Confused about your exam or college applications?
Be the First to Know
Get Access to Latest Updates
The invention of Law and the legal system has played an important role in shaping the modern world. It has shaped the foundation of human civilizations and proved to be a pathway to the world as we know it today. In a world increasingly shifting towards liberal principles, it has a vital role in upholding the current societal and economic structure and preserving the modern values of equality, democracy, freedom, justice and human rights.
Having a strong and effective legal system is one of the main pre-requisites of any nation today. This is why people who can read, interpret, write, argue for and against the laws of a country (let's just call them lawyers) are held in such high regards. Even if consider the example of India, having a Constitution, which is basically a giant rule book defining the laws and governing of the country, was considered to be the primary goal in the building of the nation.
Therefore, it can easily be inferred that law is one of the most popular streams of education not only in India but around the globe. However, since each country has a vastly different set of laws and legal system, law education is specific to countries and differs not only in curriculum but many other factors as well.
In this article as we compare the LLB and JD programmes, we will be basically comparing the primary level of law education in India and the USA. To provide a quick overview, here is a comparison of the legal education system in both countries.
|Level of Education Required||Degree in India||Degree in the USA|
|10 + 2 / Class 12th||(Bachelor of Arts) BA + LLB||Not Available|
|Graduation||(Bachelor of Law) LLB||JD|
|Undergraduate Degree in Law||Master of Law (LLM)||LLM|
|Postgraduate Degree in Law||PhD in Law||PhD in Law|
As we can see, LLB and JD are the undergraduate degrees in law offered by colleges in India and the USA respectively. In this article, we aim to provide in-depth information about both these courses and give a quick comparison of the two.
What is LLB?
Bachelor of Laws (LLB) is the undergraduate degree programme in law offered in India. A 3-year programme, it is essential for any person who wishes to start a career as a lawyer in India. The LLB degree became the standard for law education in India as the Indian legal system is based upon the UK.
LLB is the first degree that any student pursuing a career in law can take. It is required for admission to LLM programmes in most of the world's countries.
LLB actually stands for 'Legum Baccalaureus' in Latin and it is the standard law degree not only in India but in many other countries as well.
What is JD?
Juris Doctor or Doctor of Jurisprudence is the undergraduate law degree in the United States of America. JD was first offered by the University of Chicago Law School in 1903. Since then, US universities offered the LLB degree to law students. However, JD quickly replaced LLB as the standard degree required for practising law in the United States.
JD is a much more modern course compared to the LLB programme and even though it is the doctorate programme as per its name, candidates seeking admission to the LLM programme in the USA are required to have a JD degree.
Also Read:Important dates for LSAT India 2020
LLB vs JD: Quick Overview
A quick comparison of LLB and JD can be found in the table given below.
|Full Name||Bachelor of Law||Juris Doctor / Doctor of Jurisprudence|
|Level||Undergraduate Degree in Law|
|Required For||Practising Law in Inda||Practising Law in the USA|
|Eligibility||Graduation in any stream||Graduation in any stream|
|Duration||3 - 4 years||3 years|
|Countries||India and many other countries||Mainly in the USA|
LLB vs JD: Eligibility Criteria
Eligibility for LLB
Candidates seeking admission to LLB colleges in India are required to have a bachelor's degree in any stream. Based upon the college of application, a candidate may also be required to have certain minimum marks in their graduate studies and score certain qualifying marks in the accepted entrance exam.
Eligibility for JD
Admissions to the Juris Doctor programme are only open for candidates who already have a bachelor's degree.
Colleges may prefer candidates who have studied law or related subjects that but that is not a mandatory requirement for admission.
LLB vs JD: Entrance Examinations
Entrance Exam for LLB Admissions
To take admission to colleges offering LLB in India, a candidate is required to take one of the many law entrance examinations in India. The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is the most popular entrance exam for LLB admissions in India.
Entrance Exam for JD Admissions
Candidates seeking admission to a college offering the JD programme in the United States are required to score qualifying marks in the Law School Admission Test (LSAT).
LLB vs JD: Countries
Countries Offering LLB
LLB is the first pedestal for law education not only in India but many other countries around the world as well. Some of the countries that offer the LLB degree are given below.
Countries offering JD
JD is primarily offered by law colleges in the USA. However, the programme is available in some other countries as well. Some of the countries where JD is available are given below.
LLB vs JD: Colleges
Colleges offering LLB
Here are some of the top colleges in India offering the LLB programme.
- National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore
- National Law University (NLU), Delhi
- NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
- Symbiosis Law School (SLS), Noida
- National Law University, Jodhpur
- Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
- The Indian Law Institute (ILI), Delhi
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow
- Dr. B. R. Ambedkar College of Law, Visakhapatnam
- ILS Law College, Pune
Colleges offering JD
Some of the top law schools in the United States offering the JD programme can be found below.
- Yale University
- Stanford University
- Harvard University
- Columbia University
- University of Virginia
- University of Pennsylvania
- New York University
- University of California - Berkley
- University of Chicago
Basically, LLB and JD are mostly similar courses requiring the same levels of education from applicants. However, while LLB is the dominant undergraduate degree for law students in most of the countries around the world, US universities have adopted the comparatively more modern programme -- Juris Doctor.