrees like BA, BTech, MBA, BCom, MBBS, etc.

Top Vocational Institutes in India

Vocational Courses are offered in almost every part of India. The topmost locations offering popular Vocational Courses with their location and Vocational Course Fees are given below. Read them thoroughly and plan your desired college and course accordingly.

New Delhi

Vocational Courses in New Delhi are offered in various fields and at numerous levels. The average Vocational Course Fee in New Delhi ranges from INR 4,000-to 20,000 LPA.

Name of the Institutes 

Average Course Fee

Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi 

INR 6,700-24,000

Institute of Hotel Mangement, Catering & Nutrition- Pusa Road, New Delhi


Guru Gobindsingh Indraprastha University , New Delhi 

INR 5,500-10,000

Delhi University - [DU], New Delhi

INR 6,845-7,045

Amity University, Noida

INR 10,400



Vocational Courses in Mumbai are offered in various fields and at numerous levels. The average Vocational Course Fee in Mumbai ranges from INR 5,000-to 6,000 LPA.

Name of Institutes 

Annual Course Fee

Institute of Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition, Mumbai

INR 6,700-24,000

St. Xavier's College, Mumbai

INR 5,500-10,000

Ramnarainruia Autonomous College, Mumbai

INR 6,845-7,045



Vocational Courses in Bangalore are offered in various fields and at numerous levels. The average Vocational Course Fee in Bangalore ranges from INR 6,000-to 10,000 LPA.



Vocational Courses in Kolkata are offered in various fields and at numerous levels. The average Vocational Course Fee in Kolkata ranges from INR 6,000-to 21,000 LPA.

Name of the Institutes

Annual Course Fee

Institute of Hotel Management, Catering Technology & Applied Nutrition, Kolkata 


NSHM Knowledge Campus, Durgapur

INR 6,700-24,000

St. Xavier's College, Kolkata 

INR 5,500-10,000

Guru Nanak Institute of Hotel Management, Kolkata 

INR 6,845-7,045



Vocational Courses in Chennai are offered in various fields and at numerous levels. The average Vocational Course Fee in Chennai ranges from INR 6,000-to 10,000 LPA.



Vocational Courses in Pune are offered in various fields and at numerous levels. The average Vocational Course Fee in Pune ranges from INR 5,000-to 10,000 LPA.

Name of the Institutes

Annual Course Fees

Fergusson College, Pune


Savitribai Phulepune University - [SPPU], Pune

INR 10,400


Best Vocational Course Colleges in the World

Not only in India, but Vocational Courses are offered across the globe. These colleges have different qualifying standards depending upon college to college, however, the general and typical eligibility criteria that is followed is mentioned below for your reference. Students must pass their Class XII or Graduation Degree, to pursue Vocational Courses abroad. Depending on the recognised related course, students must also take various language competence tests such as IELTS, TOEFL, and so on. The usual Vocational Course Fees is between INR 12 and 16 LPA. Some of the top Vocational Courses offered by countries worldwide are mentioned below.


Vocational Courses in Canada are offered in various fields and at numerous levels. The average Vocational Course Fee in Canada ranges from INR 8,00,000-to 12,00,000 LPA.

Name of the Institutes

UG Vocational Course Fees (INR)

PG Vocational Course Fees (INR)

Georgian College



The University of British Columbia



Centennial College



University of Alberta



McGill University




United Kingdom

Vocational Courses in the United Kingdom are offered in various fields and at numerous levels. The average Vocational Course Fee in the United Kingdom ranges from INR 10,00,000-to to 14,00,000 LPA.

Name of the Institutes

UG Vocational Course Fees (INR)

PG Vocational Course Fees (INR)

UCL - London's Global University



Newcastle University



University of Southampton



University of Sheffield 






Vocational Courses Skill-Set

To pursue Vocational Courses, students must have a skill-set that would help them to grab knowledge from Vocational Courses. Some of such skills are mentioned below.

Effective Communication 

Time Management




Problem-Solving Attitude

Creativity & Innovation

Logical Thinking



8 High-Paying Vocational Jobs to Consider

Though whatever course, one pursues, helps them in upgrading themselves and to be job-ready with a decent salary package. However, there are some Vocational Courses that offer high paying Vocational Jobs which help the students secure their future and lead their careers in the right direction. These include:

  • Nuclear Medicine Technologist
  • Fashion Designer
  • Plumber
  • Dental Hygienist 
  • Registered Nurse 
  • Nuclear Technician
  • Computer Specialist
  • Web Developer

Most desirable Careers After Completing Vocational Courses


Hotel Management

Hotel management may be a field of education that deals with all the executive and managerial tasks of any hospitality centre, hotel, restaurant or seminar organization with an average salary of  INR 4,53,942.

Web Designer

Their work is to develop, create, and code sites and associated apps for companies, individuals, and other entities. They work to supply technical and graphical aspects of the appliance or website with an average salary of  INR 2,78,38.


The job involves incorporating a broad array of classes that train the actor in key aspects like emotions, voice, body, speech & diction, creativity, imagination, characterization, auditioning techniques and method acting with an average salary of  INR 11,11,000.


The primary work responsibilities include tourist resort planning, food service management, ecology, environment and tourism, intercultural communication, and so on with an average salary of  INR 3,50,000.

Designing Fashion

A fashion designer's job is to create outfits for celebrities and other clientele. They make unique outfits and display them in competitions for prizes with an average salary of  INR 3,85,711.

Products for Living

Lifestyle The profession of a product designer entails conceptualising and creating lifestyle accessories and systems using various materials, techniques, and technology with an average salary of INR 2,24,000.


Preparation for nail maladies, healthy skin, and nail workmanship are all part of the job. Understanding and learning about relevant expert topics such as sanitation, health, neighbourhood rules, and material guidelines with average salary of  INR 4,000,000 


Vocational Courses Salary

Vocational Courses offer amazing opportunities for individuals. The overview of Vocational Courses Salary packages are tabulated below:





INR 4,00,000 

INR 3,50,000 – 5,50,000




Hotel Manager



INR 4,00,000 

INR 5,44,000 – 6,00,00

INR 1,50,000 – 2,89,000

Vocational Courses Top Recruiters

Some of the top recruiters after completing Vocational Courses are mentioned below.

  • Wildlife Photographers 
  • IT Companies
  • Boutiques
  •  International Clothing Brands 
  • Industries Companies

FAQs about Vocational Courses

Are Vocational Courses valid?

Vocational Courses are introduced by UGC itself and thus they're considerably valid.

Are Vocational Courses Training a viable alternative in India?

Yes, if students are willing to learn and want to work right away, Vocational Courses Training is a beneficial training programme. There is now a demand-supply mismatch for qualified professionals in India, which is why the UGC has created Vocational Courses to address the gap. As a result, students who pursue technical education have a plethora of work alternatives.

What distinguishes Vocational Courses from ordinary or traditional courses?

 Vocational Courses are manual or practical activities that are related to a certain trade or occupation. Regular courses, on the other hand, provide an in-depth theoretical study of a specific topic of study.

What are the benefits of pursuing Vocational Courses?

here are a number of the benefits of pursuing Vocational Courses which include: practical experience, immediate work in the area of expertise, convenience owing to several entry and exit locations and affordability. 

What are the Vocational Courses job-related skills?

Vocational Courses skills are industry-specific talents that a candidate gains while learning a trade or profession.

What percentage of Vocational Courses does UGC offer?

The Vocational Courses offered by University Grants Commission (UGC) are around 40% in the fields of commerce, engineering, health, and paramedics etc.

What is the full form of BVoc?

BVoc stands for Bachelor of Vocational Studies. It is a bachelor's degree programme in Vocational Courses.

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